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off and on till next day, when, in the af. first discovered our fhips, being at a great ternoon, three fail were discovered in the distance, and seen in the haze of the offing standing in for the land, and were horizon, they took them both for line of easily perceived to be ships of war, one battle thips or two deckers; for all objects being very large, and the other two much seen in that fituation appear much larger smaller. They bore down upon the En- than they really are. But afterwards, glish versels with their top-gallant fails when it came to be day-light, and both clewed up, till they came within about parties had approached rearer to one seven miles of them, when all of a sud. another, they plainly discovered the den they wore round, let fall their top- Brilliant to have only one sier of guns, gailant fails, let their studding fails, and and consequently to be a frigate, and crowded away before the wind, with all they mistook the Bellona for a fifty gun the canvass they could carry. Upon their mip. Some Englith prisoners on board making this motion, Captain Faulkner the Courageux were under the same deimmediately declared they were ene- ception; and the Bellona has I know mies, and that the large ship was either been frequently taken for a trigate, when the St. Anne or the Courageux, but most seen at any distance, which I imagine is probably the latter. No time was loft by owing to the admirable construction and both ships in making all the sail that was proportion of all the parts in that ship, pollible after them, and the chace conti- reckoned, and perhaps justly, to be one of nued without any alteration in the dif- the compleateft pieces of naval archipofition, the English only nearing their tecture in the world ; tor I think it has enemies, though scarcely perceptibly, till been observed, that those animals which fun-set, when one of the frigates was are perfeétly well-Maped and proportioned, občerved to haul out a little in the offing; appear constantly to be smaller, though ypon which Caprain Faulkner hove out they really are not so, than other animals the Brilliant's agnal to chace in the same whose construction is not so exquisite. direction, viz. to windward, which was It is no place here to enquire into the immediately obeyed. It being moon- physical reason of this phenomenon; but light, and clear weather, both parties kept ! fancy the same holds with respect to all fight of each other during the whole other machines whatsoever. night, and at sun-rise the French ships The French commodore assembled were perceived to be near five miles a: his men and officers on the quarterhead, the Bellona, though undoubtedly deck, and made a speech to them, reone of the best going ships of her rate in presenting that they had now an opthe world, having in a long chace of portunity of distinguishing themselves in fourteen or fifteen hours gained little the service of their country; that they more than two miles on her enemies. would soon make their haughty enemies Notwithstanding the French commodore repent the rathness of their pursuir; that muft now have been sensible, that it the English friate would fall a cerwould be still in his power to avoid an tain and easy facrifice to their superior engagement for the whole day, and that force ; and tbat the largest thip being he might have the advantage of the en far overmarched by themselves in number fuing night, which might prove dark and and weight of guns, as well as of men, cloudy, for escaping altogether, yet he would give them but very little trouble. no sooner had a view of the vefsels in This speech was received with upiversal pursuit of him by clear day-light, than applause, only one of the French officers he hoisted a red engign in the mizen observed, that they could be in no error shrouds, which was a ignal for the two concerning the frigate; but that if the frigates under his command to close other thip was not both larger and stronger with and engage the Brilliant, hauled than they imagined her, or the indeed down his studding-fails, wore round and appeared to be, me would not have confood for the Bellona. In order to un- tinued so long and so refolutely in purderstand the reason of this seemingly in- fuit. No regard was payed to this oh. confiftent conduct in the French, it will servation, but after twice hearing prayers; be necessary to take notice of what parled all hands went to their quatters, and with on board the Courageux from the time impatience waited for the approach of die chase began till now. When they their enemies,
The The engagement first began between ealily and firmly as at a land battery, the Billiant and la Malicieuse, that fri. and there being no room for accidental gate which the evening before had hauled shots between wind and water, or loss out in the offing. Alter exchanging a of mafts and yards by stress of weather, few broadsides, the Fierchman thot a. it is plain that the victory could only be head, when Captain Logie, perceiving by decided by fuperior resolution and skill. the disposition of the French, that he And, indeed, if we compare the two hould have both the frigates upon him veliels together, a more equal match could at once, observed to his officers, that in not possibly have been picked out from his present circumstances, he could not the navies of both nations. They were expect to take any one of them, but that equal in burthen, number of guns, and all he could propose to do was to avoid weight of metal. The Courageux at the being taken himself ; and at the same beginning of the action had seven hundred time to find sufficient employment for and eight men on board, some few in. both, fo that neither of them might be disposed with the scurvy, but all of them able to annoy' the Bellona, who was no able to stand to their quarters, and from more than a match for her antagonist. the time they had left France above a With what admirable judgirent and pre- year before, had been regularly trained to fence of mind he formed this plan, and the exercise both of great and fmall guns with what Iteady conduct and refolution by their commander, M. du Guè Lamhe executed such a necessary and effential bert, on their skill and dexterity at which point of duty, sufficiently appears from he greatly depended for the easy archievethis, that during all the time the Bel- ment of his future imagined conquest. lona and Courageux were engaged, and The Bellona's crew confifted only of five for above half an hour afterwards, he hundred and fifty-eight men, but thea withstood the united attack of both the they were all pickt, chosen, and disciplinfrigates, each of thein of equal force ed, by Captain Dennis, whose name alone with his own; and at last obliged them is sufficient to fnew what sort of men to theer off, greatly damaged in their hull they must have been, when, after having and rigging, while the Brilliant had suf tried them in several engagements under fered much less than could have been ex- his command in the Dorsetshire, he had pected. It most commonly happens, and carried them with him out of that thip indeed it is a' natural con!equence, that into the Bellona ; the officers of the sea those who defpise and undervalue the and land service were all gentlemen feforce of their enemies are ruined by it: lected, and most of them promoted, by but, in all probability, the safety of those the same commander for their approved two Mhips which escaped was owing to bravery and good behaviour, and both this very circumitance ; for if the French were now led on to action by as gallant had, at any time before it was too late, a spirit, without exception, as any in discovered the real force of the Bellona, the English navy; a man who, impelled they would have formed a line of bacile : by an eager defire to diflinguith himself in which care it can hardly remain a in tie service of his country, had, on doubt, with any one who considers what hearing the Achilles and Bouffon were really happened, that all three would on the coast of Portugal destroying the have fallen no very ditñcult facrifice to English trade, gone in quest of them the superior conduct aod invincible without waiting the formality of orders, bravery of our countrymen..
and was now returning home, when he But it was between the Courageux met with what he had to narrowly mided and he Bellona, that the great prize of before, and had been so long in Search glory and victory was to be eagerty and of; so that it may be easily conceived decisively contended for. The two thips with what alacrity and determined reso. were now approaching one anoiher very lution, he now entered on the engagefait, the first lying to, and the other ment. advancing under her topfails; the fea, The French captain did not behave as though there was a fine working breeze, his countrymen generally do on such occabeing at that time as smooth as a pool of fens; he did not fire at a distance with Nanding water, so that the men in both the cowardly intention of wounding the Mips could sand and work their guns, as mafts or rigging of his approaching eno
my, so that if he could not avoid an ac- left their quarters, and all the officers tion, he might be fure of escaping after were on the quarter deck congratulating wards : he waited till the Bellona was one another on the victory, when unex. :' within less than musquet-thot, and then pectedly a round of not came from the he poured in his first broad-lide, and lower tier of the courageux. It is imhad given more than half his second poffible to describe the rage that animated before the Bellona made any return, the Bellona's crew on this occafion ; Her first broadside struck the water, but without waiting for orders, they flew almost every hot rose from thence, and again to their guns, and, in a moment took place. The French still kept up a poured in two broadlides more upon the very brisk fire, and, in a moment the enemy, who now calling out for quarters, Bellona's shrouds, braces, bowlines, and firing at last ceased on both sides. . On every other rope belonging to her rigging board the Bellona fix men were killed were almost all cut to pieces, and flying outright, and about twenty-five wounded, about the ears of the combatants ; in few of them dangerously; the Courageux nine minutes her mizen went away, and Joft at least two hundred and twenty, and fell over the stern with all the men in the one hundred and ten were put afnore top, who however got in at the gun. wounded at Lisbon. Had it not been for room ports. Upon this Captain Faulkner, the loss of her mizen, and the tattered fearing the enemy might make their el condition of her fails and rigging, you cape, in confequence of that determined would hardly have known the Bellona resolution he had carried with him into had been in an action, there not being action, to conquer or to die, gave imme- above five or fix thot in her hull; whicrediate orders for boarding. The position as the courageux was a meer wreck, of the two ships soon rendered this im having nothing but ker foremast and practicable; the Courageux was now like bowsprit standing, several of her ports to fall athwart the Bellona's forefoot, and knocked into one, her guns dismounted, left the might take advantage of that fi- her decks torn up in a hundred places, cuation to rake her fore and aft, by the and, when boarded by the English officers, presence of mind and united efforts of covered with the mangled bodies and the captain and master, the only two offi- limbs, of dead, dying, and wounded men. cers on the quarter-deck, the Bellona Sail was made for Lisbon as soon as was made to ware round by means of possible, that being the only port the her studding-fails; the halliards, and all vessels could reach in their present conthe other ropes that could be serviceable dition. The night before they got in, in that manoeuvre being already shot an accident happened in the Courageux, away, and to fall upon the opposite which had it not been for Mr. Male the quarter of the Courageux, which proved first lieutenant, would have proved imto be her starboard-fide. This was the mediately fatal; one of the centinels in decisive movement. The officers and the hold getting drunk, set fire to fome feamen, with a promptitude and regula- . rum, very near one of the magazines, rity which men thoroughly disciplined are when Mr. Male happening to be walking alone capable of, tlew each to their re- that way, on observing the flames which spective opposite guns, and carried on had already seized on some savings and from the larboard fide a fire more terrible lumber near there, with an intrepidity than before. Every thot took place, and and presence of mind poffered by few, bore deftru&tion along with it, and at but which on such emergencies is every every broadside, dust and splinters were ching,' jumped down the hatchway as feen to fly in great quantities from the mongst the midst of them, and happily torn fides of the Courageux. It was extinguished them. The man who oc. impossible for Frenchman, or indeed any casioned it was burnt in Euch a manner, mortal beings, to withstand a battery so that he afterwards died, and twenty of incessantly repeated, and so fatally directed. the French prisoners, on hearing the alarm, In about twenty minutes, they hauled threw themselves overboard and were down their colours, and orders were imme- never more heard of. i mail conclude diately given in the Bellona to ce se firing, with observing that the two captains, which were as soon obeyed. The men had after their arrival acquired as much ho.
nour by their humanity to their van. miferably perished; for there is no pro. quished enemies, as t'vey had done by vifion made by the French king for the their gallantry in conquering them. They relief of his subjects, who may be carried were the first and most liberal contributors in wounded, fick, or prisoners, to any to a subscription, set on foot and pro- port of Europe, as is every where promoted chiefly by the British factory, for vided for our seamen, by the orders of the cure and maintenance of the wound- our most gracious sovereign. ed Frenchmen, who must otherwise have
Part of a Letter to the Earl of Chesterfield, from Aaron Hill, Esg; dated Sep
tember 27th, 1747, relating to Mr. Boyle's Cure for the Bloody-Flux.
L AD the late bad news been true, --- in greater danger, from the havock of the
1 that our army suffered greatly by the terrible disease, than from the effects of the bloody-flux in Flanders; what pity was it, enemy, we are informed, by the describers that a surer remedy for that disease, than of that memorable fiege, that the diftemcan, perhaps, be found for any other, hap-' per stopt at once, upon the soldiers finding pened to lie out of the physician's track of a concealed reserve of casks of tallow in a Thinking; and that, for certain narrow merchant's warehouse, and dividing it reasons, it could hardly hope good fortune, among the companies, to melt with, and were it recommended to their notice. Your lengthen out their Mort remainder of bad lordship will remember it were hinted oat-meal. first (if I mistake not in a piece of Mr. An acquaintance of my own, a gentleBoyle's.) It met, however, but the com- man of the prescribing faculty, complained mon fate of every cheap and speedy re- to me, some years ago, of the mortality of gimen, to merit the neglect of the thops this distemper, then an epidemic one, in and shop supporters, in proportion to the London. I advised him to make trial of little they could get by countenancing the mentioned help : to which he first obit.
jected, that he could not see upon what The process (Thould your memory, by theory to ground a likelihood of such rucchance, not recollect it) is no more, than cess in using it. For answer, I referred to take new churned butter, without fall, him to a known experiment in fermentaand skimming off the curdy part when tion, where, on barely throwing in a little melted over a clear fire, to give two spoon- melted grease (or a small quantity of ani. fuls of the clarified remainder, twice or mal oil) upon the surface of a working thrice within the day. And this bath liquor, when in highest foam, the curbed never failed to make an almost instant cure intestine motion finks to fatness in an inin many (I am sure at least a hundred) ftant; nor can it be recovered into a new cases. I have had inyself the pleasure to head by any art our brewers or diftillers relieve officiously by its effects; and who are acquainted with. The added oleawere perfons, for the most part, at the ginous particles obtunding the now checkpoint of death, and folemnly resigned to ed saline ones in a manner little differing that last cure of every malady, by their from the operation of the recommended physicians farewell sentence.
process in the human ftomach, when the A long time after Mr. Boyle had pub- vitiated hot ferment having had beginning, Jished his experience of this noble medi. the incisive acrid falts are fheathed and cine, from his frequent proofs of it in Ire. made inactive by this oppofite balsamic land, where dyfenteries were too common softener; and thence palling on corrected accidents, there happened, at the fiege of through the gradual digestions, furnith a Londonderry, such a general demonstration fit chyle for blunting the too stimulative of its efficacy, as leaves a subsequent ne- acrimonyAnd hence arises not a tem. glect of it no way to be accounted for, but porary, not a palliative relief-..but a comfrom the reason I have just assigned it to. plete eradication of the peccant principle. For wben by the fatigues and wants of For when the salts above described have that brave garrison, they found theinselves left their points, in the absorbing deather,
those united contraries (commixing oily well as in town, doctors : and if so, unless with lixivious particles) compofe together the general of an army, making first suffia new rolable, and faponaceous body, cient trial to convince himself, would which diffolving readily into the serum and afterwards compel the pra&ice; there lymphatic humours, is prepared to pass feems little prospect of relieving such a by sweat, or even perspire insensibly, thro' fieer or field calamity, as though it should strainers, which (while separate) neither oils, not have been now fo fatal, as pretended nor salts, could have been small enough to in the papers, may, too probably, become have pervaded ; and which must therefore fo, in a wet and winter progress of this (though the blood could have been helped war; or of some future one, when I, perto throw them off upon the glands or haps, Mall be past fecling any of the conjoints) have bred such obstinate concretion sequences of it. I have, therefore, not let and obstruction there, as bring on gout, Dip this opportunity, with view to give ocsciatica, or rheumatism. But (thus) un casion, from his recollecting it, to the most less in cases of vefsels, too much lacerated likely hand in Europe, to make generous already, the cause being radically removed, use of its remembrance. it is no wonder the effect is answerable. I dont't know, whether I Nould add,
The doctor, after weighing this, and (and yet it is not too remote from the immore, to the same purpose, smiled instruc- mediate point in view, considering how tively, and gave me for reply, a pleasant, liable an army is, especially, where long Mort, and honest declaration --- « That if entrenched in marshy situations, to deever he should have occasion to make trial fuxions on the eyes or breast) that, in of it on himself, or his own family, he whatever other case, of salts too sharp and would not only do it, but expect good active, none of the trite remedies, however consequence.---But, with regard to his tedious all of them, and some extremely morout-patients, as long as he must hang his tifying, will be found of any use, compabills upon apothecary's files, he might as ratively with this plain and pleasant one, prudently be hanged himself, as venture to which need be taken, in the laft-named inprescribe thert remedies,”
tentions, only to half the quantity, perI fear there is but too much probability fifting night and morning for some length of these prudential sentiments in camp, as of time, uninterruptedly.
The Czar Peter's Speech to King William III.
Most Renowned Emperor, IT was not the desire of seeing the cele. the veneration I have for your sacred per
brated cities of the German empire, or son ; my unparalelled journey is a proof the most potent republics of the universe, of it. The season is so far advanced, and that made me leave my throne in a dir- I hope the peace too, that I shall not have tant country, and my victorious arms; the opportunity (as Maximilian had) of but the vehement passion alone, of seeing fighting under the banner of England, the most brave and most generous hero of against France the common enemy. If the age. I have my wish, and am suffi- the war continue, I and my armies will ciently recompensed for my travel, in be- readily observe your orders; and if either ing admitted into your presence. Your in war or peace, your industrious subjects kind embraces have given me more satis- will trade to the most northern parts of faction than the taking of Afoph, and tri- the world, the ports of Rullia shall be free umphing over the Tartars; but the con- for them, and I will grant them greater quest is your's, your martial genius direcs immunities than ever they yet had, and ted my sword, and the generous emulation have them enrolled a.nong the inoit preof your exploits instilled into my breast cious records of my empire, to be a perthe first thoughts I had of enlarging my petual memorial of the esteein I have for dominions, I cannot express in words the worthiest of kings, D&tober, 1761,