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manner in which she had been address- Warmth, then, diffused over the earth, ed by Rogere. But her mind dwelt is another effect produced by the rising longest and with the deepest interest of the sun. And how pleasant is this upon the mysterious demeanor of warmth! But do you know, that, if it Brusque. It was while she was pursu- were not for the warmth of the sun, the ing this train of thought that she was trees and plants and flowers would not startled at perceiving the figure of a man grow? Do you know, that, without this partly hidden in the shadow of a high warmth, all the earth would be covered rock which stood close to the water's with ice, and that all men and animals edge, and which she was now approach- would die ?. ing. But we must reserve the scene You see, then, how important the sun which followed for another chapter. is, and how great are the benefits of the (To be continued.)
light and heat which it sends abroad over the world. Let us be thankful to God every morning for the light and heat of the sun. These are the sources
of life to everything that grows or feels. The Sun.
The sun is rising! Did you ever think of the many benefits produced by
Night. the sun? Let us go upon the top of a hill, and see the sun rise, and consider, The sun is setting in the west! It for a moment, the effects that are pro- seems to go down behind the hills. duced.
Darkness is creeping over the valleys. Do you see that the darkness, which The birds have ceased their song, and had fallen over the whole face of nature, are gathering into the forest or the thick is gone? Do you see that even the branches of the trees. valley is filled with light ? Does not all The hen has gone to her shelter, and this remind you of God, who said, at gathered her chickens under her wing. the beginning of the world, “ Let there The flies and gnats and butterflies are be light, and there was light?"
gone to their rest.
The cows and sheep Light, then, spread over the land, is have lain down to their repose. one of the first effects of the sun's rising. Stillness seems to have come over And do you see that the birds are all the world. The sun has set. It is abroad now, singing their songs, and dark. It is getting chill and damp. It seeking their food ? How happy they is night. appear to be! And do you not feel Do you see those little shining points happy too? Does not everything seem in the sky? What are they? We call happy to see the light, and feel that day them stars, but they are worlds far away, has come once more ?
and probably they are covered with trees, Do you observe that yast sheet of and hills, and rivers, and cities, and peowhite vapor that is rising from yonder ple. valley? It is rising in consequence of We cannot go to them, nor can any the warmer air that is produced by the one come from them to tell us about rising of the sun. Do you not feel that them. They are God's worlds, and the shining of the sun upon you makes they are no doubt as useful as they are you warmer ?
How wonderful is night! How fear- of Scotland, was a man of peculiar charful would it be if it were to last forever! acter in one respect-he never would But we know that the sun will come to confess or allow that he could be beaten morrow, to give us its cheerful light and or defeated in anything. One wintry heat. Let us go to rest, then, for night day, he and his son were out on a hill is made for sleep.
during a snow-storm, looking after the But let us first think of that great and safety of the sheep, when, the old man good Being, who has made all these having inadvertently gone too near the wonders of nature. Let us put our trust brow, the snow gave way, and he was in Him. In his care we are safe. But precipitated to the bottom. The Shepwe must ask his protection, and seek his herd, alarmed for the safety of his father, forgiveness for all our faults.
looked down the side of the hill, and Oh, how fearful would it be if there not only saw him standing on his feet were no God! How sad would it be, seemingly, unhurt, but he heard him if God were not our friend! How sad crying, at the top of his voice, “ Jamie, would it be, if we were to be unkind to my man, ye were aye fond of a slide a’ others, and to feel that He might not be ye're days; let me see you do that!" kind to us! How sad would it be, if we The above expression displayed his selfwere so wicked as to feel afraid of Him, esteem; he wished to pass the accident the best and kindest of all beings! off upon his son for a feat. On another
This would indeed be dreadful. But occasion, having slipped his foot on we may all be good if we try to be so. going up a hill
, and fallen prostrate on Even if we have done wrong, we may his nose, he said to an individual accomgo to Him, and ask his forgiveness'; panying him, “Eh, I think I had like to and if we ask sincerely, He will not re- have fallen!" Once an unruly mare fuse it.
having run away with him, a group of Did you never disobey your
men observed him rush past with a face mother, and, having done so, have you of great concern and fear; but when the not begged their pardon? And, having beast had exhausted its strength, and done this, have you not been forgiven? allowed itself to be once more guided And is not this forgiveness pleasant to by the rein, Mr. Hogg came back, the heart? Let me tell you, that God making a great show of mastery over it, is as ready to be kind and forgiving to and muttering, so as to be heard by the his children, as parents are to be so to bystanders, “ I think I hae sobered her!" theirs.
Let no fear of God, then, prevent your loving Him, praying to Him, or asking his forgiveness. The more you have
A CERTAIN physician at sea made great sinned, the more careful you should be
use of sea-water among his patients. to look
up to Him, and pray to Him, and Whatever disease came on, a dose of ask his counsel and pardon. Those the nauseating liquid was first adminiswho have been most wicked, have most tered. In process of time the Doctor reason to love God; for his kindness is fell overboard. A great bustle consegreat enough to pardon even them, quently ensued on board, in the midst
of which the captain came up and in
quired the cause. “Q, nothing, sir,” Hogg's FATHÉR.—The father of the answered a tar,“ only the Doctor has poet Hogg, the famous Ettrick Shepherd fallen into his medicine-chest."
There are very few persons who are abeth of England. She was the daughfamous in history, about whom more has ter of Henry VIII., a severe and haughty been said and written than Queen Eliz- king, who died in 1547, leaving his son
Edward VI., to reign in his stead. He England, as I trust in God shall never died in a short time, and his elder sister, be extinguished.” Soon after he had Mary, succeeded to the throne.
spoken, the flames reached the
gunpowThe reformation, as it is called, had der, and he was blown to atoms. Ridbegun in the time of Henry VIII., and ley suffered longer and more intensely; he, with a violent hand, put down the but after his frame had been consumed to Roman Catholic religion in his domin- ashes, it is said that his heart was found ions; but Mary was a Catholic, and she entire,
an emblem, as his contemporarevived it, imitating, and perhaps ex- ries declare, of the firmness with which ceeding the bigotry and intolerance of he gave his body to be burned for the her father in repressing it. In speaking truth's sake. of this period, an English historian says,
The fate of Cranmer was, in many -"The cruelties, indeed, which were respects, more melancholy, perhaps more perpetrated for several years, under the instructive, than that of his brothers in pretext of advancing true religion, would suffering. He was first convicted of almost surpass belief, did not their rec- high-treason, but obtained, on his earord depend upon authority which there 'nest supplication for mercy, the queen's is no gainsaying. Men, women, and pardon. Hating the man, both on pubeven children, died a death of which lic and on private grounds, she desired the bare contemplation causes the blood to destroy. his character as well as his to curdle.”
life; and it must be confessed that Among the persons who suffered mar- she had well-nigh succeeded. Being tyrdom at this period, were three cele- transferred from the Tower to Oxford, brated bishops, Ridley, Latimer, and he was arraigned on a charge of heresy, Cranmer. The characters of Ridley before a court constituted with a marked and Latimer, both as scholars and attention to form, and by a commission divines, presented at least as many obtained direct from Řome. He depoints of contrariety as of agreement. fended himself with great modesty as The first was moderate, learned, and re- well as talent; but from such a court flective; the last, bold, simple, frank, only one verdict was to be anticipated ; and thoroughly uncompromising. Hav- -he was found guilty. The fear of ing been tried and convicted of heresy, death seems to have operated with extrathey were ordered to suffer death by ordinary force upon Cranmer. Again burning, and Oxford was named as the he implored the queen's mercy, in terms city in which the execution should take partaking too much of the abject; and place. They were accordingly led out being beset by many temptations,—by into a wide street, and tied to the stake; the terrors of the stake on one hand, by the executioners, probably with the hu- promises of favor and protection on the mane desire of lessening their sufferings, other,-in an evil hour his constancy having fastened round the middle of each gave way, and he signed a recantation. a bag of gunpowder. During the inter- The triumph of his enemy was now val when the fagots were in the act of be- complete. Notwithstanding this humiling lighted, Ridley addressed some words iating act, the sentence of death was of pious consolation to his companion. confirmed ; and he was carried, as cusThe undaunted Latimer scarcely heard tom required, into the church of St. him out: “ Fear not, good brother,” Mary, where an appropriate sermon was replied he, “but be of good cheer. We preached. shall this day kindle such a torch in During the whole time of divine ser
vice. Cranmer kept his eyes rivetted on once, to hint to Mary that “to cut down the ground, while the tears chased one the leaves, while the root was permitted another, in rapid course, over his cheeks. to flourish, was at once discreditable and The audience attributed his emotion impolitic." to remorse ; and it was expected, when After an uneasy reign of five years, he indicated a desire to address the pop- and weighed down with a broken heart ulace, that he would before them ac- --with a husband who loved her not, knowledge the enormity of his transgres- and a people who hated her-Queen sions, and ask their prayers. But the Mary died, in 1558, and was succeeded persons who harbored this idea had de- by Elizabeth. Being a Protestant, Elizsuded themselves. After running over abeth had been looked upon with hatred a sort of history of his past career, he and suspicion by her gloomy sister, and came at length to the period of his trial, was for a long period kept in prison. which he summed up the narrative in Trained in the school of adversity, she the following words :-"Now I am had learned to exercise great command come to the great thing which troubleth over herself, and at the very outset of my conscience more than any other her public career showed that skill and thing that I ever said or did in my life, discretion in government for which she and that is, the setting abroad of writings was so much distinguished. contrary to the truth; which here now It is not my purpose now to detail the I renounce and refuse as things written events of her reign, but only to draw a with my hand, contrary to the truth portrait of her character. She underwhich I thought in my heart, and writ stood the interests of England, and
purfor fear of death, and to save my life if sued them with courage, energy and skill. might be, and that is all such papers as She belonged to a period when anything I have written or signed since my deg- and everything was deemed fair by poliradation, wherein I have written many ticians and statesmen. Elizabeth did things untrue. And forasmuch as my not hesitate, therefore, to employ decephand offended in writing contrary to my tion, falsehood, and bad-faith, to accomheart, my hand, when I come to the fire, plish her ends. She, however, did more shall be first burned.” The penitent to lay the foundation of English greatwas as good as his word. As soon as ness than any other sovereign that has the flames began to arise, he thrust his swayed the British sceptre. right hand into them, and held it there As a woman, Elizabeth's character till it was consumed. His end resem was detestable. Being herself handbled, in other respects, those of his fel- some, she was still inordinately fond of lows in affliction.
admiration, and jealous of those who During more than three years, these might be rivals of her beauty. She dreadful scenes continued to be acted, caused Mary, queen of Scotland, who till there had perished at the stake not had come to England and claimed her fewer than two hundred and ninety in- protection, to be tried, unjustly condividuals, among whom were five bish- demned, and at last executed a feeling ops, twenty-one clergymen, eight lay of hatred toward her, on account of her gentlemen, fifty-five women, and four great personal beauty, being one of the children. Elizabeth herself narrowly motives for this official murder. escaped the same fate, inasmuch as Among those upon whom Elizabetka Gardiner, though weary of the slaughter bestowed her smiles, was the handsome of minor offenders, ventured, more than Earl of Essex. He was very popular,