« 前へ次へ »
by the elders; and, in the month of was still further increased by the August, 1822, the new minister took violent, yet energetic,—the ungraceful, possession of his pulpit.
but impressive, style of his gesticulation. Early in the following year, the His diction had an imitative affinity to Duke of York having attended, as that of Milton and Jeremy Taylor; it patron of the charity, to hear the anni- was unusual and startling. He emversary sermon of the London Cale- bellished his discourse with the landonian School, preached at the chapel guage of poets and philosophers; he in Cross-street, he was so struck with added to the interest of his sermons the peculiarities of Mr. Irving, that he by indulging in personalities, and spoke mentioned him to many persons of such homely truths to his noble and rank as being a most extraordinary talented auditors, as they had but rarely
The chapel, consequently, soon been accustomed to hear. His various became the resort of great numbers of peculiarities increased his popularity; the nobility; his fame rapidly increased; his name constantly filled the public and the greatest orators and statesmen ear; his portrait appeared in various of the day hurried to hear him. At periodicals; he was gazed at, as a wonlength, it became necessary to exclude der, in the streets ; and the curiosity of the public from the chapel, and to all classes to hear him preach appeared admit only such persons as had pre
to be insatiable. viously, by letter, applied for, and re- His immediate followers, proud of ceived, per post, tickets of admission. his success, now began to erect for him a During the hours of divine service, the capacious church at the back of Bruns. chapel was constantly thronged, and wick-square ; but, by the time it was such crowds were assembled round the finished, he had ceased to be attractive. doors, that the ticket-holders could not, Like other novelties, after having " had without considerable difficulty, obtain his day," he had gone out of fashion. an entrance. Curiosity was excited to His eccentricities had become familiar, the utmost; and, to use the words of a and lost their charm. He had published cotemporary writer, “a most feverish a work, entitled, For the Oracles of God, anxiety prevailed to hear and see the Four Orations; For Judgment to Come, astonishing preacher at Cross-street an Argument in nine parts; which had chapel ; who, in person, manner, and been reviewed with just severity by the style, was said to be an admirable non- periodical writers. The book was fatal descript.” The spectator, on effecting to his already fast-waning reputation. an entry, found himself in a chapel of It abounded in obsolete epithets, bommoderate dimensions, surrounded by bastic metaphors, and illogical conclu. the gay, the noble, and the talented of sions ;-a singular want of taste and both sexes. The character of the build- judgment prevailed throughout its pages. ing informed him that he was in a place the style was a grotesque imitation of of worship; the looks and manners of that of the old divines, of whom, howthe assembly were such as are displayed ever, he had imbibed none of the eloat a theatre, on the stage of which some quence, or argumentative power. His extraordinary performer is about to compositions were evidently of a chaenter. Soon after every part of the racter that would not bear the ordeal chapel had become densely and most of critical examination. By submitting oppressively crowded, the preacher ap- them to the press, their author gave peared,-tall, athletic, and sallow; ar- the death-blow to his fame. It became rayed in the scanty robe of the Scotch evident, that his mode of delivery, his divines; displaying a profusion of jet- strong northern accent, his peculiar black, glossy hair, reaching even to his action, and, above all, the imposing shoulders, which were ample, but in singularity of his appearance, had, in strict proportion to his figure ; with a combination with fortuitous circumsingular obliquity in one of his eyes; stances, raised him to an elevation, and a stern, calm, solemnity of aspect, which, by his talents, he could never somewhat debased by an expression have attained. A violent re-action enindicative of austere pride, and con- sued; and, in a few months, his hearers, scious sanctity. His strong northern on an average, scarcely equalled in accent added to his singularity; which number those of his predecessor.
In 1827, he contributed a prelimi, observes a periodical writer, of the year nary discourse to a work, translated 1824, “ with the idea, that he was des. from the Spanish, entitled, The Coming tined to convert the fashionable world of the Messiah in Glory and Majesty, from the error of their ways; a being by Juan Josafat Ben Ezra, a converted raised up on purpose to evangelize the Jew; which exposed him to an attack aristocracy of Britain. But we should from a writer of the name of Cole, for be glad to hear," the writer adds, “that having supported “the awful doctrine one convert has been brought over to of the sinfulness, mortality, and cor. practical Christianity; that one Sunday ruptibility of the body of the Messiah." evening conversazione has been dropped A controversy ensued on the subject, -that one pack of cards the less has which, at length, attracted the serious been soiled at the Sunday card-tablenotice of the Presbytery, to whom the that one duke the less has travelled tenets of Mr. Irving appear to have on the Sabbath-that one shilling the been, in a high degree, offensive. In more has been given to the poor. He 1828, he printed A Letter to the King, has been called another Paul preaching on the Repeal of the Test and Corpo at Athens; but where is the Agrippa ration Acts, a measure which he stre whom he has convinced, or the Felix nuously opposed : during the same whom he has made to tremble, except year, appeared his Last Days, and Dis at the elevated tone of his vociferation ? courses on the Evil Character of these He has preached, to be sure,-preached our Times; also, three volumes of his much, and vehemently; but his lansermons, lectures, and occasional dis guage has been 'full of sound and courses; and, in 1829, he published fury, signifying nothing,'—'vox, et his Church and State responsible to
He had better have Christ and to one another, a series of adhered closely to Dr. Chalmers and discourses on Daniel's vision of the the good men of Glasgow, and have beasts.
made himself a light to enlighten the In a work, entitled The Trial of the poor, instead of setting himself up as Rev. Edward Irving, he has been co a beacon, in the world of wealth, for piously abused ; in other cotemporary weak men to flock to, and witty men productions, he has met with but little to laugh at. It is within Mr. Irving's more favour; and, it is probable, that grasp," continues the writer, “ to beto posterity his reputation will be the come one of the lights of the age, and reverse of enviable. “ The peculiar to acquire a character amongst the characteristic of Mr. Irving's style," worthies of his time, which it will be says Flavel, " is a straining after' ori the pleasure of future generations to ginality of ideas, and the expressing admire, and their pride to imitate. them in the language of the time of This, we affirm, is within his reach; Milton, Jeremy Taylor, and other but if he perseveres in his present ecwonderful divines of those days; but centricities, he will be as easily forwhat in them was allowed ornamental, gotten as he has been elevated.” in him is perfect absurdity. They were He has distinguished himself as a consummate reasoners; and the strange warm supporter, to the utmost extent and beautiful metaphors, which we of his power, of various charitable and meet with in the perusal of their religious institutions. At a meeting writings, are admired and dwelt on, of the society for the conversion of because they spring up naturally on the Jews, he is said to have placed his the paths of the argument; besides, it watch in the hands of the chairman, was the custom of the age to employ exclaiming, “ Silver and gold have i such language. Had he shewn him none; but such as I have, I give unto self as good a logician as his great pro- thee;" adding, “ that he wished the totypes, we could have borne with his bauble to be retained, until, the profits overstrained, inflated diction; but, as it of a work, which he intended to pubis, his arguments and orations remind lish, should enable him to revieem ii." us of those wooden figures, in which In (ctober, 1823, Mr. Irving married, dress-makers are accustomed to exhibit at Kirkaldy, in Scotland, a young lady their newest and most splendid para- named Martin, to whom, it is said, he phernalia.” “ He came to London," had long been attached,
THE ROYAL FAMILY.
GEORGE WILLIAM, (PRINCE,) SOPHIA, (Princess,) fifth daughter second son of George the Second, was of George the Third, was born on the born on the 2nd of November, 1777, | 3rd of November, 1777. Her demeanour and died when only three months is said to be agreeable, and her disold.
position beneficent. ELIZABETH CAROLINE, (PRIN OCTAVIUS, (PRINCE,) eighth son Cess,) daughter of Frederick, Prince of of George the Third, was born on the Wales, born on the 30th of December, 28th of February, 1779; and died, rather 1740, is described as having been de- suddenly, on the 3rd of May, 1783. formed in person, but superior in mind to either of her brothers or sisters. She ALFRED, (PRINCE,) ninth son of died, on the 4th of September, 1759. King George the Third, was born on
the 22nd of September, 1780, and died FREDERICK WILLIAM (PRINCE) on the 20th of August, 1782. son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, was born on the 30th of May, 1750. He is ELIZABETH ADELAIDE,(PRINrepresented as having been singularly cess,) daughter of the Duke of Clagraceful in person, amiable in temper, rence, was born on the 4th of March, and remarkably eager for the acquire. 1819, and lived only a few hours. ment of knowledge. He died on the 29th of December, 1765.
GEORGE WILLIAM, (PRINCE,)
son of the Duke of Cambridge, was ELIZABETH, (PRINCESS, Land born on the 26th of March, 1819. He gravine of Hesse Homberg,) third is said to possess an excellent temper, daughter of George the Third, was born and rather superior talents. on the 22nd of May, 1770. In her childhood, she was lively, intelligent, VICTORIA, (Princess,) only and remarkably beautiful; and, on daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, reaching maturity, she is said to have was born on the 23rd of May, 1819. been elegant, • agreeable, and accom She is described as being amiable, lively, plished. On the 7th of April, 1818, she and intelligent. was married to the Landgrave of Hesse Homberg, whom she accompanied to GEORGE FREDERICK,(PRINCE) Germany, where he died, without issue son of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumby the princess, early in 1829.
berland, was born on the 27th of May,
1819. His abilities appear to be good, SOPHIA MATILDA, (PRINCESS) and his moral qualities, so far as they daughter of William Henry, Duke of have been developed, unexceptionable. Gloucester, was born in May, 1773. Although no splendid qualities have ELIZABETH, (PRINCESS,) daughbeen publicly displayed by this prin ter of the Duke of Clarence, was born, cess, her private character is said to be prematurely, on the 2nd of December, not only above impeachment, but de 1820, and died on the 4th of March, cidedly commendable.
1821. CAROLINE AUGUSTA, (PRIN CAROLINE, (PRINCESS,) daughter CESS,) daughter of William Henry, of the Duke of Cambridge, was born Duke of Gloucester, was born on the on the 19th of July, 1822, and christened 24th of June, 1774, and died in her Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Maria Soinfancy.