direally struck up with the noble Anthem, back was consequently irregolar. Their composed by Handel, of Ged fare the majefties waited half an bour before their King. Immediately upon this ceremony coach could be got up, and, after their being passed, my lord and lady mayoress departure, the princess Dowager was above were dismissed from further attendance on twenty minutes in the temporary patlaga, the royal table, and suffered, cr rather cr. (nor could the be prevailed on to return dered, to go to dinner. It is said that the into the hall) waiting for ber's. The usual phrase is from the king, “Now my royal family did not reach St. James's belord-mayor, please to go to dinner;" the fore two in the morning. I muft obferre like being also repeated by the queen, to you, that, some hov or otber, before

utatis mutandis, to the lady mayorels. I all the royal family were gone, there was was not near enough to hear it ; but Sir a ceffation of the music, which, though Samuel and his lady, I know, went to repeatedly called for, did not answer, the their respe&ive tables ; while Sir Robert gentlemen of the cat-gut,&c.having thoughs Ladbroke, Sir Richard Glyn, the two proper to march off. Theriffs, and some other gentlemen of the Upon the whole, it must be confefied, committee, were left to wait on their ma. that this enertainment at Guildhall much jesies. I must not forget to tell you, exceeded that at Westminster-ball, as well that the grand service of plate at the in the magnificence and profption that king's table was entirely new.

attended it, as in the regularity and deMy lord-mayor, as soon as he got to his corum with which it was conducted. table, in return of the honour done to the Champagne, Burgundy, and other valocity by his majesty's most gracious toast, able wines, were to be had every where; through the throat of the same common and nothing was so scarce as wats. cryer, bawled out aloud, -..“ Healih and Even the ladies in the galleries had an a long reign to their majesties ;" upon elegant collation provided for them, to which the music struck up immediately. go to as they pleased, in what is called

The healths of the reft of the royal family the Irish-chamber, and apartment adjoinwere in order drunk at my lord-mayor's, ing. His majesty himself was pleased to and the other tables, but not in the same declare, that, to be elegantly entertained, ceremonious public manner..

he must come into the city. Miss ClusTheir majesties, with the royal family, leigh politely told Sir Grisp Gascoigne, retired dire&ly after their repast, to the that they must never pretend at court Council-chamber, where they had their to give entertainments after the city. tea. In the mean time every thing was The foreign ministers in general exprelremoved; and the hostings, where they sed their wonder'; and one of them lais had dined, the floor of which had been in French, that this entertainment was covered with rich carpeting, was again fit only for one king to give to ancovered afresh, and prepared for the ball, other, which was to ensue. On the return of The houses were illuminated in all their majesties, and as soon as they were the streers, both in the city and Wellfeated under their canopy (for however minster, leading to St. James's; and they may like it, it is below the dignity some of them were adorned with curiof royal feet ever to foot it) the ball was ous transparent devices of the initial letopened with a minuet performed by the ters of their majesties names, and of duke of York, with lady. mayoress his lamps To disposed as to represent a crown. partner. Other minutes succeeded, by You will hardly believe, that the crowd the younger branches of the royal fa- in some places was very near as great at mily, with ladies of distinction. It was the return of the royal family as at now about twelve o'clock, when his ma- their coming; and I can assure you, that jesty signified his intentions of going; Mr. Pitt was attended with the same and the hurry and confufion without acclamations all along quite to his own doors, in bringing up the carriages, ren- house dering it impossible for the royal family " By looking over the number of lofts. to observe the same order in returning (among which was a militia man's mulas in coming to the city, thie procession quer) in the Daily-advertiser of next



Mag. Speech of the Senior Scholar of Christ's Hospital,- Anecdotes &c. 605 day. I find that all the mob did not with the loss only of one eye of my come merely to see the show. Some spectacles. accidents you may suppose must have I am your's, very sincerely, &c. happened ; I myself narrowly escaped


The following Speech was addressed to their Majesties on Lord. Mayor's Day, by

the Senior Scholar of the Grammar School of Christ's Hospital , Mof Auguft and Gracicus Sovereign, tronage and protection of your majefty. FROM the condescension and goodness To our ardent petition for your prince+ which your majesty displays towards ly favour, may we presume, Dread Soeven the meanest of your subjects, we are vereign, to add our most respectful conemboldened to hope you will accept the gratulations on your auspicious marriage tribute of obedience and duty, which we with your royal consort. Strangers to poor orphans are permitted to present you. 'the disquietude, which often dwells with? Educated and supported by the munifi- in the circle of a crown, long may your cence of a charity, founded, enlarged, majesties experience the heart-felt fatisand protected by your royal predecessors, factions of domestic life in the uninterwith the warmest gratitude we acknow. terrupted poffeffion of every endearment of lege our inexpressible obligation to its the most tender union, every blessing of bounty, and the distinguished happiness conjugal affection, every comfort of pawe have hitherto enjoyed under the con rental felicity ; and may a race of princes, stant patronage of former princes. May your illustrious issue and descendants, this ever be our boast and our glory ! formed by the example, and inheriting Nor can we think we shall prefer our the virtues, of their great and good proprayer in vain, whilft with earneft but genitors, continue to sway the Britisa humble supplications we implore the pa- sceptre to the latest posterity,

Anecdotes concerning Oliver Cromwell's resolute Disposition, THE following anecdotes will evince The captain saw it was vain to Nruggle,

1 the propriety of Mr. Pitt's spirit, and and the money was found. show how uniformly men of genius have The other anecdote is what the lawyers acted in fimilar circumstances, though in call A case of point ; and, indeed, it rallies different ages : if Cromwell could talk in most minutely with the heroic proposal of the following strain, and act in the fol- Mr. Pitt, a man who seems to have the lowing manner, at a time when England honour of this nation at heart, to-a degree was almost exhausted by intestine distrac that nothing but his own ftupendous mitions, why might not our king use the Distry could give one any idea. same language at a time when not only There was a tumult in Nismes, in which his supplies are granted by the most una some disorders had been committed by the nimous parliament that ever assembled, Hugonots, and they apprehended severe but his measures are guided by the ablest proceedings upon it; one therefore was fent minister that ever was employed ?

over with great expedition to Cromwell, Cromwell sent an express to Sir Jeremy who sent him back to Paris, in an hour's Smyth, who lay in the downs, telling time, with a very effetual letter to bis az. him, That within a day or two a Dutch bassador, requiring bim either to prevail that ship would pass the Channel, whom he the matter might be passed over, or to come must visit for Spanish money, being con- away immediately. Mazarine complained of traband goods, we being at war with this way of proceeding as too imperious ; Spain : the mip passed by Dover, and but the necessity of their affairs made Smyth demanded leave to search: the him yield. These things raised Cromwell's captain answered, That nobody mighe character abroad, and made him much desearch him but his masters. Smyth sent pended on. His ambassador at that time him word, “ He had set up an hour-glass, was Lockhart, and being afterwards sent and if before that was run out, he did not by Charles II. found he had nothing o! fubmit to the search, he would force it." that regard paid as in Cromwell's time.

fore war was declared, is ro just, that time that the negotiation of the two France cannot depart from it.

crowns is concluded. 11. When the preliminaries are figned, • 14. This article can admit of no diffthe king of France will give it under his culty. hand, that he never intended to keep France having thus refused to acquiesce Oftend and Nieuport.

in the terms offered by England, Mr. 13. The two East India Companies Stanley was ordered to leave Paris, Diall finish their negotiation at the same

Translation of the Memorial relative to Spain, presented by M. de Buffy ta

the Court of London.

IT being effential, as well as agreeable tied agreeable to the justice of the two

to the defires of France and England, sovereigns, and the king desires earneftly, that the treaty of projected peace serve that they may be able to find out tempefor the basis of a solid reconciliation be- raments, which may content on these two tween the two crowns, which may, not points the Spanish and English nations : be disturbed by the interests of a third but he cannot diffemble from England the power, and the engagement which one danger, which he foresees, and which of the other court may have entered into he will be forced to partake of, if these anteriourly to their reconciliation ; the objects, which may affect sensibly his caking of Spain Mall be invited to guaranty tholic majesty, should end in a war. It the treaty of future peace, between his is for this reason, that his majesty regards most Chriftian majesty and the king of as one of the first confiderations for the Great Britain. This guaranty will ob. advantage and solidity of the peace, that viate the inconveniencies both present at the same time that this defireable end and future, respecting the folidity of the fall be settled between France and peace. I

England, his Britannic majesty would The king will not conceal from his terminate his differences with Spain, and Britannic majesty, that the differences of agree that the Catholic king shall be inSpain with England, alarm and make him vited to guaranty the treaty which is to dread, if they should not be adjusted, a reconcile (would to God it may be for new war in Europe and America. The ever) his most Christian majesty and the king of Spain has confided to his ma- king of England. jesty, the three points of discussion which For the reft his majefty does not comsubrist between his crown and that of municate his fears on this head to the Great Bri ain.

court of London, but with the most upThere are, 1. The restitution of rome right and open intentions of preventing prizes made, during the present war, un every thing which may happen to interder the Spanith flag.

. rupt the union of the French and English 2. Liberty to the Spanish nation of fish- nations; and the king entreats his Bri. ing on the bank of Newfoundland.

tannic majesty, whom he supposes ani3. The destruction of the English esta. mated with the same defire, to tell him, blinments formed on the Spanish territory without disguise, his opinion on an obin the bay of Honduras.

ject ro effential. These three articles may be easily. set

M. Buffy's Note 10 Mr. Pitt.

SINCE the memorial of the propositions parate peace with England, but upon two O from France was formed, and at the conditions. ipftant that the courier was ready to set 1. To keep poffeffion of the countries out for London, the king received the belonging to the king of Prussia consent of the Empress Queen to a fe. 2. That it Ahall be stipulated, that the

king of Great Britain, neither in his ca. manner as France shall engage on her pacity of king or elector, shall afford any part, not to yield fuccour of any kind to succour, either in troops, or of any kind the empress queen, nor her allies. whatever, to the king of Prussia; and Both the conditions appear so natural that his Britannic majesty will undertake and equitable in themselves, that his mathat the Hanoverian, Hessian, Brunr. jesty could not do otherwise than ace' wickian, and the other auxiliaries in quiesce in them; and he hopes that the alliance with Hanover, mall not join king of Great Britain will be ready to the forces of the king of Pruffia, in like adopt them. "

Mr. Pitt's Letter, in Answer to the foregoing, 241h July 1761.


H aving explained myself, in our con.

ference yesterday, with respect to certain engagements of France with Spain, relative to the disputes of the latter crown with Grear-Britain, of which your court never informed us, but at the very inftant of making, as she has done, her first propofitions for the separate peace of the two crowns, and as you have desired, for the sake of greater punctuality, to take a note of what passed between us upon so weighty a subject, I here repeat, Sir, by his majesty's order, the same de-claration, word for word, whichi I made to you yesterday, and again anticipate you with respect to the most fincere senti'ments of friendship, and real regard on the part of his majesty towards the Catho. lic king, in every particular copftent with reason and justice. It is my duty to declare farther to you in plain terms, in the name of his majesty, That he will not suffer the disputes with Spain to be blended, in any manner whatever, in the nego

ciation of peace between the two crowns :
to which I must add, That it will be con-
sidered as an affront to his majesty's dig-
nity, and as a ching incompatible with the
fincerity of the negotiation, to make far.
ther mention of such a circumstance.

Moreover, it is expected that France will not, at any time, presume a right of intermeddling in such disputes between Great-Britain and Spain.

These considerations, so just and indispensible, have determined his majesty co order me to return you the memorial which occasions chis, as wholly inadmisfible.

I likewise return you, Sir, as totally inadmissible, the memorial relative to the king of Prussia, as implying an attempt upon the honour of Great Britain, and the fidelity with which bis majesty will always fulfil his engagements with his allies. I have the honour to be, &c.

Signed, Pitt.


: CHA P. XXIV. hath been revered at all periods and The Knot that puzzles buman Wisdom,

in all nations, and even held sacred

in the most polished ages of antithe Hand of Forinne sometimes will untie familiar as her Garter.

quity. The scope of it is to preserve

the being, and confirm the health of W HEN the doctor made his next our fellow-creatures; of consequence,

appearance in SirLauncelot's to sustain the blessings of society, and apartment, the knight addressed him crown life with fruition. The chain these words : “ Sir, the practice racter of a physician, therefore, not of medicine is one of the most ho. only supposes natural fagacity, and -nourable professions exercised among acquired erudition, but it also im.

the sons of men ; a proiellion which plies every delicacy of sentiment, : November, 1761.


4 F

panegyrick upon Trajan is universally those of the latter are too ftiff, laboured, allowed to be the best oration he ever and pedantic. There is not a thought in composed, yet every judicious critic is Voiture, that seems to come from the of opinion, that it is inferior to the least heart, nor a period in Balzac, that does elaborate harangue of Cicero's. The great not smell of the lamp. Madame Sorigné Roman Orator, in his epiftles, has indeed greatly surpasses them both, as her file is given us a succinct history of the most re- altogether easy and natural, and ber markable transactions of the times in which thoughts seem to filow from her, without he lived; but that in a familiar manner, premeditation. This branch of literature rather calculated to satisfy the persons to has not been much cultivated by our whom he wrote, than posterity; and in- countrymen, who, according to Mr. termixed with words and phrases from Dryden's remark, are not of so oftentathe Greek, a practice which he himself tious a temper, as to think their private has condemned in his treatise De Officiis, letters worthy of the notice of the public; Seneca's epistles to Lucilius abound with yet we can boast one excellent collection Shining thoughts and happy turns, but he of this kind, The literary corresponoften degenerates into a common-place dence of Mr. Pope affords as complete declaimer, though perhaps no author, models in this way, as are to be met antient or modern, was ever possessed of with amongst the antients or moderns. a greater fund of wit Add to this, that We must, however, except the epiftles his epiftles are wrote in such a manner, of Pliny the younger, of whom it is but as puts it out of all doubt that they are justice to say, that he has surpassed all not genuine, but jeux d'esprit addressed to others in this easy and familiar species of a fictitious correspondent, a circumstance eloquence. I say nothing of the Greek which cannot fail to disgust even those epistles of Phalaris, as the best criticks readers, who are most apt to be truck are now of opinion, that they are spurious, with the sallies of a glowing imagination. notwithstanding the ipse dixit of the cele Amongst our neighbours the French, brated Sir William Temple, who has Voiture and Balzac were long pofTefled ranked him among the first-rate authors of a high degree of reputation for episto- of antiquity. lary writing, but the letters of the former, (as Monf. de Voltaire justly observes)

I am, Gentlemen, yours, &c abound with antitheses and false wit, and

T. w,

His Majesty's molt gracious Speech to both Houses of Parliament, on Friday

i be fixth Day of November, 1761.

MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN, AT the opening of the first parliament, under which so great a part of Europe

fummoned and elected under my au. · suffers. But tho' overtures were made to thority, I with pleasure take notice of me, and my good brother and ally the an event, which has made me compleatly king of Prussia, by the several belligerant happy, and given universal joy to my powers, in order to a general pacification, loving subjects. My marriage with a for which purpose a congress was apPrincess, eminently diftinguithed by every pointed ; and propofitions were made to virtue, and amiable endowment, whilft me by France, for a particular peace with it affords me all possible domestic com that crown, which were followed by an fort, cannot but highly contribute to the actual negotiation ; yet that congress happiness of my kingdoms; which has hath not hitherto taken place, and the been, and always Mall be, my first object negotiation with France is entirely broken in every action of my life.

off. It has been my earnest with that this The fincerity of my disposition to ef. firt period of my reign might be marked fectuate this good work has been maniwith another felicity; the restoring of fested in the progress of it; and I have the bleflings of peace to my people, and the consolation to reflect, that the cons putting an end to the calamities of war, tinwance of the war, and the farther ef


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