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A VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD,
ARTICLE III-A Voyage round the It'orld, in the Years 1800, 1801, 1800, 1803, and 1804,
by John Turnbull. Three Vols. 8vo. 13s. 6d. Phillips,
Since the voyages of Captain Cook, there Islands from some visitors from thence, that they
were eager to go thither, and accordingly accoin. has been no book of travels, published for
panied us on tlie voyage, a circumstance which fur these many years, which exceeds, for solid nished me with continual opportunities of making and interesting inforination, expressed in || advances in their language.
It has already been mentioned that a ruinous war
had lately prevailed in Otaheite. This, as far as we the humble, unpretending volumes before us. could learn by the Europeans resident on the
*ll island, had been occasiorted by the unusual oppresbis brother travellers, he might easily have
sion of the several members of the royal family,
and particularly by the son of Pomarre, the young swelled his materials to a couple of quartoes;|| king Otoo, who, it was reported, set no bounds to but he has been content with communicating his haughty domincering disposition. His adminis
tration has at all times given extreme ollence to the information, without condescending to the
inhabitants of the district of Attahooroo, who contrick of bookmaking, and has been satisfied sidered hiin' only as an usurper, and were constantly with leaving off when he ceased to instruct disposed to resist his measures, and throw off his
yoke: their distriot furnished a certain and secure
refuge to the malcontents of the other parts of the selves unjust to the merits of this work, i1||
country. The Allahoorians had besides a private we were not to speak in more decided lan-cause for discontent, which was, as I was inforined,
the assassination of their high priest. Being a very
superstitious race, and singularly attached to the production of a man, who, had he cultivated
worship of their divinities, the priests are naturally
held in the highest estimation and respect, as into no common rank in literature; at the same|| termediate agents between the gods and the wor
shippers. It is well known that the morais, which time we give it perfect credit for the variety
serve the double purpose of places of worship and and justness of its relations, and pronounce
receptacles for the dead, are regarded with the that the pluilosopher and scholar have notlutnost veneration by all the Oraheiteans. Anongst received, for inany years, so valuable an ad
those, the morais of Attuhooroo were considered to ditition to their knowledge of reinote coun
be in a peculiar nanner pre-eminent, and afforded a safe retreat to criminals of all descriptions. In one of these was preserved the grand image of their god Oro, a divinity of the first rank. In this morar
the great assemblies of state were held, huruan sa.
li crifices occasionally offered, and other religious and missionaries :
solemn riles performed. In this holy place, the “ We cannot omit in this place to do justice to custom of the country required that the new king the amiable manners, and truly christian deport-otoo should undergo certain operations, circumciment of these men, who, like the apostles of old, sion, &c. previously to his being publicly recog. foregoing all the comforts of civilized life, and all nized by the state. Hitherto he could only enjoy life at least of tranquillity in their native land, have
some pecnliar privileges, such as to walk on certain performed a voyage equal to the circumnavigation | Spots allotted for his use, &c. his installation at of the globe, and, like the dove of the ark, carried
|| Oparree being considered as only partial and prethe christian olive over the world of waters. Their !
paratory to that to be performed amongst the Attalife is a life of contest, hardship, and disappoint
Il hooriaus, one of the most warlike tribes in the ment ; like their holy Master, they have to preach
island, who constantly refused to acknowledge his to the deaf, and exhibit their works to the blind.
authority. Open hostilities and secret intrigues and 4 Daring our short stay in this island I laboured
negotialions had been alike insufficient to procure assiduously to acquire some acquamtance with the
for Otoo this favourite divinity ; and Poinarre and language, and was assisted in my efforts by son e
Edeah were equally interested in the success, and natives whom I had taken on board, as our com
grieved with the failure of their attempts, which pany was by no means strong. These natives were alterly ignorant of the English langua e, excepting!
had encouraged the inhabitants of certain other
districts to imitate the resistance of those of Attathe two words yes and no, which they so frequently misapplier, that, to carry on our commerce, we
hooroo. Oloo having repaired to Attahooroo, on a were compelled necessarily lo exert ourselves to
great religious solemnity, thought he saw a favourthe utmost to gain some knowledge of the dialectable opportunity of obtaining the object of his of Olaheite. The natives on board, six in number, wishes, and quite unexpectedly ordered a nuinber had heard such dattering accounts of the Sandwich of his attendants lo seize the god, wluich was in
stantly executed, and the image carried off in tri-|| selves, an enemy who would no longer remain neu umph. The Attahoorians, however, not inclined tral when provoked to action by self defence. to part with the object of their adoration so tamely « The missionaries had indeed converted their were speedily in arms, and overtaking the plun- | dwelling house at that place into a sort of fortress, derers, an engagement took place, in which several having procured the gans of the Norfolk, whick, as of Otoo's party fell, and the precious palladium already mentioned, had been wrecked on the was retaken. In the warfare of Savages every |shore ; and their guns being planted on the upper thing is usually, indeed almost invariably, decided story of the house, and having laid in a large sop. by the event of a single battle; they have no towns, ply of bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts, and other necessa. por armies in reserve, to check the further progressil ries, they were enabled to withstand a more vigo. of the conqueror; they have only to betake them. I rous siege than that of the Altaboorians. Happily selves to their canoes, and in another settlement ll for Pomarre, the crew of the Norfolk, and other seek a refuge from their enemies. Their usual cau. | European residents in the island, in number aboat tion here deserts them, they venture into the 'main thirty, and all accustumed to the use of fire-arms, sea, and are not unfrequently overtaken by winds espoused his cause in this extremity. On this, in. which drive them to lands which, but for such l deed, as on former occasions, himself and family occurrences,might have remained unpeopled. Il were solely indebted to his European allies. With Such are the second means by which an all-wise
his acquisition of Europeans, he now retaliated the Providence works his ends, and nothing is made in
cruelties of the Attahoorians on their persons, and vain, the most remote islands being thus inhabited.
after much time consumed in parleying, a peace This reinark cannot but be strongly confirmed by
was concluded between the hostile parties. How the resolution of the party of Otoo upon this defeat,
ever, the Attahoorians kept possession of their idol, as it was not without the greatest difficulty that
I the bone of contention, and still maintained their they could be persuaded to remain in the island.
independence as before. They believed their affairs wholly ruined, and that
The Europeans, however, have accused Pomarre no safety remained but in flight. The missionaries,!!
of a breach of his engagements, that chief having, however, at length prevailed, and Poinarrie and
like other men in similar circumstances, probably Otoo consented not to leave their native country.
stipulated many things neither in his power nor “ The victorious Allahoorians, however, instead of pursuing Pomarre's party, were satistied with the perhaps in his intention to perform. This peace, or victory itself, and were content to reap no other
rather truce, for it was no more, being concluded,
and being merely the result of necessity, the adhefruit than the immediate gratification of the natural passion of savage conquerors, that of revenge.
rents of Otoo stitted their resentment against the Their cruelties on the persons of all who fell in their l
Attahoorians, in the hope of some future opportu. way were horrible, and they committed a general nity to gratify their revenge, and obtain the object ravage in the immediate territories of their ene of their desires. Such an opportunity presented it. mies; but here they had the wisdom to terminatell self some months afterwards, as shall iu due time their career. They knew, that to attack Matavai
be related. was to venture against an enemy superior to them. Il
MEMOIRS OF SAMUEL FOOTE, ESQ.
ARTICLE IV.- llemoirs of Samuel Foote, Esq. with a Collection of his genuine Bon-Mots, ft.
by Willium Cooke, Esq. Three Vols. Crown vo. 13s. 6d. Boards. R. Phillips.
No path of literature has been of late years|| performed by a man of genius. The misaa. so frequented as that of biography; whether thrope, on the contrary, will attribute it to this wish of becoming acquainted with the the malicious disposition of his fellow-creaprivate actions of those who by their workstures, who, unable to bear the glory which an and the transcendancy of their talents, hare author has acquired, dive into the secrets of awakened the admiration of mankind, pro- his private life, with the hope of bringing to ceed from a motive honourable to human na- I light some hidden occurrence, which may ture, it is difficult to decide. The philan- cast a shade over the brightness of his fame. thropist will rejoice, because his generous | But withoutentering into a long discussion of soul will fancy that gratitude exerts a stronger the merits of this question, we will only reinfluence over the hearts of men, and that mark, that those who assume the office of this longing after such information flows from: biographers, ought, in order to fill its func a spirit of benevolence, which clothes everyitions will credit to themselves, to choose & trilling deed with interest, when it has been stvle, of which the chief feature should be
sinplicity, as it is the native source of ele-vast; witty, humorous, and convivial; and thougto
her remarks, occasionally, (considering her age and gance ånd ease. The next object to be con
ex) rather strayed " beyond the limits of becom
ling inirih," she, on the whole, delighted every habits, and manners they are about to un-body, and was confessedly the heroine of that day's fold to the eyes of severe judges; for the true ply
• She was likewise in face and person the very friend of human kind will not let himself benodel of her son Samuel.-short, fat, and tlabby, dazzled by the celebrity of a name, but if his with an eye that eternally gave the signal for mirth aiin be, as it ought, the improveinent of su- and good humour: in short, she resembled him so ciety, will rather dispel the gloom which
much in all hier movements, and so strongly identi.
Sed his person and manners, that by changing ha. hovered over the ashes of a virtuous, but till bils, they might be thought to have interchanged tben unnoticed being, than display the dark l sexes.'- .
| Footc's first education was at one of the three deeds of a sublime genius, whose conduct has
principal grammar schools long since founded in thc been a tissue of follies, errors, and vices.
Soll city of Worcester, and which have always borne a How well the author, whose work wc arc considerable reputation for learning in all its bran
ches, as well a a general attention to the inorals of
the pupils. The school to which lie was sent was, ples we have laid, will be seen by the ex
at that time, under the care of Dr. Miles, a parti. tract
cular friend of his father's, and a man of great em. muel Foote. He begins by informing us ot|nence in the disctiarge of his duties. the qualitications be possesses to write the Ilis satirical powers soon shone conspicumeinoirs of this son of unirth, and from the lous, and the encouragements he met with close attention which he declares having paid while exerting them, added to the pungency to all his conversations, the care le touk of of his wit, which even in his youth knew how noting down every anecdote which related to to wield with ease the powerful weapon of him, and the many opportunities he met ridicule. The following extract will give a with, during an acquaintance of nine years specimen of his talents in the art of minicry, with him, of gathering the necessary informa- which he afterwards carried to such pertion, there is no doubt that his account may fection. be relied upon for truth, while the elegance • Being at his father's honse during the Christmas of his style will always afford a wide share ofllrecess, a man in the parist had been charged with
a bastard child; and this business being to be heard satisfaction to his readers.
the next day before the bench of justices, the fa. niily were conversing about it after dinner, and
making various observations. Samnel, then a boy judyment of this production, we will select ||
between eleven and iwelve years of age, was silent some passages which, though not superior to for some time ; at last he drily observed, “ Weil, I
thers, in strength or colouring, will convey foresee how this business will end, as well as what more interest along with them, as they pre the justices will say upon it."..." Aye,” said his fasent us with the principal features of Sainuell
ther (ather surprised at the boy's observation),
" well, Sam, let us hear it." Upon this the young Foute's character, and existence.
Il mimic, dressing up his face in a strong caricature · Sainel Toote was born at Truro, in Cornwall, likeness of justice D....., thus proceeded : about the year 1720 : his father, Jolin Foote, was all “ Hem! hem! here's a fine job of work broke very useful magistrate of that county, and enjoyed
out indeed! a filler begelting bastirds under our the posts of commissioner of the prize office and I very noses, and let me tell you, goor people, a fine contract. llis mother(descended i.. the female
common labouring rascal too,) when our taxes are line from the old Earl of Rutland) was the daughterll so great, and our poor rates a high ; why us an of Sir Edward Goodere, bart., who represented the
abomination; we shall not have an ionest servant
inaid in the neighbourhood, and the whole parish county of llereford in parliament for several years,
I will swarm with bastards; therefore, I say, let him and brought Mr. Foole a large fortime.'..
be fined for his pranks very severely ; and if the "The father died soon after the establishment of
rascal has not money, is indeed how should be his children in the world, but the mother lived to
have it ?) or can't find security, (as indeed low the extreme age of cighty-four, through various
should such a jeller tind security ?) let him be fortunes. We had the pleasure of dining with her
Il clapu'd up in prison till he pays it' in company with a grand-daughter of hir's, at a
" Justice A..... will be milder, and say, ' Well, burrister's chambers in Gray's Inn, when she was allloll h
e will all well, brother, this is not a new case, bastards have
er this is no Uve advanced age of scuenty-nine; and though shelveen begollen before now, and bastards will be be. hud full sxty steps to asceud before she reached
sulten to the end of the chapter ; therefore, thong the drawing-room, which looked into the garric, the man has cunmitted a (ume. and indeed I inust she did it without the help of a cane, or any other
way a crime that holds out a very bad example to a support, and with all the activity of a woman of neighbourhood like this... yet let us not run the forty.
poor fellow for this one fault: he may do belier • her manners and conversation were of the same other time, and mend his life; therefore, is thy
man is poor, let him be obliged to provide for the tirely to acting, but by composing plays in child according to the best of his abilities, giving
which he was calculated to shine, to endea two honest neighbours as security for the pay.
vour to redeem the wealth his imprudence ment."
• He mimicked these two justices with so much i bard squandered away. With this intention humour and discrimination of character, as "to se the table in a roar;" and, among the rest, bi
tled, The Diversions of the Morning. father, who demanded, why he was left oul, as he also was one of the Quorum ! Samuel for some time ' 'This consisted of the introduction of several hesitated: but his father and the rest of the com. U characters in real life, then well known, whose pany earnestly requesting it, he began :
manner of conversation and expression he very lu. " Why, upon my word, in respect to this herell dicrously hit-off in the diction of his drama business, lo be sure it is rather an awkward aflair:/'urther represented by an imitation not only of their and to be sure it ought not to be; that is to say, tones of voice, but even of their ver the justices of the peace should not suffer such An entertainment of this sort met at first with things to be done with impunity :-- however, on the every degree of success that his most sanguine whole I am rather of my brother A.....'s opinion ; | wishes could expect. The audience saw a species which is, that the man should pay according to his ll of performance quite novel to the stage brought circumstances, and be admonished--I say aduo.|| forward and supported by a young man, indepen. nished.--not to commit so flagrant an offence for the dent of any other auxiliary than the fertility of his fulure."
own pen, and his own powers of performance;
while the author, feeling himself bold in this sup. When at school, he was too desirous of
port, beheld his future fortunes opening before surpassing others, to spend his time in idle-||
him. ness; but had not that mighty mover of thell « lle soon found, however, that he reckoned
without his host; for, whether from the alarm ex. human mind, ambition, triumphed over his||
cited in the theatres royal, or the resentment of weaker passions, his innate love of dissipa
most of the performers who smarted under the last tion and pleasure would have led him away of his mimicry, the civil magistrates of Westminfrom the first thorny paths of learning. Hell ter were called upon to interfere; and under the
sanction of an act of parliament for limiting a was afterwards sent to finish his studies at
number of play-lıouses, opposed to Bayes's new Worcester college, and from thence repaired raised troops a posse of constables, who, entering
the theatre in magisterial array, dismissed the audi.
lence, and left the laughing Aristophanes to conserious pages of the law, he plunged into the
sider of new ways and means for his support. torrent of public amusements with which the l Being disappointed in his hopes of raising metropolis overflows,
himself once more to a state of independence, · lle continued in the Temple but a very few he felt the pangs of poverty with redoubled years; and yet even this period was sufficient to exhaust a fortune, which, by all account, was very considerable, and which, perlaps, with a genteel economy, might have given him the otium cum himn new means of resuming his post .. the dignitate independent of any profession. But ile was incapable of the ordinary restraints of file: he
le: le helm of fashionable dissipation. After bardashed into all the prevailing dissipaticus of the ling dazzled the eyes of those who thonght his time, and what the extravagance of dress, living,
splendour had set for ever, he embarked for &c. had not done, the gaming table finally accomplished. He struggled with embarrassments for some time : but want, imperious want, is an austere monitor, and must at last he attended to by the most
1 It seems that he inherited his taste for thoughtless spendthrift. He accordingly soon found himself at a stand; his creditors grew obstinate and impatient ; his friends, as is usual in such cases, deserted him ; and he found that something must necessarily be done, to provide the means of subsistence.
she who was ignorant of his situation, and In this sitnation, it was very natural for him to who had exceeded the sum allowed her, sent think of the stage. Acting was a science which he him the following laconic and expressive already knew theoretically ; and, conversiog so much with players as he usually did, he was per
letter: haps not a little incited by their disengaged, free!
« Dear Sam, manner of living, lo become a candidate for the “ I am in prison for debt ; come and assist your profession.'
« E. FOOTE. His debut, which took place on the 6th of|
" To which he wrote this answer :' of February 17-44, at the Haymarket, in the
« Dear Mother, part of Othello, was not crowned with suc- l « So am I ; which prerents his duty being paid to cess, as the tragedy did not suit the faculties his loving mother, by her atfectionate son,
“ SAM FOOTE. with which nature bad endowed him. Hel.
" P. S. I have sent my attorney to assist you ; in therefore resolied not to confine himself en-While mean time let us hope for beiter days."
violence, when a relation of his mother left
· His total inability to confine himself within manner of playing and betting, and his habit of the bounds of his income, soon led him into
I telling stories when he should be minding his game,
he must in the long run be ruined, let him play new difficulties, from which he was snatched with whoin he would." by the success of his comedy entitled, The • Foote, who perhaps by this time had partly Mayor of Garratt.
seen his error, but was too proud to take a lesson
in the character of a dupe, very ridiculously and The receipts produced by this comedy recruited |
ungratefully resented this advice. He told his our hero's finances so powerfully, that as his purse
friend with an unbecoming sharpness, “ that alwas generally the barometer to his spirits, he dashed
though he was no politician by profession, he could into all kinds of higher extravagance. lle made
see as soon as another into any sinister designs laid alterations both in his town and country house, en.
against bun : that he was too old to be schooled : larged his hospitalities, and laid out no less a sum
and that as to any distinction of rank between them than 12001. in a magnificent service of plate. When
to warrant this liberty, he saw none; they were he was reminded by some friends of these extrava
both the king's servants, with this difference in his gances, and particularly the last, he turned it off
favour, that he could always draw upon his talents by saying, “ he acted from a principle of economy;
for independence, when perhaps a courtier could for as he knew he could never keep his gold, he
not find the king's treasury always open to him for very prudently laid out his money in silver, wbich would not only last longer, but in the end sell for
On receiving this return, Rigby, as may be well nearly as much as it originally cost."
imagined, made his bow, and walked off; while the . The year 1760, proved fatal to the hero dupe went on, and not only lost the five hundred
pounds which he had about him, but the twelve
hundred at his banker's; and thus, stripped of his his skill in hunting at the house of Lord Mex
last guinea, was obliged to borrow a hundred tvorough, and in order to mortify his pride, pounds to carry him to Ireland.' this nobleman lent him a spirited and unruly I In this country, success once more crowned horse which he was unable to manage. A his exertions; money and fame he plentifully fall was the consequence, and the amputa-gathered, and at his return to his native land, tion of his leg became necessary: the late was able to indulge his taste for society, by Duke of York who was present, endeavoured receiving in his house at North End, the most by every means in his power to make him for- | brilliant and numerous company. get this unfortunate jokc, and obtained for The evening of his days, however, was as him a patent from the king to build a play- tempestuous as the whole course of his life house in the city of Westminster, with the had been; calumny darted its poisonous permission of exhibiting dramatic pieces there stings, and destroyed the peace he began to from the 14th of May, to the 14th of Sep-enjoy; the source of his troubles was this: tember annually,
the Duchess of Kingston had been offended This prored a fruitful source of wealth, at the suspicion she fostered, of his having which continually ebbed and lowed from the lineant to represent her in the Trip to Calais, public into his pocket, and from his pocket as Lady Kitty Crocodile, and insulted one of into the hands of gamesiers.
her confidants, Dr. Jackson, under the name • The receipts froin The Deril on tico Sticks, ex lof Dr. Viper. cecded his most sanguine expectations. There was "From the first report of Footo's Trip to Calais Billle or no deinand for any variation in the then. being in contemplation, obscure lints and inuen. trical bill of fare during the wliole season ; so that does appeared occasionally in the newspapers, re. it alone was said to have produced him between
lative to his private character, which, from varis
stive to his three and four thousand pounds. Twelve hundred lous circumstances, as from their particularly pounds of this sum he lodged at his bunkei's, as alanuearing in the newspaper of which Jackson was deposit for future contingencies; beside five hun.
editor, the public unanimously attributed to this dred in cash, which he inteuded to take over with
man. On the representation of The Capuchin, this him to Ireland, where he was engaged for the en
plan of calusiny began to assume a more settled suing winter.
torm; and a report was industriously circulated • His usual damon of extravagance, however, the
about the town, tltat a charge would soon be still haunted him ; for taking Lach in his way to
bronght forward in a judicial forn against the ina. IIollyhead, the September following, he tellin with
uager of the Haymarket Theatre, for an altempt to a ncst of gamblers (the usual attendants on this ta.
coinmit a very odious assault.' shionable place of resoil), who, finding him with! tuli pockets and high spirils, availed themselves of
| That charge was soon brought forward, their superior dexterity with considerable success.
and the trial took place in the Court of Several ot the frequenters of the 100045 Saw this,
VAS but it was too common a case for private interterence; besides, friendship is not the usual comincrce
urof watering places. At last his friend Rigby, who
. |ably acquitted; but as this part of the mer happened just then to be at Bath, took an oppor.' tunity to tell him how grossly lace was plundered ; muirs is particularly interesting, we will close and further remarked, “ that from his careless