a degree of heroism, he was modeft in his happy Creighton. Thus, by an almost deportment, affable in his carriage, and unparalleled act of treachery, was the liberal above his circumstances.

world deprived of its greatest ornament, At the request of the duke of Mantua, who fell, the univeral lamentation of all he became tutor to his fon Vincentio di degrees of men, in the twenty-second year Gonzaga, a prince of loose manners, tur of his age. The court of Mantua testified bulent disposition, and deftitute of honour, their esteem by a public mourning; and courage, and humanity. Enraged at the every palace in Italy was adorned with his superior accomplishments of his tutor, picture, representing him mounted on an the perfidious prince, during the carnival, horse, with a launce in one hand, and a went forth masked at night, with several book in the other. assassins, and attacked him in the street Many fables may perhaps have been when he was playing on the guittarre. related of so extraordinary a person, but Creighton thus affaulted, drew his sword, the above particulars are selected from and defended himfelf fo gallantly, that he writers of incontestible authority. A put them all to flight, except the prince, hundred years passed, without food or and him he soon disarmed. Having no neep, one of his antagonists has confefother way to save his life, he pulled off fed, would not have been sufficient for the his masque, and discovered himself to be attainment of his learning; which was his pupil. Struck with the deepest astonish- the immediate gift of God, who accordment, Creighton fell on his knees, and ing to his own wise Providence, it may begged pardon of Vincentio, at the same not be presumption in us to suppose, time presenting him his sword, who, like sometimes makes use of particular peran ungrateful villain, and perfidious infer. fons, to display his own wonders on those nal monster, plunged it in the heart of creatures he himself hath created. the never-enough to be lamented, and un


THE ostrich is perhaps the largest and

+ strongest bird in nature. It is chiefly found in the dry barren deserts of Arabia and Africa, but especially in the empires of Abiffinia, Monomotapa, Morocco, and Biledulgerid. Its neck and head are re. markable, being shaped almost like a ca. mel's, which creature the oftrich also seems to imitate in its manner of walking, Its head rises to the height of a man on horseback, and sometimes higher. Its legs and thighs are like those of a heron, allowance being made for the different proportion; and each foot has three claws armed with horn, to facilitate its march. Her eggs are said to be as big as the head of a young child, and to be finely veined like marble, which me hides inconsiderate ly in the fand, and leaves them to be hatched by the heat of the sun, and by the next female which chances to light upon them. Thus, we read in the inimitable book of Job, chap. xxxix. “The ostrich leaveth her eggs in the earth, and warmeth thern in the dust, and forgetteth that the foot may crush them, or that the wild

July, 1761.

beast may break them. She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not hers : her labour is vain without fear, because God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he imparted unto her understanding ;" that is, as Dr. Derham explains it, he hath denied her that wisdom, that natural instinct to provide for, and nurse up her young, that most other creatures are endowed with. It is not very strange (continues he) that no other incubation than the sun should produce their young, as it is sufficiently hot in those countries for that purpose; but it is very odd and wonderful, that any one species should vary from all the rest of the tribe. The fingular care of the Creator, in this case is very remarkable, in supplying fome other way the want of care and affection in the parent animal; so that the young should, notwithstanding, be bred up in large and barren deferts, the most unlikely and improper places in all human opinion) to afford sustenance to young helpless creatures; but the fittest therefore to give demonstrations of the wisdom, care, and xx

orpecial especial Providence of the infinite Creator derate and foolish in her private capacity; and Conversator of the world.

particularly in the choice of her food, which It has been, however, observed by some is frequently detrimental, and sometimes moderns, and particularly Mr. Vansteb, highly pernicious; swallowing every thing that the reason why the oftrich does not indiscriminately, with the greatest greedihatch her eggs, proceeds from a natural ners, whether pieces of rags, leather, wood, sensibility in her, that her bulk and weight stone, lead, or iron. It may therefore be justly would not fail breaking them, if she were said, “ that God hath deprived her of wil. to lie upon them. He likewise says, both dom, neither hath he imparted to her un. male and female have been seen to stand by derstanding." But perhaps some part of and watch them by turns, hatching them these hard substances are devoured by the as it were with their eyes; though, should ostrich, for the same end as other inferior either man or beast drive them off to any birds swallow small pebbles, and grains of distance, they would not be able to find sand ; not for food, but to aflift the attri. the nest again; and that this in all pro- tion of it; but the great quantity of these bability gave birth to the foundation of things often found in the maw of this crea. their forgetfulness and cruelty. This is ture, plainly prove that this food is not not without its objections, but, however devoured upon that account only, as a it be, it is allowed that the ostrich is as very little would be sufficient; but that little careful of her young as any creature; the folly and greediness of the oftrich are and the Arabs and Africans sometimes the occasion of it, and cause her to swalmeet with whole nests of these eggs un- low every thing that comes in her way. disturbed ; and often with a few of the Besides, there is no neceflity for suppofing young ones, about the fize of a pullet, such very hard kind of food necessary for half starved, straggling and moaning about the above purpose. like distressed orphans in search of their Some of their eggs are made into drink. mother, though they most times pick up ing-cups, and other table and houshold orsufficient sustenance, barely to support naments; and if we may believe Pierius, them till they are bigger, and can better some make them into caps, which they provide for themselves, Providence sup- think no (mall ornaments to the head, plying the place of a mother. This want Those that are laid by the old ones are of affection is mentioned also by the pro- commonly the largest, and the others are phet Jeremiah. “The daughter of my peo- ro in proportion : they are all good to eat, ple is cruel, like the oftriches in the wilder- and even those which are broken in the ness. Lament. iv. and 3. verse." Every laying, a common case, prove a nourishnest consists of a great number of eggs, ment to the young ones, who greedily from 20 to 50, the first of which the de- feed on the multitude of worms and other posits in the centre, and the rest as con insects, which are either bred in, or croud veniently round it as possible.

into them.

Whatever danger the ostrich may be Who in the cruel oftrich has subdu'd • exposed to wait in the thell, Providence A parent's care and fond inquietude ? hath given it strength and speed sufficient While far the flies, her scatter'd eggs are to avoid it as soon as they are out of it. found,

They soon begin to rove about for food, Without an owner, on the sandy ground; and with such swiftness as not easily to be Caft out on fortune, they at mercy lie, caught; and when full grown, can outAnd borrow life from an indulgent sky; run the fleetest horses. We are told by Adopted by the sun in blaze of day, Xenophon, that Cyrus having met with a They ripen under his prolific ray.

large drove of them near the Euphrates, Unmindful she, that some unhappy tread, sent some of the best horses he had in his May crush her young in their neglected bed. army after them, without being able to What time the skims along the field with catch a single one. Some add, that when speed,

closely pursued, they will, in their flight, She scorns the rider, and pursuing steed. take up stones, and throw them backwards Young's Paraphrafe on Job. with their feet, with extraordinary force

and agility. Their wings, tho' very short This is not the only reproach that may in proportion to the rest of their bodies, be due to the ostrich: she is also inconfi. are of great use to them in running. They.


are very strong, but too short to raise from taste and smell, and of a viscous nature, the ground : with these they beat and spur yet it is commonly eaten by the Africans their heavy bodies forwards, and catch the and Arabs, especially in Numidia. They wind as they run. Mr. Adanson in his are most fond of the young ones, which defcription of Senegal gives an entertaining they catch as soon as hatched, and breed account of two ostriches he saw there, up for food, by letting them rove about in which we here transcribe : “ July 5th droves, till they are fat enough to be kil1749, (says he) two ostriches which had led, and salted for use. The Arabs have been bred two years in the factory, afford- a way, before they cut off their heads, to ed me a fight of so extraordinary a nature, tie a string or tape about their necks, as well to deserve a place in this narrative. a little below it, by which a kind of oily These gigantic birds, I had seen only by greese is gathered above the ligature, and the way as I travelled over the burning is esteemed among them not only as pleasands on the left of the Niger, but now I fant and agreeable to be mixed with their had a full view of them at my ease. Tho' food instead of oil or butter, but as a sothey were but young, still they were very vereign ointment against bruises, achs, near of an equal fize with the largest. sprains, and such like disorders. The They were so tame that two little blacks Arabs are not only fond of riding down the mounted both together on the back of the wild ostriches, as a diversion, but because largest. No sooner did he feel their they derive a confiderable profit from weight, than he began to run as fast as thence ; for they have a method of Thakever he could, till he carried them several ing the dead body of an ostrich, so as to times round the village; and it was im. make the fat ditfolve into a sort of oil, possible to stop him, otherwise than by which they carry to Alexandria, where it obftructing the passage. This fight plea. is used as an ointment, and sometimes sed me so well, that I would have it re taken inwardly, for disorders arising from peated : and to try their strength, I made a cold constitution. a full grown negro mount the smallest, It is said that the oftrich hath neither and two others the largest. This burthen taste, smell, hearing, nor memory ; which did not seem to me at all disproportioned if true, will account for the strange food it to their strength. At first they went a devours, and for that stupidity commonly pretty high trot; when they were heated attributed to them ; that in time of danger a little they expanded their wings as if it they will endeavour to hide their heads in were to catch the wind, and they moved the sand, among weeds and brambles, or with such fleetness that they seemed to be behind trees, and imagine, that as they no off the ground. Every body muft some longer see their pursuers, the danger is time or other have seen a partridge run, over, and they have nothing to apprehend, (continues Mr. Adanson) consequently, the all the while their great bodies are exmust know there is no man whatever, able posed to view. Claudian thus elegantly to keep up with it, and it is easy to ima. expresses it: gine, if the partridge had a longer step, its speed would be considerably augmented. ...... Stat lumine clauso The ostrich moves like the partridge, with Ridendum revoluta caput; credit que latere both these advantages; and I am satisfied Quæ non ipsa videt. that those I am speaking of would have distanced the feetest race-horses that were We are even told they will suffer themever bred in England. Ic is true they selves to be approached, and caught by a would not hold out fo long as a horse; man covered with an'ostrich's skin, and but without all doubt, they would be able who can imitate some of their motions. to perform the race in less time. I have The ostrich's feathers are so well known, frequently beheld this fight, which is ca. that it is needless to describe them. Their pable of giving one an idea of the prodigi- natural colour is a mixture of white and ous strength of the oftrich, and of Thewing black in the males, with an additional what use it might be of, had we but the mixture of grey in the females. As for method of breaking and managing it as that beautiful variety of red, crimson, blue, we do a horse.”

yellow, green, and other colours, in which, u Their fiern, which is forbid by the Mo- they are brought over to us, they are the saic law, is said to be offensive both to the effects of art, and chiefly known and used

X X 2

amongst amongst the Arabs, who buy them of the trical heroes owe much of their grandeur natives in their natural colour, and dye them to the plumes of this animal. for foreign sale, in that variety of colours An oftrich was brought over into this in which we fee them. They were for- kingdom some years ago, and, being premerly much more used than they are at sented to his late majesty, was kept in the present, by way of ornament on beds, ca- Tower of London. nopies, and in rooms of state. Our thea

EUROPE's Address to Peace. A RHAPSODY.

o Peace! amiable peace ! benevolent death march always in thy retinue : mon. V divinity, daughter of harmony, and ster, nourished with blood, whose heart mother of pleasures, why do you conti- overflows with gall, thou art fitter to nue still in heaven, whilf the distressed in reign upon the banks of Cocytus, than to habitants of the earth daily send forth their hold a place amongst the assembled dei sighs to thee? If banished from earth by ties. Ah! wherefore, when thy pride fierce ambition, you think your hatred due once languished in the chains into which to those who profane you; what com- the sons of Alous had caft thee, whereplaint have you against innocence unjustly fore did Mercury, too insensible to human punished for the inhumanity of your per- misery, against my orders set you at libersecutors ? Goddess benign, give ear to our ty ? Had it not been for that, Discord plaintive cries : look upon these ravaged with thee dethroned, had been for ever fields, these burning temples, these crowds banished to the infernal shades, and proud lamenting their cruel lot, there matrons Bellona being condemned to repose, betaking themselves to flight, with their would not have driven peace out of the Naughtered infants in their bloody arms. universe. The empire of amiable peace When did the earth behold its plains more is blessed by all, the good of her subjects is fattened with inundations of blood, and her chiefest care; but thou, ob son of Juno, when did rivers ever see their banks loaded art by her inspired with the frantic desire with such dreadful heaps of dead and dy- of governing by fire and sword !" ing men ? Thus pale and livid death, in Chaste peace, 'tis thus the sovereign of Ilion's plains, swept away the warriors of the universe knows how to distinguish beArgos, and of Phrygia, in those dreadful tween thy merit and that of the warlike combats when the god Mars himself beheld Mars. Thy scepter fills the earth with joy his immortal blood flow forth in floods, and pleasure; his rod of iron makes it an and stain the field of battle. With a cry abode of horror and desolation. Whereequal to the thouts of an invincible army, fore then do you refuse to remove, by your juft preparing to engage in a furious divide assistance, the misfortunes of the combat, he took the inaccessible vault of afflicted earth? Why, tho' beloved and heaven, and carried his complaint to the protected by the King of heaven, do you father of gods and men. But the great yield to your rival the empire of the earth? Jupiter, whose august presence can strike I understand you, our unanimous wishes, with awe the most audacious, and make in vain, call down the wrath of angry them return to their duty, interrupted the heaven ; till divine justice has expiated speech of the unjust warrior, and with our crimes, you must not hope to dwell these terrible words confounded all his among us. And what age ever deserved hopes. “Hence, tyrant of mankind, bar. the hatred of heaven more? When did barous and destructive god, make your presumptuous impiety ever lift its audaci. complaint elsewhere: of all the inhabitants ous front more freely? The dread of diof high Olympus, none is more odious in vine vengeance is looked upon as weakmy fight than thee. Tyger, whose heart of ness; blafphemy is considered as a noble steel soft pity ne'er could touch, your hor- freedom; double-faced fraud is looked rid joy is murder; you delight to see towns upon as prudence, and the contempt of in a blaze; ramparts destroyed, and palaces laws as magnanimity. This, oh you nareduced to ashes are the favourite mo. tions, this is what has brought upon you numents of your cruelty, Terror and the inexorable rigour of heaven! It is for this reason the Deity has put the thunder led by duty, respect, and love. A youthinto the hands of so many princes ! An ful monarch upon whom the balance of irrevocable order determines the choice, Europe depends, and Prusia's victorious both of the fweets of peace and the hor- king, wait but the moment to lay the thunrors of war: it is the anger of kings der. bolt of war alide, and cause the ills which causes mortals to rise in arms; it is we groan under to cease. What do I say? the wrath of heaven which makes kings Each day the wished-for moment draws wage war. It is by their means that nigher ; the gods are appeased, our wishes heaven's high vengeance vifits us, with the are heard, the happy care of a beloved mifcourge of its severity, when after a long nifter watches over our safety; he lives. and fruitless indulgence, our monstrous It is enough ; peace shortly will revisit us, wickednefs has at last wearied out its Oh! nations, Bellona, by him subdued goodness. Oh! awful heaven, if the ri- fhall be bound in an eternal chain, to gour of thy juft judgments is not yet fatis- your happiness he devotes his life, he safied, after so many punishments inflicted ; crifices his repose to yours. Return then, if so much blood spilt, so many illustrious O peace ! It is time that his withes should victims have not yet made us shed tears be granted, return and receive this great enough, vouchsafe, at least, to inspire us' man into thy luminous car; let the god with that sincere repentance, that refigna- that conducts him conduct you. Being tion, and that humble sorrow,' which is thus by his care reinstated in the favour of the only homage that can now foften the heaven, may we find our pains changed austerity of thy just decrees ! Invigorate to pleasures, our tears to rejoicing, and our zeal, soften our hearts, and raise our our obscure night to a day both bright and {pirits to thy celestial abode ; fill our minds ferene. with those ardent flames which are kind

The HISTORY of Hazikin, King of Gazna. An Oriental Tale.

AZIKIN king of Gazna had long not, however, fo far surmount the instincts 11 reigned in prosperity: he was belov- of nature as to resolve upon the death of ed by all his subjects, but one thing was his son ; but he caused a report to be wanting to render bis happiness complete; spread that the angel of death had called he had no son to inherit his kingdom, and upon him; and immediately an universal this confideration was a source of constant mourning and sorrow succeeded to the joy inquietude to him. He every day impor- and exultation which had a short time tuned heaven with prayers, to grant him before been manifested by people of every a successor of his own begetting, and his rank. Hazikin, in the mean time, rent prayers were at last heard. The prince the prince to Hassan, a poor shepherd Nourgehan was born, and his birth was who dwelt upon the borders of Gazna, to celebrated by rejoicings, which furpatred, be brought up in poverty and obscurity. in magnificence, all that had ever been The secret of the birth of Nourgehan was seen in Gazna before. The king, whose concealed even from Hallan himself : for cares all concentered on his ron, got a cer- the person who brought the child amused tain Coja, deeply versed in the science of the peasant by an invented story; and to astrology, to cast his nativity. But how engage him to take care of it, paid him great was the grief and surprize of the fix fequins, promising to supply him with monarch, when he was affured by the an annual sum more than sufficient to doCoja, whose ikill he had often experienced, fray the charges he might be at. Hazikia that this son, whom he looked upon as the now thought himself in perfect security, best gift of heaven, should one day de- but it is in vain that weak mortals atthrone him! Hazikin was thrown into tempt to controul their destiny ; what is the utmost consternation upon hearing written in the book of fate will come to this, and immediately resolved to take the pass, notwithftanding all their care to best measures, to prevent the misfortune avoid it. Nourgehan being brought up with which he was threatened. He could among thepherds, and inured to exercise


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