« 前へ次へ »
with hair and straw; the clay is tem firmly fixed against the rafters of barns pered with the saliva of the bird, (with or out-houses. The writer bas heard of which nature has supplied it,) in order a pair that yearly built in the raftto make it tenacious and easily moulded. ers of a wheelwright's shop, undisturbed The shell or crust of the nest, thus com- by the din of the hammer or the grating posed, is lined with fine grass or feathers, of the saw. The propensity which
these birds, in common with their family, bred, the spot where they have reared exhibit to return to the same spot, and their offspring; but, as soon as their to build in the same barn year after instinct warns them to retrace their pilyear, is one of the most curious parts grimage, back they hasten, and, as exof their history. During their sojourn periments have repeatedly proved, the in foreign climes, they forget not their identical pair that built last summer in old home, the spot where they were the barn, again take up their old quar
ters, passing in and out by the same incompatible with reason and facts, and opening
now universally discarded. The great It is delightful to witness the care body of these birds depart about the end which the swallow manifests towards of September. her brood. When able to leave the The Holy Scriptures make frequent nest, she leads them to the ridge of the allusions to this interesting bird. Jerebarn, where, settled in a row, and as yet miah, reproaching the Jews for their unable to fiy, she feeds them with great turning away from God, alludes to the assiduity. In a day or two they become swallow as obeying His laws, while they capable of flight, and then they follow who have seen his glory rebelled: "Yea, their parents in all their evolutions, and the stork in the heaven knoweth her are fed by them while on the wing. In a appointed times; and the turtle and the short time they commence an indepen- crane and the swallow observe the time dent career, and set up for themselves. of their coming; but my people know
The notes of the swallow, though hur- not the judgment of the Lord. vii. 7. ried and twittering, are very pleasing ; The Psalmist notices the partiality of and the more so as they are associated this bird for the temple of worship, the in our minds with ideas of spring, sanctuary of God: “ Yea, the sparrow and calm serenity, and rural pleasures. hath found an house, and the swallow a The time in which the bird pours forth nest for herself, where she may lay her its melody is chiefly at sunrise, when, young, even thine altars, O Lord of in " token of a goodly day," his rays are hosts, my King and my God." Psalm bright and warm.
Ixxxiv. 3. Hezekiah, king of Judah, “ The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,
wrote of himself, “ Like a crane or a The swallow, twittering from the straw-built swallow, so did I chatter.” Is. xxxviii. shed,”
14. In these casual notices we at least unite alike to call man from his couch trace out that the habits, migration, and of rest, and to praise “the God of sea- song of the swallow, were known to the sons as they roll.”
inspired writers; a circumstance of no After the work of rearing the young, little value, since a false assertion that ere autumn sears the leaf, the swallow the facts of natural history are not corprepares to depart. Multitudes, from rectly stated in the Bible, has long been various quarters, now congregate to- among the weak engines used by the gether, and perch at night in clusters infidel against the validity of that book, on barns or the branches of trees, but “ which maketh wise unto salvation." especially among the reeds of marshes The Sand Martin, or Bank Swallow, and fens, round which they may be ol is a most curious bird of this family. It served wheeling and sinking and rising is the least of the tribe, and the first to again, all the time twittering vocifer- arrive, appearing a week or two before ously, before they finally settle. It was the swallow, and often while the weathfrom this circumstance that some of the eris severe. Its flight is vacillating, but older naturalists supposed the swallow it is equally fond of skimming over the to become torpid and remain submerged surface of the water. This bird, unlike beneath the water during winter, and to its race, mines deep holes in sand or issue forth from its liquid tenement on chalk cliffs, to the depth of two feet, or the return of spring ; a theory utterly even more, at the extremity of which it
constructs a loose nest of fine grass and Are smaller joists ; his limbs are laths daubed feathers, artificially put together, in o'er, which it rears its brood.
Plastered with flesh and blood; his mouth 's the The sand martin is of a social dispo- His throat 's the narrow entry; and his heart sition; hence flocks of them unite to Is the great chamber, full of carious art. colonize a favorite locality, such as a
His stornach is the kitchen, where the meat precipitous bank or rock, which they His spleen 's a vessel nature does allot
Is often put, half sod, for want of heat. crowd with their burrows. Professor To take the scum that rises from the pot ; Pallas
that on the high banks of His lungs are like the bellows, that respire the Irtish, their nests are in some places in every office, quickening every fire; so numerous, that, when disturbed, the His nose the chimney is, whereby are vented inmates come out in vast flocks and fill His eyes are crystal windows, clear and bright,
Such fumes as with the bellows are augmented; the air like flies; and, according to Let in the object, and let out the sight; Wilson, they swarm in immense multi- And as the timber is, or great or small
, tudes along the banks of the Ohio and Or strong or weak, 't is apt to stand or fall. Kentucky.
What, it may be asked, instruments by which this little creature is able to bore into the solid rock, and excavate such a chamber? Its beak is its only instrument. This is a sharp little awl, peculiarly hard, and tapering suddenly to a point from a broad base; with this tool the bird proceeds to work, picking away from the centre to the circumference of the aperture, which is nearly circular; thus it works round and round as it proceeds, the gallery being more or less curved in its course, and having a narrow funnelshaped termination. The author of “ The Architecture of Birds” informs us that he has watched one of these swallows “cling with its sharp claws to the Chinese Spectacles. face of a sandbank, and peg in its bil}, as a miner would do his pickaxe, till it MR. Davis, in his account of Chihad loosened a considerable portion of na, tells us that the people there do the sand, and then tumbled it down not make glass that is fine enough for amongst the rubbish below."
spectacles, and therefore they use pieces of rock crystal for the purpose. The
rims of the spectacles are of immense The Human Frame likened to a size and width, and give a very wise House.
appearance to the wearer.
cles are attached to the head by silken Man's body 's like a house : his greater bones
strings slung over the ears, as repreAre the main timbers; and the lesser ones
sented in the picture.
SHOWING THE NATURE AND NECESSITY OF GOVERNMENT AND LAWS.
fancy, he looked forward to the destrucEarly Life of Philip Brusque.—He engages in
tion of the monarchy as certain to bring the French Revolution.-Ís at length suspected a political millennium, when every man by Robespierre, and obliged to fly.—Enters on should walk forth in freedom and happiboard a Ship, and is cast aray upon an unin- ness, restrained by no law except the habited Island in the Indian Ocean.—Descrip- moral sense of man, and the innate pertion of the place.--Philip fancies that he is now happy, having found perfect Liberty.
ception and love of human rights.
With these views, which were then Philip BRUSQUE was a young French- common among the French people, and man, who engaged very heartily in the which artful disorganizers had dissemrevolution that began to agitate France inated, in order thereby to acquire power, about the year 1789. He was young, Philip arrived at Paris. He was soon ardent and discontented. Though he engaged in several of the debating clubs had little education, he had still read of that great metropolis, and being posmany of the papers and pamphlets of the sessed of natural eloquence, he speedily day. These had filled his mind with a became a leader. He was present at the horror of kings, and the most intoxi- destruction of the Bastile, and his own cating dreams of liberty. Knowing little vigorous hand battered down more than of political government, except that of one of the iron doors of that horrid prison. France, and which he saw to be corrupt Looking upon these gloomy walls, with and despotic, he adopted the idea that their dark chambers, and the chains and all government was bad, and to this he instruments of torture which were found attributed nearly all the evils of society. there, as at once emblems and instruWith the ardor of a young but heated ments of that tyranny which had cursed
his country for ages, Philip felt a high the mercy of the winds, and at length inspiration in witnessing its demolition. came near a small island. She then As one portion after another of the struck on a rock, and went to pieces. massy wall was hurled to the earth, he All the crew were drowned except the seemed to fancy that a whole nation must hero of our story, who seized upon a breathe more freely; and in seeing the plank, and, after two days of toil and pallid wretches delivered from the dun- suffering, reached the shore of the geon, where some of them had been im- island. prisoned for years, he seemed to think He landed upon a pebbly beach, but that he saw the spirit of his country set he was so exhausted as only to be able at liberty.
to draw himself up from the waves. The Bastile was soon but a heap of There he lay for a long time, almost ruins. The whole fabric of the French unconscious of existence. At length, his monarchy, which had existed for twelve strength returned, and he began to think centuries, in few brief years had over what had happened. When his shared the same fate. Louis XVI. had reason was, at last, fully returned, he been beheaded, and his beautiful queen fell upon his knees, and thanked Heaven had been brought to the block. În all for his preservation. It was the first these scenes Brusque had taken a part. prayer he had uttered for years, for He was present at the execution of Philip Brusque had been told by the Marie Antoinette. He had no respect French revolutionists that there was no for majesty, but he was not yet lost to a God, and that prayer was a mere mocksense of decency in respect to woman. ery. But now he prayed, and felt in The shocking and brutal insults offered his heart that there was indeed a God, to the queen, worse than anything ever that claimed gratitude and thanksgiving witnessed among, savages, disgusted from the lips of one who had been saved Philip. He was indeed sick of blood, from death, while his companions had and he ventured to speak his sentiments all been drowned. aloud. His words were repeated to Philip was soon able to look about Robespierre and the rest of the bloody the island and make observations. It men who then held the sway. Philip was a lovely spot, about four miles in became suspected, and he was obliged circuit, and pleasantly varied with hills to fly to save his life. He reached the and valleys. It was almost covered with coast of France with difficulty, and en- beautiful trees, on some of which there tering on board a merchant ship as were delicious fruits. Birds of bright sailor, set out upon a voyage to China. feathers and joyous notes glanced
Nothing remarkable happened for through the forests, and sweet perfumes some time; but when the ship had were wafted on the warm, soft breezes. doubled the Cape of Good Hope, and Philip walked about the island, his deentered the Indian Ocean, a violent light and wonder increasing at every storm arose.
The vessel contended step. And what seemed to please him bravely with the waves for a time, but most of all was, that the island was withat length her masts were swept away, out a single human inhabitant except the helm was broken, and the hull of the himself. ship rolled like a log amidst the tumbling "Now," said Philip, in the fulness of waters. She then drifted for a time at his heart, “I shall be happy. Here I can