Îl. was afterwards appointed lord tulorum of the county of Leicester, steward of the houshold, and nomi- one of the lords of his majesty's nated one of the regency to govern privy council, master of the horse, the kingdom in the king's absence. and knight of the most noble order His present majesty constituted him of the Garter. master of the horse, an office which Arms. Or, two bars, azure, a he still retains. His grace espoused chief, quarterly of the second, gules, Bridget, only daughter and heir to the first charged with two fleurs-deRobert Sutton, lord Lexington, by lis of the first, and the lait with a whom he had seven sons and six lion of the fame. The chief was daughters. Of all these children, antiently gules, and the charge is three sons only remain. John, mar- an honorary augmentation, shewing quis of Granby, born January 2, his descent from the blood-royal of 1720-21, distinguished as a general king Edward IV. in the service. He married the lady Creft. On a chapeau, gules, turnFrances Seymour, eldest daughter of ed up ermine, a peacock in pride, Charles duke of Somerset, by his fe-. proper. . cond wife the lady Charlotte Finch, Supporters. Two unicorns, argent, and by this marriage he has two sons their horns, crests, tutis, and hoofs, and two daughters.

His grace is intitled John Man. Moito. Pour y parvenir, Fr.-In ner's duke of Rutland, marquis of order to accomplif it. Granby, earl of Rutland, baron Chief Seats. Haddon-hall in the Ross of Hamlake, Trulbut, and Bel- county of Derby; Belvoir-castle in voir, and baron Manners of Had- the county of Lincoln ; and Averdon, lord lieutenant and custos 10- ham-park in Nottinghamshire.


T HE history of these times is no of the succeeding year, they found

T more than a repetition of rava- means to inclose the army of the ges. Clothaire and Childebert, ftill Visigoths in Languedoc, in a naracuated by the rage of making con- row place near the sea-side, where, quests, and allored by the hope of being furiously attacked, they were plunder, invaded Spain with an in- either butchered or taken. finite múltitude, reduced Pampe. The events of war being thus luna, pillaged all Hifpania-Tarra. pretty evenly ballanced, the two conenfis, and undertook the siege of French kings concluded a peace with Saragossa, which, however, they the Visigoths. During these transcould not take. Theudes, king of actions, the troubles in Italy conthe Visigoths,' assembling his forces, tinued to rage without intermission. fell upon them unawares, and de- In the space of eighteen months, feated them with great laughter. the Ostrogoths elected three kings, They were even pursued into their two of whom were assassinated. own country,' where Fortune de- The third was Totila, a prince of clared in their favour. In the course dining talents, equally brave, equi

Cc 2

table, table, and moderate. He in a little Liguria, and subdued the country time recovered a great number of as far as the territories of Venice, towns and provinces which had been Torila, intimidated at his success, fubdued by the Romans; gained offered advantageous terms of acsome battles, and even made him- commodation, which were embraced. self master of Rome, which he first Theodobert continued in possession pillaged, and then abandoned of all his conquests on the other

Juitinian, alarmed at his pro- side of the Alps; and, notwithstandgress, endeavoured to secure the ing his alliance with the emperor, friendship and interest of the French engaged to a lift the Goths in driy. kings, to whom he now made a ing the Romans out of Italy. The formal ceilion of Provence, to which more eifectually to accomplish this he pretended a right, as it had been end, he agreed, not only to succour dismembred from the empire. He Totila in that country, but also to now agreed that the French kings make a diversion on the Danube. should preside at Arles, in the Cir- The scheme was far from being chicensian games; an honour which merical. He actually poffefied Baformerly belonged to the emperors varia, and part of Panonnia ; and and their representatives; and that did not despair of securing the althe gold coin bearing the image of listance of the Gepida and Lomthe French kings, Bhould be current bards, who had the fame cause of through the whole empire.

animosity against the emperor, Nor did Totila negleå the means which he affected to declare as the of frustrating this alliance; he sent source of this new repture. Justiambassadors to demand Thecdo- nian, among his own titles, aflumed bert's daughter in marriage'; but his the appellation of Francic, and this proposal was not embraced. The Theodobert pretended to resent. ambafiadors, in explaining their He wrote a letter to the emperor, business, having stiled their master demanding fatisfa&ion for this afking of Italy, Theodobert told them, front, and threatered, if it was not he would never own him for king redressed, to carry the war into of Italy, who could not keep Rome Thrace and Illyrium. In all probaafter it was taken. Totila, piqued bility he would have put his threats at this sarcastic answer, attacked in execution, had not he been preand carried Rome a second time, vented by the hand of accident. In repaired its walls, re-established the hunting the buffalo he was inortally senate, and restored it to all the wounded by the splinter of a tree fplendour that the misery of its in- which the animal broke in its flight, habitants would admit.

and died about the age of forty feThis success had no weight with ven, in the fourteenth year of his Theodobert, whose resolution was reign. He was a prince of great already fixed, to make his advantage power and ambition, dreaded and ef the intestine troubles of the Ostro- courted by all his neighbours ; goths. With this view he sent a intrepid and enterprizing, and not numerous army into Italy, under fo savage in his disposition as were the command of the general Buce. his father and uncles. He is said to lin, who reduced some towns of have performed some acts of bene. volence and humanity, and to have and were joined by a great number been exceedingly beloved by his peo- of Goths on the banks of the Po. ple. But, with all these good qua. Then they entered Parma without lities, he must be allowed to have resistance, defeated a body of the been inconftant, perfidious, and in Heruli, advanced as far as Rimini, many respects a true Barbarian. where Narses worsted them in a renHe left no male issue but Theodo. counter, and wintered in that part balde, or Thibaut, who, tho' born of of Italy which lies between the Alps his concubine Deuteria, succeeded and the Appennines. In the spring to his dominions, without any op- they took the field again, and raposition from his great uncles Chil- vaged the open country as far as the debert and Clothaire,


streight that separates Italy from [An. 548.] The death of The Sicily : but Leutharis, in his retreat odobert freed the emperor from the to the Po, was attacked by the light apprehension he had conceived of troops of the emperor, who comthat prince's influence and designs. pelled him to abandon the greater A peace was immediately patched part of his booty, and the prisoners up between him and France; but he had taken. this proved of very Mort duration. He had scarce reached his quarJustinian's general Narses, who suc- ters of refreshment on the Po, when ceeded to the command of Belisa- his army was invaded with a pestirius in Italy, obtained two signal lential distemper, of which he himvictories, which proved fatal to king self and all his people perished. The Totila and his fucceffor Teias, and other body, commanded by Buceabsolutely ruined the affairs of the lin, gave battle to Narses near CaOstrogoths, great part of whom filinis, where they were defeated and were permitted by capitulation to laughtered to a man; and a third quit Italy, on condition that they detachment, under Hamming, met Mould never more bear arms against with the same fate in the country of the emperor: but one of their Venice. chiefs, called Ingulphus, refused to During these unfortunate transcomply with such dishonourable actions, Theodebalde died at Comterms. He recruited his forces, in- piegne of a paralytic disorder, unvaded Pavia, revived the spirits of der which he had laboured from his his countrymen, and sent a formal infancy. He was a weak prince in embassy into France, to demand fuc- mind as well as in body, and, concour against the Romans. His re- sidering that he succeeded to queft met with a refusal in public; the throne in his minority, must but the ambassadors received fa- have been altogether unfit for govourable hints in private, with verning such a ferocious people. which they returned perfectly well As he died without issue, his domi. satisfied. :

i nions, according to the law of lyc. . Accordingly Bucelin and Leutha- cession, ought to have been divided ris, the two chief counsellors of the between his two uncles Clothaire French monarch Theodobalde, in a and Childebert; but this last being little time passed the Alps with an dangerously ill, the other took adarmy of seventy-five thousand men, vantage of his malady, seized upon


the whole succession, and secured Cramne being now deprived of it in such a manner, that when Chil- support, humbled himself before his debert recovered, he found it would father, and obtained his pardon ; be to no purpose to dispute his con- but his restless disposition involved duct : he, therefore, made a virtue him in new intrigues, and he fled of necessity, and, on pretence of his with his family to Conobert, count having no children, formally renoun- of Bretagne, who raised an army for ced his pretensions to Australia, in fa- his defence. He was pursued by his vour of his brother. He seemed, father Clothaire, who defeated him however, to repent of this cession in in a pitched battle : the count fell the sequel.

in the action. Cramne being taken, The Saxons, who were tributary with his wife, aud daughters, they to the French nation, revolted twice were all hut up together in a wooden successively, and were as often re. cottage, which being set on fire, duced by Clothaire. At length, they perihed in the flames. a rebellion was excited by his own In his return to France, he visited son, prince Crampe, whom he re- the Brine of St. Martin at Tours, called from his government of Au- to which he made valuable prevergne. He was encouraged in his sents, foliciting the faint with marks rebellious principles by his uncle of contrition, to obtain for him the Childebert, who met him at Paris, forgiveness of his fins, which were where they engaged in a confederacy manifold. He did not long survive against his father Clothaire. They this expedition. Being seized with not only took the field against him, a fever, while he hunted in the fobut also fpirited the Saxons to a third rest of Cuisie, he was conveyed to insurrection. The end of this aili- a pleasure-house at Compiegne, ance, however, was frustrated by where he died in the fifty-first year the death of Childebert, who of his reign, universally dreaded and breathed his last in the year 558, and detested for his cruelty, perfidy, and was buried in the church of St. Vin. profligate manners. On his deathcent, which he himself had built, bed perceiving his end approaching, together with the monastery now he began to be terrified at the procalled St. Germain des Prez. In spect of futurity, and could not help his reign, four councils were held; exclaiming with marks of horror, one at Orleans, one at Arles, and « How powerful must this king of two at Paris. He was, in a great heaven be, who can thus destroy measure, influenced by priests; and the greatest princes of the earth at therefore celebrated as a pious prince. his pleasure !” A remark expreffive His sway was so just and moderate at once of his ignorance and bar: for the times, that he acquired the barity. He owned two or three love of his people. He had diftin- wives all living at the fame time, guished his courage on many occaand all dignified alike with the title lions; and, tho' tainted with crueity of queen; and by these he left four and ambition, was on the whole fons, namely, Chilperic, Charibert, more civilized than his brother Clo- Gontran, and Sigebert ; but he had thaire, who now found himself sole made no division of his dominions. mafier of the French empire.

Chilperic, the youngest and moft

enterenterprizing, immediately seized his granted. This they the more ea. father's treasures, by means of which lily obtained, as he had just received he formed a strong party, who con- advice, that his brother Chilperic dụcted him to Paris, and seated him had taken the opportunity of his on the throne; but his brothers absence to invade his dominions, in-' uniting all their interest, and assem- veft Rheims, and ravage the country bling a strong body of forces, com-' of Champagne. He forthwith repelled him to resign his royalty, and passed the Rhine, and penetrating acquiesce in a partition by lot, ac- into the kingdom of Soissons, becording to the custom of the nation. sieged and took that capital, where In this trial, Fortune bestowed upon he found his brother's eldest son Charibert the eldest, the kingdom Theodobert. He afterwards de.' of Paris; Gontram the fecond, ob- feated the other in battle, recotained Orleans and Burgundy ; vered all the places which had been Metz, or the kingdom of Australia, taken from him in his absence, fell to Sigebert; and Chilperic was and in his turn despoiled Chilperic forced to be content with Soiffons. of the best part of his dominions.

The death of Clothaire encouraged The two eldest brothers interthe Abares, a barbarous people, the : posed in behalf of Chilperic, and ! remnant of the Huns, who had under their mediation a peace' served in the ariny of the emperor was concluded. Sigebert abandoned : Justinian, and settled on the banks his conquests, and set his nephew at of the Danube, to pillage the lands liberty, after having exacted an oath which the French poffefsed on the from him, that he would never bear other side of the Rhine. They ac, arms against him for the future. cordingly fell into Thuringia, where Chilperic, naturally fiery and amthey were joined by the inhabitants bitious, had been stimulated to this of that country, who had determined enterprize by his concubine Frede. to shake off the French yoke. Si- gonda, with whom he had cohagebert, king of Aultrafia, no sooner bited from his tender years. She heard of this insurrection and revolt, was the daughter of a peasant in than he marched against them with Picardy remarkable for her beauty; a body of forces, and hazarded a but still more famous for intrigue, battle, in which he signalized him- proud, cruel, and perfidious; yet self after a very extraordinary man- so much mistress of insinuation, that ner. He not only made an excel- she acquired and maintained a surlent disposition for the attack, but prising ascendancy over the mind of rushed perfonally into the hottest Chilperic, which was naturally fierce, parts of the action, and fought so brutal, and inconstant. Notwithvaliantly with a battle-ax, that the standing his connexion with this wovictory was in a great measure ow- man, he married Andovera, equal in ing to his single prowess. The beauty, but far inferior in point of enemy, after a desperate resistance, genius to Fredegonda, who found were totally overthrown, and driven means,when his passion was gratified, to the banks of the Elbe, where to prevail upon him to repudiate his they sued for peace, which the victor 'wife, according to the custom of the


« 前へ次へ »