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the rights, privileges, and constitutional
TUESDAY, May 12. independence of the commons of Great Early this morning as some journeymen Britain." And the question being put, it carpenters were going through the Green was unanimously resolved in the affirma. Park, they perceived a young woman tive, and ordered accordingly.
throw herself into the balon; they inAnother motion was made, “ That a fantly hastened to her assistance, and onc copy of the freedom of this city, with the of them immediately jumped in with his abuve resolution inserted therein, Mould clothes on, and brought her up in his arms be delivered by the chamberlain to the right and laid her on the grafs, and the foon rehon, Arthur Ondow, in a gold box, of the covered : she said fhe was extremely sorry value of 100l.” And the question being for the attempt she had made, but refused put, was resolved in the affirmative, and to give any account of herself. ordered accordingly.
The earl of Bute's office is removed Sir Thomas Harrison, chamberlain, and from Whitehall to Cleveland Row. the town clerk waited on Sir John Phillips,
THURSDAY, May 14. Bart. with the freedom of this city, pursu. They write from Quebec, that some ant to an order of common-council, to British merchants there have laid a memo. whom he rerurned an obliging answer for rial before governor Murray, complaining che honour they had conferred on him, that by the 26th, 37th, and 48th articles THUESDAY May 7.
of the capitulation, the French are at liberThe stewards for the sons of the clergy ty to export to France, what quantity of collected at the rehearsal of the mufick in peltries they please: an hardship they St. Paul's church, on Tuesday, 2481. 18s think extremely great, as the French con. gd. At the church doors, 1791. 7s. 3d. tinue to be poffeffors of the fur trade. And at the dinner at Merchape-taylors. They pray for a Itop to be put to this hall, 65ol. gs. 3d. In the whole 10781. kind of exportation, and to the importa155. 3d. All which money the stewards tion of French goods from Guernsey and dispose of within the year, in putting forth Jersey. the children of poor clergymen apprentices.
SATURDAY, May 16. Mr. Gideon was so generous as to continue Admiralty-Office. Extract of a letter from His usual benefa&tion of rool.
vice-admiral Sanders to Mr. Clevland, SATURDAY, May 9.
dated at Gibraltar Bay, April 6. “ I By certain accounts from Belleise we have the satisfa&tion to defire you will are informed, of the death of Sir William acquaint their lordships, that his majesty's Peere Williams, bart. which happened in ship lfis fell in with the Oriflame, on the the following manner : his eagerness to ift infant, off Cape Tres Forcas, and cook see every thing, carried him to visit a lieu- her; they are now both arrived in this bay, tenant of colonel Burgoyne's regiment, I am extremely sorry to acquaint their who, with a party of dragoons, was post. lordships, that altho' the Ifis had only four ed very near the enemy, and likely to come men killed, captain Wheeler is unfortuto action with them. In the dark he loft nately one of that number. The Ifis had his way, and fell in with a French poft, nine wounded, two of them badly. The who fired at the first hearing the tramp- number killed and wounded in the Oriling of his horse, and shot him stone dead. flame, are not yet ascertained, but are supSUNDAY, May 10.
posed to be between 40 and go. She had About three o'clock in the afternoon, 40 guns mounted, 26 of twelve-pounders, a duel was fought at the Cardigan-Head and 14 of eighteen, and upwards of 370 tavern, Charing-Cross, between a captain men. She fails remarkably well; has lately in the navy, and a gentleman of Bristol. had a thorough repair; is well found in all They agreed to throw by their swords, respects; and carries her ports extremely and decide the quarrel with pistols. At well, though now deep. the first discharge the captain received a There is just now come into the Bay, a ball in his right breast, which went out at French Polacre, bound from Marseilles to his shoulder, upon which he fell. The Martinico, taken a few days since by his gentleman was immediately secured and majesty's Chip Firm, about 25 leagues to carried before Justice Fielding, who come the west vard of the Gut." mitted him to New Prifon. The captain Admiralty-Office, His majesty's ship the is Ance dead.
Milfontes Milford, has taken and carried into King- Thirty-nine Peers voted, and there were road, Bristol, a French privateer, called the 18 proxies, and three figned lists. Admiral, which he fell in with in lat. 40 His majesty's ihip Biddeford, com. deg. 33 min. north long. from London, 13 manded by Capt. Howe, has taken the deg. 30 min west. She mounts 12 four- Marquis de Beringhen French privateer, of pounders, and 16 swivel guns, with 65 men, S carriage, and 6 swivel guns and 60 men. and had been out two months from Bayonne, His majesty's fhip Arethusa, Captain TUESDAY May 19.
Keeler, has taken the Quemper French The following motion was made in the privateer of 8 swivel guns and 65 men. court of common-council, 'That many
TUESDAY May 26. fatal accidents being frequently occasioned This day the new Knights companions • by the driving of horned cattle through of the most hon. order of the Bath were
this city and liberties, in a careless or installed in Henry the seventh's chapel in 'inhuman manner, it be earnestly recom- Westminster-abbey; .mended to the right hon. lord-mayor The following is a lift of the Knights, . and the rest of the worthy magistrates,
and their Esquires. • to exert their authority to suppress this The right hon. Lord Caryssort. His Ef. 'growing evil lo contrary to the police of quires; the hon. Joshua John Prohy, Henry • the metropolis, and the security of its Hill, of Guildford in Surry, Richard Bigland. . inhabitants. And the question being
The right hon, Lord Blakeney. His Erput, the same was resolved in the affirma quires;. Grice Blakeney, Matthew Howard, zive, and ordered accordingly.
The hon. Lieutenant-General Sir Joseph WEDNESDAY May 20.
Yorke. His Esquires; Stephen Martin Capt. Scroop of the Hampton-Court man of war, arrived express at the Admiralty
Leake, Ralph Winter, John Martin Leake. from Belleille, with a journal of the pro
Sir James Gray, Eart. His Esquires;
Thomas Sherriff, Charles Brickenden, John ceedings of our troops against Palais ;
Nicholl. That General Hodgson had drove the
Sir William Beauchamp Proctor, Bart. French out of their strong fortified camp,
His Esquires; William Dormer, Thomas who had retired into the citadel.
Beever, Abraham Ackworth. That the General had two days before
Sir John Gibbons, Bart. His Esquires; opened feveral batteries, which were playing with great fuccess, and he hoped to be
John Kepricke, William Cooke, William
Gibbons. master of the place in a few days.
Adiniral Sir GeorgePocock, His Esquires; That as Col. Craufurd with his two aids
John Osborn, John Byng, Thomas Fitche. de-camp, and so men, were reconnoitring
Major-General Sir Jeffery Amherst. His in the night, they were surrounded and
Esquires; Richard Cox, George Boscawen, made prisoners by a party of 300 French,
Thomas Lenox Frederick. • That the man of war's boat coming into
• Major-General Sir John Griffin Griffin. Portsmouth was overset in a hard gale of
His Esquires ; Lieut. Col. William Evelyn, wind, and two lieutenants, the cockswain,
Lieut. Col. Thomas Bowyer, John Schutz., and a seangan were drowned ; that Capt.
Sir Francis Blake Delaval. His Esquires; Scroop was providentially saved by swim
Thomas Delaval, Thomas Hussey Apreece, ming; but, that the dispatches were lost. ? The French had not received the fuccours
James John Fenouhlet.
Sir Charles Frederick. His Esquires; at Belleife, as was reported.
Edward Hugh Boscawen, John Fremantle, THURSDAY May 21.
Charles Frederick. List of the sixteen Peers for of Scotland, Sir George Warren. His Esquires; Wil.
elected at Holy-Rood-House. liam Egerton, Philip Champion Crispigny, Duke of Argyle Earl of Loudon George Wilbraham. . , Marg. of. Twedale Earl of Breadalbine. Admiral Sir Charles Saunders. His EfEarl of Rothes Earl of Duomore
quires ; ... Young, ... Piggott,.... Clarke. Earl of Morton Earl of March
THURSDAY May 28. Earl of Eglingtoun Earl of Marchmont From Gibraltar we are informed of the Ead of Moray Earl of Bute
death of Lord Home, governor of that garEarl of Home Viscount Stormont rison; and that Admiral Saunders failed Earl of Abercorn Lord Cathcart
on a cruize on the 25th of last month..
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * **
For J UN E, 1761.
The LIFE of Dr. FRANCIS ATTERBURY,
Bishop of Rochester, [concluded.)
Y **HE secret committee of
Yo the house of commons,
appointed to examine in
to the plot, reported that E various methods were at
tempted, and various times fixed, for putting the design in execution. That the first intention was to have procured a regular body of foreign troops to invade these kingdoms, at the time of the clections for members of parliament, But the conspirators being disappointed in this expectation, resolved next to make an attempt at the time it was generally believ. ed his majesty intended to go to Hanover, by the help of such officers and soldiers as could pass into England unobserved from abroad, under the command of the duke of Ormond, who was to have landed in the river with a great quantity of arms, provided in Spain for that purpose. That the Tower was at the same time to have been seized, and the city of London made a place of arms : but that this design also being disappointed by many concurring
events, the confpirators found themselves under a necessity of deferring their enterprize, till the breaking up of the camp : during which interval they laboured by their agents and emissaries, to corrupt and seduce the officers and foldiers of the army; and depended so much on their defection, as even to entertain hopes of placing the Pretender on the throne, though they should receive no artistance from abroad. What share bishop Atterbury was suspected to have had in this conspiracy, appears from this fame report, which charges him with carrying on a traitorous correspondence, in order to raise an insurrection in the kingdom, and 10 procure foreign forces to invade it. In fupport of which accusation, three letters were produced, supposed to be written by the bishop, under the feigned names of Chivers, Musgrave, and Jackson. This occafioned a resolution of the house of commons, March 11th 1723 ; “ That Francis lord bishop of Rochefter, was principally concerned in for ung, direc
ting, and carrying on, a wicked and de- advice: the improbability of so unpopular an teitable conspiracy, for invading these cft, without a just and even necessary foundakingdoms with a foreign force, and for tion *; and lastly, the safety of the nation, railing insurrections, and a rebellion at which required that all delinquents should home, in order to subvert our present hap- be censured as such, without any regard py establishment in church and state, by to the office, or title,or honour they bore. placing a Popis pretender on the throne, " This was all transacted before passing the This resolution was founded on a motion above-mentioned vote against the bishop. made by Sir William Yonge, who in a O n the 22d of March 1722-3, a bill long speech, took notice how deeply the was brought into the house of commons, bishop had been concerned in this detest. “For inflicting certain pains and penal. able conspiracy; aggravating his crime ties on Francis lord bishop of Rochester;" from his holy function, and high station a copy of which was sent to him, with in the church of England, a church ever notice, that he had liberty of counsel and conspicuous for its loyalty ; from the so- folicitors, for making his defence. Unlemn oaths he had on so many occafions der these circumstances, the bishop applied taken to the government, and by which by petition to the house of lords, for their he had abjured the Pretender; when at direction and advice, as to his conduct in the same time he was traitorously con- this conjuncture. He particularly desired fpiring to bring him in upon the ruin of their opinion, in relation to a standing orhis country, and of all that was dear and der of that house, prohibiting, under a pevaluable to us, as freemen and christians : nalty, any lord to appear either in person concluding, that as he was a disgrace to his or by his council, before the house of order, and a dishonour to the church; so commons, to answer any accusation there. he might apply to him on this occasion, The debates among the lords upon this these words of the ift of Ads, ver. 20. occafion were many; the privileges pe. Let bis babitation be defolate, and let no man culiar to their house were largely infifted dwell (berein ; and bis bishopric let anorber on, and the late encroachments made uprake. Sir William Wyndham raid, he saw on them by the commons loudly com. no cause to proceed against the bishop in plained of ; but at last it was carried, by to revere a manner ; there being little, or a majority of seventy eight to thirty-two, indeed no evidence, besides conjecture that the bishop, being only a lord in parand hearsays.
fiament, and no peer, might, without any In the mean time, the commitment of the diminution to the honour of that house, bimop Nill continued to make a great noise appear, if he thought fit, in the house of through the whole kingdom, and was the commons, and make his defence and vinoccasion of many jealousies and discon- dication there, in any manner he pleased. tents. His confinement was said to be in This concession, however, was not agreejurious to the church of England, and the able to the bishop, who was very unwil. Episcopal order, and public prayers were ling to trust his cause, where he thought offered up for him, (under pretence of his himself injured, and even prejudged. being alliated with the gout,) in molt Therefore, on the 4th of April, he acchurches and chapels in London, and Weft. quainted the speaker of the house of comzninfter. On the other hand, endeavours mons, by a letter, that he was determinwere used to remove the prejudices of the ed to give that house no trouble, in reclergy against the ministry ; and Dr. Gib. lation to the bill depending therein; but fon, then bishop of Lincoln, and after thould be ready to make his defence againft wards of London, wrote a circular let iç, when it thould be argued in another ter, wherein he set forth the indulgence house, of which he had the honour to be wherewith the bishop was treated : the a member. On the gth the bill palled the great rcspeet the order of bithops met house of commons, and was the same day with from the king, who, in the disposal sent up to the lords for their concurof his preferments, was directed by their rence t. On the 6th of May, being the
* See the note near the end of this life, relating to the dutchess of Buckingham.
+ All the evidence the commons proceeded upon was this: a scheme taken among Mr. Layer's papers; some letters Atopped at the post office; the papers taken at the
bishop's day appointed by the lords for the first “Your lordships were pleafed to perreading of the bill, bifhop Atterbury was mit me to appear before the house of combrought to Westminster to make his de- mons, if I thought fit, left my filence fence. He was difturbed in his paffage should be turned to my disadvantage, as thither by the clamours and insults of the in fact, the counsel for the bill have done mob; but, upon his application to the their utmost towards it. house of lords for safety and protection, " I hould not have thought to decline Atrict orders were given to feize, and fe- any occasion of justifying myself; but I cure all who should be guilty of such in- crave leave to tell your lordships some reahumanity, and a guard appointed to de- fon, why I did not appear there, and make fend his person; so that all the week after, use of the leave your lordships gave me. he paffed along the Atreets very quietly, “ After seven months of close imprisonand without moleftation, being pitied ra- ment, I was not a little surprised when I ther than reviled. The bishop's counsel beard, that on the inth of March, by the were Sir Constantine Phipps, and William house of commons it was thus resolved," Wyane, Efq; the king's were Mr. Reeve, “ That it appears to this house, that and Mr. Wearg.
Francis lord bishop of Rochester was • The proceedings were of a great length, principally concerned in forming, direcand lafted considerably above a week, ting, and carrying on, a detestable con. during which, a variety of evidence + spiracy, &c.” Upon duly weighing which was examined both for and against the resolution, and the copy of the bill, I bifhop; at the close of it, he was permitted found not any thing charged in the letter, to plead for himself, which he did in a but what was fully contained, and previ. very long and eloquent speech. Part of Qully resolved in this vote; and therefore it was as follows:
whatsoever thould have been offered in “ My Lords,
* my defence to that house, would have “ I have been under a very long and been an express contradiction to it. And close con finement, and have been treated what hopes I could have in such an atwith such severity, and fo great indignity, ternpt, I need not fay: what they sent as, I believe, no prisoner in the Tower, of me was the preamble of the bill only, my age, function, and rank, ever was. which they could not alter, confiftently By which means, what strength and use with what they had resolved. of my limbs I had, when I was first com- « The bill itself was to inflict pains and mitted in August last, is now so far de. penalties, which followed ; but there was clined, that I am very unfit to make my no room to object against any of those defence against a bill of such an extraor- which they had not then declared; they dinary nature.
have since been added, and sent up to your « The great weakness of body and lordships in like manner, without any oath mind, under which I labour, such usage, made, or any criminal act proved against fuch hardships, such infults, as I have un- me, by any living witness. And is a person dergone, might have broke a more resolute thus fentenced below, to be deprived of spirit, and much stronger conftitution, all his preferments, and his very function, than falls to my share.
and to be a perpetual exile, and to be
bishop's houses at Westminster and Bromley; a packet taken on one of his servants; and the examination of two witnesses, one to prove, that a letter and paper contained in the packet were his hand writing; and the other to prove that a letter directed to Mr. Dubois, taken among his papers at Westminster, was sealed with the same seal as the letter taken on his servant. The majority of the Tory members had quicted the house at palling the bill. Mr. Lawlon and Mr. Oglethorp staid and spoke in his favour. The former said the evidence against the bishop was all hearsay and conjece ture, very uncertain, and not to be depended upon,
+ Those who desire to see the evidence must consult the debates of the lords and commons, under the year 1723, it being impoffible to give any concise, and at the same time just and satisfactory abstracts. It would, besides, be very dry and uneniertaining, and after all, would leave the reader perhaps in the same incertitude, as if he had never read it.-- There likewise recourfe must be had for the bishop's speech at large.