« 前へ次へ »
and the good of his native country, he was from every thing trivial and affected. His always true to these great ends. His cha- style in writing was chaste, and pure; but racter was uniform, and consistent with at the same time full of spirit and politeitself, and his whole conduct of a piece. ners, and fit to convey the most intricate His principles were founded in reason, and business to the understanding of the reader supported by virtue, and therefore did not with the utmost clearness and perspicuity. lie at the mercy of ambition, avarice, or And here it is to be lamented, that this resentment. His notions were no less extraordinary person, out of his natural steady and unshaken than just and upright. aversion to vain-glory, wrote several pieces, In a word, he concluded his course among as well as performed several actions, which the same well-chosen friendships and al he did not assume the honour of : thoug!ı, liances with which he began it.
at the same time, so many works of this This great man was not more confpi- nature have appeared, which every one has cuous as a patriot and a statesman, than as ascribed to him, that I believe no author a person of universal knowledge and learn- of the greatest eminence would deny my ing. As by dividing his time between the Lord Somers to have been the best writer public scenes of business, and the private of the age in which he lived. retirements of life, he took care to keep T his noble Lord, for the great extent of up both the great and good man; so, by his knowledge and capacity, has been often the same means, he accomplished himself compared with the great Francis Bacon, not only in the knowledge of men and also lord chancellor of England. But the things, but in the skill of the most refined conduct of these extraordinary persons, unarts and sciences. That unwearied dili- der the same circumstances, was vastly difgence, which followed him through all the ferent. They were both impeached by a ftages of his life, gave him such a thorough house of commons. One of them, as he insight into the laws of the land, that he had given just occafion for it, funk under passed for one of the greatest masters of it; and was reduced to such an abject subhis profession, at his firft appearance in it. mission, as very much diminished the luftre Though he made a regular progress thro' of so exalted a character: but Lord Somers the honours of the long robe, he was al. was too well fortified in his integrity to ways looked upon as one who deferved a fear the impotence of an attempt upon his fuperior station to that he was pofferred of, reputation ; and though his accusers would till he arrived at the highest dignity to gladly have dropped their impeachment, which those studies could advance him. he was instant with them for the prosecu
He enjoyed in the highest perfection tion of it, and would not let that measure two talents, which do not often meet in rest till it was brought to an issue. For the same person, the greatest strength of the same virtue and greatness of mind good senfe, and the most exquisite taste of which gave him a disregard of fame, made politeness. Without the first, learning is him impatient of an undeserved reproach. but an incumbrance; and without the last, There is no question but this wonderful is ungraceful, Lord Somers was master of man will make one of the most diftinthese two qualifications in ro eminent a guished figures in the history of the present degree, that all the parts of knowledge age ; but we cannot expect that his merit appeared in him with such an additional will fine out in its proper light, fince he Arength and beauty, as they want in the wrote many things which are not published poffeffion of others. If he delivered his in his name ; was at the bottom of many opinion of a piece of poetry, a statue, or excellent counsels, in which he did not apa picture, there was something so juft and pear ; did offices of friendship to many delicate in his observations, as naturally persons, who knew not from whom they produced pleasure and affent in those who were derived ; and performed great services heard him.
to his country, the glory of which was His folidity and elegance, improved by transferred to others : in short, fince he the reading of the finest authors, both of made it his endeavour rather to do worthy the learned and modern languages, disco. actions, than to gain an illustrious chavered itself in all his produâions. His racter, oratory was masculine and persuasive, free
Sime obe publication of the first part of Mr. Addison's Life, in the Magazine for January, we have received tbe two following Letters from a correspondent, wbich were wrote by Mr. Addison in the year 1708, to be young Earl of Warwick, wbo afterwards became bis forum in-law, when tbat nobleman was very young. Though the subject is puérile, yet as they were never before published, and are full of bat good- nature and bumour for wbicb Mr. Addison was so eminently diftinguished, we doubt not but that our readers will be pleased with the perujal of them. My dear Lord,
enough to bring you to Sandy-End, I fhall 1 Have employed the whole neighbour- be very well pleased. I am, my dear Lord,
hood in looking after birds-nests, and Your Lordship's most affectionate, not altogether without success. My man May 20, and most obedient, found one last night; but it proved a hen's 1908.
J. ADDISON, with fifteen eggs in it, covered with an Mua old broody duck, which may fatisfy your I Can't forbear being troublesome to your Lordship's curiosity a little, tho' I am afraid 1 Lordship, whilft I am in your neighthe eggs will be of little use to us. This bourhood. The business of this is to inmorning I have news brought me of a nest
vite you to a concert of music, which I that bas abundance of little eggs, freaked
a bave found out in a neighbouring wood.
have with red and blue veins, that, by the de. It begins precisely at fix in the evening, fcription they give me, must make a very and consists of a Black-bird, a Thruth, a beautiful figure on a string. My neigh- Robin-red-breast, and a Bull-finch. There bours are very much divided in their op! is a Lark that, by way of overture, fings nions upon them : some say they are a and mounts till Me is almost out of hearSky-lark's; others will have them to be a
ing, and afterwards, falling down leisurely, Canary-bird's; but I am much mistaken in
drops to the ground, or as soon as the has the colour and turn of the eggs, if they ended her song. The whole is concluded are not full of Tom-tits. If your Lordship
Lordinip by a Nightingale, that has a much better does not make hafte, I am afraid they will
voice than Mrs. Tofts, and something of be birds before you see them ; for, if the
the Italian manner in her divisions. If account they give me of them be true,
your Lordship will honour me with your they can't have above two days more to
company, I will promise to entertain you Teckon.
with much better music, and more agreeSince I am so near your Lordfhip, me.
able scenes, than you ever met with at the thinks, after having passed the day among
opera ; and will conclude with a charming more severe studies, you may often take a
defcription of a Nightingale, out of our trip hither, and relax yourself with these
le friend Virgil: little curiosities of nature. I assure you, no less a man than Cicero commends the Qualis populeä merens Pbilomela sub umbra two great friends of his age, Scipio and Amiffos queritur fætus, quos durus arator Lælius, for entertaining themselves at their Obfervans nido implumes detraxit, at illa country-house, which stood on the sea. Flet no&tem, rameque sedens, miferabile carmer: fore, with picking up cockle-mells, and Integrat, G mæftis late loca quæftubus impla. locking after birds-nefts. For which rea. So, close in poplar shades, her children fon 1 thall conclude this learned letter with gone, a saying of the fame author, in his treatise The mother nightingale laments alone : of Friendship. Alfnt autem triftitia, & in, Whose neft some prying churl had found, enai re severitas : babent illa quidem gravi.
and thence, istom ; fed amicitia debet efle lenior & remif. By stealth, convey'd th' unfeather'ð innofear, é ad omnem fuavitatem facilitatemque But she supplies the night with mournful un proclivior. If your Lordship under
ftrains, ftands the elegance and sweetness of these And melancholy musick fills the plains. words, you may assure yourself you are no May 27, Your Lordship's most obedient ordinary Latinift; but if they have force
J. ADDISON, • Bat far be ftateliness and severity from us. There is, indeed, a gravity in these : but friendship ought to be gentle and selaxed, condescending to the utmost sweetness and easiness of manners.
The NATURAL HISTORY of the RHINOCEROS.
N EXT to the elephant, the rhinoceros with the elephant, there being a natural
is accounted the largest quadruped. antipathy between these two great aniIt is usually of the fize of a small or mid- mals, and that they are nearly of the same dling elephant, and has a rough, hard, bigners;' but that the rhinoceros has shorter wrinkled skin, very thick, and almost legs, and that the skin is the colour of a proof against any weapon ; resembling, in box-tree. Ælian, who has given a detail colour and appearance, the bark of an old of very common animals, did not think it elm. Some part of it is spotted with black pecessary to describe the rhinoceros, because and grey, and in many places it folds over all the world had seen it in the shews in deep furrows, which appear like scales. which the emperor exhibited for the amure. From its pole proceeds a pyramidal horn, ment of the people. Strabo says, that he (from whence it takes its name) growing saw the thinoceros at Alexandria ; but is upwards, and ascending in a curve. It is as superficial as Pliny, though he cites Arperfectly folid, and without cavity, and in timedorus. Dio Caffius only tells us, that colour is of a lighter or darker brown, or these creatures appeared at Rome in the even black, according to his age. So is triumph of Auguftus. the length and weight of it. When full L e Compte, among other particulars grown, it measures between three and four mentioned above, tells us, that the rhinofeet from the root, and weighs near five ceros, which he accounts one of the most bundred pounds. This horn or snout extraordinary animals in the world, refeems formed to turn up the earth, in or- sembles the wild boar, but is prodigiously der to its feeding on the roots of plants, larger ; that he has a large head, and small as well as for its defence ; for it can be mouth; and that he renders h mself by turned upwards, downwards, or fideways : his horn very terrible to the tygers, buffayet it is of ro firm and hard a substance, loes, and elephants. M. D'Herbelot tells that the point will pierce into any thing us, on the authority of the famed Shariff like a sword; and the rhinoceros is said to Al Edris, that there are a great number of sharpen it against a flint, or other hard these creatures in the idle of Rami, on the ftone, that he may be prepared whenever Indian sea, about three days failing from he is attacked by an enemy. The eyes that of Serendib, from which the Indian are small, and placed pretty forward. The kings are furnished with its wonderful born ears large, and not unlike to those of an to drink out of, it having the fingular vir. als. They ftand erect on the upper part tue of sweating at the approach of any of the head. The back is not prominent, poison. He adds, that the hoin, being like an elephant's, but hollow, and feems split in two in the middle, represents the as if adorned with a natural faddle. The profile or outlines of a man, as if drawn fides are swelled out on each side, and the with chalk, and some of them also thore belly finks down pretty much. The legs of birds. are short, and thick in proportion. The The tongue of this animal is covered feet are round behind, having hoofs for with a rough membrane, resenibling a file, wards, which, by two divifions, are lepa- which Hays every thing be licks. As we rated into three parts on each foot; but have animals here which make a grateful they have not the little hoofs in the binder repait upon thifles, whose imall points are part of the foot, such as we see in (wine, agreeable to the nervous filaments of the decr, theep, and many other animals. The tongue, so the rhinoceros eats with plea. tail is in shape like that of an ox, and has sure the branches of trees, brittled all over some'imes black hairs at the end ; the ears with the largest thorns. Travellers rela'ę have also fome scattered hairs on them. that they have frequently given him those
This large creature is found in the island whore points were very sharp and long, of Java, in divers parts of the Ean Indies, and it was wonderful to see with what and in Africa. The ancients have spoke greediness and dexterity he immediately very little of it. Plin contents bimself licked them up, and chewed them in his with saying it has a horn on its nose, that mouth, without the least feeming incon. it whets it against a stone before it engage: veniercy, Sometimes, indeçd, his mouth