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EXPLANATION

OF THE
FRONTISPIECE TO NUMBER NINETEEN;

BEING THE SUPPLEMENT TO THE SECOND VOLUME.

THE subject of the annexed Plate has an il the Continent it was called the treaty of Lanchistorical interest of no ordinary dignity and im-ville. portance. It was the first germ of a political! It is not our intention, in the brief account connection between two illustrious Princes, whom which we purpose to give of :, 2 subject of the we now see confederated, in strict alliance, to present Plate, to enter at large into the complece oppose the usurpation of a gigantic power which tion of European polities at his period; suffice has long threatened the kingdoms of Europe with it to say, that he conduct of the our of Berlin, slavery and extinction.

|| at this moment of ime, was not at all in harmony In a word, the subject of the present Plate is with the general intrig es and purposis of the that of the first introduction of the Emperor Prussian cabinet. The King an ho ministers Alexander of Russia to the Queen of Prussia. || were at the head of one party; the Queen, ('uint The Emperor is introduced by the King of Prussia, Hardenburgh, and others of the discarded favou. who is seen in the act of presenting his illustri- || rites, were at the head of another party. The ous guest to the Queen-Her Majesty, accom- | latter gave its tone of sen:iment and character to panied by the Countess Vonness, receives him the court; the former, of course, directed the with an air of dignified complacency and august || conduct and system of the cabiner. grandeur. At the termination of the Picture are Thus the King of Prussia and Biron Hiugwitz seen the two brothers of the King of Prussia, | were decidedly in favour of a pacific system, in Prince William, and Prince Henry. They are other words, of a system of convproinise and ex. dressed in the military habit of the country; but pediency; with them followed the rest of the the Queen is attired in a plain and simple manner, | ministry. The Queen, on the contrary, and the much after the Parisian fashion of dress which noble minded Hardenburgh, entertained views of prevails generally in the Prussian Court.

greater enlargement and disinterestedness, and This interview took place on the 10th of June supported the war party. The first wis called 1802, at Memel, a city at some distance from the French faction; the other the English. Berlin, and situated on the Polish frontiers. The Names of reproach were bandied about from one Emperor Alexander had left his capital on a to another, without much precision of meaning purpose intimately connected with the peace and ) or fitness of application; but it is, nevertheless, prosperity of Europe. He had never seen the certain, that the party which at that period predoKing and Queen of Prussia before ; he had, at|| minateI at Berlin, and at the head of which was that time, not long ascended the throne of Rus- | the King, together with his organ Haugwitz, was, sia. The Emperor Paul, and his system cf|| with some few exceptions, wholly in the French politics was either execrated or forgotten, and all pay. They were traitors, in every sense, to their new ära was opening to Europe. The grand ob-l country, and whilst they abused the good nature, ject of the Emperor's travels was that of settling and worked upon the understanding of a monarch the business of the indemnities in Germany. not the brightest perhaps of the princes of Europe, The King of Prussia, as being a member of the || they were quietly advancing the objects of the Germanic body, was equally, perhaps more im-Il common enemy, and sealing the doom of Prussia, mediately concerned in the arrangement; but the The Emperor of Russia himself was for some mediation of the Emperor of Russia was necessary time the slave of a similar party, and enthralled to effect, by the weight of his authority and the in the same system of politics. influence of his interposition, that which negotia. We may here be permitted to make a few obci tion and debate could only hope to compromise servations which, though not iinmediately con, in a more tardy and insufficient manner.

nected with our subject, are yet apposite upon Europe at this period enjoyed a short interval | the present occasion. of peace,-a kind of restless doze, a fatal and dis | The situation of the court of Petersburg is not turbed slumber, which rather exhausted than very well known in this country. recruited her strength. In England this period. The court of Petersburgh, like every other was known as that of the peace of Amiens, on court on the Continent, has long been divided

between two parties, almost equally powerful; are, in fact, the actual Ministry. They govern one of which most obstinately supports peace, the Prince at their pleasure, and according to a whilst the other is considered as having urged the narrow interest peculiarly their own, and indif. Emperor to war. The old Ministers of Catharine, ferently second or thwart the acknowledged adand their immediate pupils, were unanimous for ministration. Every thing, therefore, at the the prosecution of the war; and in the circum court of Petersburgh, has long passed into in. stances which immediately preceded the last trigue, and is directed or controled by these court campaign, their counsles were recommended by parties. Every thing, therefore, must partake of their evident necessity : the war, though yet the nature of its authors. The Princess N- , distant, was approaching the Russian borders, the acknowledged favourite of the - , it is and the imminent thunder already menaced unpleasing to us to speak these factinis at the the empire of the North : barrier after barrier head of this domestic cabal, and, from a state was giving way before the armies of France; the of temporary retreat, has now been recalled, and high road to Moscow was more than half finished. accompanied them into the neighbourhood Under these circumstances, and the direct over os the camp in Poland. In her jealousy of the tures of England, the Emperor Alexander was at influence of the Empress's niother, the Princess length aroused to the full peril of his situation. ||

N h as been the constant patroness of the The age and experience of his councillors, added French party. to the full evidence of the thing itself, gave au. Such is the present state of the politics of the thority to their arguments, and in despite of the court of Russia, and we will venture to pronounce artifices of the Empress's mother, the Emperor || that under the present circumstances, and the was moved, and the Russian armies marched, influence of the existing intrigues, the Emporor

The character of the Emperor Alexander, how. Il Alexander will soon be worked upon to conclude evar, we speak not in disrespect to this excellent a peace. Prince-is rather domestic, and suited to his age Our readers will pardon this digression. With and station, than composed of those extraordinary | respect to the Plate, we have only a few more virtues, and that ardent heroism, which is neces- || words to add. sary to meet the perils of the times; but which, || In order to celebrate this interesting introducas not in the common course of nature, it would | tion at Memel, the King of Prussia gave his comby injustice to expect as indispensible in the mands to a celebrated artist, at Berlin, to paint a characıer of a Prince. In the revolution of cen. picture of the interview, and to introduce all the turies, a state of things may doubiless arise, which illustrious characters who were present. The may require a Gustavils, or an Henry the Fourtb, most eminent painter stept forward on the occato ward off an exiraordinary peril, and save his sion, and it is a certain fact, that every one of country and the world. But, in the regular course the personages in this picture, sat personally for of things, the domestic virtue, moderation, and their several likenesses; and such was the esti simplicity of an Alexander, are perhaps of more mation in which it was holden on the Continent, real worth than the more splendid talents of either that a Print was instantly engraven from it by an Henry or Gustavus. The Emperor Alexander, BOLT, to which the Emperor of Russia, the therefore, if any credit may be given to the most King, Queen, and all the Prussian court, were respectable accounts, entered upon the present liberal subscribers. It only remains to be added, campaign with no inconsiderable disgust. He that the annexed Plate has been faithfully copied was already weary of a war which had proceeded from a Proof impression of BOLT's engraving. so little according to his expectation. In the The present Plate, therefore, may safely be pro. court of this Emperor, moreover, there is some- || nounced to contain the most acurate, and only thing of an interior cabinela kind of bed-cham WHOLE LENGTH likeness of these distinguished ber cabalwhich, without the ostentation of

personages now to be had in Great Britain. business, or any responsibility or official character,

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CONTAINING A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE MOST DISTINGUISHED WORKS OF LITERATURE

FOR THE LAST SIX MONTHS.

HISTORY-TRAVELS-BIOGRAPHY.

TRAVELS IN PERSIA. ARTICLE I.-Travels in Persia, by Edward Scott Waring, Esq. of the Bengal Civil

Establishment, &c. &c. &c.

THIS is certainly the age of travelling, or has been neglected more from necessity than at least of writing travels: but whilst ambi- choice; that none of the liardy sons of lition, the love of fame, or of inoney, (all of terature could be found who would venture which passions exercise an empire in turuto be smuggled over in the capacity of a over the breasts of our modern writers,) haveGuinea Pig, or brave the jealousy and vigisent out many into the various parts of Eu-lance of the commercial tyrants of the East. rope, Asia, Africa, and America, on a voyagell Whilst such has been the state of Persia, with of discovery, whether these different quarters | respect to our literary information concerning would afford new materials for a folio, al it, we congratulate the public, thatit has fallen quarto, or a modest octavo; whilst such, we within the power and talents of the author say, has been the competition of authors which of the present book, to do that with facility should first trend upon new land, and stretch which others could not do at all; to visit his quill across it, thereby, like the Spaniards Persia without check or suspicion, to exof old, fixing his sovereignty over it, so far plore the face of the country, to investigate as the tributes extend which the sons of the sources of its commerce and revenue, Parnassus claim a right to levy, we do nou|and to make himself acquainted with its laws, remember that Persia has been visited by|| institutions, and general history. any of a very modern date. This remotel! Mr. Waring being on the Bengal Civil quarter has been very happily exempted from Establishment, easily obtained permission to the subjugation of the pen, by the difficulty visit Persia; and as a scholar, a man of en.

The East India Company has possessed it-|| could not visit, and undertake to write upon self of almost all the regular avenues. There it, without considerably augmenting the pub. is a way indeed through Turkey, but the lic stock of knowledge. To these qualities Infidels have no respect to learning, aud|| we must add, that Mr. Waring was perfectly would not be much inclined to venerate a acquainted with the language of the country passport for the purpose of writing a tour.ll in which he travelled. Indeed sach are the obstacles of getting || Mr. W. commenced his journey on the 10th footing in Persia, that we must conclude it of April 1802; the period of his stay w**

SupplementVol. II.

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