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The Crane Family. I am not going to talk of Ichabod town, and the same chimney-top, it reCrane, or Jeremiah Crane, or of their occupies its deserted nest; and the gladwives or families. I shall leave these ness these birds manifest in again taking respectable people for the present, and possession of their dwelling, and the say a few words about certain long- attachment they testify towards their legged birds which are very interesting, benevolent hosts, are familiar in the though not very familiarly known to mouths of every one. Nor is the stork most of us. The storks and cranes are less remarkable for its affection towards so nearly alike that they might seem to its young; and the story is well known be cousins. They have both enormous- of a female bird, which, during the conly long legs and bills, and seem particu- flagration at Delft, chose rather to perish larly well fitted to wading in the water with her young than abandon them to
-a thing they can do without rolling their fate. Incubation and the rearing up their pantaloons. Look at this tall of the young being over by August, the fellow at the head of this article, and stork, in the early part of that month, tell me if he need be afraid of wetting prepares for its departure. The north his clothes by taking a ramble in a of Africa, and especially Egypt, are the brook.
places of its winter sojourning, for there The engraving represents a crane. Let the marshes are unfrozen, its food is in me first say a few words of his cousin abundance, and the climate is congenial. stork. This bird, that is spoken of in Previous to setting out on their airy the Bible as one that "knoweth her ap- journey, multitudes assemble from the pointed time," is not found among us, surrounding districts, chattering with but it is well known in some parts of their bills as if in consultation. On the Europe. In Holland, it arrives in small appointed night, a period which appears bands or flocks, about the first of April, to be universally chosen by the migraand universally meets with a kind and tory tribes, they mount into the higher welcome reception from the inhabitants. regions of the air, and sail away southReturning year after year to the same wards to their destined haven.
The nest of the stork is formed of voracious and omniverous propensities twigs and sticks, and the eggs, from are attested by Major Denham; carrion, three to five in number, and nearly as reptiles, and small quadrupeds are swallarge as those of a goose, are of a yel- lowed at a bolt, with indiscriminate lowish white. Of the countless multi- voracity. Smeatham, who resided at tudes in which the stork assembles in Sierra Leone, has given an interesting order to perform its periodical migra- account of this bird. He observes that tions, some idea may be entertained from the adult bird will often measure seven Dr. Shaw's account of the flocks which feet; and that the head, covered with he witnessed leaving Egypt and passing white down thinly dispersed, is not unover Mount Carmel, each of which was like that of a gray-headed man. It half a mile in breadth, and occupied associates in flocks, which, when seen a space of three hours in passing. at a distance, near the mouths of rivWhen reposing, the stork stands upon one ers, coming towards an observer, with leg, with the neck bent backwards, and their wings extended, as they often do, the head resting between the shoulders. may readily be mistaken for canoes on Such also is its attitude when watching a smooth sea.
- One of these, a young for its prey. Its motions are stately, and bird, about five feet high, was brought it stalks along with slow and measured up tame, and presented to the chief of the steps. Its plumage is pure
white. Bananas, where Mr. Smeatham lived; The cranes bear a close resemblance and being accustomed to be fed in the to the white stork, which we have been great hall, soon became familiar; duly describing, but become even more attending that place at dinner-time, and familiar in some of the countries they placing itself behind its master's chair, inhabit, and, in consequence of their frequently before the guests entered. larger size, render more essential ser- The servants were obliged to watch narvice in the removal of carrion, offal, and rowly and to defend the provisions with other nuisances. This important office switches, but, notwithstanding, it would they share with the vultures, and, like frequently snatch something or other, those birds, are universally privileged and once purloined a whole boiled fowl, from all annoyance, in return for so which it swallowed in an instant. Its meritorious an exertion of their natural courage is not equal to its voracity; for propensities. They seem to be constant a child of ten years soon puts it to flight ly attracted by the heaps of offensive with a switch, though it seems at first substances collected in the villages and to stand on its defence, by threatening towns, which they devour without scru- with its enormous bill widely extended, ple, and in immense quantities. and roaring with a loud voice, like a
The adjutant arrives in Bengal, in bear or tiger. It is an enemy to small India, before the rainy season. Its gape quadrupeds, as well as birds and reptiles, is enormous, and its voracity astonish- and slyly destroys fowls and chickens. ing; not that it is ferocious towards Everything is swallowed whole, and so man; quite the contrary, for it is peace- accommodating is its throat, that not able, and even timid; but small quadru- only an animal as big as a cat is gulped peds are swallowed without any scruple. down, but a shin of beef broken asunder In the stomach of one, as Latham states, serves it but for two morsels. It has were found a land tortoise ten inches been known to swallow a leg of mutton long, and a large black cat entire. of five or six pounds, a hare, and also a
Of the African Marabou Crane, the small fox.”
Sketches of the Manners, Customs, the residence of cruel men ; but on landand History of the Indians of
ing at Guadaloupe he soon became con
vinced he was truly in a Golgotha, a America.
place of skulls. He there saw human
limbs hanging in the houses as if curing (Continued from page 144.)
for provisions, and some even roasting
at the fire for food. He knew then CHAPTER III.
that he was in the country of the CaThe West Indies continued.-Columbus discovers ribs.
the Antilles.-Cannibalism reported.— Appear- On touching at the island of Montance of the people. Their origin.-Arts. serrat, Columbus was informed that the Customs.-Character. Their extermination.
Caribs had eaten up all the inhabitants. COLUMBUS discovered the islands of If that had been true, it seems strange the Caribs during his second voyage to how he obtained his information. America, in 1493. The first island he It is probable many of these stories saw he named Dominico, because he were exaggerations. The Caribs were discovered it on Sunday. As the ships a warlike people, in many respects gently moved onward, other islands rose essentially differing in character from to sight, one after another, covered with the natives of the other West India forests, and enlivened with flights of Islands. They were enterprising as parrots and other tropical birds, while well as ferocious, and frequently made the whole air was sweetened by the roving expeditions in their canoes to the fragrance of the breezes which passed distance of one hundred and fifty leagues, over them.
invading the islands, ravaging the villaThis beautiful cluster of islands is ges, making slaves of the youngest and called the Antilles. They extend from handsomest females, and carrying off the the eastern end of Porto Rico to the coast men to be killed and eaten. of Paria on the southern continent, These things were bad enough, and forming a kind of barrier between the it is not strange report should make main ocean and the Caribbean sea ;- them more terrible than the reality. here was the country of the Caribs. The Caribs also gave the Spaniards Columbus had heard of the Caribs dur- more trouble than did the effeminate ing his stay at Hayti and Cuba, at the natives of the other islands. They time of his first voyage. The timid and fought their invaders desperately. In indolent race of Indians in those pleas. some cases the women showed as much ant islands were mortally afraid of the bravery as the men. At Santa Cruz Caribs, and had repeatedly besought the females plied their bows with such Columbus to assist them in overcoming vigor, that one of them sent an arrow these their ferocious enemies. The through a Spanish buckler, and wounded Caribs were represented as terrible war- the soldier who bore it. riors, and cruel cannibals, who roasted There have been many speculations and eat their captives. This the gentle respecting the origin of the Caribs Haytians thought, truly enough, was a That they were a different race from good pretext for warning the Christians the inhabitants of the other islands, is against such foes. Columbus did not generally acknowledged. They also at first imagine the beautiful paradise differed from the Indians of Mexico and he saw, as he sailed onward among Peru; though some writers think they these green and spicy islands, could be were culprits banished either from the
continent or the large islands, and thus make their boats, baskets, arms, hama difference of situation might have pro- mocks, and to prepare their provisions. duced a difference of manners. Others The hammocks of the Caribs strengththink they were descended from some ens the supposition that they were decivilized people of Europe or Africa. scended from some maritime adventurers. There is no difficulty attending the be. They were made of coarse cotton cloth, lief that a Carthaginian or Phænician six or seven feet long, and twelve or vessel might have been overtaken by a fourteen wide ; each end was ornamentstorm, and blown about by the gales, till ed with cords, which they called ribands; it entered the current of the trade-winds, these were more than two feet long, when it would have been easily carried twisted, and well made. All the cords to the West Indies. If they had no at each end were joined together, and women with them, they might have dis- formed loops, through which a long rope covered the large islands or the conti- was inserted, in order to fasten the hamnent, and procured wives from them. mocks to the posts at the side of the In process of time, their numbers might house, and to support the persons within have increased so as to form the scanty them. These hammocks were woven population of St. Vincent, Martinico, by the women, entirely by hand labor, Guadaloupe, Dominica, and other small as they had no looms, and was a very islands where the Caribs were settled. tedious process. But when completed,
The Caribs had as many of the arts and painted red, as was the usual fashas were necessary to live at ease in that ion, they were very strong, and quite luxurious climate. They knew how to ornamental in their carbets. build their carbets or houses; how to The carbet is thus described by a
French missionary : “The Carib dwels with a kind of wicker-work of split flags; ling I entered was about sixty feet long the roof was covered with the leaves of and twenty-four wide. The posts on the wild plantain, which here grows which it was erected were rough and very large; the laths were made of forked, and the shortest of them about reeds. The end of the carbet which nine feet above the ground; the others was covered had a doorway for a paswere proportioned to the height of the sage to the kitchen; the other end was roof. The windward end was enclosed nearly all open. Ten paces from the
great carbet was another building, about the Europeans who had an opportunity half the size of the large one, which of trying it. was divided by a reed partition. The The Caribs usually spread two tables first room was the kitchen; here six or at their meals; on one was placed their eight females were employed in making bread, (cassada,) on the other the fish, cassada. The second room was for å fowls, crabs and pimentado. This pisleeping apartment for such of the wo- mentado was made of the juice of mamen and children as were not accommo- nioc, boiled, a quantity of pimento, and dated in the great carbet.
the juice of lemon or some other acid. “ All the rooms were furnished with It was their favorite sauce; they used it hammocks and baskets. The men had with all their meats, but they made it so their weapons in the great carbet. Some hot that nobody but themselves could of the men were making baskets—two eat it. A favorite dish with them was
were making a hammock. stewed crabs. None of their food was There were many bows, arrows, and eaten raw; in general their taste seemed clubs attached to the rafters. The inclined to overdone and high-seasoned floor was smooth and clean; it was dishes. made of well-beaten earth, and sloped The manioc, from which the cassada towards the side. There was a good is made, was a great article of food fire, about one third the length of the among the Caribs. The ordinary size carbet, round which a number of Caribs of the roots is equal to that of the beet; were squatted on their haunches. They they are of the consistency of parsnips, were smoking and waiting till some and commonly ripen in about eight fish were roasted, and made their salu- months. tations to me without rising."
The manioc was planted in trenches, The Caribs were hunters and fisher- about two feet and a half apart, and six
Their food was much better inches deep. It was necessary to keep cooked than that of the Indians of the the plant free from weeds. When ripe, northern continent, who lived by the the shrub and roots were all dug up chase and fishing, though to us it would together, like potatoes. When the roots not appear very refined. Their meat were taken up, the bark or skin was and small birds they stuck on a kind of scraped off, just as parsnips are scraped; wooden spit, which was fixed in the then they were washed clean and grated ground before the fire, and they turned fine, something like horseradish. Then it, till all the slices of meat or the birds the grated mass was put into a strainer were roasted.
of split flags, or the bark of a tree. This was quite a civilized method of The strainer was six or seven feet management compared with their treat- long, and four or five inches in diameter. ment of the large birds, such as parrots, It was woven something like a cotton pigeons, &c. These they threw on the stocking, in order that it might be exfire, without picking or dressing them, panded to receive the manioc, and conand when the feathers were burnt, they tract for the purpose of expressing the raked the bird up in the cinders till it juice. When filled, it was hung on the was done.
On taking it from the ashes, limb of a tree, with a basket of stones the crust formed by the burnt feathers fastened to the bottom, which gradually peeled off
, and the bird was perfectly forced out the juice of the manioc, which clean and delicate. It is said this man- is of a poisonous quality unless it is ner of roasting was much approved by boiled.