modern Greenland ;-incidental descriptions of what. The pageant glides through loneliness and night, ever is sublime or picturesque in the seasons and And leaves behind a rippling wake of light. scenery, or peculiar in the superstitions, manners, and character of the natives with a rapid retrospect Hark! through the calm and silence of the scene, of that moral revolution, which the gospel has Slow, solemn, sweet, with many a pause between, wrought among these people, by reclaiming them, Celestial music swells along the air! almost universally, from idolatry and barbarisrn. -No-'t is the evening hymn of praise and prayer

Of that part of the projected Poem which is here From yonder deck, where, on the stern retired, exhibited, the first three Cantos contain a sketch of Three humble voyagers, with looks inspired, the history of the ancient Moravian Church, the origin And hearts enkindled with a holier flame of the missions by that people to Greenland, and the Than ever lit to empire or to fame, voyage of the first three brethren who went thither Devoutly stand :-their choral accents rise in 1733. The fourth Canto refers principally to tra. On wings of harmony beyond the skies ; ditions concerning the Norwegian colonies, which are And, 'midst the songs that Seraph-Minstrels sing, said to have existed on both shores of Greenland from Day without night, to their immortal King, the tenth to the fifteenth centuries. In the fifth Canto These simple strains,—which erst Bohemian hills the Author has attempted, in a series of episodes, to Echoed to pathless woods and desert rills, sum up and exemplify the chief causes of the extinc. Now heard from Shetland's azure bound, -are known tion of those colonies, and the abandonment of Green- In heaven; and He, who sits upon the throne land, for several centuries, by European voyagers. In human form, with mediatorial power, Although this Canto is entirely a work of imagina- Remembers Calvary, and hails the hour, tion, the fiction has not been adopted merely as a When, by th' Almighty Father's high decree, substitute for lost facts, but as a vehicle for illus. The utmost north to Him shall bow the knee, trating many of the most splendid and striking phe- And, won by love, an untamed rebel race nomena of the climate, for which a more appropriate Kiss the victorious Sceptre of His grace. place might not have been found, even if the Poem Then to His eye, whose instant glance pervades had been carried on to a successful conclusion. But Heaven's heights, Earth's circle, Hell's profoundest having proceeded thus far, personal circumstances, shades, and considerations which it would be impertinent to Is there a group more lovely than those three particularize here, compelled the Author to relinquish Night-watching pilgrims on the lonely sea ? his enterprise. Whether he may ever have courage Or to His ear, that gathers in one sound or opportunity to resume it, must depend on con- The voices of adoring worlds around, tingencies utterly beyond his power.

Comes there a breath of more delightful praise The principal subjects introduced in the course of Than the faint notes his poor disciples raise, the Poem, will be found in Crantz's Histories of the Ere on the treacherous main they sink to rest, Brethren and of Greenland, or in Risler's Select Secure as leaning on their Master's breast ? Narratives, extracted from the records of the ancient Unitas Fratrum, or United Brethren. To the ac- They sleep; but memory wakes : and dreams array counts of Iceland, by various travellers, the Author Night in a lively masquerade of day; is also much indebted.

The land they seek, the land they leave behind, SHEFFIELD, March 27, 1819.

Met on mid-ocean in the plastic mind;
One brings forsaken home and friends so nigh,

That tears in slumber swell th' unconscious eye;

The other opens, with prophetic view,
Perils, which e'en their fathers never knew,

(Though school'd by suffering, long inured to toil, CANTO I.

Outcasts and exiles from their natal soil); The three first Moravian Missionaries are represented -Strange scenes, strange men; untold, untried disas on their voyage to Greenland, in the year 1733. tress;

Sketch of the descent, establishment, persecu- Pain, hardships, famine, cold, and nakedness, tions, extinction, and revival of the Church of the Diseases; death in every hideous form, United Brethren, from the tenth to the beginning on shore, at sea, by fire, by flood, by storm; of the eighteenth century. The origin of their Wild beasts, and wilder men unmoved with fear, Missions to the West Indies and to Greenland Health, comfort, safety, life, they count not dear,

May they but hope a Savior's love to show,
The moon is watching in the sky; the stars And warn one spirit from eternal woe :
Are swiftly wheeling on their golden cars;

Nor will they faint, nor can they strive in vain, Ocean, outstretch'd with infinite expanse,

Since thus to live is Christ, to die is gain. Serenely slumbers in a glorious trance; The tide, o'er which no troubling spirits breathe, 'Tis morn :-the bathing moon her lustre shrouds: Reflects a cloudless firmament beneath;

Wide o'er the east impends an arch of clouds, Where, poised as in the centre of a sphere, That spans the ocean; while the infant dawn A ship above and ship below appear ;

Peeps through the portal o'er the liquid lawn, A double image, pictured on the deep,

That ruffled by an April gale appears, "The vessel o'er its shadow seems to sleep;

Between the gloom and splendor of the spheres, Yet, like the host of heaven, that never rest, Dark purple as the moorland-heath, when rain With evanescent motion to the west,

Hangs in low vapors o'er th' autumnal plain :


Till the full Sun, resurgent from the flood,

-When Waldo, flying from the apostate west, Looks on the waves, and turns them into blood; In German wilds his righteous cause confess'd : But quickly kindling, as his beams aspire,

-When Wickliffe, like a rescuing Angel, found The lambent billows play in forms of fire.

The dungeon where the word of God lay bound, -Where is the Vessel ?-Shining through the light, Unloosed its chains, and led it by the hand, Like the white sea-fowl's horizontal flight,

In its own sunshine, through his native land : 2 Yonder she wings, and skims, and cleaves her way —When Huss, the victim of perfidious foes, Through refluent foam and iridescent spray. To heaven upon a fiery chariot rose; Lo! on the deck, with patriarchal grace,

And ere he vanish'd, with a prophet's breath,
Heaven in his bosom opening o'er his face,

Foretold th' immortal triumphs of his death :3
Stands Christian David-venerable name!
Bright in the records of celestial fame,

Church; and this is probably the most ancient European ver

sion of the Bible in a living tongue. On earth obscure ;-like some sequester'd star,

But notwithstanding this triumphant introduction of ChrisThat rolls in its Creator's beams afar,

tianity among these fierce nations (including the Bohemmans Unseen by man, till telescopic eye,

and Moravians), multitudes adhered to idolatry, and among Sounding the blue abysses of the sky,

the nobles especially many continued Pagans, and in open or

secret enmity against the new religion and its professors. In Draws forth its hidden beauty into light,

Bohemia, Duke Borziwog, having embraced the gospel, was And adds a jewel to the crown of night.

expelled by his chieftains, and one Sloymirus, who had been Though hoary with the multitude of years,

thirteen years in exile, and who was believed to be a heathen, Unshorn of strength, between his young compeers,

was chosen by them as their prince. He being, however, soon

detected in Christian worship, was deposed, and Borziwag te He towers with faith, whose boundless glance can called. The latter died soon after his restoration, leaving his see

widow, Ludomilla, regent during the minority of her son WraTime's shadows brightening through eternity; tislaus, who married a noble lady, named Drakontra. The Love, God's own love in his pure breast enshrined; young duchess, to ingratiate herself with her husband and her

mother-in-law, affected to embrace Christianity, while in her Love, love to man the magnet of his mind;

heart she remained an implacable enemy to it. Her husband, Sublimer schemes maturing in his thought

dying early, Jeft her with two infant boys. Wenceslaus, the Than ever statesman plann'd, or warrior wrought; elder, was taken by his grandmother, the pious Ludomilla, and While, with rejoicing tears, and rapturous sighs,

carefully educated in Christian principles; the younger, B1

leslas, was not less carefully educated in hostility against them To heaven ascends their morning sacrifice.

by Drahomira; who, seizing the government during the minority Whence are the pilgrims? whither would they roam? of her children, shut up the churches, forbade the clergy either

to preach or teach in schools, and imprisoned, banished, or Greenland their port-Moravia was their home.

put to death those who disobeyed ber edicts against the gospel. Sprung from a race of martyrs, men who bore

But when her eldest son, Wenceslaus, became of age, he wos The cross on many a Golgotha of yore;

persuaded by his grandmother and the principal Christian nobles When first Sclavonian tribes the truth received, to take possession of the government, which was his inheritance.

He did so, and began his reign by removing his pagan mother And princes at the price of thrones believed ; 2

and brother to a distance from the metropolis. Drahomira, 1 The names of the three first Moravian Missionaries to transported with rage, resolved to rid herself of her mother-inGreenland were, Christian David, Matthew Stach, and Chris

law, whose influence over Wenceslaus was predominant. She tian Stach.

found two heathen assassins ready for her purpose, who, steal2 The Church of the United Brethren (first established under

ing unperceived into Ludomilla's oratory, fell upog her as she that name about the year 1460) traces its descent from the Scla

entered it for evening prayers, threw a rope round her neck. vopian branch of the Greek Church, which was spread through

and strangled her. The remorseless Drahomira next plotted out Bohemia and Moravia, as well as the ancient Dalmatia.

against Wenceslaus, to deprive him of the government: but her The Bulgarians were once the most powerful tribe of the Scla

intrigues miscarrying, she proposed to her heathen son to morvic nations; and among them the gospel was introduced in the

der him. An opportunity soon offered. On the birth of a son, ninth century.

| Bolcslas invited his Christian brother to visit him, and be The story of the introduction of Christianity among the Scla

present at a pretended ceremony of blessing the infant. vonic tribes is interesting. Tbe Bulgarians, being borderers on

ceslaus attended, and was treated with unwonted kindoess: but the Greek empire, frequently made predatory incursions on the

suspecting treachery, he could not sleep in his brother's house. Imperial territory. On one occasion the sister of Bogaris, King

He therefore went to spend the night in the church. Here, as he of the Bulgarians, was taken prisoner, and carried to Constan

loy defenceless in an imagined sanctuary, Boleslas, instigated tinople. Being a royal captive, she was treated with great

by their unnatural mother, surprised and slew him with bis honor, and diligently instructed in the doctrines of the gospel,

sabre. The murderer immediately usurped the sovereignty, and of the truth of which she became so deeply convinced, that she

commenced a cruel persecution against the Christians, which desired to be baptized : and when, in 845, the Emperor Michael

was terminated by the interference of the Roman Emperor Olte III. made peace with the Bulgarians, she returned to her country

I, who made war upon Boleslas, reduced him to the condition a pious and zealous Christian. Being earnestly concerned for

of a vassal, and gave peace to his persecuted subjects. This the conversion of her brother and his people, she wrote to

happened in the year 943. Constantinople for teachers to instruct them in the way of right- 1 With the Waldenses, the Bohemian and Mora vian Churcheousness. Two distinguished bishops of the Greek Churches, which never properly submitted to the authority of the Pope. Cyrillus and Methodius, were accordingly gent into Bulgaria, held intimate communion for ages; and from Stephen, the last The king Boxaris, who heretofore bad resisted conviction, con- bishop of the Waldenses, in 1467, the United Brethren received ceived a particular affection for Methodius, who being a skilful their episcopacy. Almost immediately afterwards those ancient painter, was desired by him in the spirit of a barbarian. to com-confessors of the truth were dispersed by a cruel persecution. pose a picture exhibiting the most horrible devices. Methodius

and Stephen himself suffered martyrdom, being burnt as a took a happy advantage of this strange request, and painted heretic at Vienna. the day of judgment in a style so terrific, and explained its 2 Wickliffe's writings were early translated into the Boscenes to his royal master in language go awful and affecting. hemian tongue, and eagerly read by the devout and persecuted that Bogaris was awakened, made a profession of the true people, who never had given up the Bible in their own language, faith, and was baptized by the name of Michael, in honor of nor consented to perform their church service in Latin. Arch his benefactor, the Greek Emperor. His subjects, according to bishop Sbinek, of Prague, ordered the works of Wicklife to be the fashion of the times, some by choice, and others from con- burnt by the hands of the hangman. He himself could scarcely straint, adopted their master's religion. To Cyrillus is at-read! tributed the translation of the Scriptures still in use among the 3 It is well known that John Huss (who might be called a descendants of the Sclavonian tribes, which adhere to the Greek disciple of our Wickliffe), though furnished with a safe conduct

-When Ziska, burning with fanatic zeal,

Fair in the midst, beneath a morning sky,
Exchanged the Spirit's sword for patriot steel, A tree its ample branches bore on high,
And through the heart of Austria's thiek array With fragrant bloom, and fruit delicious hung,
To Tabor's summit stabb'd resistless way;

While birds beneath the foliage fed and sung;
But there (as if transfigured on the spot

All glittering to the sun with diamond dew, The world's Redeemer stood), his rage forgot; O'er sheep and kine a breezy shade it threw; Deposed his arms and trophies in the dust,

A lovely boy, the child of hope and prayer, Wept like a babe, and placed in God his trust, With crook and shepherd's pipe, was watching there; While prostrate warriors kiss'd the hallow'd ground, At hand three venerable forms were seen, And lay, like slain, in silent ranks around : 1 In simple garb, with apostolic mien, -When mild Gregorius, in a lowlier field,

Who mark'd the distant fields convulsed with strife, As brave a witness, as unwont to yield

1-The guardian Cherubs of that Tree of Life; As Ziska's self, with patient footsteps trod

Not arm'd, like Eden's host, with flaming brands, A path of suffering, like the Son of God,

Alike to friends and foes they stretch'd their hands, And nobler palms, by meek endurance won, In sign of peace; and while Destruction spread Than if his sword had blazed from sun to sun : 2 His path with carnage, welcomed all who fled: Though nature fuild him on the racking wheel, -When poor Comenius, with his little flock, He felt the joys which parted spirits feel;

Escaped the wolves, and from the boundary rock, Rapt into bliss from ecstacy of pain,

Cast o'er Moravian hills a look of woe, Imagination wander'd o'er a plain :

Saw the green vales expand, the waters flow,

And, happier years revolving in his mind, by the emperor Sigismund, was burnt by a decree of the coun-1 cau

Caught every sound that murmur'd on the wind; cil of Constance. Several sayings, predictive of retribution to | As if his eye could never thence depart, the priests, and reformation in the Church, are recorded, as be- As if his ear was seated in his heart, ing attered by him in his last hours. Among others ;-"A hun

oreak, dred yeurs hence," said be, addressing his judges, "ye shall

"To leave the body, for his country's sake; render an account of your doings to God and to me."-Luther appeared at the period thus indicated.

While on his knees he pour'd the fervent prayer, 1 After the martyrdom of John Huss, his followers and coun- That God would make that martyr-land his care, trymen took up arms for the maintenance of their civil and re- And nourish in its ravaged soil a root ligious liberties. The first and most distinguished of their leaders of Gregor's Tree. to bear perennial fruiti was John Ziska. He seized possession of a high mountain, which he fortified, and called Tabor. Here he and his people (who were hence called Taborites) worshipped God according secrated the first bishops of the Church of the United Brethren, to their consciences and his holy word; while in the plains they by Stephen, the last bishop of the Waldenses. fought and conquered their persecutors and enemies.

1 John Amos Comenius, one of the most learned as well as ? The genuine followers of John Huss never approved of the pions men of his age, was minister of the Brethren's congregawar for religion carried on by Ziska, though many of them tion at Fulneck, in Moravia, from 1618 to 1627, when the Protwere incidentally involved in it. Rokyzan, a Calixtine, having estant nobility and clergy being expatriated, he fled with a part with his party made a compromise with their sovereign and the of his people through Silesia into Poland. On the summit of priests, by which they were allowed the use of the cup in the sa- the mountains forming the boundary, he turned his sorrowful crameot, was made archbishop of Prague in the year 1435; and eyes towards Bohemia and Moravia, and kneeling down with thereforward, though he had been fully convinced of the truth his brethren there, implored God, with many tears, that he of the doctrines promulgated by Huss, he became a treacherous would not take away the light of his holy word from those two friend or an open enemy of his followers, as it happened to serve provinces, but preserve in them a remnant for himself. A remthe purposes of his ambition. The Pope, however, refused nant was saved. to confirm him in his new dignity, unless he would relinquish Comenius afterwards visited and resided in various parts of the cup; on which, for a time, he made great pretensions of un- Germany, Holland, and England; everywhere, on his travels, dertaking a thorough reform in the church. All who hoped any recommending, with earnestness and importunity, the case of thing good of him were disappointed, and none more than his his oppressed brethren in Bohemia and Moravia to men in pioun nephew Gregorius, who in vain, on behalf of the peace-power. But his appeals were in vain; and when, at the peace loving Hussiter, besought him to proceed in the work of church-of Westphalia, in 1648, he found that nothing was provided for regeneration. He refused peremptorily, at length, after having their protection in the free exercise of their religion, he pubgreatly dissimulated and temporized. His refusal was the im- lished an affecting representation of the peculiar hardships of mediate cause of the commencement of the Church of the United their church, in which he observed :-“We justly, indeed, deBrethren, in that form in which it has been recognised for nearly serve to bear the wrath of Almighty God; but will such men 400 years. They were no sooner known, however, as Fratres (alluding to the Protestant diplomatists and their constituent legis Caristi," Brethren according to the rule of Christ, than authorities) be able to justify their actions before God, who, they were persecuted as heretics. Among others, Gregorius, forgetting the common cause of all Protestants, and the old who is styled the "Patriarch of the Brethrer," was apprehend- covenants amongst us, neglect to assist those who are oppressed ed at a private meeting with a number of his people. The judge in the same engagements? Having made peace for themselves, who executed the royal authority, on entering the room, used they never gave it a thought, that the Bohemians and Moravithese remarkable words: It is written, all that will live godly ans, who at the first, and for so many centuries, asserted the in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution; therefore folloro me, I truth in opposition to Popery, were likewise worthy to be muby command of the higher powers." They followed, and werel tually considered by them; that the light of the gospel, which sentenced to the torture. On the rack, Gregorius fell into a first was enkindled and put upon the candlestick in the Brethren's woon, and all present supposed him to be dead. Hereupon his church, might not now be extinguished, as it appears to be. apostate uncle Rokyzan hastened to the spot, and falling upon This afflicted people, therefore, which on account of its faithhis neck, with tears and loud lamentations, bewailed him, ex- ful adherence to the apostolic doctrines, following the footsteps claiming "0, my dear Gregorius! would to God I were wherel of the primitive church, and the instructions of the holy fathers, thou art!" His nephew, however, revived, and was set at lib- has been so much hated, persecuted, tossed to and fro, and even erty. He afterwards, according to tradition, declared that in foreaken by those of its own household, and now finds mercy his trance he had seen a vision;---a tree, covered with leaves from no man ;--this afflicted people bas nothing left, but to and blossoms and fruits, on which many beautiful birds were cast itself upon the aid of the eternally merciful Lord God, and feeding and melodiously singing. Under it, was a shepherd's with the ancient prophet, when his nation was overthrown by boy: and near at hand, three venerable old men (as guardians its enemies, to exclaim- For these things I weep; mine eye, of the tree), whose habiliments and countenances were those mine eye runneth down with water, because the Comforter that of the three persons who, several years afterwards, were con- should relieve my soul is far froin me.' Lam. I, 16.--But Thou,

sidered by dout upon the vished, as 1

His prayer was heard:-that Church, through ages "T was thus through centuries she rose and fell : past,

| At length victorious seem'd the gates of hell : Assail'd and rent by persecution's blast;

But, founded on a rock, which cannot move Whose sons no yoke could crush, no burthen tire, Th' eternal rock of her Redeemer's loveUnawed by dungeons, tortures, sword, and fire, That Church, which Satan's legions thought destroy'd, (Less proof against the world's alluring wiles. Her name extinct, her place for ever void. Whose frowns have weaker terrors than its smiles): Alive once more, respired her native air. - That Church o'erthrown, dispersed, un peopled, dead, But found no freedom for the voice of prayer: Oft from the dust of ruin raised her head,

Again the cowl'd oppressor clank'd his chains, And rallying round her feet, as from their graves, Flourish'd his scourge, and threaten d bonds and pains Her exiled orphans, hid in forest-caves,

(His arm enfeebled could no longer kill,
Where, 'midst the fastnesses of rocks and glens, But in his heart he was a murderer still):
Banded like robbers, stealing from their dens, Then Christian David, strengthen'd from above,
By night they met, their holiest vows to pay, Wise as the serpent, harmless as the dove;
As if their deeds were dark, and shunnd the day; Bold as a lion on his Master's part,
While Christ's revilers, in his seamless robe, In zeal a seraph, and a child in heart;
And parted garments, flaunted round the globe; Pluck'd from the gripe of antiquated laws
From east to west while Priestcraft's banners flew, -(Even as a mother from the felon-jaws
And harness'd kings his iron chariot drew,

Of a lean wolf, that bears her babe away,
-That Church advanced triumphant o'er the ground with courage beyond nature, rends the prey),
Where all her conquering martyrs had been crown'd, The little remnant of that ancient race:
Fearless her foe's whole malice to defy,

-Far in Lusatian woods they found a place; And worship God in liberty, or die:

There, where the sparrow builds her busy nest, For truth and conscience oft she pour'd her blood, And the clime-changing swallow loves to rest, And firmest in the fiercest conflict stood,

Thine altar, God of Hosts there still appear Wresting from bigotry the proud control

The tribes to worship, unassail'd by fear;
Claim'd o'er the sacred empire of the soul,

Not like their fathers, vex'd from age to age
Where God, the Judge of all, should fill the throne, By blatant Bigotry's insensate rage,
And reign, as in his universe, alone.'

Abroad in every place,--in every hour

Awake, alert, and ramping to devour. O Lord God! who abidest for ever and ever, and whose throne No: peaceful as the spot where Jacob slept, is eternal, why wilt thou forget us, and even forsake us in this

And guard all night the journeying angels kept, extremity? O bring us, Lord, again to thyself, that we may return to our homes. Renew our days as of old." In 1649, CO- Herrnhut yet stands amidst her shelter'd bowers; menius published a History of the Brethren's Church, which he - The Lord hath set his watch upon her towers.' dedicated, as his "last will and testament," to the Church of England, to preserve for the successors of the brethren in fu

were nearly extirpated, after their defeat by the Imperialists, on ture ages, as to the last hour of his life he cherished the hope of

the White Mountain, near Prague, in 1620. On the 21st June their revival and establishment in peace and freedom.-This

1621, no less than twenty-seven of the Patrons (Defensores) work was translated from the original Latin, and published in

of the Protestant cause, principally nobles and men of distine. London in 1661.

tion, were beheaded, who all died as faithful witnesses and 1 Previous to the Reformation, for about fifty years, the pris-martyrs to the religion of Christ. This execution was followed ons in Bobemia, and especially at Prague, were filled, from by a decree of banishment against all ministers of the Brethren's time to time, in consequence of special decrees, with members churches in Bohemia and Moravia. Many hundred families, of the Brethren's Church. Michael, one of their first bishops, both noble and plebeian, fled into the neighboring provinces. was long under rigorous confinement. Many perished in deep Emigration, however, was rendered as difficult as possible to dungeons, with cold and hunger; others were cruelly tortured the common people, who were strictly watched by the erningThe remainder were obliged to seek refuge in thick forests, and ries of persecution. Many thousands, notwithstanding, graduto hide themselves by day in caverns and recesses among the ally made their escape, and joined their ministers in exile : rocks. Fearing to be betrayed in the day-time by the smoke, others, who from age, infirmity, or the burthen of large families, they kindled their fires only at night, around which they em- could not do the same, remained in their country, but were ployed their time in reading the Scriptures, and in prayer. If compelled to worsbip God, after the manner of their forefathers, they were under the necessity of going out in the snow, either in secret only; for thenceforward neither churches nor schools to seek provisions or to visit their neighbors, they always walk- for Protestants were allowed to exist in Bohemia and Moravia, ed behind one another, each in his turn treading in the footsteps Search was made for their Bibles and religious books, which of the first, and the last dragging a piece of brushwood after were burnt in piles, and in some places under the gallows. him, to obliterate the track, or to tnake it appear as if some 1 In 1721 (ninety-four years after the flight of Comenius), the poor peasant had been to the woods to fetch a bundle of sticks. Church of the United Brethren was revived by the persecuted With the Reformers, Luther, Calom, Zwinglius, Melancthon, refugees from Moravia (descendants of the old confessors of Bucer, and Capito, the Brethren held the most friendly corre that name), who were led from time to time by Christian David spondence, and by all were acknowledged to be a true apostoli-(himself a Moravian, but educated in the Lutheran persuasion), cal church. The strictness of their church-discipline, however, I to settle on an uncultivated piece of land, on an estate belongand the difference which subsisted among these great men them- ing to Count Zinzendorf, in Lusatia. Christian David, who selves on that general subject, as well as the insulated locality was a carpenter, began the work of building a church in this of the Brethren, probably were the causes why they remained wilderness, by striking his ax into 1 tree, and exclaimingstill totally distinct from any of the new Christian societies “Here hath the sparrow found an house, and the swallows which were then instituted. After the Reformation, especially nest for herself ; even thine altars, O Lord God of Hosts! about the beginning and till the middle of the seventeenth cen- They named the settlement Herrnhut, or The Lord's Watch. tury, they were exposed to the same kind of persecutions and After the lapse of nearly a century, during which the refugees proscriptions which their ancestors had suffered. After the of the Brethren's churches, in Saxony, Poland, and Prussia, death of the Emperor Rudolph, in 1612, the resolutions of the were nearly lost among the people with whom they associated, Council of Trent were decreed to be put in force against all and the small remnant that continued in Moravia kept up the Protestants in Bohemia. This occasioned a civil war, like that fire on their family-altars, while in their churches it was utterly of the Hussites. The Brethren, though they are understood to extinct, a new persecution against this small remnant drove have taken very little share in this defence of the truth, by many of them from their homes, wbo, under the conduct of weapons of carnal warfare, were nevertheless exposed to all Christian David, finding an asylum on the estates of Count the vindictive cruelty, by which the Protestants in Bohemia Zinzendorf, founded near Bertholsdorf the first congregation

Soon, homes of humble form, and structure rude, O’er Greenland next two youths in secret wept; Raised sweet society in solitude :

And where the sabbath of the dead was kept, And the lorn traveller there, at fall of night, With pious forethought, while their hands prepare Could trace from distant hills the spangled light, Beds which the living and unborn shall share Which now from many a cottage-window stream'd, |(For man so surely to the dust is brought, Or in full glory round the chapel beam'd;

His grave before his cradle may be wrought), While hymning voices, in the silent shade,

They told their purpose, each o'erjoy'd to find Music of all his soul's affections made:

His own idea in his brother's mind. Where through the trackless wilderness erewhile, For counsel in simplicity they pray'd, No hospitable ray was known to smile;

And vows of ardent consecration made : Or if a sudden splendor kindled joy,

-Vows heard in heaven; from that accepted hour, "T was but a meteor dazzling to destroy:

Their souls were clothed with confidence and power,' While the wood echoed to the hollow owl,

Nor hope deferr'd could quell their heart's desire; The for's cry, or wolf's lugubrious howl.

The bush once kindled grew amidst the fire ;

But ere its shoots a tree of life became, Unwearied as the camel, day by day,

Congenial spirits caught th' electric flame; Tracks through unwater'd wilds his doleful way, And for that holy service, young and old, Yet in his breast a cherish'd draught retains,

Their plighted faith and willing names enrollid; To cool the fervid current in his veins,

Eager to change the rest, so lately found, While from the sun's meridian realms he brings For life-long labors on barbarian ground; The gold and gems of Ethiopian Kings :

To break, through barriers of eternal ice, So Christian David, spending yet unspent,

A vista to the gates of Paradise ; On many a pilgrimage of mercy went;

And light beneath the shadow of the pole Through all their haunts his suffering brethren sought, The tenfold darkness of the human soul; And safely to that land of promise brought; To man, a task more hopeless than to bless While in his bosom, on the toilsome road,

With Indian fruits that arctic wilderness; A secret well of consolation flow'd,

With God,-as possible when unbegun Fed from the fountain near th' eternal throne, As though the destined miracle were done. -Bliss to the world unyielded and unknown.

Three chosen candidates at length went forth, In stillness thus the little Zion rose;

Heralds of mercy to the frozen north ; But scarcely found those fugitives repose,

Like mariners with seal'd instructions sent, Ere to the west with pitying eyes they turn'd; They went in faith, as childless Abram went Their love to Christ beyond th' Atlantic burn'd. To dwell by sufferance in a land, decreed Forth sped their messengers, content to be

The future birthright of his promised seed), Captives themselves, to cheer captivity:

Unknowing whither;—uninquiring why Soothe the poor negro with fraternal smiles,

Their lot was cast beneath so strange a sky, And preach deliverance in those prison-isles, Where cloud nor star appear'd, to mortal sense Where man's most hateful forms of being meet,

Pointing the hidden path of Providence, -The tyrant and the slave that licks his feet. And all around was darkness to be felt;

-Yet in that darkness light eternal dwelt:

They knew,--and 't was enough for them to know, of the revived Church of the United Brethren. On the 8th of

||The still small voice that whisper'd them to go; Jane 1722, Christian David, with four of the first fugitives that arrived in Lusatia, were presented to Count Zinzendorf's For He, who spake by that mysterious voice, grandmother, who instantly gave them protection, and promised Inspired their will, and made His call their choice. to furnish them with the means of establishing themselves on one of her family-estates. Count Zinzendorf himself gives See the swift vessel bounding o'er the tide, the following account of the circumstances under which he fixed That wafts, with Christian David for their guide, upon the situation for these settlers. He proposed a district

Two young Apostles on their joyful way, called the Hutberg, near the high road to Zittau. It was objected, by some who knew the place, that there was no water To regions in the twilight verge of day: there: he answered "God is able to help;' and the following Freely they quit the clime that gave them birth, morning early he repaired thither to observe the rising of the Home, kindred, friendship, all they loved on earth; Vapors, that he might determine where a well might be dug.lv

dug: What things were gain before, accounting loss, The next morning he again visited the place alone, and satisfied

And glorying in the shame, they bear the cross ; birpeell of its eligibility for a settlement. He adds, “I laid the misery and desire of these people before God with many tears; beseechise Him, that his hand might be with me and frustrate good work, that being told that they could not have intercourse

y mensures, if they were in any way displeasing to Him. I otherwise with the objects of their Christian compassion, they gaid farther to the Lord: Upon this spot I will, in thy name, determined to sell themselves for slaves on their arrival, and build the first house for them. In the meantime the Moravians work with the blacks in the plantations. But this sacrifice was returned to the farm-house (where they had been previously not required. Many thousand negroes have since been truly lodged), having brought their families thither out of their native converted in the West Indies. e ntry. These I assisted to the best of my power, and then 1 Matthew Stach and Frederick Boenisch, two young men, went to Hennersdorf to acquaint my lady (his grandmother being at work together, preparing a piece of ground for a burialaforementioned) with the resolution I bad taken. She made no place at Herrnhut, disclosed to each other their distinct desires obiection, and immediately sent the poor strangers a cow, that I to offer themselves to the congregation as missionaries to Greenthey might be furnished with milk for their little children; and land. They therefore became joint candidates. Considerable she ordered me to show them the trees to be cut down for their delay, however, occurred; and when it was at length determined baikling."

to attempt the preaching of the gospel there, Frederick BoeIl 1732, when the congregation at Herrnhut consisted of nisch being on a distant journey, Christian David was appointabout six hundred persons, including children, the two first mis-ed to conduct thither Matthew Stach and his cousin Christian siudaniey saileal for the Danish island of St. Thomas, to preach Stach, who sailed from Copenhagen on the 10th of April 1733. the gospel to the regroes; and such was their devotion to the land landed in Ball's River on the 20th of May following.


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