ADVICE to a QUEEN, Mary, the present Queen of France, and the Hundredth of the fame Name ir

that Kingdom, is ibe Daughter of Stanislaus, formerly King of Poland, and now Duke of Lorrain. At the Departure of that Princess from ber Father's Dominions for the Court of France, in the Month of August, 1725, King Stanislaus gave her the following Advice.

H EARKEN, my dear child, and lend nor be so infatuated with it, as to forget

an ear to what I fall fay; You must that prosperity is sometimes deceitful; and now forget your people, and the bouse of your when we give ourselves up intirely to the Fatber. I borrow the words of the Holy thoughts of it, we do not keep ourselves in Spirit to bid you farewel ; fince the event that equal temper of mind, which is so be. of this day I only consider the providence coming in persons of high degree. of God, whore powerful hand has con- The third is flattery; the attempts of ducted us beyond all human prudence, which you will find unavoidable, the opfpeculation, policy, and even expectation pofing them difficult, but the conquest of itself; it only belongs to that Divine Wis- them safe and glorious. dom to raise itself above our imaginations, Represent yourself, my dear child, as to confound our views by the decrees of its surrounded with a number of people, Providence, and to raise its own glory by pressing to make their court to you ; there miracles.

will not be one of these who will not be You are now become queen of France, ready to obey you, to sacrifice his life and and your condition is the highest in this fortune for your service ; and yet, perhaps, world : it is the fame of your virtues that you will not meet with any who will tell has raised you to this choice. Consider the you truth, left, in doing so, they thould mott precious jewels of your crown are displease you, and risque their preferment: going to shine, and to be represented in thus, though in the midst of persons the so clear a light, that the least flaw will most attached and devoted to your intereft, easily be perceived.

you are left to yourself, and have nothing I thall lay before your eyes three rocks, to depend upon but your own good sense against which the virtues of the greatest and reason. We may easily avoid the inheroes have often split.

fection which comes from the poison of The first is a supreme degree of grandeur, Aattery, if we are not prevented by selfwhich rajses us up to idols, and makes us love, which is the only thing can give us forget our humanity, and which renders a relish of it. You must consider it as an us odious to man, and disagreeable to incense, which is good for nothing but to God ; by which we are so intoxicated, make us giddy with its deceitful odour, that we cannot see the dangers which may You will possess the greatest science in fuddenly throw us down. Carry yourself the world, if you can judge the true chaaccording to the rank which is due to you, racters of persons, and can distinguish real still considering that all your grandeur merit. This is the point of the greatest conhits in the glory of God.. Humble importance. You will no doubt meet with yourself by continually remembering how persons, both in the court and in the kinglittle you are before his eyes, and think dom, worthy of your esteem. It is to that true greatness confifts in the eminence such you should pay your consideration; it of your sentiments, in nobleness of heart, is a recompence to support merit, and in the combat of your paffions, and in the chartise vice. You will also meet with conquering of yourself.

persons who will be for recommending The second thing is, that prosperity may themselves by a certain forwardness, supbe the more dangerous to you, because it is a ported by nothing except a passionate desire thing altogether unknown to you; and of being great ; give such to under&and, having been acquainted with nothing but that you know them, and that they are misfortunes from your birth, * let them only worthy of your contempt, for they ferve now as a useful lesson to instruct you will be incorrigible, should you give them not to abuse your present good fortune, the least indulgence,


There are persons whom we hate, and ceive you, and confiders you as its moft others whom we love, we know not why: powerful protectress : your subjects looks the first of there is an injustice, and the upon you as their mother, fince the per last a weakness.

son of the monarch (in whom they live) In fine, all this will lead you to one is committed to your care. great maxim, which I recommend to you You must answer the king's hopes, by above all the rest; this is to consider your your tenderness of his person ; by an enconfidence as a treasure above all price, tire complaisance to his will ; by your na. and which you may easily lose if you use tural sweetness in complying with his de. it indiscretely : it is a thing you owe to fires ; and by a refignation to his sentie none but the king and the duke t, who is ments. Let it be your will to please, and the depository of all his commands. Should your pleasure to obey him. Avoid every you partake it with a third, it will lose thing that may give him the least disgusti merit with the two first, and you will have and let his honour and interest be the only no right to expect the trust of the king or objects of all your studies, of the duke, upon whom your happiness Regard your religion with all the zeal and tranquillity must hereafter depend. that is due to it ; the goodness of God in

Let there be no person about you, be a particular manner obliges you to it; and they ever so dear to you, who shall have your own piety is a security to me that you reason to think that you are without re- will do so. serve in respect to them; for if you im Be not too inquisitive in matters of repart a secret, which is not of absolute ne- ligion ; the do&rine of your catechism is cefity, to any person, you characterize the safest ; follow that, and avoid searching that person with the name of your favou. into things that are not the province of rite, or a confident ; the consequence of your sex. which is, that from being their mistress Take care you are not seduced by an you become their Nave ; they will direct outward appearance of sandity ; the and command you, sometimes according world is so wicked, that religion is coniito their interest, sometimes according to Dually used as a cloak for ambition arid their humours, but never with justice : interest. In these cases you must modehowever, this should not hinder you from rate your zeal, left it should mislead you, hearing good advice, without prejudice to and hinder you from seeing those snakes in persons, judging only of their sentiments. the grass. Without entering into useless

As to the rest ; you must consider that argument, teach religion by true piery, as the voice of the people is the voice of our Saviour has commanded us, and cor. God : therefore you must conduct your rect the manners of your court by your self in such a manner, as if you were to own good example, give an account of your actions to the Answer the hopes of your subjects by meanest of your fubje&ts, and as if the justice and clemency, by supporting mepublic were to be your judge, since they rit, hy extirpating vice, by comforting the will be continually on the watch to ob- afflicted, and by protecting the oppreiled : serve you. This has been the opinion of let these duties be your daily employment, all wise men ; it is the public that must and drive from your thoughts all those render you immortal in your prosperity ; things that may engage you to meddle in its censure is dangerous, and its approba- the affairs of the government. The wiltion to be courted and esteemed.

dom of the king and council will not stand Consider that a great king is now be in need of your assistance, and never busy come your husband ; that he gives you his yourself, unless where the glory of God, hand, in hopes of finding in you comfort the person of the king, and the safety of and ease in all his cares; that you will be your own people, are immediately conthe companion of his labours, a faithful cerned. friend, a virtuous wife, and a great. I give God thanks that I find nothing queen.

in you that wants correction; and as I Our religion, of which this kingdom is think you are inclined to no vice, I apply its great support, opens its bosom to re- my counsel 10 jou virrues. Bounty and

+ The duke of Orleans, prince of the blood, and regent of France, during the present French king's minority,


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

generosity are the two diftinguishing beau- Employ all your cares to keep up an
ties of a great soul; but when they ex- union in the royal house of France ; no-
ceed certain bounds, they lose their me thing can be more glorious or advanta-
rit ; and, as I know them both to be na- geous to the state.
tural to your temper, you must take care In fine, remember your father and mo-
to keep them within their due limits, left ther, as well as those who have been at-
they should degenerate into faults.

tached to us in all our adversities ; you • The first, if it be too general, may give know their number is so small, that they an authority to crimes, and hinder the cannot easily be forgot : and since all our course of justice. The second, if it be done wishes, by the grace of God, are accomwith profusion, loses its name, and be plished in your person, it only remains comes contemptible. Let the motive of for us night and day to offer up our vows the first be Christianity and good nature; to heaven, to pour down its blessings of the second, charity and true merit. upon you.

It only remains for me to tell you, my To sum up all : praise God; be chari. dear child, that as my daughter, you are table to your neighbour ; love the king ; indebted in gratitude to the duke, and as abhor vice ; know yourself, in your good queen of France, you owe him your con fortune ; be firm in all accidents ; and fidence. The trust that the king repores support yourself in misfortunes, if any In him, his prudent government, his dif- fhould fall upon you; refift the snares of interestedness for the good of the king- the world ; correct errors by clemency, dom, and his friend thip for me, are, I and crimes by justice ; encourage merit by hope, sufficient ties to make you remem- just rewards ; and, in order to live and ber the infinite obligations you are under to reign happy, judge of all things without him, and to induce you to follow his passion or prejudice. wholesome advice,

Some Confiderations on prophane Swearing and Curfing.

To the Authors of the British Magazine.

THE practise of prophane swearing and Tons or things, lightly, ludicrously, and

curfing appears to be derived peculi. improperly, we fall in time contract a
arly from three causes, and sometimes habit of entertaining light, ludicrous, or
from a complication of them altogether. improper ideas, in connexion with the
First, a certain intemperance of mind, names of these persons or things. Thus,
which will not suffer us to content our- if we frequently make use of the most fa-
felves with the expressing our ideas in cred name of God, with little or no reve-
the calmer and more moderate forms of rence nor idea at all, we shall, by and by, be
fpeech. Secondly, an affectation of liber- apt to think of that most sacred name, in
tinılm; and, Thirdly, madness, frenzy, or the same idle and irreverent manner, as wo
desperation; which lat is at present have been wont to talk of it; and so of all
foreign to our purpose. There are a num- his attributes, and of whatever is great,
ber of moral inconveniencies arising from sublime, and respectable: this is so true,
this practice. We shall now confine our that one may venture to pronounce a
felves to some of the most obvious of man long habituated to prophane dis-
there, yet venture to strike into a new course, void of a juft sense of the awful
path of reasoning on the subject ; and in presence of a Deity, as well as of any deep
doing this, shall put out of the question regard to the obligations of moral reeti.
the arbitrarily criminal natures of pro- tude.
phane imprecations, as being repugnant Secondly, The language of a common
to the Divine command.

fwearer is absolutely vacant and unintelI Mall first lay down as a propofition, ligible; for if a man will always apply hell that, as fure as ever we accustom our and damnation indiscriminately to whatfelves to mcation the names of any per- ever he diNikes, he conveys to you no idea,


at any time, of the degree of his diniken; cent expletives, which he supposes mais and consequently, his expression and con- answer their purpose, and give them enversation is without a clue or standard. tire fatisfaction ; but there are numbers of

It is clear, that prophane swearing is swearers in our days, who, having a large one of the moft likely methods to subvert stock of ideas, together with a copious a language, render it unmeaning and bar- and fluent faculty of expreffions, cannot barous, and injure it at the very root, by poffibly stand in need of any expletives at confounding those ideas which are intend. all: they can talk with cogency and ed to be mutually conveyed by it. A late weight, without even an 'od's boddikins, conversation of which I overheard a part, or an od's my life ; and yet they will suggested to me what I have now said... Twear--and why? 0! Sir--common lanWho could imagine that a man of learning guage is too cold, too heavy; all their and capacity Thould be capable of'uttering speeches must be energy and fire; and rathe following exclamation: "May heaven's "ther than their speeches shall want energy heaviest vengeance light upon me, if my and fire, they, with great freedom, call taylor, a d---d infamous bungling hells down heaven, and ransack hell to furnisa fire scoundrel, as he is, has not cut my them ; and what about? Why, the taylor coat at lealt an inch of a fide too Targe, to has cut a coat too large---the shoe-black help me Ch---ft, G.--d---n my blood !" has left an inch of the heel untouched--the If the gentleman had wanted to convince chairman has made them stay five seconds bis friend of some truth, wherein his own longer from the ball; they disike the colife, or the whole felicity of it had depend- medy of the Jealous Wife; or there is a ed, we mould then have thought the im- drop of candle tallow on their lockprecation excessively prophane, although ings. the importance of the case would have pal. I have often thought, and have fomeliated the honour of it. But when you where seen the thought expressed, nay, cán find the matter ro pimping, so trivial, confirm the truth of it from a little degree what an impeachment of his good sense of experience, that a senfible determinaWhat a contrast to his learning? What a tion, a few calm and strong, but suitable Nur upon his delicacy? What a Novenly expressions, with a due exercise of substanclownish patch of dirt upon his politeness? tial authority, are fully adequate to the How it detracts from all his qualifications, purposes of regulation, amongst our coland at once levels him with the carman diery, and in our thips : for the cultom of and the scavenger ; nay, does it not link 'Twearing and curling is now grown so stale, him as much below them, as the deformity

and all that can poslibly be meant by the becomes more conspicuous ? For we may most boisterous and tremendous oaths, be affured, that genteel folks can never known so well, that they are become very render vice respectable, although they may little more than a vox et preterea nibil. I fayour it with their adoption, and decorate have seen a soldier, after having been it with an air.

fworn over half an hour, turn Nily about, Thirdly, The practice of swearing must put his tongue in his cheek, and imitate a give pain to any man of delicacy you

nu man of delicacy you I-t with his mouth ; nor can I doubt, but converse with ; for the swearer must believe the greater number of soldiers and seamen, that the perfon he talks to, doubts his ve after they have been a little accustomed to racity; at least, his affeyerations strongly the swearing discipline, do all this in their imply that he believed so, which will be hearts, if not outwardly. troublesome, and embarrassing in conver

But to conclude seriously, with one word sation. But this is, indeed, so much an more on the foundation of my firit arguage of diffipation, that it is become the ment. As a vain, unmeaning, lilly repevogue to talk for an hour together, with tition of words and phrases, without any out any idea at all, which, by giving determinate ideas, will, by long habit, conour discourses a kind of happy infigniti - fuse and unsettle those ideas that we had cancy, somewhat remedies the last-men- been wont to annex to such words and tioned evil.

phrasés, by degrees leffening our notions The Spectator (if I remember right, for of their importance, and rendering us harI have not read his paper on the subject dened and unthinking ; so this vain, unthese several years) humorously supplies the meaning, filly repetition, frequently springs Swearers of his time with a set of inno. from a hard unthinking mind, as fruit from a tree. Thus it is sometimes the ideas of things, which he finds vexaticause, and sometimes the effects of a dia. ously stepping in between him and the gra. bolical and insensible temper of mind tification of his passions. and thus the cause and effect are often I shall conclude, with expressing my resolved into one another : to exemplify, with, that these few rough drawn paraif I hear a man jest very facetiously about graphs may be found to have weight fornication, or adultery, or talk ludicrour- enough to deter, at least some, from a pracly of heaven or hell, I immediately con- tice so very contemptible in itself, and so clude, that he either is, or will be, if his disagreeable in its consequences; from temper of mind meets with no alteration, which no pleasure, without doing violence a debauchee or a sceptic; and that, either to language, can be said to result to the his jests are the genuine product of a senses, nor profit to the purse, and which, heart already debauched, or that he is en- therefore, can admit of very little excuse, deavouring, by treating such topics, in ro or palliation. cavalier a manner, to conquer and abolish his own salutary prejudices, and native


Plymouth, August 16th, 1761.


To the Authors of the British MAGAZINE.

GENTLEMEN, M EN frequently exact from others a forward call by the name of Leonora) mu. IV. conduct, which they make no scruple tually condoled with cach other on the perof violating themselves, tho' nothing can plexity of their fituation, which was greatbe more unreasonable than to make an ly aggravated by the affections of both exception in our own favour, and exclude being already fixed upon other objects. others from the privileges we assume our. Leonora had for some time conceived a selves. The transaction which I am go. paffion for a young officer, who in pering to lay before you, is a remarkable in- fon and accomplishments had few rivals, Itance of this unaccountable disposition. though his fortune was not answerable to Mr. Wilful (for I must beg leave to con- her's, which she knew would be an inceal his real name under that fictitious surmountable objection with her father. appellation) had at the age of five and The beautiful Rosalinda had captivated the twenty, married a young lady contrary to heart of young Wilful, but the smallness his father's consent; yet when arrived at of her portion had made him fearful of the age of fifty, he exerted himself in the disclosing his passion to his father, even most tyrannical manner imaginable, to before he had proposed to him the aboveforce a wife upon his son, and a husband mentioned disagreeable match. Nothing Upon his daughter, for whom they both could surpass the uneasiness they felt, at had the utmott aversion, and not without finding themselves not only without hopes reason. The spouse which old Mr. Wil. of being united to the objects of their ful proposed to his son, was a rich widow, love, but daily pressed and importuned to advanced in years, who had but one eye; marry the objects of their hatred. They the husband he intended for his daughter, both, however, resolutely declared their was ten years older than himself; but he resolutions never to give their hands was of opinion that his great riches could where they could not give their hearts ; not fail of making his daughter happy, and their father being at length tired out notwithstanding the disparity of their ages; with their constancy, defifted from urging yet he himself had formerly married for as before. Thus was one of their grievlove, a young woman, who brought him ances removed, but still they could not be no acceffion of fortune ; fo great are the happy, whilft they saw no hopes of archanges that the different periods of life riving at the completion of their wishes. produce in the same person. Young Their conversation, when alone together, Wilful and his fifter (whom I shall hence- confifted entirely in lamenting the cruelty


« 前へ次へ »