« 前へ次へ »
Address to the Reader. Kind and gentle people who make up what is called the Public-permit a stranger to tell you a brief story. I am about trying my hand at a Magazine; and this is my first number. I present it to you with all due humility-asking, however, one favor. Take this little pamphlet to your home, and when nothing better claims your attention, pray look over its pages. If you like it, allow me the privilege of coming to you once a month, with a basket of such fruits and flowers as an old fellow may gather while limping up and down the highways and by-ways of life.
I will not claim a place for my numbers upon the marble table of the parlor, by the side of songs and souvenirs, gaudy with steel engravings and gilt edges. These bring to you the rich and rare fruitage of the hot-house, while my pages will serve out only the simple, but I trust wholesome productions of the meadow, field, and common of Nature and Truth. The fact is, I am more particular about my company than my accommodations. I like the society of the young--the girls and the boys; and whether in the parlor, the library, or the school-room, I care not, if so be they will favor me with their society. I do not, indeed, eschew the favor of those who are of mature age—I shall always have a few pages for them, if they will deign to look at my book. It is my plan to insert something in every. number that will bear perusal through spectacles.
But it is useless to multiply words: therefore, without further parley, I offer this as a specimen of my work, promising to improve as I gain practice. I have a variety of matters and things on hand, anecdotes, adventures, tales, travels, rhymes, riddles, songs, &c.—some glad and some sad, some to make you laugh and some to make you weep: My only trouble is to select among such variety. But grant me your favor, kind Public! and these shall be arranged and served out in due season. May. I specially call upon two classes of persons to give me their countenance and support-I mean all those young people who have black eyes, and all those who have not black eyes! If these, with their parents, will aid me, they shall have the thanks and best services of
Men find it convenient to devote them- carpenter, the hawk a sportsman, the selves to different trades. One spends heron a fisherman, &c. But in these his time in one trade, and another in cases we remark, that the birds do not another. So we find the various kinds have to serve an apprenticeship. It of birds brought up and occupied in dif- takes a boy seven years to learn to be a ferent trades. The woodpecker is a carpenter; but a young woodpecker, as soon as he can fly, goes to his work a male and female to each, would form without a single lesson, and yet under a society of six hundred and forty indistanding it perfectly.
viduals. Such a calculation, however, This is very wonderful; but God would not be exact. It appears,
that teaches the birds their lessons, and his in every flock the females are more teaching is perfect. Perhaps the most numerous by far than the males; many curious mechanics among the birds, are cells, therefore, would contain only a the Sociable Weavers, found in the single bird. Still, the aggregate would southern part of Africa. Hundreds of be considerable ; and, when undisturbed, these birds, in one community, join to they might go on to increase, the strucform a structure of interwoven grass, ture increasing in a like ratio, till a storm, (the sort chosen being what is called sweeping through the wood, laid the Boshman's grass,) containing various tree, and the edifice it sustained, in one apartments, all covered by a sloping roof, common ruin." impenetrable to the heaviest rain, and increased year by year, as the increase in numbers of the community may require.
About Labor and Property. “I observed,” says a traveller in South Africa, a tree with an enormous All the things we see around us nest of these birds, to which I have belong to somebody; and these things given the appellation of Republicans; have been got by labor or working. It and, as soon as I arrived at my camp, I has been by labor, that every article has despatched a few men with a wagon been procured. If nobody had ever to bring it to me, that I might open the done any labor, there would have been hive and examine the structure in its no houses, no cultivated fields, no bread minutest parts. When it arrived, I cut to eat, no clothes to wear, no books to it to pieces with a hatchet, and saw that read, and the whole world would have the chief portion of the structure con- been in a poor and wild state, not fit for sisted of a mass of Boshman's grass, human beings to live happily in. without any mixture, but so compact and Men possess all things in consequence firmly basketed together as to be im- of some person having
wrought for these penetrable to the rain. This is the com- things. Some men are rich, and have mencement of the structure; and each many things, although they never bird builds its particular nest under this wrought much for them; but the ancescanopy, the upper surface remaining tors, or fathers and grandfathers, of these void, without, however, being useless; men, wrought hard for the things, and for, as it has a projecting rim and is a have left them to their children. But little inclined, it serves to let the water all young persons must not think that run off, and preserves each little dwel- they will get things given to them in ling from the rain.
this way; all, except a few, must work “The largest nest that I examined diligently when they grow up, to get was one of the most considerable I had things for themselves. anywhere seen in the course of my jour- After any one has wrought to make a ney, and contained three hundred and thing, or after he has a thing given to twenty inhabited cells, which, supposing him, that thing is his own, and no person
must take it from him. If a boy get a has said, “ Thou shalt not steal ;" and piece of clay, and make the clay into a every one should keep his hands from small ball or marble to play with, then picking and stealing. Some boys think, he has labored or wrought for it, and no that, because they find things that are other boy has any right to take it from lost, they may keep these things to themhim. The marble is the property of the selves. But the thing that is found is boy who made it. Some boys are fond the property of the loser, and should be of keeping rabbits. If a boy have a pair immediately restored to him without of these animals, they are his property; reward; it is just as bad as stealing to and if he gather food for them, and take keep it, if you can find the owner. care of them till they have young ones, then the young rabbits are his property also. He would not like to find, that some bad boy wished to take his rabbits from him! He would say to the bad
My First Whistle. boy, “I claim these rabbits as my property; they are mine. You never Of all the toys I e’er have known,
I loved that whistle best; wrought for them; they are not yours.”
It was my first, it was my own, And if the bad boy still would take the
And I was doubly blest. rabbits, then the owner would go to a magistrate, and tell him of the bad boy's ’T was Saturday, and afternoon, conduct, and the bad boy would be pun That school-boys' jubilee, ished. All things are the property of
When the young heart is all in tune,
From book and ferule free. some persons, and these persons claim their property in the same way that the
I then was in my seventh year; boy claims the marble that he has made, The birds were all a singing; or the rabbits that he has reared. It is Above a brook, that rippled clear, very just and proper that every person
A willow tree was swinging. should be allowed to keep his own property ; because, when a poor man knows
My brother Ben was very 'cute,
He climbed that willow tree, that he can get property by working for
He cut a branch, and I was mute, it, and that no one dares to take it from
The while, with ecstasy. him, then he will work to have things for his own use. If he knew that things With penknife he did cut it round, would be taken from him, then he would And gave the bark a wring; not work much, and perhaps not at all.
He shaped the mouth and tried the sound,He would spend many of his days in
It was a glorious thing! idleness, and live very poorly.
I blew that whistle, full of joyWhen one person wishes to have a It echoed o'er the ground; thing which belongs to another, he must And never, since that simple toy, ask permission to take it, or he must
Such music have I found. offer to buy it; he must never, on any account, take the thing secretly, or by
I've seen blue eyes and tasted wines
With manly toys been blest, violence, or by fraud; for that would be
But backward memory still inclines stealing, and he would be a thief. God To love that whistle best.
The Harpy Eagle.
Owls and Eagles. It has been remarked, that, as man The eagles, for instance, are daylight kind apply themselves to various trades robbers; and it is wonderful to observe, and pursuits, some being carpenters, how well adapted they are for the life some house-builders, some hunters, they are designed to lead. They are some fishermen, so we find that the ani- strong of wing, with powerful talons to mal tribes appear to be severally devoted grasp their prey, and a sharp, hooked to various professions. And as we find beak, calculated, like the knife of a among men bold, open pirates, who rob butcher, to cut their food in pieces. by day, and secret thieves, who plunder Their eye is keen and long-sighted, so by night; so, among animals, we find that they can mark their victim afar off'; those that seem to have taken up simi- and their flight is swift, so that they may lar vocations.
strike down upon it with certainty.