probable her majesty may not find that the importance of her situation, and out, so I'll run the risk !'"

the effect her example might have upon However paltry the queen's conduct society, she refused to allow not only may have been with regard to trifles, the dissolute, but the suspected, to no doubt exists of her great liberality to enjoy the honours accorded to those the distressed. She disbursed at least

who were either pure or fortunate £5000 a year, and frequently more, enough to be free from reproach. To in charitable donations. Numerous in her high honour, it may be said, that tances of her benevolence have been she was one of the best wives and recorded, which are as creditable to her mothers in the king's dominions; and judgment as to her feelings. She par by the force of her example, domestic ticularly directed her attention towards duties became fashionable. She laudthe relief of those of her own sex; among ably forbore to meddle with politics; the most favoured objects of her charity, never attempting to exercise any imwere respectable widows, whom mis proper influence over the king's mind fortunes had reduced to a state of

po with regard to public affairs. She inverty, and the destitute daughters of dulged in no unwarrantable luxuries, naval and military officers, who had died and set no bad example, except that of in the service of their country. Her be- taking snuff, for which she was most nevolence was altogether devoid of os liberally censured and nicknamed. She tentation : had it been more notorious, was accomplished, industrious, a lover of the queen would, in all probability, have science, and to some extent, an admirer been more highly esteemed; for during of the arts. She was mean, rather than a considerable period, she was unpo avaricious; but her amusing parsimony pular, solely, or at least principally, on was more than extenuated by her unaccount of her domestic parsimony. obtrusive benevolence.

At one time she suffered much in the George the Third never became acestimation of a large portion of the pub- quainted with the queen's death, or lic, through her alleged unjust harshness the subsequent appointment of the towards the Princess of Wales; and at Duke of York to the office of custos of another, she was severely censured for his person. He now occupied a long not having been present at the fatal suite of rooms, in which were placed accouchement of her grand-daughter. several pianofortes and harpsichords : But the queen's advocates justify her at these he would frequently stop conduct in the one case, by pleading during his walks, play a few not the suspicions attached to the character from Handel, and then stroll on. He of her daughter-in-law, and her con ate with a good appetite, and his bodily stant practice of not countenancing any health was unimpaired. He generally woman, however exalted or nearly al wore a blue robe de chambre, tied with lied to her, whose reputation was sullied a belt, in the morning; and a silk plaid even by the breath of slander; and on dress in the afternoon. He seemed the other, by positively affirming, that cheerful, and would sometimes talk the queen had expressed a strong de- aloud, as if addressing some nobleman; sire to attend her grand-daughter's but his discourse bore reference only accouchement, but that the Princess to past events; for he had no knowCharlotte personally besought her in the ledge of recent circumstances, either most urgent manner, to follow the re political or domestic. commendation of the royal physicians, In 1819, the following account of who had advised her to have recourse him appeared in a French paper:to the Bath waters without the least “ The august old man has been long delay.

deprived of sight, and wears a long To conclude, Queen Charlotte ap floating beard. He wanders constantly pears to have been rather severely through his apartments amidst the correct than amiable in her conduct. phantoms of his fancy, which represent Rigidly virtuous herself, she could not to him all the beings that were dear to overlook the slightest blemish in the him. He speaks and replies to them. reputation of others. She might per- Sometimes he sits for hours with his haps have been more lenient, had her head resting on both hands: then he rank been less exalted : but feeling recovers, and thinks himself among

celestial spirits, rushes forward, and exercise his authority personally, and sinks exhausted with his feelings. to be his own minister. No limited Formerly, he would make his ser- monarch ever had a more decided invants sit down before him ; and ima- fluence on public affairs: he repeatedly gining himself in parliament, would brought into operation the most danaddress them vehemently, until he fell gerous prerogatives of

the crown; into a kind of delirium. When at his changed ministers and dissolved parliameals, he supposed himself surrounded ments with unwavering boldness; and, by his family, and, preserving his love rather than give up an idea, or change of music, he would go to the pianoforte, an opinion, whether right or wrong, was or catch up a violin, and execute pieces prepared to descend from his throne, from memory with astonishing pre- or lay his head on the block. The recision.” This is, perhaps, a fancy sketch, sult of his councils was the loss of yet it agrees, in most particulars, with America, and the creation of an enorascertained facts.

mous national debt. But the disasters At the latter end of the year, his of his reign were, perhaps, more than appetite began to fail, and he appeared balanced by its glories : if the nation to derive but little nourishment from lost her colonies in the west, she his food. In January, 1820, it was gained an immense empire in the east. found impossible to keep him warm; The triumphs of Rodney, Duncan, his remaining teeth dropped out, and Howe, St. Vincent, Nelson, Aberhe was almost reduced to a skeleton. crombie, and others, which took place His weakness rapidly increased; on while he exercised the kingly functions, Thursday, the 27th, he was wholly con- would have increased the splendour of fined to his bed; and, at thirty-five the brightest era in history; and if he minutes past eight, on the evening of be made to incur much of the odium Saturday, the 29th of January, 1820, he attendant on the misfortunes, he cerbreathed his last, without the slightest tainly ought, on the other hand, to convulsion or apparent pain. At the derive some credit for the splendid time of his death he was in the eighty- successes, of his reign. second year of his age. His remains Of the excellence of his intentions, were interred in the royal vault at both to the public and to his family, Windsor.

'there can be no doubt. He was, unIn stature, George the Third was questionably, a good husband; and, acsomewhat above the middle size. In cording to his judgment, he acted, as a consequence of a slight bend in the monarch and a father, in the manner knee-joints, he looked best on horse- that was most conducive to the welfare back. In his youth he had been ac- of his subjects, and the honour and hapcounted handsome : his eyes were blue, piness of his children. He had many his hair was particularly light, his fine redeeming qualities: his disposition countenance florid, and his demeanour was benevolent, his probity unimpeachprepossessing

able, and his manners approaching In a memoir of this monarch, written almost to patriarchal simplicity. If his shortly after his demise, it is stated, that obstinacy were censurable on some ocLord Camden, soon after his accession, casions, his unflinching firmness, even in said, “ I see already that this will be a the face of danger, was truly admirable weak and inglorious reign;" and that on others. Few monarchs have exhiwhen the famous Charles Townshend bited more lofty, and, at the same time, was asked for a character of the new unostentatious heroism, than George monarch, he replied, “ He is very the Third did, during the factious and obstinate.” These opinions were, to a malignant opposition of Fox and Lord certain extent at least, prophetic. His North to the administration of Pitt. He mother, the princess dowager, disgusted appears to have invariably acted up to at the controul which English minis- the dictates of his conscience; and was, ters exercised over the sovereign, had on more than one occasion, willing to continually impressed on her son this risk his crown rather than swerve from lesson :- George, be king!” He en- that course which appeared to him to deavoured, apparently, to act up to her be lawful and just. Many of his faults, advice: it was his continual wish to a few of his virtues, and the great

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mass of prejudice existing against him position repeatedly, and, at length, during the early part of his reign, are placed himself immediately before the to be ascribed to the peculiarity of his royal desk, when the king gave him a education. His mother and Lord Bute tap on the head with his paper scroll, so unwarrantably protracted his puerile to remind him of his inattention. thraldom, that he may almost be said An eminent divine having suffered to have stepped from his leading strings some fashionable assemblies to take to a throne. The manner in which place under his roof, the king is said he conducted himself on his accession, to have rebuked him, by letter, in the tends materially to prove that, with following terms :better preceptors, he would have be “My good Lord Primate, come a better king. He possessed a “ I could not delay giving you the large share of the personal courage

notification of the grief and concern which has been ascribed, with some with which my breast was affected, at truth, to his family in general ; and the receiving an authentic information that morality and decorum of his conduct routs have made their way into your afforded a happy contrast to the extra- palace. At the same time, I must ordinary lewdness and gross profligacy signify to you my sentiments on this of his predecessors. He was eminently subject, which hold these levities and pious; and once gave utterance to the vain dissipations as utterly inexpedient, noble wish, “ that the day might come if not unlawful, to pass in a residence in which every poor child in his do for many centuries devoted to divine minions would be able to read the studies, religious retirement, and the Bible !" His reverence for religious ce extensive exercise of charity and beremonies was strongly evinced during nevolence ;-I add,-in a place where so the preparations for an installation : a many of your predecessors have led nobleman having carelessly inquired their lives in such sanctity as has if the new knights would be obliged thrown lustre on the pure religion they to take the sacrament, the king, with professed and adorned. From the disa very severe countenance, replied, satisfaction with which you must per“ No; that religious institution is not ceive I behold these improprieties, not to be mixed with our profane cere to speak in harsher terms, and still monies. Even at the time of my more pious principles, I trust you will coronation, I was very unwilling to suppress them immediately; so that I take the sacrament; but when I was may not have occasion to shew any assured that it was indispensable, and further marks of my displeasure, or to that I must receive it, I took off the interpose in a different manner. May bauble from my head, before I even God take your grace into bis Almighty approached the communion table. The protection !- I remain, &c.". sacrament, my lord, is not to be pro The king is said to have been very faned by our Gothic institutions." well acquainted with the works of many

In the book of common prayer of the old divines. He once asked a which he ordinarily used, at the pas- young clergyman, if he were familiar sage,

“ Guide and defend our most with the writings of Bishop Andrews gracious sovereign lord, King George,” and Jeremy Taylor. The clergyman he had effaced the words,“ King replied, that his attention had been George," and written, “thy servant. chiefly directed to the productions of He would not tolerate the slightest more recent divines. “Sir," exclaimed inattention in a place of worship. It the king, with great warmth, " there was his custom to roll up the printed were giants in those days !" form of prayer, and beat time with it Although decidedly averse to the adto the music of the choir; and, oc mission of Catholics to political power, casionally, he would point with it to he was a warm advocate for toleration. portions of the service, when any of Many of his own servants were dishis attendants seemed negligent. One

“ The Methodists," said he, Sunday, during the performance of " are a very quiet kind of people, and divine service at the chapel royal, will disturb nobody; and if I learn Sir Sydney Smith, who was present, that any person in my employ disturbs appeared very restless, changed his them, he shall instantly be dismissed.”


Malowny, a priest, having been con- indulged with delicacies: their food victed of celebrating mass in the county being generally of a remarkably plain of Surrey, and the judge who tried him description. The Duke of Montague having humanely recommended him having stated, in reply to an inquiry as a proper object for royal mercy, the made by the king as to the health of king said, “God forbid that difference his grace's grand-children, that they in religious opinion should sanction per were all doing remarkably well, and secution, or admit of one man wiihin that he had just left them heartily enmy realms suffering unjustly. Issue a joying their oatmeal pottage, his mapardon for Mr. Malowny, and see that jesty directed that the young princes he be set at liberty."

and princesses should breakfast on that In 1802, a dignified churchman, while simple dish for the future. The maids preaching before the king, quoted a of honour were, for a long period, sent passage, which so struck his majesty, to bed supperless, until at length they that he subsequently inquired the name made a complaint on the subject to the of its author; who, it appeared, was the lord steward; which, coming to the minister of a Baptist congregation in king's knowledge, his majesty said, that some part of Yorkshire. The king the regimen adopted by himself and immediately procured the sermon from the

queen could not be altered ;“ but," which the extract in question had been added he, “ I shall order such an adtaken, and perused the whole compo

dition to be made to their salaries, as sition with such extraordinary pleasure, will enable them to provide themselves that he expressed a strong wish to con with moderate suppers for the future.” fer some benefit on its author. Shortly No doubt exists of the domestic fruafterwards, a merchant's clerk was found gality of the queen; and, it is said, guilty of forgery at the York assizes, that the monarch was so thoroughly and sentenced to death; but, at the converted to her majesty's economical earnest intercession of the Baptist mi- opinions, as to have become a mean nister, and although the two Perreaus, man by his own fireside. Reynolds Dodd, and others, had previously suf- states, that having written an interlude, fered for the same offence, the crimi- by royal command, for private pernal's life was spared.

formance at the palace, after a consiGeorge the Third's temperance has derable delay, he was presented with been attributed to the advice of his five pounds as the price of his labours ; uncle, the Duke of Cumberland, who although he could have obtained at is reported to have said to him, “ You least thrice that amount for the prowill certainly become as obese and un duction from the managers of one of wieldy as myself, long before you attain the public theatres. He returned the my age, unless you not only take much money; and, on being afterwards reexercise, but be rigidly abstinent." quested to write another piece for a From that day, it is added, the king similar purpose, respectfully declined imposed a very severe restraint on his the order. appetite: he generally dined alone, and Nicolai, the singer, appears, from partook only of the plainest food, of the following anecdote, to have had which he restricted himself to a com even greater reason to complain of paratively small quantity. A leg of their majesties than Reynolds :- A mutton and caper-sauce was his fa royal page called on Nicolai one day vourite dish: of cheesecakes he was to require his attendance at an evening particularly fond ; and a cherry-pie concert, to be given at Buckinghamwas served at his table every day in house. “ What!” exclaimed Nicolai, the year.

He drank but little; and, “on the old terms, I suppose!-Nofor a considerable period of his life, thing! My compliments to the king the small quantity of wine which he and queen, and tell them I am better took was invariably diluted. The only engaged.” appearance of state at his private din In his agricultural pursuits, the king ners was the regular attendance of the has been accused of exhibiting a paltry master-cook, who tasted every dish be desire for gain that was altogether before it was carried away by the pages in neath the dignity of a monarch. He waiting. The royal children were rarely converted large portions of his parks

into farms; the produce of which he entered; having come for the purpose regularly sent to market, and sold. His of seeing Johnson, with whom he imland is said to have been so well ma mediately entered into conversation. naged, that it yielded him a very con The king inquired about the libraries siderable profit; and he acquired the at Oxford, where Johnson had lately reputation of being a good practical been, and asked the doctor if he was farmer. He was even a contributor then engaged in any literary work. to Arthur Young's Annals of Agricul- | Johnson replied in the negative, adding, ture; and his communications, which “I have already told the world what I were signed Ralph Robinson, Windsor, know, and must now read to acquire are stated to have contained many judi more knowledge." The king said, cious remarks. He imported a number “ You do not borrow much from any of Merino sheep from Spain ; and de- body." Johnson replied, that he thought meaned himself so far as annually to he had done his part as a writer. "I dispose of a certain portion of his flock should have thought so too,” rejoined by public auction. As long as the spe the king, “if you had not written so culation was profitable, he persuaded well!” The king then observed, that himself that it was better to sell his rams Johnson must have read a great deal. than to give them away ; “ because,” “I think more than I read," said Johnas he said, “ any body might accept a son; "in the early part of my life I sheep and neglect it; but nobody would read a great deal, but having grown buy one who did not mean to take care ailing, I have not read much, compared of it."

with others,- Dr. Warburton, for inAlthough the king was the reverse of stance." The king said, he had heard munificent in his agricultural pursuits, Warburton's knowledge was so vast, and, at least, countenanced an undig- that he was equally qualified to speak nified parsimony in his palace, on num on all subjects, his learning being like berless occasions he exhibited an exalted Garrick's acting, universal. His majesty degree of generosity and benevolence. then spoke of the controversy between He was not only charitable to the dis Warburton and Louth, and asked what tressed ; liberal, in many instances, to Johnson thought of it. “Warburton," the talented; but bounteous and kind replied the doctor, “has most generalto the enemies of his house. He is most scholastic learning; Louth is the said to have contributed largely to the more correct scholar. I do not know maintenance of the Pretender; and to which of them calls names best.” The have allowed Cardinal York, the last of king said, “I am of the same opinion. the Stuarts, a pension of £4000 per You do not think, then," continued his annum. He sent the following message majesty, "there was much argument to a gentleman in Perthshire, who, as in the case ?" Johnson replied, he he heard, had absolutely refused to thought not. “Why, truly," said the take the oath of supremacy :-"Carry king, “when once it comes to calling my compliments to him,—but what? names, argument is pretty well at an stop!--no-he may, perhaps, not re


The king next asked, what ceive my compliments as King of Eng. Johnson thought of Lyttleton's History, land ;-give him the Elector of Hano then newly published. Johnson said, he ver's compliments, and tell him, that considered the style pretty good, but that he respects the steadiness of his prin Lyttleton had blamed Henry too much. ciples.”

• Why,” said the king, “they seldom Among the literary me on whom do those things by halves.” “No, sir," he conferred benefits, were Johnson, replied Johnson, not to kings." But, Sheridan, Beattie, Blair, and Rousseau, fearing to be misunderstood, he added, to each of whom he granted a pension. “ That for those who spoke worse of Of the opinions of the latter, however, kings than they deserved, he could find he is said to have disapproved; but no excuse ;

but that he could more Johnson's talents he appears to have easily conceive how some might speak held in considerable estimation. John better of them than they deserved, son occasionally visited the library at without


ill intention ; for as kings the queen's house; and one day, while had much in their power to give, those he was there, the king unexpectedly who were favoured by them would

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