When I consider the security of our pre- sure, be your continual care. Your linen fent, and the prospect of our future happi- trade has long and justly been the object ness ; and when I see you animated, as I of public encouragement; but much still am persuaded you are, with every senti- remains to carry to its full extent a manument which loyalty and gratitude can in- facture, for which there is so large a de. spire ; I assure myself of a session of pare mand, which is so various in its branches, liament, that will be distinguished by its and which, with due attention, might be uninterrupted harmony, and by its effec- rendered as considerable a source of wealth tive zeal for the support of the honour to the whole, as it is now to part of this and dignity of the crown. Such difpofi. kingdom. tions, fteddily adhered to, cannot fail, un There is no object more worthy our der his majesty's paternal influence, to attention than our Protestant charter.' preserve you an happy, and establish you schools. Notwithstanding the peaceable an opulent and flourishing people. demeanor of the Papists in this kingdom,

it must always be your duty and your inGentlemen of tbe House of Commons,

terest to divert from error, by every effecI have ordered the proper officers to lay tual, tho? gentle, method, the deluded before you the several accounts and efti. followers of a blind religion. And there mates; from which you will be enabled institutions merit your support and proto judge of the provisions necessary to be tection, not only as schools of religion, made for the support of his majesty's go- but as seminaries of useful arts and virvernment, and for your own security. tuous industry. The means of making those provisions Let me now in the most earnest man (which I hope will be expeditiously ad. ner recommend to you, that, after se justed) I doubt not will, on your part, many honourable events abroad, and so be such as shall be most suitable to the cir- many joyful events at home, neither jeacumstances of this country; on mine, loufies nor distrusts, neither public heats, you may depend upon the utmost fru. nor private animofities, may disturb that gality.

tranquillity which is desirable at all times, You will take into your confideration and at this season is peculiarly necellary to the several incidental charges of the mili. your welfare. tary establishment, as it now stands, of A s to what regards myself, you shall alwhich exact estimates cannot be formed; ways find me not only ready, but solliciand also that a large sum will be wanted tuous, to contribute whatever my authori. for the effectual repair of the barracks; a ty, my credit, or my experience can fur. work, which cannot be delayed

nish for these falutary purposes. And I I must observe to you, that notwith can with truth assure you, that I Mall in standing the authority given by the vote no degree fulfil the intentions, nor merit of credit of the last parliament, the sum the approbation of my royal master, but of two hundred thousand pounds only by studying the peace and welfare of the has been railed; a circumstance of eco. kingdom which his majesty has commit. nomy, which cannot fail to give you latif- ted to my care. fa&tion.

I am seolible the fituation in which I

am placed, is as arduous as it is impor. My Lords and Gentlemen,

tant; but I bring with me the cleareft inThe improvement of your natural ad. tentions for your service. To maintain vantages ought to be the object of your the honour, and to promote the service of most serious attention, Agriculture, the the crown, are duties from which I never fureft fupport of every fate, deserves at will depart: to forward the prosperity, all times your highest regard, to the end and to preserve the constitution of this that, through your wisdom, the skill and country, are objects of which I never will industry of the inhabitants of this coun- lose fight. And there is nothing I more try may fully correspond with the bounty fincerely with, than that the interests of of Providence in their favour.

both kingdoms may as thoroughly undere To encourage, regulate, and improve, stood as they are separably, connected. which will of course extend, your manu. There is no point I fall more diligently factures and your commerce, will, I am labour ; and I must now ature your at the opening of my adminiftration, (what nimity of his subjects in this kingdom, and the progress of it will, I hope, demon- to carry with me, on my return into the Strate) that I have no end or ambition, royal presence, the good opinion, the sbut to be able to represent, in the warmest fection, the hearts of the people of Iro manner, to his majesty, the zeal and una- land.

The Subftance of the French Memorial of the Negotiations for Peact.

PY the Memorial of the Negociations, &c, shall be tolerated there, and that the inD published by France, it appears, That habitants shall have liberty to &fpole o on the 29th of July, Mr. Stanley delivered their effects, and retire. France furtber to the French ministry the ultimatum, or insists on the right of fishing in the Golph final proposals, of England; the substance of St. Laurence, and demands forre iland of which is as follows :

near it on which to dry her fish. 1. France shall cede Canada, Cape. 2. France doth not pretend that what Breton, and the islands in the Gulph of is not Canada is Louifiana ; but demands St. Laurence, with the right of fishing on that the intermediate nations between the coasts.

Canada and Lovifiana, and between Vir2. Whatever does not belong to Ca- ginia and Louisiana, shall be confidered as nada, shall not be considered as appertain. independent, and a barrier between the ing to Louisiana.

French and English. 3. Senegal and Goree shall be yielded to 3. France demands Goree. However, England.

M. de Bussy Tall talk about this 4. Dunkirk shall be put in the state it point. ought to be in by the treaty of Utrecht; 4. M. de Buffy shall also talk about and on this condition, France shall be re- Dunkirk, when a port is agreed on in the stored to the priviledge allowed her by Golph of St. Laurence for the protection that treaty, of fishing on part of the banks of the French fishery. of Newfoundland.

S. France agrees to the partition of the 5. The Neutral Ilands shall be equal. Neutral Inlands. ly divided.

6. England may keep Belleille, and 6. Minorca (hall be restored.

France will keep Minorca. 7. France mall evacuate and restore all 7. In confideration of the restitution of her conquests in Germany.

Guadalupe, France will evacuate her con8. England fall restore Belleifle and quests in Germany, except those made on Guadalupe.

the king of Prussia, which are held for the 9. Difputes in the East-Indies Mall be Empress queen, settled by the two companies.

8. France accepts of Guadalupe as a 10. The captures made by England compensation for her cefsions in Northbefore war was declared thall not be re America and Africa, and the demolition stored.

of the works at Dunkirk. 1. France Mhall not retain Ostend and 9. France agrees that the East-India Nieuport.

companies shall settle their differences. 12. The ceffation of arms Mall take 10. France in fists on the reftitution of place when the preliminaries are ratified, the captures made before the war. or the definitive treaty tigned.

11. France never intended to keep 13. Both kings thall be at liberty to Oitend and Nieuport. afrift their German allies.

2. The term of ceasing hoftilities will 14. Prisoners shall be reciprocally set occafion no difference, at liberty.

13. If England will withdraw her af The substance of France's Answer, dated nance from her German allies, France August gih, is this:

will do the same with regard to hers. 1. France will yield all Canada, hut in 1. The release of the prisoners is ifts that the Roman Catholic religion well.


An answer to the above ultimatum was de- 8. With regard to the evacuation of

livered on the ist of September, to the the French conquests in Germany, Engfollowing purport:

land adheres to the 7th article of her 1. England infifts on the full and entire Ultimatum, and infifts on the restitution cellion of Canada and its appartenances ; of Wesel, and the King of Pruffia's terthe island of Cape-Breton, and the inands ritories. in the Gulph of St. Laurence ; Canada 9. England will still support the king comprehending, agreeable to the line of of Prussia with vigour and good faith. limits drawn by M. Vaudreuil himself, 10. The restitution of the ships taken when he gave up the province by capitu. before the war is' unjust by the law of lation, on one side the lakes Huron, Michi- nations. gau, and Superior; and the said line, 11. England trusts to France's decladrawn from Lake Rouge, comprehending ration relative to Ottend and Nieuport. by a winding course, the river Ouabache 12, 13, 14. England perfifts in what to its junction with the Ohio, and from the said in her Ultimatum, thence stretching along this last river in. To these articles France replied one by clusively to its confluence with the Millis.

• one. sippi. The Roman Catholic religion shall 1. France agrees to the cession of Cabe tolerated in Canada ; the inhabitants nada, but asks two years or eighteen may fell their effects, provided the pur- months for the inhabitants of Canada to chasers be British subjects; and shall be fell their effects and remove. And defires allowed a year to remove elsewhere. to know what England understands by the

2. The limits of Louifiana, delivered in Appurtenances of Canada. a note by M. de Buffy, cannot be allowed, 2. France yields up Canada with the because they comprehend vast traås of limits assigned it by Vaudreuil ; but inland which Vaudreuil comprehended with. fists that the Indians on one fide of the in Canada ; and on the side of the Caro. line shall be independent under the prolina's they comprehend extensive regions, tection of France; and those on the other and numerous nations, under England's fide independent under the protection of protection,

England. The English traders shall not 3. England Thall keep Senegal and cross the line ; but the Indians shall be at Goree ; but if France will suggest any liberty to trade with both nations. reasonable scheme for supplying herself 3. France will cede Senegal and Goree, with negroes, it thall be considered. provided England will guaranty to France

4. Dunkirk Mall be put in the state it her settlements at Anamabou and Akra. ought to be in by the treaty of Aix-la. 4. For the sake of peace, France will Chapelle. France Thall be restored to the demolish the new works at Dunkirk, fill privilege allowed her in the treaty of up the bason, which is capable of receivUtrecht of fishing on the banks of New. ing thips of the line, and destroy the foundland, and drying fish there. France, rope-walks. Tbe 13th article of the moreover, thall be allowed to catch fish treaty of Utrecht relative to the fishery in the gulph of St. Laurence, and the shall be confirmed. The island of Mai land of St. Peter's Mall be ceded to her quelon or Michelen shall be added to St. for drying them, provided the abstain Peter's ; a guard of fifty men thall be from fishing on the coast, and ere&t no kep on those iDands to support the fortification, or keep any military elta- civil magistrate; no foreign thips, even blishment on the said inand ; and pro. English, thall be allowed to touch tbere; vided that an English commissary be als but an English commissary may reside lowed to refide on it, and English men there. of war to visit it from time to time, to 5. The Neutral inlands may be equally see that the above ftipulations be ob. divided, provided St. Lucia be part of the served.

share of France. 5. No alterpative for the Neutral (so 6, 7. France agrees to. called) islands will be accepted; but the 8. France cannot evacuate countries partition of them will Nill be agreed to belonging to the empress-queen.

6. Belleille, Guadalupe, and Mariga. 9. This article of affitting the German lante, shall be restored.

allies requires explanation. 7. Minorça Aall be restored,

so. The demand of the Mips taken before war was declared, is ro just, that time that the negotiation of the two France cannot depart from it.


crowns is concluded. 11. When the preliminaries are figned, 14. This article can admit of no die the king of France will give it under his culty. hand, that he never intended to keep France having thus refused to acquiesce Oftend and Nieuport.

in the terms offered by England, Mr. 13. The two East India Companies Scanley was ordered to leave Paris, Mall finish their negotiation at the same

Translation of the Memorial relative 10 Spain, presented by M. de Buffy 19

the Court of London.

IT being effential, as well as agreeable tled agreeable to the justice of the to I to the desires of France and England, sovereigns, and the king defires earnestly, that the treaty of projected peace serve that they may be able to find out tempefor the basis of a solid reconciliation be- raments, which may content on these two tween the two crowns, which may, not points the Spanish and English nations : be disturbed by the interests of a third but he cannot difsemble from England the power, and the engagement which one danger, which he foresees, and which or the other court may have entered into . he will be forced to partake of, if there anteriourly to their reconciliation ; the objects, which may affe& fenfibly his ca. king of Spain shall be invited to guaranty tholic majesty, should end in a war. I the treaty of future peace, between his is for this reason, that his majesty regards most Chriftian majesty and the king of as one of the first confiderations for the Great Britain. This guaranty will ob advantage and solidity of the peace, that viate the inconveniencies both present at the fame time that this defireable end and future, respecting the solidity of the shall be settled between France and peace.

England, his Britannic majesty would The king will not conceal from his terminate his differences with Spain, and Britannic majesty, that the differences of agree that the Catholic king shall be inSpain with England, alarm and make him vited to guaranty the treaty which is to dread, if they mould not be adjusted, a. reconcile (would to God it may be for new war in Europe and America. The ever) his most Christian majesty and be king of Spain has confided to his ma- king of England. jesty, the three points of discussion which For the reft his majesty does not consubrist between his crown and that of municate his fears on this head to the Great Bri ain.

court of London, but with the most upThere are, 1. The restitution of rome right and open intentions of preventing prizes made, during the present war, un- every thing which may happen to interder the Spanish flag.

rupt the union of the French and Englich 2. Liberty to the Spanish nation of fish- nations ; and the king entreats his Briing on the bank of Newfoundland. tannic majesty, whom he supposes ani

3. The destruction of the English efta mated with the same desire, to tell him, blishments formed on the Spanish territory without disguise, his opinion on an obin the bay of Honduras.

ject ro eflential. These three articles may be easily seta

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M. Buffy's Note to Mr. Pitt.

SINCE the memorial of the propositions parate peace with England, but upon two

from France was formed, and at the conditions. iprtant that the courier was ready to set 1. To keep poffeffion of the countries out for London, the king received the belonging to the king of Pruffia. consent of the Empress Queen to a se. 2. That it shall be ftipulated, that the

king of Great Britain, neither in his ca. manner as France shall engage on her pacity of king or elector, Thall afford any part, not to yield succour of any kind to succour, either in troops, or of any kind the empress queen, nor her allies. whatever, to the king of Prussia ; and Both the conditions appear so natural that his Britannic majefty will undertake and equitable in themselves, that his ma. that the Hanoverian, Helsian, Brunf. jesty could not do otherwise than aco' wickian, and the other auxiliaries in quiesce in them ; and he hopes that the alliance with Hanover, shall not join king of Great Britain will be ready to the forces of the king of Prussia, in like adopt them. "

Mr. Pitt's Letter, in Anfwer to the foregoing, 2416 July 1761. . SIR,

ciation of peace between the two crowns; H aving explained myself, in our con- ciation of pea ference yesterday, with respect to

to which I must add, That it will be concertain engagements of France with Spain,

sidered as an affront to his majesty's digrelative to the disputes of the latter crown

nity, and as a thing incompatible with the with Great-Britain, of which your court

fincerity of the negotiation, to make farnever informed us, but at the very in

ther mention of such a circumstance. fant of making, as she has done, her first

Moreover, it is expected that France propofitions for the separate peace of the

will not, at any time, presume a right of two crowns, and as you have desired,

intermeddling in such disputes between

Great Britain and Spain. for the sake of greater punctuality, to

These confiderations, so just and intake a note of what passed between us upon so weighty a subject, I here repeat,

dispensible, have determined his majesty Sir, by his majesty's order, the same de

to order me to return you the memorial claration, word for word, which I made

which occasions this, as wholly inadmis

fible. to you yesterday, and again anticipate you with respect to the most fincere senti

I likewise return you, Sir, as totally

inadmissible, the memorial relative to the 'ments of friendship, and real regard on the part of his majesty towards the Catho

king of Prussia, as implying an attempt lic king, in every particular conhstent with

upon the honour of Great Britain, and ,reason and justice.

the fidelity with which bis majesty will It is my duty to declare farther to you in plain terms, in the

always fulfil his engagements with his name of his majesty, That he will not

allies. 'suffer the disputes with Spain to be blend

I have the honour to be, &c. ed, in any manner whatever, in the nego

Signed, "Pitt.


CHAP. XXIV. hath been revered at all periods and The Knot that puzzles human Wisdom, ?

in all nations, and even held sacred the Hand of Fortune Sometimes will

5.1 in the most polished ages of antiuntie familiar as her Garter.

quity. The scope of it is to preserve

the being, and confirm the health of W HEN the doctor made his next our fellow-creatures; of consequence,

V appearance in SirLauncelot's to suftain the bleflings of society, and apartment, the knight addressed him crown life with fruition. The chain these words : “ Sir, the practice racter of a physician, therefore, not of medicine is one of the mott lio. only supposes natural sagacity, and nourable professions exercised among acquired erudition, but it also im. the sons of men; a proiellion which plies every delicacy of sentiment, · November, 1761.


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