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who thought proper to recal Mesy; but galed, and dismissed with many marks of he never returned to France. Before this the viceroy's bounty. The tribe of the Onevent, the French king had invested the neyouths submitted ; but a resolution was marquis de Fracy, with the power and taken to chastise the Agniers, a party of authority of viceroy in America ; and or wbom had Nain the viceroy's nephew, dered him to fail from the Windward and two other officers. M. de Sorel hayislands to Canada, with the regiment of ing taken the field, and begun his march Carignan Salieres, which had served with towards the district of those savages, fell in reputation in Hungary. He now appoint with one of their parties commanded by ed Daniel de Remi, lord of Courcelles, as the Flemish bastard, whom he resolved to fucceffor to de Mely, in the government of attack, when he was diverted from his Quebec, and granted a commission to the purpose hy this leader's demanding a parmarquis and him conjointly, to enquire ley, and declaring he was so far on his into the conduct of his predeceffor, who way to Quebec with proposals of peace died before they could proceed to his trial. for the viceroy. In pursuance of this deThe marquis, arriving at Quebec in the claration, he was safely conducted to that month of June, detached some of his settlement, and in a little time joined by troops against the Iroquois, who had pene another deputy from the canton of Agnier. tr..ted into the colony, from whence they In the midst of the negotiation, the vicewere immediately driven. Mean while, roy having invited these deputies to a the new governor landed with the remain- feast, the discourse turned upon the death ing part of the regiment, a great number of M. de Chary, the viceroy's nephew, of families to people the colony, many when the Indian raising his arm, “ This artifans and intended servants, and a con- hand (faid he) gave him his death's fiderable number of horses, sheep, and wound.” The viceroy, incensed at his in· black cattle. The viceroy no sooner re- folence, told him it should never be the ceived this reinforcement, than he took death of another, and immediately ordered the field, and marching to the mouth of him to be strangled by the common exethe river Richelieu, superintended the cutioner; as for the Flemish bastard, he construction of three forts, one of which was detained prisoner at Quebec. During called Sorel, from the officer who com- ' these transactions, M. de Courcelles set out manded in it, is now in ruins; but he on an expedition against the Agniers, gave his name to the river, which it still and arrived at their villages, which he retains. The second, built at the fall or found abandoned. He afterwards acrifft of St. Louis, took the denomination companied the marquis de Tracy, who of Chamby, from a captain of that name, had prepared a much more confiderable who directed the construction of it, and armament against the same people, and as afterwards acquired the property of the they once more forsook their habitations, ground where it is situated. The third he destroyed all their villages, with a very was built three leagues higher up the river, considerable quantity of provision, which and called the fort of St. Theresa, because they had amassed. At the beginning of it was finished on the festival of that winter they returned to Quebec with some Saint ; and this post was commanded by prisoners, two of whom he caused to be M. de Salieres, colonel of the regiment. hanged, and sent back the Flemish bastard The design of these strengths was to defend with the rest, to their own country. His the French colony from the incurfions of last act of authority in Canada was the the Iroquois, who were at first intimidated investing the East-India company with all to find themselves thus hampered ; but the rights of this colony, which the former they soon found many other paties, through monopoly of an hundred associates had enwhich they poured occasionally into the joyed : then he embarked for France, and French settlements
after his departure, M. de Talou exerted In the month of December, the Indian himself in extending the commerce of the chief Garakonthie arrived at Quebec, with colony ; while the missionaries laboured other deputies from the Onondagas, Goyo. without ceasing, in converting the Inquins, and the Tsonnonthuans. They dians, and profecuted their mission as far brought presents for the general, and pro- as the lake Superior, among different na. pored conditions of peace, which were ac- tions of barbarians, by whom they were cepted: the deputies were sumptuousy re often treated with cruelty, and always with contempt. In spite of all their zeal not before, the colony of New-France, or and perseverance, their harveft was but Canada, became an object of importance, scanty : and they complained that their The number of the settlers was confidesuccess was greatly obstructed by the con- rably increased; the soldiers of the regiduct of the English and Dutch of New ment of Carignan being disbanded, began York; who, tho' Christians by profeffion, as planters to cultivate the lands: their exhibited no examples of Chriftianity, nor officers were gratified with large tracts, any signs of religion; and, moreover, in- to be held with all the rights of figniorship; dulged the sayages with a free trade for and as they were generally men of good spirituous liquors, which debauched their families, New-France could boast of a morals by producing the most brutal in greater number of ancient noblesse, than toxication. But how small foever the were to be found in any other French coprogress of the missionaries might be, in lony. These gentlemen vied with each other planting the Chriftian religion ; certain it in building elegant and convenient houses, is, they made many useful discoveries for in raising plantations, encouraging industry, the benefit of commerce, and established and promoting agriculture ; so that in a correspondences among the distant tribes little time, Canada, exclusive of the fur that inhabit the vast continent of North- trade, began to flourish as a populous and America.
fertile country. [An. 1668.) At this juncture, and in [To be continued.] An Account of the Death of OLIVER CROMWELL, and the Succession of his Son
RICHARD to the Protektorship: as first publised by Authority. W HAT. an idea must a man of a con- prove agreeable and entertaining, we have
templative turn of mind entertain of given it a place in this Magazine. It is human nature, if he has made himself well neceffary to remark, that though the whole acquainted with the history of the civil is a laboured panegyric, conceived in terms wars, in the reign of the unfortunate of the highest adulation, without much Charles I. and of the many and innume- regard to truth or decency; it was imsable scenes of wickedness, carried on by plicitly believed by those who were the a set of men with the vilest hypocrisy, friends of Cromwell, to be a true portrai. and all under the cloak of religion! What ture of the person it was drawn for. humiliating thoughts must he have of the “WHITEHALL, Sept. 3. 1658. His Infatuation of mankind, who could be most serene and renowned highness Oliver blinded with such enthusiasm and fanati. lord-protector, being after a fickness of cism, as to commit such atrocious deeds about fourteen days (which appeared an with the folemnity of saints; and actual ague in the beginning) reduced to a very Jy believe, as well as declare, they were low condition of body, began early this all the while doing the work and service of morning to draw near the gates of death; God! In all the writings of the zealots and it pleased God about three o'clock of that time, there is such a ridiculous in the afternoon, to put a period to his life, mask of piety drawn over the foulest “We would willingly express, on this acts, which will not fail to excite our fad occafion, the deep sorrow which hath laughter, though it cannot but provoke poffefsed the minds of his most noble son our indignation. The highest absurdities, and successor, and other deareft relations, Strangest comparisons, grofseft flatteries, had we language sufficient ; but all that greatest fallities, every where, interlarded we can use will fall far short of the merits with reflections from scripture, and all in of that most excellent prince. the moft affected strains of holiness, make “His first undertakings for the public up the chief matter of the speeches, de interest, his working things all along, as bates, and records, of chat age.
it were out of the rock ; his founding a · As the following account of the death military discipline in these nations, such of Oliver Cromwell, published by authoric as is not to be found in any example of ty a few days after he died, is an instance preceding times ; and whereby the noble of the truth of the foregoing reflections, foldiers, of these nations may, without and of the high regard paid to the memory flattery, be commended for piety, modeof that man, who was the life and soul of ration, and obedience, as a pattern to be this enthufiaftic zeal; and as it must imitated, but hardly to be equalled by fuc
ceeding ceeding generations : his wisdom and piety ately assembled ; and being satisfied that the in things divine ; his prudence in manage. lord-protector was dead, and upon sure and ment of civil affairs, and conduct of mili- certain knowledge that his late highness tary, and admirable successes in all, made did, in his life-time, according to the hum. him a prince indeed among the people of ble petition and advice, declare, and appoint God; by whose prayers being lifted up the most noble and illustrious lord, the to the Supreme Dignity, he becanhe more lord RICHARD, eldest fon of his faid high. highly feated in their hearts, because, in ness, to succeed him in the government as all his actings, it was evident that the LORD-PROTECTOR, it was so resolved at main design was to make his own interest the council ; which being made known to one and the same with theirs, that it might the officers of the army, it was pleasant to be subfervient to the great interest of behold, with how much content and fatif. JESUS CHRIST,
faction they received the notice of it, and “And in the promoting of this, his unanimously concurred therewith ; being fpirits knew no bounds; his affection resolved, to their utmost, to maintain the could not be confined at home, but broke succession according to law : which wore forth into foreign parts, where he was thy resolution of theirs, as it speaks them universally admired by good men, as an men of honour, prudence, and fidelity, extraordinary person raised up of God i mindful of the merits of their late great and by them owned as the protector and leader, and common father, and of the patron of the Evangelical profession, This grand interest of establishment after all our being said, and the world itself witnefs of hakings; so it is but answerable to the it, we can only add that God gave him worth and nobleness of his son, who in blessings proportionable to all these virtues, all respects appears the lively image of his and made him a blessing to us; by his father, the true inheritor of all his christian wisdom and valour, to secure our peace virtues ; a person, who by his piety, hu. and liberty, and to revive the ancient re-' manity, and other noble inclinations, hath nown and reputation of our native obliged the hearts of all, and thereby country.
filled this people with hopes of much fem “ After all this, it is remarkable how licity, through God's blessing upon his it pleased the Lord, on this day, to take government." him to rest, it having formerly been a . Then follows an account of the privya day of labour to him; for which both council's waiting on Richard, his mort himself and the day (September 3.) will speech to them, and the manner of his be most renowned to posterity ; it hav- proclamation, all which being in every ing been to him a day of triumphs and respect the same as at the accession of every thanksgiving, for the memorable victories king, is not worth transcribing, as there of Dunbar and Worcester * : a day which would be nothing new in it; more efpeafter so many strange revolutions of Pro- cially at this juncture, when he had a vidence, high contradictions, and wicked recent example. conspiracies af unreasonable men, he lived This panegyric on Oliver and his son, once again to see; and then to die with is closed with the following prayer; "May great afforances and serenity of mind, all the days of his highness's life be crownpeaceably in his bed.
ed with the bleffings of the most High God, “Thus, it hath proved to him to be a and the highest affections of his people." day of triumph, indeed; there being much Such was the language made use of by of Providence in it, that, after so glori. the friends and partizans of Oliver Croma ous crowns of victory, placed on his head well, whose real character, after such exé by God, on this day, having neglected an travagant applauses on one fide, and deearthly crown, he should now go to receive tractions on the other, has been never the crown of everlasting life. :
better, or more truly presented, than by !“ Being gone to the unspeakable grief of the great carl of Clarendon, who files all good men, the privy council immedi. him 'A GREAT WICKED MAN.
On the 3d of September, 1650, Cromwell totally defeated the Scots at Dunbar, under the command of Lelley; and on the anniversary of this battle, in the succeeding year, was fought the great barcle of Worcester; when Charles II. was totally defeated by Cromwell, with great dificulty escaped from the field of battle, underwent the inumerable hardships which every one is acquainted with, and at last safely arrived in Normandy.
A Genealogical Account of PierrEPONT, Duke of Kingston.
T HE ancestor of this noble fac prince Edward, and with him when
1 mily, Robert de Pierrepont, king Edw. II. in his expedition into is mentioned in Doomsday-book, Scotland. In 9 Edw. II. he obtained a as possessed of the lordships of He- charter for free-warren in all his denettede and Wretham, in Suffolk, mesnes, with his lordships of Holme, and holding them of the famous Holbeck, Woodhouses, Lanaiford, William earl of Warren, one of the and Weston in Northamptonshire; greatest among those nobles who as also Northaneston, Southanefton, accompanied William the Conque. and Treton in the county of York ; ror in his expedition into this king- in 11 Edw. II. he was made goverdom. The family also continued nor of Newark-castle upon Trent. possessors of Chatteau Pierrepont, in And in 1 Edw. Ill. he had summons the south confines of Picardy, 35 to be at Newcastle to restrain the Hen. I. 13 Hen. II. and 2 Ric. I. incursions of the Scots, and was one Besides the lordships in Suffolk, the of the chief commanders under the aforesaid Robert held Hurst in Sur- young king in person. Also, in sex, still retaining the name of confideration of his special services Hurft-Pierrepont, with other lands in those Scottish wars, he obtained in that county, amounting to ten a general pardon for all trespalles knights fees. He was likewise a in the forest of Shirewood, having lieutenant-general in the Conquer- been 7 Edw. III. with the king in or's army. A descendant of his, the famous battle of Hallidown Sir Henry Pierrepont, married An- against the Scots. He was fum. nora, fole daughter to Michael de moned by the said king, as a baron, Manvers (who died 39 Hen. III.) to parliament. He married Sarah, and Gister and heir to Lionel de daughter of Sir John Heriz, knt. Manvers, whereby he got several also sister and heir to John de Heriz, lordships in Nottinghamshire ; by whom his posterity, namely, in particularly Holme, now called Sir Henry Pierrepont, one of the Holme-Pierrepont; his widow like- knights for Nottinghamshire in wise recovered the town of Basing- parliament 5 and 9 Henry V. as field in the same county. They had also 2 and 3 Hen. VI. recovered issue two sons, Simon and Robert: against Ralph lord Crombewell, the Simon, by a special writ June 8, 32 manors of Wynfeld, Tibeschelf, Edw. I. had fummons among others Gomalfton, and Widmerpole, as to attend the king at Portsmouth cousin and heir of Sir John Heist of September following, thence riz. His descendant, Sir William to fail with him into Gascoigne; he de Pierrepont, 19 Henry VII. left only a daughter, Sibilla, marri- was made one of the knights of ed to Edm. Ufford. His brother the sword at the creation of HenSir Robert, who succeeded him, was ry prince of Wales. In 5 Hen. VIII. several times of the retinue with for his exemplary valour at the fieges