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Caribs preparing Manioc. When the manioc was sufficiently civilized invaders. In this respect the dry, they took daily what they wanted, Caribs had far outstripped the invenand having passed the flour through a tions of the northern barbarians. sieve made of reeds, they then made it No people in the world were more into paste, and baked it upon flat stones. expert than the Caribs in the manageIt is a very nourishing kind of bread, ment of a boat. They had two sorts of and is to this day used in many parts vessels—becassas, with three masts and of tropical America.
square sails, and piroques, with only The Caribs had discovered the art of two masts. The last were about thirty making intoxicating beverages, so that feet long by four and a half feet wide in they really needed a temperance socie- the middle. The becassa was about ty-not quite so much, perhaps, as their forty-two feet long and seven feet wide
in the middle. They had sometimes very smooth, and if any addition to the
had been some years settled at Mar- caracolis, in their ears, noses, and the tinico, they were surprised one foggy under lip. The metal of which these morning by the appearance of a fleet on ornaments were formed came from the their coast. The whole island was in- South American continent, but no one stantly in alarm and commotion; every but an Indian could ever find it. It is man seized his arms, thinking a large exceedingly brilliant, and does not tarsquadron from Europe was come to nish. A full-dressed Carib wore a caraattack the island. But the fog cleared colis in each ear. The ornament was away, and there, close-hauled in shore, in the form of a crescent, suspended by were twenty sail of becassas and pi- chains about two and a half inches long, roques, filled with Caribs, who had come which were fastened in the ear by a hook. for a friendly trading visit.
Another caracoli of the same size was The Caribs were usually rather above attached to the gristle which separates the middle stature, well proportioned, the nostrils, and hung over the mouth. and their countenances were rather The under part of the lower lip was agreeable. Their foreheads had an ex- pierced, and thence hung another caratraordinary appearance, as they were coli, which reached to the neck; and in flattened by having a board bound tight the last place, they had one six or seven on the forehead when they were infants, inches long, enchased in a small board and kept there till the head had taken of black wood, and suspended from the the fashionable form. The forehead neck by a small cord. then continued flat, so that they could When they did not wear the caracolis, see perpendicularly when standing erect, they inserted little pieces of wood in and over their heads when lying down. their ears, &c., that the holes might not These were the objects aimed at, and grow up; sometimes they stuck the so they, at least, had a reason for their feathers of parrots in these holes, and ridiculous custom; which is more than thus looked very queerly. They had a can be said of all the customs of modern habit of sticking the hair of their chilrefined society.
dren full of feathers of different colors, They had small black eyes, beautiful which was done very prettily, and teeth, white and even, and long, glossy, looked quite appropriate with their black hair. The hair was always kept round, red faces, and bright, laughing well anointed with oil of palmachristi. eyes. It was difficult to judge of the color of The women were smaller than the their skin, because they were always men, but equally well-formed. They painted with rouco, which gave them had black hair and eyes, round faces, the appearance of boiled lobsters. The their mouths were small, and teeth beaucoat of paint preserved their skins from tiful. They had a gay and lively air, the hot rays of the sun, and from the and their countenances were smiling stings of the musquito and gnat. It and very agreeable; but they were in was thus far a useful invention, but they their behaviour perfectly modest. also considered it highly ornamental. Their hair was tied at the back of When they wished to appear exceeding their heads, with a cotton fillet. They ly grand, they added black mustaches, wore belts and a little apron called a and other black strokes on their red- camisa. It was made of cotton cloth, painted faces, with the juice of the embroidered with beads, and had a bead geripa apple.
fringe. They wore scarfs of cotton cloth, The men
wore ornaments, called about half a yard wide, called a pagn.
It was wrapped twice round the body favorite with the savages, to persuade under the armpits, and then was tied, them to break the treaty. Coullet took and the ends hung down to the knee. with him a number of officers and serThey wore necklaces, composed of sev- vants, and a good store of provisions eral strings of beads, and bracelets of the and liquors. He reached St. Vincents,
They had buskins also, which gave a grand entertainment to the prin. were ornaments for the legs, very taste- cipal Caribs, and after circulating the ful, and in high fashion. The females brandy freely, he got himself painted performed most of the cooking, and made red, and made them a flaming speech. the hammocks; and they had likewise He urged them to break their connection to carry all the burdens which were with the English. How could they reborne in baskets. A man would have fuse a man who gave them brandy, and been dishonored forever if he had spun who was red as themselves ? They or woven cotton, or painted a hammock, abandoned their English friends, and or carried a market-basket. But all the burnt all the timber the English had cut hard labor was performed by the men, on the island, and butchered the first and they were very kind to their wives Englishman who arrived. But their and children.
crimes were no worse than those of their They had some singular customs re- christian advisers, who, on either side, specting deceased persons.
were inciting these savages to war. Carib died, he was immediately painted
But the Caribs are all gone, perished all over with the red paint, and had his from the earth. Their race is no more, mustaches, and the black streaks on his and their name is only a remembrance. face, made very deep and shining. He The English and the French, chiefly was next put into a hole surrounded the latter, have destroyed them. with mats, and kept till all his relations There is, however, one pleasant refleccould see and examine the body. No tion attending their fate. Though dematter how distant they lived, if on stroyed, they were never enslaved. another island, they must be summoned None of their conquerers could compel and appear, before the dead body could them to labor. Even those who have be buried. But the thick coat of paint attempted to hire Caribs for servants, preserved it from decay for a long time. have found it impossible to derive any
In their wars, I have told you, the benefit or profit from them; they would Caribs were murderous and cruel. They not
be commanded or reprimanded. often poisoned their arrows, and pro- This independence was called pride, bably often eat their captives. They indolence, and stubbornness by their fought with bows and arrows, and clubs. conquerors ;-if the Caribs had had hisBut when their angry passions became torians to record their wrongs, and their cool, they treated their prisoners with resistance to an overwhelming tyranny, humanity, and never tortured them like they would have set the matter in a very the northern savages.
different light. They would have exIn some instances these islanders pressed the sentiment which the conduct were faithless and treacherous. In 1708 of their countrymen so steadily exemthe English entered into an agreement plified—that it was better to die free with the Caribs in St. Vincents, to attack than to live slaves. the French colonies in Martinico. The So determined was their resistance French governor heard of the treaty, to all kinds of authority, that it became and sent Major Coullet, who was a great a proverb among the Europeans, that to show displeasure to a Carib was the tempt of his relations." Alas, it is small same as beating him, and to beat him matter of wonder that the Carib thought was the same as to kill him. If they the christian religion was only a profesdid anything it was only what they sion. Had those who bore that name chose, how they chose, and when they always been Christians in reality, and chose; and when they were most want treated the poor ignorant savages with ed, it often happened that they would not the justice, truth and mercy which the do what was required, nor anything else. Gospel enjoins, what a different tale the
The French missionaries made many settlement of the New World would attempts to convert the Caribs to Chris- have furnished ! tianity, but without success. It is true that some were apparently converted; A GOOD Reply.-A countryman drove they learned the catechism, and prayers, up his cart to a grocer's door, and asked and were baptized; but they always re- him what he gave for eggs. “Only seventurned to their old habits.
teen cents," he replied, “ for the grocers A man of family and fortune, named have had a meeting and voted not to give Chateau Dubois, settled in Guadaloupe, any more." Again the countryman came and devoted great part of his life to the to market, and asked the grocer what conversion of the Caribs, particularly he gave for eggs. "Only twelve cents,” those of Dominica. He constantly en- said the grocer, " for the grocers have tertained a number of them, and taught had another meeting and voted not to them himself. He died in the exercise give any more.
A third time the of these pious and charitable offices, countryman came and made the same without the consolation of having made inquiry, and the grocer replied, that one single convert.
"the grocers had held a meeting and As we have said, several had been bap- voted to give only ten cents. tized, and, as he hoped, they were well any for sale ?” continued the grocer. instructed, and apparently well grounded "No," says the countryman; "the hens in the christian religion; but after they have had a meeting too, and voted not returned to their own people, they soon to trouble themselves to lay eggs for ten resumed all the Indian customs, and cents a dozen.' their natural indifference to all religion.
Some years after the death of Dubois, Per Oyster.—There is a gentleman one of these Carib apostates was at at Christ Church, Salisbury, England, Martinico. He spoke French correctly, who keeps a pet oyster of the largest could read and write; he had been bap- and finest breed. It is fed on oatmeal, tized, and was then upwards of fifty for which it regularly opens its shell, years
old. When reminded of the truths and is occasionally treated with a dip he had been taught, and reproached for in its native element; but the most exhis apostasy, he replied, " that if he had traordinary trait in the history of this been born of christian parents, or if he amphibious pet is, that it has proved had continued to live among the French, itself an excellent mouser, having alhe would still have professed Christian- ready killed five mice, by crushing the ity—but that, having returned to his own heads of such as, tempted by odoriferous country and his own people, he could meal, had the temerity to intrude their not resolve to live in a manner differing noses within its bivalvular clutches. from their way of life, and by so doing Twice have two of these little intruders expose himself to the hatred and con- suffered together.- Eng. Journal, 1840.
This diminutive breed of horses, many and zigzag roads in their native mounof which are not larger than a New- tains. foundland dog, is common in Shetland, When grazing, they will clamber up and all the islands on the north and steep ascents, and to the extreme edge west of Scotland ; also in the mountain- of precipices which overhang the most ous districts of the mainland along the frightful abysses, and there they will coast. They are beautifully formed, and gaze round with as much complacency possess prodigious strength in proportion as if on a plain. to their size. The heads are small, These horses, small as they may be, are with a flowing mane and long tail, not to be considered a degenerate breed, reaching to the ground.
for they are possessed of much greater They are high-spirited and courage- physical strength in proportion to their ous little animals, but extremely tract- size than larger horses. They are able in their nature. Some of them called garrons in the highlands of Scotrun wild about the mountains, and there land. are various methods of catching them, Many years ago, when turnpikes were according to the local situation of the first established in Scotland, a country, district which they inhabit.
man was employed by the laird of The shelties, as they are called, are Coll to go to Glasgow and Edinburgh generally so small, that a middling- on certain business, and furnished with sized man must ride with his knees a small shelty to ride upon. Being raised to the animal's shoulders, to pre- stopped at the gate near Dunbarton, the vent his toes from touching the ground. messenger good-humoredly asked the It is surprising to see with what speed keeper if he would be required to pay they will carry a heavy man over broken toll, should he pass through carrying a