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east of the United States, and 1800 miles markable customs is that of trial by the northeast of the Cape of Good Hope. Tangena, a poisonous nut, that is given
It is separated from the continent of to persons suspected of any crime. The Africa by the channel of Mozambique, people are great believers in witchcraft, through which vessels often pass in go- and if any one in a family is taken sick, ing to China. A long chain of moun- it frequently happens that some of the tains, some of which are 11,000 feet or members are accused of causing the two miles high, runs north and south illness by witchcraft, and the tangena through the island. In these mountains is therefore given to them. It appears are volcanoes, though they are not so that the poison, when thoroughly adterrible as in South America.
ministered, causes the most excruciMadagascar is a pleasant country, and ating pains, and is almost certain death. produces many fine things, among which If the person has a very strong constiare sugar, honey, various fruit-trees, tution, or if he can bribe the officer who valuable gums, silver, copper, and tin administers it to give a weak dose, he ore; also precious stones, together with sometimes escapes; but in most cases it other more useful things, as cattle, corn, is fatal. There is a vast deal of pompoultry, &c. The people are numerous, pous ceremony attending these trials: and consist of several tribes or races, there is a sort of prayer or incantation some resembling negroes, others appear- before the dose is given, and during its ing like Arabs, but the greater part bear- operation, an appeal to the invisible ing an affinity to the people who inhabit power to punish crime, or vindicate inthe islands of the Pacific Ocean. The nocence, as the case may be-though, whole population of the island is estima. in point of fact, the whole system seems ted at about four millions and a half, or to be one of trick, practised by a few about twice as much as all New Eng, artful and designing men. land.
If the person resists the effect of the About twelve or fifteen years ago, a poison, which rarely happens, he is taken king by the name of Radama had sub- to his house in great state, a procession jected to his sway nearly all the tribes. being formed like that which is repreHe encouraged the Christian mission- sented in the engraving. It appears from aries from England, by whose means a the accounts of the missionaries who good deal of useful knowledge was dif- have visited the island, that the practice fused, and various arts were introduced of the tangena is so extensive as actually among the people. Had his reign con- to diminish the population of the island; tinued, it is probable that all the tribes and what is remarkable is this, that the would have been formed into one well people seem to take a great interest in organized and well governed nation, these trials, and actually encourage among whom civilization might have them, seeming to have great delight in made rapid advances. But, unfortunate them. It is indeed a fact that cannot be ly, Radama was poisoned by his queen, disputed, that in all nations not softened and since that time, though the people and civilized by the influence of Chrisare considered as forming one king- tianity, mercy seems to be unknown, dom, they are in a very disturbed and and cruelty affords only a pleasing exdismembered state. Many of them are citement. little better than savages, and indeed all the people are slaves of the most degrad- “The clock upbraids us with the ing superstitions. One of the most re- waste of time.”
A Philosophical Tea-pot.
why, on this principle, my tea-pot is of no use now the spout is broken?
A. Let me see—no, I cannot underAnne. Mother, why do you not use stand why it is so. The tea-pot itself that pretty tea-pot that grandmother is good, and you can fill it just the same gave you?
as ever! Mother. Why, my dear, do you not M. Ah! but can you fill it? that is remember that the nose is half burnt the question. off?
A. Why, mamma, how absurd it A. Well, mamma, suppose it is it would be to suppose I could not fill it! does not look very badly, and you have But let me try; there is nothing like tryalways told me that as long as things ing, after all. (She brings the tea-pot.) were useful, we must not put them aside. Here it is, poor neglected thing. In
M. But it is not useful, Anne ; that deed, I do not see why I cannot fill it, is the only reason why I have set it unless there are holes in the bottom or up on the high shelf.
sides. A. I do not see why it is not useful, M. No, I believe it is sound in those I am sure. I think, mamma, you might respects. But come, here is some water; as well put away my little spade because try it. But first get the waiter—I do the handle is broken off at the top, or not want my table wet. John's kite because the wind has taken A. Oh! never fear, mamma; I will off a piece of the tail !
not spill it. (Pouring the water into M. Well, my dear, this sounds very the tea-pot.) There, there, mamma, you well; but let us consider the matter a see I have got it half full already. But little. Of what use is a tea-pot? dear me, how's this? I declare, the wa
A. Why, to hold tea, I suppose ! ter is running out of the nose as fast as I M. Well
, what is tea—a solid body ? pour it in! Why, what does it mean? A. Oh no; it is what my book of M. Just think, my dear, of what your natural philosophy would call a liquid. philosophy says about liquids, and you Oh, that book is very interesting; wait will immediately see why the water a minute while I get it, mamma-here runs out of the nose. How high does it is!
the water remain in the tea-pot ? M. What is one of the properties A. Just as high as the top of the of liquids ?
Ah! I see now; that is the level A. Let me see-oh, here I have it. of the water, and it can go no higher in Liquids always tend to an equilibri- the body of the tea-pot than it does in
Wonderful! Then, mamma, M. Do you understand what that it must be that it is necessary to have the means, my dear?
nose as high as the top of the tea-pot. A. Yes; my mistress explained it to Oh! now I understand perfectly why me the other morning. Water or any this is of no use. Thank
you, mamma; other liquid always seeks a level; that I like these practical lessons in philosois, if water is put into a bowl, it will be phy. But I am ashamed that I did not equally as high on one side as on the understand it at once. other. If the bowl stands uneven, the M. This shows you, my dear Anne, liquid will still be perfectly level. that it is not only necessary to have
M. A very good explanation, Anne. knowledge, but that it is nearly useless But now to the proof. Can you tell me when it is not applied properly. Here
after, I hope you will think a little when I shall think my time well spent in sim
plifying the matter to you. I used to A. Ah, mamma, I think I shall come be very fond of philosophy when I was to you when I am puzzled; you ex- of your age, because my aunt kindly plain things so charmingly—better than illustrated some of the most difficult prinall the philosophy books in the world! ciples in such a manner as to make me
M. Well, my dear, come to me after perfectly understand them. The lesson you have tried hard yourself to under. I have just given you is one she taught stand the subject you are studying, and me thirty years ago.
Astonishing Powers of the Horse. The following story, showing what dreadfully high, and broke over the exertion the horse is capable of under- sailors with such amazing fury, that no going, would be almost incredible, were boat whatever could venture off to their it not well authenticated.
assistance. Many years ago, a violent gale of Meanwhile, a planter, considerably wind setting in from north-northwest, advanced in life, had come on horseback a vessel in the road at the Cape of Good from his farm to be a spectator of the Hope dragged her anchors, was forced shipwreck. His heart was melted at on the rocks, and bilged; and while the the sight of the unhappy seamen, and greater part of the crew fell an immedi- knowing the bold and enterprising spirit ate sacrifice to the waves, the remainder of his horse, and his particular excelwere seen from the shore, struggling for lence as a swimmer, he instantly detertheir lives, by clinging to the different mined to make a desperate effort for pieces of the wreck.
He alighted and blew a little brandy and though it seems almost like a ball into his horse's nostrils, when, again of melted metal, yet we can see figures seating himself in the saddle, he instant- upon it. ly pushed into the midst of the breakers. Some persons imagine, that they can At first both disappeared, but it was not see the face of a man in the moon, and long before they floated on the surface others that they can spy the figure of a and swam up to the wreck; when, taking crooked old woman. But those who with him two men, each of whom held have looked at it with telescopes, tell
us, by one of his boots, the planter brought that it is a world, with mountains, and them safe to shore.
rivers, and valleys upon its surface. This perilous expedition he repeated There is very little doubt that animals seven times, and saved fourteen lives. and people live upon
it. But on his return the eighth time, his Would it not be pleasant, if we could horse being much fatigued, and meeting sail through the air, and go up to the a most formidable wave, he lost his bal- moon, and come back and tell the people ance, and was overwhelmed in a mo- of this world what sort of place the ment. The horse swam safely to the moon is, and what kind of folks the shore, but his gallant rider was no moonites are ? more !
But this cannot be. We may travel by railroads over the land, and by ships across the waters of this world, but we
have no ladder long enough to reach to The Moon
other worlds. We must therefore, for
the present, stay where we are and be It is night! The stars are so distant content. that they seem to be very small; but But I was talking of the moon. Can the moon, though really less than the you tell me why a dog will often bark stars, is nearer, and therefore appears at it almost all night? If you can, you to be larger.
can do more than any one else. It is a very interesting object, and is
ask what good the moon even more talked about than the sun.
does to us.
In the first place, it is very At one time it seems like a silver bow, beautiful, and gives us great pleasure. hung in the west It increases in size, It is also useful, as it frequently shines till it looks like a large bowl. It grows at night, and seems to relieve us partly larger and larger, till it is quite round, from the darkness. The landscape is. and is then fancied by some people to often charming when viewed by moonresemble a mighty green cheese. light, and water never looks so lovely as
The moon does not shine at all times. when the moon is shining upon it. Even when it is in the sky above us, it Beside this, the moon gives 'no light during the day, for the ebbing and flowing of the ocean called sun is so much brighter, that it appears the tides. These keep it from being quite dim. And often at night it is hid- stagnant and prevent its becoming putrid. den behind the earth, and gives us no Were it not for the moon, the whole light.
ocean would be unfit for the fishes that But when it does shine at night, it is live in it, and they would all die. Men indeed beautiful. We cannot look at and beasts, too, would also perish from the sun with the naked eye, for it is too the unhealthiness of the land, were not bright. But we can look at the moon, the sea kept pure by the tides.
But you may