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the enemy, are the only means to attain nomy, and in such a manner as may most that defireable object, an honourable and effectually answer the great ends for a lasting peace.
which they Thall be granted. We receive, with the deepest gratitude, We do, with great truth, assure your that most endeaaing expression of your majesty, that it is our most earneft defire, majesty's unbounded goodness and affec. that this first parliament convened by tion towards this your native country, in your royal authority, may, by their the folemn declaration, which your ma condu&, give your majefty a happy proof jefty has been pleased to make, that, as of the zeal, the loyalty, and the affection well in the prosecution of the war as in of your people. the conclusion of the peace, no considera. Sensible of the difficult crisis, in which tion whatever shall induce you to depart we are assembled, we are determined to from the true interest of these your concur, with the greatest firmness and kingdoms, and from the honour and dig- unanimity, in whatever may contribute to nity of your crown.
the public welfare, may tend to defeat Your majesty may be assured, that the views and expectations of our eneyour faithful commons will chcarfully mies, and may convince the world, that grant such supplies, as the nature and there are no difficulties, which your maextent of the several services shall be jesty's wisdom and perseverance, with found to require ; firmly relying on your the affistance of your parliament, cannot majesty's wisdom and justice, that they surmount. will be applied with the stricteft oeco
The Speech of his Excellency George Dunk, Earl of Halifax, Lord Lieute• nant General and General Governor of Ireland, to both Houses of Par.
liament, at Dublin, on Thursday, the 22d day of October, 1761.
MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,
mands to meet this his first parliament of a prince, who uniformly tempered pre-
ftate, and the inforcing a due obedience to The loss of our late most gracious fove. the laws (not more necessary to his own reign, at a time when not only the securi- authority than to the liberties of his peo. ty of his own dominions, but the welfare pic) Thall be the first and constant object of of Europe, seemed ro essentially to depend his care. And I have it particularly in on the continuance of his life, must have command to declare to you, That his subaffected you in the most sensible manner. jects of this kingdom are fully and in every • Your grief, however, has already been respect comprehended in these assurances. alleviated, and your loss repaired, by the His majesty's wife choice of a royal rucceffion of his majesty, not only to the confort, eminent for her personal vetues Corene (his legal inheritance) but to the and endowments, and descended from duty, affedion, and confidence of his sub. an house fo illustrious for its attachment jects, as 'nbounded as the greatest of his to the protestant caule, displays in the predece!ors have ever pofTeffed in the most cleareit light his paternal care, not only fortunate periods of their reign.
to preserve to us, but transmit ucimpaired * This parliment happily commences to our polerity, the blessings of his reign, · with the acccflion of a king, bred under liberty, and pure religion.
When I confider the security of our pre- sure, be your continual care. Your linen fent, and the prospect of our future happi- trade has long and justly been the object nels ; and when I see you animated, as I of public encouragement; but much still am persuaded you are, with every senti- remains to carry to its full extent a manument which loyalty and gratitude can in- facture, for which there is so large a de. spire ; I assure myself of a session of par- mand, which is so various in its branches, liament, that will be distinguished by its and which, with due attention, might be uninterrupted harmony, and by its effec- rendered as considerable a source of wealth tive zeal for the support of the honour to the whole, as it is now to part of this and dignity of the crown. Such difpofi. kingdom. tions, fteddily adhered to, cannot fail, un There is no obje& more worthy our der his majesty's paternal influence, to attention than our Protestant charterpreserve you an happy, and establish you schools. Notwithstanding the peaceable an opulent and flourishing people. demeanor of the Papists in this kingdom,
it must always be your duty and your inGentlemen of tbe House of Commons,
terest to divert from error, by every effecI have ordered the proper officers to lay tual, tho' gentle, method, the deluded before you the several accounts and efti. followers of a blind religion. And there mates; from which you will be enabled inftitutions merit your support and proto judge of the provisions necessary to be tection, not only as schools of religion, made for the support of his majesty's go- but as seminaries of useful arts and virvernment, and for your own security. tuous industry, The means of making those provisions Let me now in the most earnest man. (which I hope will be expeditiously ad. ner recommend to you, thar, after re justed) I doubt not will, on your part, many honourable events abroad, and so be such as shall be most suitable to the cir- many joyful events at home, neither jeacumstances of this country; on mine, lousies nor distrusts, neither public heats, you may depend upon the utmost fru- nor private animofities, may disturb that gality.
tranquillity which is desirable at all times, You will take into your consideration and at this season is peculiarly neceflary to the several incidental charges of the mili- your welfare. tary establishment, as it now stands, of A s to what regards myself, you shall alwhich exact estimates cannot be formed; ways find me not only ready, but solliciand also that a large sum will be wanted tuous, to contribute whatever my authori. for the effectual repair of the barracks; a ty, my credit, or my experience can fur. work, which cannot be delayed.
nith for these falutary purposes. And I I must observe to you, that notwith. can with truth assure you, that I fall in standing the authority given by the vote no degree fulfil the intentions, nor merit of credit of the last parliament, the sum the approbation of my royal master, but of two hundred thousand pounds only by studying the peace and welfare of the has been raised; a circumstance of æco. kingdom which his majefty has commitnomy, which cannot fail to give you satir ted to my care. faction.
I am seolible the fituation in which I
am placed, is as arduous as it is impor. • My Lords and Gentlemen,
tant; but I bring with me the cleareft in. The improvement of your natural ad- tentions for your service. To maintain vantages ought to be the object of your the honour, and to promote the service of most serious attention, Agriculture, the the crown, are duties from which I never furest support of every state, deserves at will depart: to forward the prosperity, all times your highest regard, to the end and to preserve the constitution of this that, through your wisdom, the skill and country, are objeets of which I never will industry of the inhabitants of this coun. lose fight. And there is nothing I more try may fully correspond with the bounty fincerely wish, than that the interests of of Providence in their favour.
both kingdoms may as thoroughly undere To encourage, regulate, and improve, stood as they are separabiy, connected. which will of course extend, your manu. There is no point I Mall more diligent's factures and your commerce, will, i am labour ; and I muft now allure your at the opening of my adminiftration, (what nimity of his subjects in this kingdom, and the progress of it will, I hope, demon- to carry with me, on my return into the strate) that I have no end or ambition, royal presence, the good opinion, the afbut to be able to represent, in the warmest fection, the hearts of the people of Iremanner, to his majesty, the zeal and una- land.
The Substance of the French Memorial of the Negotiations for Peace.
PY the Memorial of the Negociations, &c. shall be tolerated there, and that the in. D published by France, it appears, That habitants shall have liberty to dispose of on the 29th of July, Mr. Stanley delivered their effects, and retire. France further to the French ministry the ultimatum, or infifts on the right of fishing in the Gulpa final proposals, of England; the substance of St. Laurence, and demands fome island of which is as follows:
near it on which to dry her fish. 1. France shall cede Canada, Cape 2. France doth not pretend that what Breton, and the islands in the Gulph of is not Canada is Louisiana ; but demands St. Laurence, with the right of fishing on that the intermediate nations between the coasts.
Canada and Louisiana, and between Vir2. Whatever does not belong to Ca- ginia and Louisiana, shall be considered as nada, Thall not be considered as appertain- independent, and a barrier between the ing to Louisiana.
French and English. 3. Senegal and Goree Thall be yielded to 3. France demands Goree. However, England,
M. de Buffy thall talk about this 4. Dunkirk shall be put in the state it point, ought to be in by the treaty of Utrecht; 4. M. de Bully mall also talk about and on this condition, France shall be re- Dunkirk, when a port is agreed on in the stored to the priviledge allowed her by Gulph of St. Laurence for the protection that treaty, of fishing on part of the banks of the French fishery. of Newfoundland.
5. France agrees to the partition of the 5. The Neutral Illands shall be equal. Neutral Inlands. ly divided.
6.' England may keep Belleille, and 6. Minorca Mall be restored.
France will keep Minorca. 7. France Thall evacuate and restore all 7. In confideration of the reftitution of her conquests in Germany.
Guadalupe, France will evacuate her con8. England Mall restore Belleifle and quests in Germany, except those made oa Guadalupe,
the king of Prussia, which are held for the 9. Disputes in the East Indies Mall be Empress queen, fettled by the two companies.
8. France accepts of Guadalupe as a 10. The captures made by England compensation for her cetlions in Northbefore war was declared thall not be re- America and Africa, and the demolition stored.
of the works at Dunkirk. 1. France shall not retain Ostend and 9. France agrees that the East-India Nieuport.
companies Mall settle their differences. 12. The ceffation of arms Mall take 10. France in afts on the restitution of place when the preliminaries are ratified, the captures made before the war. or the definitive treaty wyned.
. France never intended to keep 13. Both kings Ball be at liberty 10 Ostend and Nieuport. a lift their German allies.
12. The term of ceasing hoftilities will 14. Prisoners shall be reciprocally set occafion no difference. at liberty.
13. If England will withdraw her af. The fubitance of France's Answer, dated fiance from her German allies, France August sihi, is this:
will do the same with regard to hers. 1. France will yield all Canada, but in 1. The release of the prisoners is ifts that the Roman Catholic religion well.
An answer to the above ultimatum was de- 8. With regard to the evacuation of
livered on the ist of September, to the the French conquests in Germany, Engfollowing purport :
land adheres to the 7th article of her 1. England infifts on the full and entire Ultimatum, and infifts on the restitution celsion of Canada and its apportenances ; of Wesel, and the King of Prussia's terthe island of Cape-Breton, and the islands ritories. in the Gulph of St. Laurence; Canada 9. England will still support the king comprehending, agreeable to the line of of Prussia with vigour and good faith. limits drawn by M. Vaudreuil himself, 10. The restitution of the ships taken when he gave up the province by capitu. before the war is' unjust by the law of lation, on one side the lakes Huron, Michi- nations. gau, and Superior; and the said line, 11. England trusts to France's decladrawn from Lake Rouge, comprehending ration relative to oftend and Nieuport, by a winding course, the river Ouabache 12, 13, 14. England perfifts in what to its junction with the Ohio, and from she said in her Ultimatum. thence ftretching along this last river in. To these articles France replied one by clugvely to its confluence with the Millil.
• one. sippi. The Roman Catholic religion thall 1. France agrees to the cession of Ca. be tolerated in Canada ; the inhabitants nada, but asks two years or eighteen may fell their effects, provided the pur- months for the inhabitants of Canada to chasers be British subjects; and shall be sell their effects and remove. And defires allowed a year to remove elsewhere. to know what England understands by the
2. The limits of Louifiana, delivered in Appurtenances of Canada. " a note by M. de Buffy, cannot be allowed, 2. France yields up Canada with the because they comprehend vast tra&ts of limits assigned it by Vaudreuil; but inland which Vaudreuil comprehended with. fists that the Indians on one side of the in Canada, and on the fide of the Caro. line Mall be independent under the proJina's they comprehend extensive regions, tection of France ; and those on the other and numerous nations, under England's fide independent under the protection of protection,
England. The English traders shall not 3. England Thall keep Senegal and cross the line ; but the Indians shall be at Goree ; but if France will suggest any liberty to trade with both nations. reasonable scheme for supplying herself 3. France will cede Senegal and Goreo, with negroes, it shall be considered. provided England will guaranty to France
4. Dunkirk thall be put in the state it her settlements at Anamabou and Akra. ought to be in by the treaty of Aix-la 4. For the sake of peace, France will Chapelle. France shall be restored to the demolish the new works at Dunkirk, fill privilege allowed her in the treaty of up the baron, which is capable of receiva Utrecht of fishing on the banks of New. ing ships of the line, and destroy the foundland, and drying fish there. France, rope-walks. The 13th article of the moreover, thall be allowed to catch fir treaty of Utrecht relative to the fishery in the gulph of St. Laurence, and the mall be confirmed. The island of Ma.' ifand of St. Peter's Mall be ceded to her quelon or Michelen shall be added to St. for drying them, provided the abstain Peter's ; a guard of fifty men shall be from fishing on the coast, and ere&t no kep on those inlands to support the fortification, or keep any military esta- civil magiftrate; no foreign thips, even blishment on the said inand ; and pro- English, thail be allowed to touch there; vided that an English commissary be als but an English commissary may reside lowed to refide on it, and Englith men there. of war to visit it from time to time, to 5 . The Neutral islands may be equally see that the above ftipulations be ob. divided, provided St. Lucia be part of the served.
share of France. 5. No alternative for the Neutral (so 6, 7. France agrees to. called) inands will be accepted; but the 8. France cannot evacuate countries partition of them will ftill be agreed to belonging to the empress-queen.
6. Belleide, Guadalupe, and Mariga. 9. This article of affitting the German lante, Mall be restored.
allies requires explanation. 7. Minorça fhall be restored,
30. The demand of the frips taken be
fore fore war was declared, is ro just, that time that the negotiation of the two France cannot depart from it.
crowns is concluded. 11. When the preliminaries are figned, - 14. This article can admit of no diffithe king of France will give it under his culty. hand, that he never intended to keep France having thus refused to acquiesce Oftend and Nieuport.
in the terms offered by England, Mr. 13. The two East India Companies Stanley was ordered to leave Paris. Mall finish their negotiation at the same
Translation of the Memorial relative to Spain, presented by M. de Buffy to
the Court of London.
IT being essential, as well as agreeable tied agreeable to the justice of the two
to the desires of France and England, sovereigns, and the king desires earnestly, that the treaty of projected peace serve that they may be able to find out tempe- : for the basis of a solid reconciliation be- raments, which may content on these two tween the two crowns, which may not points the Spanish and English nations : be disturbed by the interests of a third but he cannot diffemble from England the power, and the engagement which one danger, which he foresees, and which or the other court may have entered into he will be forced to partake of, if these anteriourly to their reconciliation ; the objects, which may affect fenfibly his ca. king of Spain shall be invited to guaranty tholic majesty, should end in a war. It the treaty of future peace, between his is for this reason, that his majesty regards molt Chriftian majesty and the king of as one of the first confiderations for the Great Britain. This guaranty will ob. advantage and solidity of the peace, that viate the inconveniencies both present at the same time that this delireable end and future, respecting the folidity of the shall be settled between France and peace.
England, his Britannic majesty would The king will not conceal from his terminate his differences with Spain, and Britannic majesty, that the differences of agree that the Catholic king shall be in. Spain with England, alarm and make him vited to guaranty the treaty which is to dread, if they mould not be adjusted, a reconcile (would to God it may be for new war in Europe and America. The ever) his most Chriftian majesty and the king of Spain has confided to his ma- king of England. jesty, the three points of discussion which For the rest his majesty does not comsubíiit between his crown and that of municate his fears on this head to the Great Bri: ain.
court of London, but with the most upThere are, 1. The restitution of some right and open intentions of preventing prizes made, during the present war, un- every thing which may happen to interder the Spanish fiag.
· rupt the union of the French and English 2. Liberty to the Spanish nation of fish- nations; and the king entreats his Bri. ing on the bank of Newfoundland. tannic majesty, whom he supposes ani
3. The destruction of the English esta. mared with the same desire, to tell him, blishments formed on the Spanish territory without disguise, his opinion on an obin the bay of Honduras,
ject ro effential. These three articles may be easily sct
M. Buffy's Note 10 Mr. Pitt.
SINCE the memorial of the propofitions parate peace with England, but upon two o from France was formed, and at the conditions. ipftant that the courier was ready to set 1. To keep poffeffion of the countries out for London, the king received the belonging to the king of Pruffia. consent of the Empress Queen to a se. 2. That it hall be ftipulated, that the