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1768, her Royal Highness Varia Carolina | libertinism. “They are a people," savs a left Vienna for the kingdom of Naples, il celebrated writer, “ who indulge more in accompanied by the Grand Duke of Tus- the luxuries and forbidden pleasures of cany, Leopold, and his wife, the Grand life, than any other nation in Europe; Duchess. Ferdinand met the royal party and yet," he adds, “ they will sin with thic at Casserta, where he had a palace to re- ! moroseness of a hermit, and the gravity ceive them. Casserta is about sixteen of a philosopher. Pleasure they have remiles from Naples.
duced to a business; and, like every other The young Princess had been instructed employment, they conceive it must be folby her mother in the manner in which it | lowed with a steady and serious tempera. would be decorous for her to receive her ment of mind, or its objects can never be husband. The King of Naples, therefore, | obtained.” no sooner advanced to salute his destined | The Queen, undoubtedly, very much bride, than she immediately fell on her improved the general manners of the Neaknees, and, in a kind of Oriental supplica-li politan Court. She made Naples, partition of a liusband's love, bowed her face cularly, pleasant to all strangers; the to the ground. The King was confounded; I slightest introduction was sufficient, and he raised her up, but the embarrassment | the reception was always in proportion to of both parties was not speedily got over. || the merits of the individual. A constant The marriage was immediately cerebrated; | intercourse was kept up with France, in and Casserta was, for some time, a scene which kingdom, her sister, the unfortunate of gaiety and hospitality,
Maria Antoinette, was adored as a diIt is necessary that we should here pass vinity. over a considerable interval. The King | She had been married four years, when and Queen had been married four years l she was brought to bed of a daughter. without having any family. His Majesty, From that period her Majesty's family ivand all the priests in the kingdom, put up creased yearly, and she at length produced their prayers, night and morning, to sixteen children to the King of Naples. Heaven, for an heir to the throne of Na- | She had four daughters before she had ples. Ferdinand was so desirous of pos. one son. Her eldest daughter was married terity, that he would frequently break out to the prese!t Emperor of Germany; she into a kind of angry expostulation upon | died, in child-bed, a few weeks since. this subject; and one day, in conversation In the delightful climate of Naples, one with Sir William Hamilton, he observed, ll of the chief pleasures of the Court was in that there were three miracles which seemed lj short expeditions to the surrounding to occur in bis reign. Upon being inter- | country, in which they were generally rogated what they were, he replied, “I accompanied by the nobility and foreign am young, and have no children." This
ministers resident at Naples. The year is the first.-The second is, “The Jesuits was mostly divided in the following manare dissolved, and there is no finding il ner:un the fourth of November the where they have concealed their hordes.'| King and Queen usually came to Naples, And my last and greatest prodigy yet re where they continued during the Carnival, mains,“ Tanucci, my minister, is old, ll in the months of January and February. and will never die."
In the spring they removed to Casserta. The Queen of Naples had been ex- | The summer was again passed at Naples, tremely well educated, and had imbibed al on account of the fine air of the sea; and great deal of the harmless levity and cheer- l the autumn was always spent at Portici. fulness of the French manners, in the Austrian Court. The Neapolitans are na
[To be continued.] turally solemn and austere even in their |
MEMOIRS OF MADAME DE GENLIS.
STEPHANIE FELICITE DUCREST, sister of Such were the occupations of Madame de the Marquis Ducrest, chancellor of the late Duke Genlis, till the commencement of a revolution, of Orleans, was born in the province of Burgundy, so pregnant with horror, not only to her native about the year 1744, and was married before she || land but to a great portion of the civilized world. had attained the age of fifteen to Brulart, Count On the convocation of the States-General, in de Genlis and Marquis de Sillery. From her || | 1789, foreseeing that the circumstances of the entrance into the world, she was distinguished times were likely to be productive of terrible conby an agreeable person, pleasing accomplish-vulsions in the state, she was anxious to withdraw ment, and a shrewd observation of mankind. It! from the scene of action, and formed the resolu. was these qualifications that procured her the lion of removing with her pupils to Nice. From acquaintance and the friendship of some of the this measure, sanctioned by their relatives, she most distinguished geniusez, who, thirty years was diverted by the representation, that it would ago, like brilliant constellations illumined the weaken the interest of the house of Orleans, and horizon of France. From the virtuous Buffon, she was so strongly attached to her pupils, that in particular, she experienced an affection that no consideration of personal advantage or security might almost be denominated paren:al.
could induce her to abandon them. “I had Notwithstanding her rank and her talents, i educated the young princes,” says she, “ without which so well qualified her to shine in the sphere any pecuniary reward, or receiving any appointof fashionable life, her love of study induced her ment on that account; and having been in posto shun the courily circle and the haunts of dis session of a considerable hereditary fortune for sipation, that she might deroie herself entirely two years, I might have been perfectly indepen. to the cultivation of the arts and sciences. One dent had I wished it; but I loved the children as who was so well acquainted with the value of if they had been my own. I could not prevail meriti acquirements, could not be indifferent on | upon myself to quit them; the eldest had yet that subject, with regard to her offspring. Ac two years to spend with ine; to have left him cordingly, at the age of thirty years, an age at at this period, would have been at once to sacrifice which most females of her rank and pretensions are his education, and the work of so many years. desirous only of figuring in the fashionable world, I remained.” Marlame (then the Countess) de Genlis shui She, however obtained a promise, that she herself up in the convent of Bellechasse, that she should be allowed to visit England, when the might complete the education of her daughters, constitution should be settled. and initiate in the rudiments of science, infants Accordingly, in October, 1791, she set out who were still in their cradles.
with Mademoiselle d'Orleans and two other chilThese were the children of the late Duke of dren, and arrived without accident in England. Orleans, who had committed to her the super. Having first spent three months in Bath, they intendance of their education. How well quali. repaired to Bury, and there resided three quarters fied she was for the office, her numerous works of a year. From this place they made several on that subject sufficiently attest. It was during excursions to different parts of England, during the period of her retirement at Bellechasse, a the summer of 1792. On their return from period of fifteen years, that she gave to the world Derbyshire, in the beginning of September, she those works which have placed her in the rank found a letter waiting for her from M. d'Orleans, of the most distinguished modern writers. The containing a positive injunction to reiurn ime “ Theatre of Education;" “ Adelaide and Theo- inediately to Paris, on account of the decrees at dore;” “ Annals of Virtue;" “ The Tales of that moment passing against emigrants. No the Castle;” and other works, amounting in the sooner had Madame de Genlis reached Paris, whole to twen'y two volumes, successively issued than she delivered her charge into the hands of from her indefatigable pen. The object of all their father, and immediately resigned her place; thes publications was the same. To instruct the but the day after their arrival they were all de minds and at the same time to improve the hearts clared emigrants, and received orders to leave of youth, by works calculated to interest and Paris in less than forty-eight hours, and repair to amuse, was the laudable aim of Madame de a foreign country. Genlis; and to this she devoted every moment “While we were thus treated," says Madame of leisure left her by the important duties of an de Genlis, “ the Convention received intelligence office which she conscientiously discharged. Hof the taking of Namur by my son-in-law, M. de Valence; a few days before they had applauded || self, when he knew ihat he was included in the those relations which gave an account of the be- Il proscription of the sanguinary Rubespierre, ve baviour of my pupils, the ewo sons of M. d'Or he voluntarily delivered himself up to prison, leans, who distinguished themselves in the army whence he was very soon conducted to the by their valour. My unfortunate husband, after scaffold. much useless labour, successfully executed an On the day of the King's death, M. de Sillery important mission with his usual ability. On wrote to his wife, desiring her to take care of his return from this mission, he was to have herself, to leave Flanders, and to retire either to waited for me at Calais, and we were to have Ireland or Switz'rland. With this advice she returned together. Having been absent from could not immediately comply, on account of Paris two months, he was imperfectly acquainted the illness of Mademoiselle d'Orleans. with the last decrees concerning emigrants; but || From Tournay, Madame de Genlis went to he knew that a terrible change had taken place | Bremgarten, where, through the interest of M. in the general spirit of the Convention. O that | Montesquieu, she obtained an asylum for herhe had yielded to my earnest intreaties! He was, self, her niece, and Mademoiselle d'Orleans, however, determined to remain at his post, and ll in the Convent of St. Clare; here they passed he defended to the last moment the rights of for an Irish family, whom the dangers of humanity and justice !" .
war deterred from going home to their native · As she was denied repose in her own country, country. Madame de Genlis wished to return to England ; |
At Breingarten Madame de Genlis passed a but M. d'Orleans woull not allow his daughter 4 year in the greatest retirement, paying the same to go thither. He begged her to accompany ber atten:ion as ever to the education and the happipupil into Flanders, which was not then under ness of her beloved pupil, from whom she conthe dominion of France. He added, that he only cealed the tragical fate of her father, which hapwished her to conduct his daughter to Tournay, pened during this period. there to remain with her three weeks or a inonth, Having come to the resolution of quitting till he could find a person to supply her place. Bremgarten, her first care was to provide another On these conditions, Madame de Genlis con asylum for Mademoiselle d'Orleans. She presented to accompany the young lady, not as a vailed on that young lady to write to her uncle, governess, but as a friend.
the Duke of Modena, to entreat that he would On her arrival at Tournay, she prepared for receive her in his territories; but he replied, that her departure for England. Three weeks after- || he was prevented by political reasons from comwards, she gave in marriage her pupil, and plying with her request. She learned soon afteradopted daughter, Pamela, to Lord Edward Fitz-| wards, that the aunt of Mademoiselle d'Orleans, gerald; but as the person promised by M. d'Or the Princess of Conti, resided in Switzerland, and leans had not yet arrived, she was prevented from was then at Friburg. To her she then persuaded proceeding with them to England as she had her pupil to apply, and the princess promised at intended.
the end of a month to take her niece under her About a month after their departure, Madame | protection. de Genlis was apprized of the dreadful catastrophe | The moment at length arrived at which she was which terminated the life of Louis XVI. and on | to part with her beloved pupil, for whose sake this occasion she received a letter from her hus she had subjected herself to so many difficulties tand, M. de Sillery, which began in these and dangers. The manner in which this separawords:-" I send you my opinion in print; you | tion is related by Madame de Genlis, is too honor. will see, that in voting for the confinement of able to the feelings of her heart to be omitted in the king during the war, I frankly say that he | this account. “ The Countess of Pons St. Mau. merits not death, and that we have no right to rice, now arrived from the Princess of Conti, to judge him. I have followed the dictates of my carry away Mademoiselle d'Orleans. I knew the conscience, and I know well that this opinion, day before her arrival, that she would be with us announced so freely, is in fact the decree of my | the following morning, but I had concealed it own deaih.” In answer to this letter, she wrote from Mademoiselle d'Orleans, who thought she by a trusty messenger, again entreating him to had yet a fortnight to pass with me. When she leave France; but he repeated his former decla went to bed, I embraced her in the anguish of my ration, that he would never desert it; adding, heart, as I was determined to avoir! bidding her that every thing he saw made him more and more adiel, and cunsequently this would be the last indifferent about a life which the misfortunes time I should see her. I kept her half an hour of his country rendered odious to him. He upon my knees, and I never felt before how therefore remained, though he might have fled; I much I loved her. Next day, which was the and though he could easily have concealed hiin-' 11th of May, a day I shall never forget, I did not open the shutters, but dressed myself without || Hamburgh, in a farm, of which M. de Valence any noise, and found Madame de Pons waiting undertook the management. Here she led a for me in the parlour. I gave her every neces- || life of the utmost tranquillity and retirement, sary direction for the treatment of Mademoiselle and resumed those literary pursuits which had d'Orleans. She already knew that the unfortu- l experienced such a long interrupsion. In this nate young lady was ignorant of her father's rereat she composed or completed several works, death, and I convinced her of the impropriety of principally novels; amongst which may be enu
After this conversation I shut myself up in my Litlle Einigrants, and The Knights of the Swar. chamber, and sent my niece to tell Mademoiselle Here, likewise, she published an account of her d'Orleans, that as I knew Madame de Pons conduct since the revolution, in answer to the would arrive in the morning, I had set out at
calumnies whicle had been circulated against her. break of day and had gone to the fir-wood, about
Madame de Genlis continued to enjoy the a mile from Bremgarten, with only one servant.
sweets of retirement at Silk, till, in the year The grief of Mademoiselle j'Orleans was inex
1800, she was permitted by the French Govern. pressible. Mine was excessive; it is impossible ment to return to her native country, to which for me to describe it. In about an hour I heard she was still bound by the ties of maternal affecher come down stairs; she stopped at my door, tion. She few to the embraces of her daughter, the key of which she was told I had carried with her grand-children, and the friends who still reme. I heard her sobbing violently. Certain mained true to her; and since that period she that she was going to leave me for ever, I was ten has resided at Paris. Having lost the whole of times tempted to open my door that I might see her ample property by the revolution, she now her once more, that I might clasp her in my arms, i subsists by the honourable exercise of those ta. and mingle my tears with hers. But she could lents, which it has been one of the principal not have supported such a scene. She went from objects of her life io cultivate and to improve. my door-she departed. I heard the carriage set Many attempts have been made by anonyinous off--none but a mother can conceive my feelings libellers, probably jealous of her fame, to blacken at that moment.-Beloved child! who was en
the moral character of Madame de Genlis trusted to my care at the age of eleven months, Whatever may be her failings and what mortal and during sixteen years and a half, had scarcely is without them ?-this we may, at least venture ever been out of my sight but twice; on one to assert, that her total want of ambition; her occasion for a month, and on another for a fort disregard of private interest; the goodness of her night; who never would quit me during so many hear!, of which many striking trails may be adyears; who, notwithstanding her youth, was in duced; her exemplary attention to the duties of truth my friend; from whom I kept nothing the important office confided to her; the mater. secret, and who has given me so inany proofs of nal attachment she manifested to her pupils; her gratitude and of her love! I shall ever cherish | and her invariable solicitude for the promotion towards her the sentiments of the icnderest of of virtue and consequently of human happiness, mothers; the cares of which office I have already are qualities which would do honour to any chabad, and the feelings of which I shall ever re racter, and establish a powerful claim to universal tain."
admiration and respect. Notwithstanding the sincere attachment, which As a writer, Madaine de Geolis has undoubt. Madame de Genlis had conceived for the nuns of edly displayed abilities of the very first order, in Bremgarten, the departure of her pupil, which those departments which she has particularly she so pathetically describes, rendered the con chosen. Her works for youth are alike fascia vent com;letely odious to her. She accordingly nating and instructive; they inculcate the prinmade preparations for leaving it with her niece, ciples of the purest morality; they breathe the the only one of her pupils who now reinained. sentiments of the most rational picty, and lead They set out on the 19th of May, 1794, and first the juvenile mind, in a manner that is irresistrepaired to Holland, where she left her niece in ibly attractive, to the love and practice of every safe and virtuous hands, and then proceeded to social virtue. It cannot then be surprising, that Altona.
they should be read and admired in every Atier a residence of nine months at Altona, country to which the knowledge of letters has where she was perfectly unknown, Madame de il penetrated; and that their author should be Genlis left that place, and at Hamburgh joined placed in the rank of those writers who, by their her niece and her son-in-law, M. de Valence. talents, have conferred the most signal benefits With them she settled in the duchy of Holstein,
on mankind. at the village of Silk, about fifteen miles from
THE GOLDEN MIRROR;
[Continued from Page 118 ]
THE morality of thy-how is he called ? is || herself, who loves variety, has made among an excellent morality, said the Sultan to Danish || mankind. The attachment to our constitution, mende; I have slept so soundly at it! But now and reverence towards the aged, whom we regard I should esteem it a favour if, as I have no in as the preservers of it, are sufficient for the mainclination to sleep, thou would bring thy story to tenance of tranquillity and order among us, the a.conclusion, without any more morality. || fruit of harmonious principles and inclinations.
Danishmende answered as became an humble | We consider ourselves all as one sole family, and slave, and thus proceeded with his narrative:- the petty misunderstandings that may arise
“ These, said the old man, pulling up his || among us are the quarrels of lovers, or like the tablets are the maxins by which we live; we transient differences of affectionate children. imbibe them, as it were, with our mother's milk, || Our festivals are the only assizes we know, our and by example and habit they would be a second | whole nation then assembles before the temple nature to us of themselves, even if they were not of the Graces, and under their eyes all causes are so perfectly conformable to nature as they are. I decided by our elders, and all common covenants Can you any longer be astonished that, at the made. age of fourscore, I am still capable of partaking “We feed and clothe ourselves with our own in the pleasures of life that my heart and my || products, and the few things we want we receive senses are still open to every gentle emotion; that from the neighbouring bedouins in exchange for my eyes still love to dwell on beautiful forms; our superfluities. The care of the flocks and and that, though nature has denied to my age herds is consigned to our youth; from the twelfth some particular gratifications, which I neither to the eighteenth year all our lads are shepherds, despise nor miss, I am satisfied with the enjoy- and all our maidens shepherdesses; for this ment of those which she has left ine; in short, seemed to the wise Psammis to be the natural that the last stage of my life is like the evening employment of the age of passion and nicer sene of a fine day, and at least in this particular I re-sibility. Agriculture employs the men from the semble the sage, who (to repeat the expression eighteenth to the sixtieth year, and gardening of our lawgiver) drinks of the cup of pleasure to is left to the aged, who are relieved of its toilsome the dregs: and I swear by this enlightening eye labours by the youths. The culture of silk, the of nature, our common parent, that to my latest | weaving of that and cotton, the nurture of breath, if I have but the strength for it, I will flowers, and the whole business of housekeeping drain the last drop froin the dregs themselves! | belong to our wives and daughters. Each fa
“ The old man said this with such an agreeable mily lives together so long as the common dwel. vivacity, that the emir was obliged to smile; but ling is capacious enough to hold them, and the there was too much dissatisfaction and envy lurkpaternal esate sufficient to maintain them; when ing under this smile to be of any advantage to his these will no longer suffice, a young colony is countenance in the sight of a daughter of nature. ll instituted, which settles in a neighbouring vale.
“The remainder of our system of legislation, || For the Arabs (whose protection we purchase by alderd the old man, which concerns our police, |a moderate tribute, and who seem to respect I had better reduce to your comprehension by a nature the more in us as it would be of litete description of our habits of life and our manners. I benefit to them to exterminate us) have made Our little nation, which consists of about five over to us a larger parcel of land than we can hundred familie, lives in a perfect equality, as people in several centuries to come. Our lawwe need no other distinction than what nature giver judged, with good reason, that it was No. XVII. Vol. II.