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Mag. An Account of the Procesion of the Coronation of King Charles II. &c. 411 Toyal portraitures and a number of flags, Thence proceeding to Ludgate, which On which were painted coats of arms and was finely decorated, her majesty was trophies, and above was a concert of vocal entertained with several songs adapand instrumental music.
ied to the occasion, sung in concert, At the upper end of Cheapfide was by men and boys upon the leads over the aldermen's station, where the recorder the gate, addressed the queen in a very elegant ora. At the end of Shoe-Lane, in Fleet. tion, and, in the name of the citizens, pre-' ftreet, a handsome tower, with four tursented her with a thousand marks, in a rets, was erected upon the conduit, in each purse of gold tissue, which her majesty of which stood one of the cardinal virtues, very gracefully received.
with several symbols; who addressing At a small distance, by Cheapside Con- themselves to the queen, promised they duit, was a pageant, in which were seated would never leave her, but be always her Minerva, Juno, and Venus; before whom constant attendants. Within the Tower stood the god Mercury, who, in their was an excellent concert of mufic, and the names, presented the queen with a conduit all the while ran with various golden apple.
forts of wine. At St. Paul's gate was a fine pageant, At Temple-Bar The was again entertain. in which sat three ladies richly dressed, ed with songs, sung in concert by a choir with each a chaplet on her head, and a of men and boys; and having from thence tablet in her hand, containing Latin in proceeded to Westminster, she returned scriptions.
the lord-mayor thanks for his good At the east end of St. Paul's cathedral, offices, and those of the citizens that day. the queen was entertained by some of the The day after the lord-mayor, aldermen, fcholars belonging to St. Paul's school, and Theriffs, affifted at the coronation, with verses in praise of the king and her which was performed with great fplenmajesty, with which me feemed highly dor. delighted.
An Account of the Proceffion of the Coronation of King CHARLES II. as described
by Lord Clarendon.
THE king went early in the morning with his crown on his head, and all the
to the Tower of London in his coach, lords in their robes 'to Westminfter-hall, most of the lords being there before, where all the enfigns for the coronation And about ten of the clock they set for were delivered to those who were appointward towards Whitehall, ranged in that ed to carry them, the earl of Northumorder as the heralds had appointed; those berland being made high constable, and of the long robe, the king's council at law, the earl of Suffolk earl marshal for the the masters of the chancery and judges day. And then all the lords in their orgoing first, and so the lords in their order, der, and the king himself walked on foot very splendidly habited, on rich foot- upon blue cloth, from Westminster-hall to cloths; the number of their footmen bs. the Abbey.church, where, after a fermon ing limited, to the dukes ten, to the lords preached by Dr. Morley, (then bithop of eight, to the viscounts fix, and the barons Worcester) in Henry VIIth's chapel; the four, all richly clad, as their other servants king was sworn, crowned, and anointed, were. The whole show was the most by Dr. Juxton, archbishop of Canterbury, glorious in the order and expence that with all the folemnity that in those cates had been ever seen in England; they who had been used. All which being done, rode firft, being in Fleet-street, when the the king returned in the fame manner on king ifsued out of the Tower, as was foot to Westminster-hall, wbich was kaown by the discharge of the ordnance: adorned with rich hangings and fatues, and it was near three of the clock in the ' and there the king dined ; and the lords afternoon, when the king alighted at on either fide had tables provided for Whitehall. The next morning the king them; and all other ceremonies were perrode in the same fate in his robes, and formed with great order and magnificence.
The Advice of the late Earl of Stair to Henry Pelham, Esq; during the last
War England had with France: with fome Refle&tions thereon.
“I Am now (said that great man) going only nation 'which stands in the way of
for Scotland, and believe I shall their being masters of Europe." never see you again, as I find my confti. Has not experience convinced us of the tution on the decline, and am come to justice of that great man's way of thinkgive you my last advice concerning the in- ing; and is it not surprising, that any terest of my country. I fall tell you free man who calls bimself a Briton, should ly what I think you should do, and if you dare to write in favour of leaving the act a contrary part, you have it to answer French in pofleflion of an inch in Northfor to your country.
America ?.--- A nation which has lately "You have now got poffeffion of Cape endeavoured to dispossess us of our valuBreton ; never give it up: it will enable able poffeffions there, on which our very you, by good managment, to drive the being as an independent nation depends French out of North-America, make you has put us to the expence of more than masters of the fur-trade, and of the fishe. thirty millions in defending them ; has ries there, by, which the nation will be encouraged the savages, who were their able to accumulate great wealth, and in- subjects there, to cut the throats of our crease the export of your manufactories to fellow-subjects in cold blood, &c. &c. It is that part of the world, to an immense ex- into the hands of these very people, our tent; and by the fisheries, besides adding Frenchified scriblers want we should again fome millions a year to the national put scalping knives, to murder our brewealth, your nursery of sailors will be in- thren; and by giving them up part of creased by an addition of 15 or 20,000; North America, and the liberty to fith but, which by far is the most interesting there, put it again in their power to reconfideration to this country, you thereby pair their marine, and be our rivals on for ever deprive France of their nursery of the fea; and are not ashamed to say, failors, by which they never can fit out any that a sugar island is of more consequence fleet that can make them a dangerous to this nation than a continent and a neighbour ; and they are the only people fishery, which has been demonstrated by that can hurt us.--
many papers wrote on that subject, brings "As to the Sugar inands, it is no doubt into us some millions a year, and cons greatly our interest to dispofless them sumes more of our manufactories than of what they have amongft the Leeward all the sugar islands together; and wliere isands, because that would not only the consumpt must double every twelve make us masters of the sugar trade, but or thirteen years, in proportion as the inlikewise put our own islands there in per- habitants increase, by which, as this year fect safety, in case of a war; whereas, the export is more than two millions, in at present, our sugar trade there is greatly thirty-seven or thirty-eight years hence it hurt by a nest of privateers: but by our must be fixteen millions, whereas the conbeing masters at sea, we always must sumpt in a sugar island is not capable of have it in our power to poffers ourselves any such increase. of these inlands when we please,
Besides, by excluding France from .“ Now I come to tell you, Sir, what I North-America, we make all our settlefear you will do, viz. you will give up ments there secure; whereas by their Cape Breton, and patch up some unsafe neighbourhood to them, our people there peace; and that restless nation, which are kept in continual uneasiness, as their never loses fight of universal monarchy, constant study is to excite the natives to will repair their navy, which you have cut their throats---and at this moment, by now reduced very low, and they will take means of their sectlements of Miffifippi, the first favourable opportunity of going they are ading the same part they did in to war again; and God knows what the Canada. To conclude; a man who pre. event may be ----By long experience, I fers Gaudaloupe to North-America, acts know well that ambitious nation, and the much the same part as one who thould hatred they bear to Great Britain, as the maintain that the Ife of Wight is more
valuable than Creat-Britain.--- But I hope selves, by attacking France by sea, if they our present ministers, will keep both, and invade their neighbours on the continent: add Martinico to them; thar nothing can which is the only effectual' way to ruin happen on the continent of Europe, France, and protect Hanover : for, by will make them part with any thing that carrying on a war on the continent, we concerns the interest of our own country; ruin ourselves without hurting France, and that if Germans wild hire them, and expose Hanover to continual danger; selves to France, to cut one another's whereas, were the five millions, expended throats, we will not exhaust our blood yearly on the continent, employed in atand creafure, to protect people that will tacking France by rea, they would soon ruin themselves. This is the only way to be convinced, that for every shilling they bring Germany to its fenses, and make could get from Hanover, they would lose them unite against the common disturbers a guinea ; and, at the same time, that five of the peace of Europe : and then we millions, which is sunk in Germany, would can protect Germany without ruin to our still circulate at home.
An Account of the new Camedy lately afted at Drury-Lane, called the Wishes,
or Harlequin's Mouth opened. Written by Mr. Bentley.
As the manner of this piece is entirely In whichever of these lights, however, he . 11 new in England, and founded on the appears, the principal wit, and moft poigmodel of the Italian comedy, which is a nant fatire of the piece is ever thrown inspecies of the drama known only to a few, to his part ; and indeed in the original it may not be improper to point out to Italian comedies, the businefs of this chaour readers in this place what that racter only was determined by the author, Species of writing is, and consequently the language and wit being left entirely to what it is they ought to expect from a the performer, to supply by his turn for piece written on that kind of plan. extempore humour and repartee; and
The drama of the Italian theatre, then, this business being printed, and the pieces is a sort of Balla Comedia, which not be themselves devoid of any language, proing confined to the rigid rules of unity, bably gave the firft rise to our dumb new admits of some degree of improbability, pantomimes. and even of impossibility, with respect to Pantaloon, or what in the old Italian the machinery and action, and conse comedy was more frequently named Cinquently requires nothing more than that thio, is constantly an old man, avaritious the characters, which are for the most part and jealous, father to the heroine, whose ouin, and favouring of the Caricatura, name for the most part is either Isabella, Tould think, speak, and act, naturally un- or Angelica, and anfwers to the Columbine der the peculiar circumstances they are of our mute pantomimes.---She has always thrown into, be those circumstances ever a lover, who is either a gentleman(mostly so unnatural. These characters, more named Leander or O&avio) to whoin Harover, are for the most part the same in all lequin is a valet, (is in that character an the several comedies of the Italian theatre, admirer of the genuine Columbine, who and are distinguided by the same names, is almost constantly the Suivante, or chamso that being pre-defined, and generally ber-maid of the heroine) or else Harleknown, the audience becomes at once quin himself, who in that case is attended informed of the connectior. they have by a pert arch servant of the name of Mezwith each other, and of the manner in zettin, as Pantaloon is by a clown or fool which they are to expect them to pro- named Pierrot. When Harlequin is a ceed
valet, it is not uncommon to introduce anThe first of these characters is Harle. other valet of the name of Scaramouch, quin, who is constantly made either the who is a rival to Harlequin in the affecgentleman or hero of the piece, or else a tions of his mistress Columbine, but over pert liye!y valet, attendant on the hero, whom he constantly got the better in the
end. The Pantaloon always opposes the is spoken of as being dumb; her happiinclinations of his daughter for the lover of ness with whom, her father, himself a her choice, whether Harlequin or any one great antiquarian, domies his consent to, in else, and has generally an old doctor, or a favour of the Doctor, whose fondness for financier, on whom he determines to be- antiquities has occafioned a mutual friendItow her.---He is however always either thip between them.---The young lady, over-reached, or persuaded to content, and however, having preserved the life of the piece concludes happily.
Manto, the fairy, by protecting her from There are indeed some little diverfities a gardiner, who was going to deftroy her both as to plot and character now and under the form of a snake; the fairy's then introduced. Such as the adding the 'gratitude bestows on her a power, liable parts of Scapin, Trivelin and Pasqueriel, indeed to some restraints, of pofsefling valets, and Marinette, a chamber-maid... every thing she mall wish for, with this All these characters, however, are' occa- proviso, however, that if the chall three fionally made use of, and are fo established times unwith what she had before withed, and defined, that their habits are also de- she Nould lose all her power.--- Isabella, termined and constantly the same, as may immedia ely fets about wishing, and as her be seen in Riccoboni's history of the Ita father's declared determination, being, that lian stage, wherein are figures of all their he will never bestow her to her inclinaseveral dresses.
tions, till ber lover is ricb, till be is roble, till There is one characteristic, however, of be can speak, till be becomes a member of an these pieces, which it is necessary to point. antiquarian clut, till the Doctor refuses ber, out, and that is, that their general aim is and till Harlequin is banged. Her first satire.--- The plot therefore in general is wish is for the restoration of his speech, very simple, and built on some single which is immediately complied with.--Her thought or hint, which bringing the cha
the cha. next desire is ricbes for them both, which racters into a few particular circumstances,
are instantly procured by means of two give them a scope for a great share of wit,
for a great Ihare of wit. lottery prizes, of 20,00ol. each. Titles humour, sentiment, and reflection.
for them is her next with, which is beOn this kind of plan then is the piece towed on them by Manto, who creates now before us modelled.--And thus much
Harlequin, baron of Oberontown, and being premised, I shall proceed to give you
Isabella counters of Mabland, both in the the drama and general plot.
fairy territories.-- In their respective ranks
they behave consistently with the cafte of DRAMATIS PERSONE.
· the present age : Harlequin purchasing a
pedigree of an herald, subscribing to several Pantaloon,
public charities, entering into the expence Isabella, his daughter, Miss Haughton,
of building, being imposed on by his serHarlequin, her lover, Mr. Obrien,
vants, &c. and Columbine paying and reDoctor,
Mr. Weston, ceiving vifits, scandalising her neighbours, Mezzetin, Harlequin's Mr. Blakey,
despising her friends, &c. -- In the course of valet,
which, great occasions are taken of enPierrot, Pantaloon's
tering into very severe fatires on the pre
Mr. Davis, vailing tafte, in regard to dress, building, Party per Pale, an
conduct, poetry, music, antiquities, &c.
Mr. Miller, which are handled with great judgment herald,
and elegance.--Harlequin being surprized Mr. Distress, a poet, Mr. Foote,
by Pantaloon, and the Doctor at Isabella's Columbine, Isabella's ?
· houfe, pretends to be a great traveller and maid; . .. Miss Elliott,
antiquarian, and expresses a defire of be. Manto, a fairy, ' Miss Ambrofs, coming a member of the antiquarian club, Maid to Harlequin, Miss E. Ambrofs. ' which proposal is accepted by them as a
great honour, and he is accordingly elecThe general design is very simple.---Ifa- ted--Mezzetin, in the disguise of an old beila, naturally a coquet, out of a number nurse, 'persuading the Doctor that some of lovers, who address her, finds herself one has been beforehand with him in the : most strongly attached to Harlequin, who regards of Isabella, he determines on re. i
fusing her, and Harlequin growing impa- judgment. The language of it seems to tient at the delay of his union with his be pure, correct, and elegant, and the mistress, and proceeding to some liberties ftrokes of satire which form the principal which are displeasing to her, she in the bent of the author's defign, are many of common phrase wilhes him hanged, which them very keen, juft, and delicate.-- There by a contrivance in the stage is immedi- is, however, a barrenness of incident, and ately done, he being drawn up to a gibbet even the circumstance of the Wishes, on which rises out of the ground.--But now which the whole turns, seems not made so induced with great sincerity to unwith this advantageous an use of as might have her desire, as she has before done by two been done.--The catastrophe is brought on other trifling wishes, her power becomes in a hurry, and the incident of hanging forfeited, and Manto appearing once more, Harlequin has, a disgustful and horrid effect, insists on Pantaloon's bestowing her on and was justly pointed out in that light Harlequin, which he, from a consideration by a very confiderable part of the audi. that all the conditions he himself had in- ence.---The piece, however, had the valisted on have been complied with, at last luable advantage of being tried before a consents to do, and the fairy concludes the most splendid, elegant, and at the same piece with a reflection of the impropriety time judicious audience ; the warm apthere would be in trusting to mankind a probation of which, shewn to the sentipower of enjoying whatever their different mental parts of it, bear estimable witness paffions might induce them to with for. to the merit of those parts, and from
With regard to the merit of this piece, whose difike therefore. of others, the au. I shall not pretend to direct the public thor cannot jusly make any appeal. .
Account of the Abbé Velly, Author of an History of France, on a new Plan.
PAUL Francis Velly was born the gth Velly acquired a vaft stock of erudition, 1, of April, 1709, in the province of and love of labour. He came to Paris in Champagne. His father, who is still liv. 1741, and, induced by a natural propening, practises both surgery and physic; fity to enjoy the intimate conversation of and, as if these two employments were his former brethren, accepted of a tutornot sufficient, or that he may be more ship in the college of Louis Le Grand, useful, he is also a notary of no small prac- When a proper opportunity offered of distice, and, lastly, justice of fix or seven engaging himself from the galling chains paridhes in his neighbourhood. A phy- of that profession, he determined, against fician of Rheims, lately paffing near the all formal obligations, to exert himself in place of M. Velly's residence, called on procuring liberty and independency by him, and aftonished at such a variety of the produ&tions of his pen. His first piece professions being exercised to the general was a translation of the endless Law-fuir, or satisfaction by one man, wrote to an ac- the bifory of John Bull; a tranllation from quaintance of his, also a physician: “I the witty satire of Dr. Swift's, on the long have seen our brother Velly, who is war, which was terminated by the peace of physician, surgeon, notary and justice, Utrecht. This little pamphlet was sucangel and lawyer, God and devil; and ceeded by a very long-winded work. The soon will no longer be any thing, con Abbé was very well versed in history; and fidering his great age, being on the wrong though that of France has been the subject fide of eighty.”
of many abie pens, he thought it might be The Abbé Velly was initiated into lic exhibited in a new light, with regard to terature, at the college of the Jesuits, at morals, usages, laws, opinions, &c. a part Rheims; and such was his progress, that no less entertaining than essential, yet nein less than four years he finished his hu- glected by most historians, who amuse the manity course; in October, 1726, he en- reader only with military atchievements, tered into that order, in which, as he often and political intrigucs. The two first vce said, he spent fourteen delightful years, lumes succeeded beyond bis bookseller's and quitted it in 1740. There the Abbé topes, and such a lingular Success was no