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that his friends have, upon occasion, were adjusted ; and on the 25th of been compelled to vindicate his heart April, the intended bride arrived at St. at the expense of his head.

James's palace, where the prince paid In 1717, he was created Duke of her a visit. The next day, he dined Gloucester; in the following year, he with her at Greenwich; and on the was installed a knight of the garter; and following morning, her highness, it is in 1726, he became Duke of Edinburgh. stated, came in his majesty's coach, In the twenty-second year of his age, he drawn by six horses, from Greenwich first came to this country, and shortly to Lambeth; and was brought from after his arrival, was made Earl of Chesa thence to St. James's, in the queen's ter, Prince of Wales, and a member of chair. Her highness was received by the privy council. He soon became their majesties with extreme tenderexceedingly popular; but lost his credit She dined with the prince and at court, in proportion as he gained the the rest of the royal family. At eight good will of the public. He evidently o'clock the procession began to che felt no great veneration for his parents; chapel, where the marriage was sowhom he thwarted, rather than obeyed: lemnised by the Bishop of London. and instead of supporting the king's Supper was served, at ten o'clock, in government, betrayed a strong bias the great state ball-room, which was towards the opposition, of which, he crowded with spectators. About twelve eventually became the head.

o'clock, it is added, the illustrious pair Soon after he came to England, pro were put to bed, when the king did the posals were made for his marriage with bride the usual honours, and company the Princess Royal of Prussia, but her were admitted to see them. father objected to the terms offered, Early in the session of 1737, Puland the negotiation ended in a personal teney, afterwards Earl of Bath, then difference between the two monarchs. the most violent antagonist of his No great period elapsed before the former friend, the minister, Sir Robert prince was on the brink of a private Walpole, moved an address, in the union with a lady of rank, in this house of commons, for increasing the country. The old Duchess of Marl- heir-apparent's income to £100,000 per borough, knowing that he

was in

annum, out of the civil list. The mogreat want of money, and felt no re tion was opposed with great determipugnance to giving the king offence, nation by ministers, as an infraction on offered him the hand of her favourite the king's prerogative, and it was negrand-daughter, Lady Diana Spencer, gatived, on a division, by a majority of with a fortune of £100,000. The prince twenty. This measure considerably inconsented to the proposal; a day was creased the king's displeasure against his fixed for his being secretly united to son; who, on the other hand, felt highly Lady Diana, at the duchess's lodge, in exasperated, that out of a civil list of the great park at Windsor ; and the £800,000, his father should only allow marriage would, in all probability, have him £50,000 per annum. Shortly aftertaken place, had not Sir Robert Wal wards, Bubb Doddington advised him pole discovered the prince's intentions, to apply to parliament for an additional in time to prevent him from carrying grant; but the prince declared that them into effect.

the people had done enough for his In February, 1736, a message was family already; and, that he would sent, by two privy-councillors, by the rather beg his bread from door to door, king to his son, with whom he was then than be a further charge to them. at variance, proposing a match between The unpardonable absurdity of the the prince, and Augusta, daughter of prince, on the birth of his first child, Frederick the Second, Duke of Saxe Augusta, led to a positive rupture beGotha. This princess was born on the tween his royal highness and the king. 19th of November, 1709, and was said He brought the princess, in the middle to be possessed of very superior mental of the night, and when she was in endowments and considerable beauty actual labour, from Hampton Court to of person.

The prince having ex St. James's palace, where she was put pressed his satisfaction at the proposed into an unprepared bed, for which the alliance, the necessary preliminaries prince and' Lady Archibald Hamilton

were obliged to air sheets. Early the Sir Robert soon after resigned; the next morning, the queen visited her prince's friends immediately took office; daughter-in-law, and asked Lady and we find it recorded, under date of Hamilton“ How she dared to bring the 17th of February, 1742, that, “ as away the princess in that manner ?" the first happy effect in the change of Upon which, her ladyship turned to ministry, the Prince of Wales, on this the prince, and said, “You see, sir! I day, waited on the king at St. James's, told you it would be laid upon me.” and was received in the most gracious The prince made no apology, nor did and affectionate manner; on which oche even utter a word to his mother; | casion there was a very splendid court; but when he conducted her to her and a guard was immediately ordered coach, finding a crowd had assembled to attend his royal highness at Carltonat the gate, he kneeled down in the house." This reconciliation was, howdirt, and humbly kissed her hand. A ever, by no means cordial : the father few months afterwards, when on her and son met, indeed, on a few great death-bed, she declared that she would occasions, but there was neither warmth not insult his father, to whom he had nor sincerity in their intercourse, and acted most undutifully, by, either they soon relapsed into their former pardoning or even receiving him into state of mutual disgust. her presence.

The prince obtained almost as much The king's anger on the occasion popularity by patronising authors and was so great, that he sent the prince a wits, as he did by quarrelling with the message, stigmatising his conduct as king, and countenancing an opposition having been, for some time, void of all to the ministry. When the Rambler real duty; intimating also that he appeared, he sent some persons of his should not reside in the palace, until court, to ascertain from Cave, the bookhe withdrew his confidence from those seller, the name of its author, towards by whom he had for some time past whom he expressed a desire of extendbeen advised; and commanding him to ing his protection. He gave Tindal quit St. James's as soon as the princess a gold medal worth forty guineas; could with safety be removed. The honoured Pope with a complimentary prince, in consequence of this mandate, visit; and sent Glover, the author of retired with his family to Kew, and Leonidas, a bank-note for £500, to afterwards resided for some time at extricate him from some embarrassCliefden and Norfolk-house.

ments which prevented him from payIn 1742, Secker, then Bishop of Lon- ing his usual visits to the little court of don, was directed to acquaint the prince, his royal highness, at Leicester-house. that if his royal highness would write Nor was he merely a patron of men such a letter as might be consistent of letters, having made some attempts with his majesty's honour to receive, at authorship himself. It is asserted by he and all who were in his confidence Seward that the prince actually wrote should be kindly received at court; a piece, called " The History of Prince £50,000 per annum should be added | Titi,” which was printed in 1736. A to his revenue ; £200,000 should be French copy of the work appeared in granted to pay his debts, and every ar- the same year, which has been said, rangement made to give him satisfac- we know not with what truth, to have tion. The prince immediately replied, been the original. The prince, it is That he had the utmost duty for the said, had placed his manuscript for king, and whenever he thought fit to correction in the hands of Ralph, the admit him to his presence, he would historian, among whose posthumous throw himself at his majesty's feet, papers it was found by that gentlewithout insisting on any terms; but man's executors. that while Sir Robert Walpole ma- There exists little doubt that he did, naged affairs, he would take no part on some occasions, indulge in lifein them; for he considered Sir Robert rary composition; his attempts, howas a bar between the king and himself. ever, if we may judge from the follow" Indeed,” added the prince, "I take ing specimen, (a poetical address to this message to come from him, and the princess,) were not exceedingly not from my father."

successful :

VOL. I.

"Tis not the liquid brightness of those eyes,

rewarded the workmen. Sometimes, in That swim with pleasure and delight;

rowing-matches on the river, he would Nor those heavenly arches which arise O'er each of them, to shade their light:

distribute the prizes with his own hand;

he would often converse familiarly Tis not that hair which plays with every wind,

with the fishermen, on matters belongAnd loves to wanton round thy face ; Now straying round the forehead, now behind ing to their business, rewarding them Retiring with insidious grace :

handsomely for their industry. He "Tis not that lovely range of teeth so white,

would enter, unceremoniously, into the As new-shorn sheep, equal and fair;

hut of a labourer, neither disdaining Nor e'en that gentle smile, the heart's delight, to sit down with the family, nor to With which no smile could e'er compare :

partake of their humble repast; but "Tis not that chin so round, that neck so fine, informing himself of their occupations, Those breasts that swell to meet my love,

and relieving their wants as far as lay That easy sloping waist, that form divine, Nor aught below, uor aught above :

in his power. The following instance

of his goodness, I witnessed myself:Tis not the living colours over each,

being in the park one morning, at the By nature's finest pencil wrought, To shame the full blown rose, and blooming peach, moment the prince entered his chair, And muck the happy painter's thought:

a ragged soldier approached it: the No,-'tis that gentleness of mind, that love

prince did not see him till the chairSo kindly answering my desire;

men had taken him up; but then, perThat grace with which you look, and speak, and ceiving the cripple, he ordered them to

move, That thus has set my soul on fire.

stop. • Where did you lose your arm,

my friend ?' said he. “At Fontenoy. At the time the prince paid these com- • You look pale ; are you in bad pliments to his wife, he was living in health ? Yes, sir; since the loss of adultery, to her knowledge, with more my arm, I have remained so feeble, than one mistress. Among his favor- that the least labour throws me into a ites were Lady Archibald Hamilton, fever.' * And why have you not apwho is said to have been neither young plied to be put on the list of out-pennor handsome within his memory; Miss

sioners?' • I have been promised that; Vane, who had no other charms than but, wanting a friend, many less misebeing a maid of honour; and Lady rable have been preferred before me.' Middlesex, who was very short, plain, I had kept my eyes on the prince, and and yellow. His chief passion, says could perceive his countenance express Walpole, was women ; but, like the the most lively sensibility. Having rest of his race, beauty was not a ordered his genileman to give the poor necessary ingredient. He was, how- fellow four guineas, he said, "My ever, in the same author's opinion, friend, come and see me, and I will notwithstanding his gross infidelity, a endeavour to get you into Chelsea.'” very good husband !

The circumstances related in this A French gentleman, also, in a letter letter, if true, are highly creditable to to a friend, which has been printed, the prince. Several other instances are unaccountably testifies to the connubial recorded of his alleged kindness and excellence of the prince. The writer generosity to the distressed ; but, on also speaks highly of the tenderness dis- the whole, his character was by no played, by his royal highness, towards means amiable. He affected, for it can the young princes and princesses. “I scarcely be supposed that he felt, a great have met him," he continues, "twenty jealousy for the liberties of parliament. times in his chaise, with one child To a deputation which waited on him, before him, whom he caressed as much for the purpose of soliciting him to as if this had been an only one; and support a clause of the Tything bill, when, after a short absence, he returned in favour of the Quakers, he is said to to his family, his embraces were often have delivered the following answer:mixed with tears. He relied on the “ As I am a friend to liberty in general, affection of the people for the safety of and to toleration in particular, I wish his person, walking the streets un- you may meet with all proper favour ; guarded, and only followed by a couple but, for myself, I never gave my vote of servants. In this way, he visited va- in parliament; and to influence my rious manufactories, where he liberally friends, or direct my servants, in theirs,

Who was alive, and is dead.

There's no more to be said.

does not become my station. To leave

Here lies Fred, them entirely to their own consciences

Had it been his father, and understandings, is a rule I have

I had much rather ; hitherto prescribed to myself, and pur

Had it been his brother, pose through life to observe.” May

Still better than another;

Had it been his sister, it please the Prince of Wales," rejoined

No one would have missed her ; Andrew Pitt, who was at the head of

Had it becn the whole generation, the deputation, “ I am greatly affected

Still better for tbe nation ; with thy excellent notions of liberty,

But since 'uis ouly Fred,

Who was alive, and is dead, and am more pleased with the answer thou hast given us, than if thou hadst granted our request."

The violent spirit of party, according As a striking contrast to this anec to Bubb Doddington (Lord Melcombe), dote, it is stated, that the prince one was displayed even at the prince's fúday said of Lord Doneraile, who had neral. « The whole bedchamber were not conducted himself in parliament ordered to attend from ten in the mornto the satisfaction of his royal high ing till the interment, but there was not ness, “ Does he think I will support the attention to order the board of green him, unless he does as I would have cloth to provide them a bit of bread; him? Does not he consider that who and these gentlemen, of the first rank ever may be my ministers, I must be and distinction, in discharge of their king?"

last sad duty to a loved and loving masHe was easily accessible to flattery, ter, were forced to bespeak a great cold and passionately fond of gaming; an dinner from a common tavern in the affecied admirer of learning; decidedly neighbourhood; at three o'clock, ingenerous, but contemptibly insincere. deed, they vouchsafed to think of a Walpole satirically says of him, that dinner, and ordered one; but the dishe resembled his pattern, the Black grace was complete the tavern dinner Prince, in nothing but in dying before was paid for and given to the poor.” his father. It appears that he was de The princess, of whom Walpole said, sirous of acquiring a martial reputa she had never said a foolish thing, nor tion, and solicited the command of the done a disobliging one, since her arrival, king's troops during the rebellion, but though placed in a very difficult siturather through jealousy of his brother, ation. - young, uninstructed, and bethe Duke of Cumberland, than true sieged by jarring interests-was, at the courage. During the siege of Carlisle, death of her husband, already the mother he caused a representation in paste of of eight children, and expected in a few its citadel to be served up at his table months to give birth to a ninth. She with the dessert, which his royal high- remained for four hours in the room, ness, at the head of the maids of after her royal husband's decease, behonour, bombarded with sugar-plumbs. fore she could be convinced that he was,

His death took place on the 20th of in reality, dead. Her attendants put March, 1751. On the 12th of that her to bed at six in the morning, but month, although he had previously she rose again at eight, and burnt all been ill of a pleurisy, the prince went to

the prince's private papers. the house of lords; but he caught a cold The people evinced great commiserand relapsed during the same night. ation for the widow and her orphans; On the day of his death he had a and George the Second treated them violent fit of coughing, nd, at length, with unexpected kindness. The prinlaid his hand upon his breast, and said, cess was made guardian of her eldest "Je sens la mort!The princess, who son, in case of the king's demise during was in the room, ran towards him, and the young prince's minority; and in found that he had already expired. November, 1752, on her re-appearance The cause of his death was the break. | in public, she received the same hoing of an imposthume, which had been nours as had been paid to the queen occasioned by the blow of a tennis-ball. during her majesty's life. Yet it may

Soon after his decease, the following be reasonably doubted, whether the proposed epitaph for his monument king felt entirely satisfied with her mawas anonymously circulated:

nagement of the young heir-apparent,

who was kept in positive seclusion, at influence which she was supposed to Leicester-house, and entirely under the possess over the young king's mind, dominion of the princess dowager and ihat her residence was threatened with her confidential friend, the Earl of destruction, by a mob.

On this occaBute; whose extraordinary intimacy sion, even at a moment when the horrid with her royal highness is thus spoken yells of the populace rendered her alof by the gossipping Walpole: “İt had most inaudible, she is reported to have already been whispered, that the assi- said, “ How I pity these poor deluded duities of Lord Bute at Leicester-house, people! I hope they will know better and his still more frequent attendance by-and-by." in the gardens at Kew, and Carlton- For some time before her death, house, were less addressed to the Prince George the Third and his queen visited of Wales than to his mother. The eager- her every evening at eight o'clock; ness of the pages of the back stairs to but when her illness became alarming, let her know whenever Lord Bute ar- they went to her at seven, pretending rived, and some other symptoins, con: they had mistaken the hour. On the tributed to dispel the ideas that had | night of the 8th of February, 1772, been conceived of the rigour of her they remained with her until nine; she widowhood. On the other hand, the talked to them as usual, and after their favoured personage, naturally osten- departure, said to one of her medical tatious of his person, and of haughty attendants, “I think I shall have a carriage, seemed by no means desirous good night's rest.” She expired, howof concealing his conquest. His bows ever, at six o'clock on the following grew more theatric; his graces con- morning; and on the 16th of the same tracted some meaning; and the beauty month, her remains were interred in of his leg was constantly displayed in Westminster Abbey. the eyes of the poor captivated princess. On account of the paucity of wellWhen the late Prince of Wales affected authenticated facts, relative to the conto retire into gloomy allées with Lady duct of this princess, it is impossible to Middleton, he used to bid the princess delineate her general character. She walk with Lord Buté. As soon as the has been the subject of much adulation prince was dead, they walked more and

on the one hand, and bitter obloquy more, in honour of his memory. The on the other. Serious accusations have young Prince of Wales lived shut up with been made against her, which have his mother and Lord Bute, and must neither been satisfactorily substantiated have thrown them into some difficul- nor disproved. It has been feebly arties; their connection was not easily gued that her conduct with regard to reconcileable to the devotion which they her son's education, could not have been had infused into the mind of the prince; reprehensible, because, after his accesthe princess could not wish him always sion, he treated her with extraordinary present, and yet dreaded his being out kindness. George the Third was, howof her sight. His brother Edward, who ever, far from an efficient judge of received a thousand mortifications, was what constituted a good education; seldom suffered to be with him; and and, had he been pre-eminently qualiLady Augusta, now a woman, was, to fied to form a correct opinion on that facilitate some privacy for the princess, subject, the filial love which he evinced dismissed from supping with her mother, towards his mother could scarcely be and sent back to cheesecakes, with her accepted as a proof that he approved little sister, Elizabeth, on pretence, that of the manner in which he had been meat at night would fatten her too educated. Of her benevolence, no much."

doubt exists: nor can it be denied that The latter years of her life were she was possessed of many good qualiembittered by the afflictions of her fa- ties. She gradually paid off, out of her vourite daughter, the premature death own income, the heavy sums in which of her youngest son, and the abuse that her husband was indebted at the time was heaped upon her, by the public of his decease. Her temper was placid: and the press, after her son's accession. and the consideration she evinced for Popular clamour ran so exceedingly those about her, exceedingly laudable. high against her, on account of the Bishop Newton, her chaplain, states,

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