ページの画像
PDF

him as a theorist. And also as exercises they | for all sonorous bodies that yield more than one are truly methodical and progressive; for they note, give more or less of that chord, and even birds proceed through various sorts of movement and are found that sing it. One instance of the latter measure, and through a variety of keys and modes, is given by Mr. Shield, in his Introduction to in such a manner, that we may safely pronounce Harmony, p. 3, in a note, where it appears that them the most excellent pieces of the kind ever a West Indian bird, called by Nierenberg the produced.

Triton Avis (perhaps Trias Avis), not only has After those lessons follow abstracts from figur- | three distinct noies, but can even sound them ed basses by six celebrated authors, being Eman, at ihe same time. As this is added to an article Bach, Handel, Corelli, Geininiani, Rameau, and of the major common chord, we suppose it to be Tartini. They contain their original signatures that chord consisting of three notes, and not whut over the bass, and some explanatory ones by is called the tritonus, or extreme sharp fourth, Mr Kollmann under it, as examples how the dif-10 which the name Triton-avis seems to alferent signatures of or her authors must be un- ll lude.derstood according to chap vii. of the work. To this a correspondent enables us to add, that

Nothing, we presume, could therefore be more a British bird, which he thinks is called the deserving our introducing to the public than Green Woodpecker (Picus viridis), sings the the valuable work above described, and we make following four distinct notes, E, G E C, D; no doubt that it will soon be found in the hands being not only the said major chord, but even a of every person who studies music. For taking it melodious cadence from a key-note to its fifth. in the aggregate, we find that the language of it. And the cuckoo is well known to sing a majoris clear and comprehensive, and that the doc-third as the principal part of that chord. trines it contains are expressed and exemplified in We make the above observations for the sake the most brief, but perfectly complete and satis- of those musical ladies and gentlemen who have factory manner.

frequent opportunities of hearing the natural

songs of birrls, as perhaps they may find more OF MUSICAL BIRDS.

instances of their singing distinct regular It is remarkable how deeply the harmony of notes. , the major common chord is impressed in nature;

CULINARY RESEARCHES.

[Continued from Page 35.]

It is the opinion of the vulgar, that to be i dinner would have served forty. It consisted of rich and liberal is the only requisite to become a several courses of the choisest fish, poultry, game, good Amphitryon ; but those who have weighed meat dressed in various manners, almost every this matter, and reflected on the qualities that are vegetable that money could procure, a profusion indispensable to merit this title, in all its extent, of excellent pastry, an elegant desert, and wines are soon convinced that Heaven bestows this gift that would ravish the drunkard of his senses.-on very few persons, and that a good Amphitryon The dinner was placed un the table exact to a seis almost as rare as a good roaster of meat. cund, every thing was hot and comfortable, the

It is certain, that with money, an excellent guests were all people of wit and reputation, and cook, an intelligent housekeeper, good trades yet I never made a more tedious or insipid dinmen, a clever butler, and even a long study of ner; the cause of which you will soon discover. the elements in which consists a good table, one ll I have already said we were twenty-five in may be an Amphitryon rather above mediocrity. company; not one of the party were acquainted; Non in sulo pane rivit homo; and the most ele. this, to begin, does not inspire confidence; but gant, the best chosen, and the best served dinner, as nothing is more fit to create it than the pleamay still prove a very insipid repast, if one has sures of the table, this would have proved but a not the talent of well selecting one's guests, slender inconvenience, if each had been placed and particularly placing them conveniently at as he ought. table,

The guests, though strangers to cach other, A short time since I experienced a new in- || were all intimately acquainted with the master stance of the truth of this remark. I was in- ll of the house: it was his task then, to scat them vited to dine with Mr. M- , a gentleman who properly at table; but, whether thruligh carelessenjoys the reputation of being a very good master' ness, inattention, or ignorance, he did no such of a house, and in many respects inerits it. I thing, but left it all to chance; you will see what We were about twenty-five in company, and the was the result.

I believe I have already said, more than once, | A few days after this feast, as is customary, I that we were twenty-five in company. Among went to pay my visit of digestion. The con ver. these there were bankers, contractors, officers, sation naturally fell upon the dinner Mr. Mauthors, country divines, merchants, artists, ma had given us, and that gentleman complained of gistrates, actors, poets, and amateurs. There the almost universal silence which had reigned, were, most assuredly, enough to form a very and the reserve which each guest had maintained. pleasant society; all depended upon their being “ This would not have happened, said I, if, well placed, for it is well known that in so according to a custom that I have seen practised large a company, the conversation canno: be with success, in some houses, and which I think general.

ought to be adopted in most entertainmerts, you One of the divines found himself seated be. had distijbuted the seats analogous to the minds tween a poet and an actor; the contractor beside of those who were to occupy them. You should a judge; merchants were placed close to authors, have placed the poet beside the actor, who would artists near contractors, officers near bankers, &c. have pitied and consoled him for the ill success so that cach having a neighbour that shoke of his piece, and interested him by lescribing quite a different language, was constrained to The interior of the theatre. The divine and the hold his tongue after having sounded the other. magistrate; both wise and grave men, would have During the repast, nothing scarcely was heard but heen well coupled. The bunker, the merchant, monosyllables, and the noise of plates and covers and the contractor, all three united by speaking was almost the only conversation at this mis nearly the same language, would have entertainplaced dinner.

ed each other by conversing about the affairs on The poet atteinpted to speak of his tragedy 'Change, on commerce, and their respective gairs that had been damned to the divine, who enter and losses, and would have reciprocally enlightentained him with an account of his last sermon, ed each other. The amateur, the artist, and the and who comprehended nothing of what the officer, would have been delighted to have found actor had been saying on the intrigues of the themselves neighbours; the first would have stage. One of the authors had commenced a l served as an interpreter to the other two, and all grammatical discussion with a merchant, who three would have establi het, among themselves, answered him by complaining of the stagnation a conversation equally instructive and agreeable, in the sugar and coffee trade. The artist was de the author in t:king a part in it, would enliven scribing to the contractor an historical picture it by his witticisms and well placed quotations. which he had in contemplation, while he was re || By this means your dinner would have been as gretting former times, and complaining bitterly agreeable as it was well served; your guests against the probity of ministers, and the disin satisfied with each other, would have been comterestedness of their clarks, which scarcely Il pletely so with you, and their gratitude would allowed him to gain sale for his porrielge, while have been shared between the excellent fare you formerly he could, with the greatest e se, fish in | had given them, and the care you had taken to troubled wa'ers. The warrior and the amateur place them suitably." were those who understood each other best, be My Amphitryon felt the strength of these obo cause the latter, Inving a smuttering of all sci scrvations, thanked me, and promised to profit by ences, was not totally unacquainted wish military them. In effect a few days after this, he gave a tactics; but he was soon tired of listening to second dinner to the same company. The name nothing but bastions, projectiles, and horn-works, of each guest, written on a pretty vignette, and and wished much that he had been scated nexe | hung to each plate, determined the order of seats, the artist.

and this order, combined with my remarks, placed Thus each being wrongly placed, lost all their every bridy suitably. Each was enchanted with merit, similar to as many noughts placed his neighbour; the conversation became animattogether instead of being preceded by figures. ed, and consequently interesting, the appetite. All the guests rose from table disgusted with each encreased, for nothing gives a better, or acceleother, and consequently with themselves, for we rates digestion suoner than a warm discussion, are more or less pleased with ourselves, according the exercise of speech being most salutary at as our pride has been satisfied. I even observed, table. The guests did ample justice to each dish, that this isolated situation, which ought to have to the various wines, and mutually blessed the been of service to the apperite, (for what can one Amphitryon, who understood so well how to suit do, in a repast where we cannot chat, unless one his company, and each pronrised never to refuse eat?) had in some degree paralyzed it; and to his invitations. the great regret of the Amphitryon, much less | Thus by the means of an easy precaution, was eaten than if the company had been well which prevents trouble and precludes ceremony, placed,

one may, even with an assemblage of persons

Whose minds are of an ordinary class, form a very then that that French proverb, so dear to those pleasant society. To accomplish this, nothing is who are lovers of the table, is verified, which wanting but that the Amphitryn be gifted with says, “ qu'on ne vicillit point a tuble.” I again a clear discrimination, and that he possesses a repeat, all depends upon the guests being suitably perfect knowlerige of the character and pursuits placed, and the plan I have described cannot fail of his guests. This plan followed, let the com to meet with the approbation of every one; and pany be ever so numerous it nerer degenerates for this you have only to weigh well the selfinto a bustle, no one finds the time long, because love of each, and place them so that they may the self-love of each is gratified : 10 the delight be able to enjoy their own, and gratify that of of great talkers and epicures the feast is pro- their neighbours. longed without causing ennui to any one; it is

E. R.

POETRY,
ORIGINAL AND SELECT.

A FAREWELL TO LONDON

IN THE YEAR 1714,

DEAR, damn'd disgusting town, farewell!

Thy fools no more I'll teize :
This year, in peace ye critics, dwell,

And Chloe sleep at ease!
Soft B- , and rough C 's adieu !

Earl Warwick make your inoan,
The lively H- k, and you,

May knock up girls alone.
To drink and droll be Rowe allowed;

Till the third watchman toll,
Let Jerva se gratis paint, and Frowd,

Save threepence and his soul.
Farewell Arbuthnot's raillery,

On every learned sot;
And Garth, the best good Christian he,

Although he knows it not.
Lintot, farewell! thy bard must go;

Farewell, unhappy Tonson !
Heaven gives thee, for thy loss of Rowe,

Lean Philips, and fat Johnson.
Why should I stay? Both parties rage;

My vixen mistress squalls;
The wits in envious feuds engage,
And Homer (damn him!) calls.

The love of arts lies cold and dead,

In Halifax's urn;
And not one Muse, of all he fed,

Has had the grace to mourn.
My friends, by turns, my friends consound,

Betray, and are betr.y'd;
Poor Y— 'rs sold for fifty pound,

And B is a jade.
Why make I friendships with the great

When I no fivour seek;
Or follow girls seven liours in eight,

I need but once a week.
Still idle, with a busy air,

Deep whimsies to contrive; The gayest valetudinaire,

Most thinking rake alive., Solicitous for others' ends,

Though fond of dear repose; Careless or drowsy with my friends,

And frolic with my foes.
Laborious, lob ter nights, farewell!

For sover, studious days:
And Burlington's delicious meal,

For sallad, tarts and peas.
Adieu to all but Gay alone, in

Whose soul, sincere and free,
Loves all mankind, but fatters none,

And so may starve with me,

REMONSTRANCE TO WINTER.

* This original Poem by Pope, is not included in any of the common editions of his works. We preserve it as a curiosity; and, though it be a mere bagatelle, written in a spirit altogether different from the rest of this poet's works, yet ir contains many picturesque passages. The sixth stanz is extremely lively, and the tenth, in which the poet has painted his own miniature, ii a most exquisite likeness,

AH! why, unfeeling Winter, why

Still Hays thy torpidl wing Fly, melancholy season, fly

And yield the year to Spring,

To brace the summer-slackend frame,

My cold assistance court.
Comus, Apollo, and the Nine,

Are my perpetual debtors;
For under my dark influence shine,

Mirth, Music, and Belles Lettres.
The feather'd choir may think it hard

That I should check their song; But who the warblers would rgard

That pip'd the whole year long? Then, pray take patience, gentle Spring!

And bear with my delay; On thee, perhaps, 'twould sorrow bring,

Should I curtail my sway.

Spring—the young cherubiin of love,

An exile in disgrace-
Flits o'er the scene like Noah's dove,

Nor finds a resting place..
When on the mountain's azure peak,

Alights her fairy form,
Cold blow the winds and dark and bleak,

Around her rolls the storm.
If to the valley she repair,

For shelter and defence,
Thy wrath pursues the mourner there,

And drives her weeping thence.
She seeks the brook-the faithless brook,

Of her unmindful grown,
Feels the chill magic of thy look,

And lingers into stone.
She woos her embryo-flowers, in vain,

To rear their infant heads;
Deaf to her voice her flowers remain

Enchanted in their beds.
In vain she bids the trees expand

Their green luxuriant charms;
Bare in the wilderness they stand,

And stretch their withering arms. Her favourite birds, in feeble notes,

Lament thy long delay;
And strain their little stammering throats

To charm thy rage away.
Ah! why, usurping Winter, why

Still flags thy frozen wing?
Fly, unrelenting tyrant, fly-

And yield the year to Spring?

SONG OF A SWISS TO HIS MISTRESS,

ON HER APPEANING IN ARMOUR. *

Transtated from the German of Gessner, by

F. Shorberl.

HEAVENS, is it is it ihou, my love?

What strikes my dazzled sightHow brighily from thy polish'd helm

Flash gleams of trembling light ! And how the white and crimson plumes

Stream in the rus:ling wind;
Thy auburn tresses mingling too,

Float carelessly behind.
But now thy heaving bosom's charms

The cnvious armour steals,
And all that lovely, graceful form

The circling mail conceals.
But nu! I see that handsome foot,

That well-turn'd knee I spy,
Which else the robe's depending folds

Veil from my curious eye.
Thus beaming in rcfulgent steel,

In beauty's bloom elate,
Thou’rt like th’empyreal guard of old,

Who watch'd at Eden's gate.
O may the haughty foe's keen shafts

Hiss harmless o'er thy head,
And none e'er wound thy tender breast

But those by Cupid sped!

WINTER'S REPLY TO SPRING'S REMONSTRANCE.

PRITHEE have patience, gentle Spring!

Let me reign out ny day-
To thee 'would no advantage bring,

Should I now yield my sway.
Though rough my manners, to the Fair

No enemy am I:
My toils their ornaments prepare,

Their nourishinent supply.
My blast, though terrible it seem,

Gives vigour to the bow'r;
My snow supplies the exhausted stream,

Preserves the sleeping Mower.
Brighit Health admits my useful claim,

And Exercise and Sport,

* When the Emperor Albert besieged Zurich, the females of that town put on armour, and appeared completely accoutred among the ranks of their husbands and fathers. The Emperor, de terred by the appearance of such a numerous force, withdrew from before the place.

A RECEIPT FOR A LOVE EPISTLE, But how imperfect is the sketch,

A faithful lover now has given;
TO A MODERN BELLE.

Could I a true resemblance fetch,
Take of sighs and of tears a prodigious large

From Gods above in highest heaven. number, of days without joy, and of nights without

slumber; Oi rayures, and dreams, and fantastical blisses,

TO HONOUR. Of heart-burning glances, and soul-thrilling kisses.

BY N. HOWARD. Talk of love everla-ting, and pure adoration,

STERN power! in realms of darkness nurst Sav for her you would die without hesitation;

'Midst shrieks of guilt, and moans accurst, Add, that Mahome's houreis are lost in her

Where grins Despair in writhing pain, charms,

And rapturous madness clanks his chain, And that more than his paradise dwells in her

Thee, I invoke-Gav bow'rs adieu ! arms.

Where Pleasure leads her bounding crew, Conjure up from Don Quixotte some high-flying Blithe Health, and frolic Youth that roves story,

Thro’gardens and ambrosial groves, How that love is the rampart of fame and of Brisk Mirth, whose bright expanding bloom · glory;

Ne'er felt the damp of Sorrow's gloom, That the Don his Toboso, and Sancho his isle, Adieu! the surly evening sheds Fou'd have eagerly barter'd lo purchase one Deep shadows o'er the mountain's heads; smile.

Low groan the refted woodlands bleak, If she be not contented with chivalric ages,

The spirits of the whirlwind shriek! You may go a few centuries back to the sages;

Horror! with strange delightful fear, And, with old heathen poets, protest, that had

Lead my fit soul to deserts drear; Jove

To vast Savannas full of dread, Bebeld but her face-he had melted with love.

Where human footsteps never tread, Then tell her that nothing but love is your food,

Or where vex'd Midnight never sleeps

'Mid cataracts hoarse and howling steeps! And with darts, Cupids, fiames, in great plenty

Or where the hoary Andes shroud conclude;

Their stormy cliffs in many a cloud. And if this she receive, I will dare lay niy life,

Which Danger, heedless of alarms, lo a fortnight you gain her for mistress or wife.

Upclimbs with lightning-blasted arms !
To glimmering dungeons let me stray

Where the lone Caprive pines away;
THE MAID OF CORINTH.

Where no warm sun, no summer gale
By the pale lamp's reflected light

Sheds freshness on his visage pale:
I saw thy shadow on the wall,

There see him raise his wither'd head,
Oh what a pleasing, rapt'rous sight,

Deep groaning o'er his Ainty bed,
My friend, my lover, and my all. :

Whilst ever-hopeless Silence low'rs,
To cheer my solitary hours,

And slow-slow lay the gloomy hours.

Wild sullen Horror! thou canst tell
Thy honour'd shade I often view;
Oh, Palemon! with all iny powers,

What pangs the Mother's bosom swell,

When bare on distant rocks outcast
I'll trace thy image fair and true.

Her child's corse blisters to the blast!
But, ah! the fond resemblance flies;

Wild sullen Horror! thou hast sought Yet thy dear form shall still remain; Black groves with dark collected thought, . The Gods shall hear a maiden's cries, Where erst hoar Druids met thy view,

And Art shall cure me of my pain. And human victims grimly slew ! With magic pencil I will trace,

Thou heard'st their death-denouncing cries, Thy features so divinely fair;

They bled beneath thy savage eyes.
No power on earth shall e'er efface,

Oh! Ly me oft, at gloom of night,
Though time the colours inay impair.

Where hays perform their direful rite;

And wrapt in terrors, flash on high * The Maid of Corinth was the origin of the Their livid lightning thwart the sky; art of painting; whilst she was confined in prison Os on some victim's hated form she gave birth to the art of delincation, in | Dart the full fury of their storm! amusing herself by sketching on the wall of her For lightnings shoot, and thunders roll, cell the shadow of her passing lover.

Dear, and congenial to my soul!

« 前へ次へ »