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THERE is nothing more interesting swan, is found in almost every part of than to study into the works of nature, the globe. Its neck somewhat resemand remark their infinite variety. It is bles that of the swan, but its bill, and also pleasing to discover in all this vari- the pouch beneath, render it entirely ety, that each individual thing is adapted different from all other birds. This bill to fill a particular place in the scale of is fifteen inches long, and at its lower creation, and that it is often adapted to edges hangs a bag, which, it is said, will its end with wonderful ingenuity. The hold fifteen quarts of water. When this pelican affords a striking instance of this. is not in use, the bird wrinkles it up It is made to live the life of a fisherman, under his bill. The upper
mandible is and, being endowed with a strong appe- of a dull yellow in the middle, with a tite, we shall see how well he is fitted reddish tinge towards the edges, and a to his vocation, and how curiously he is blood-red spot at the extremity. From provided with the means of securing this color of the bill, resembling blood, and storing his prey.
arose the idea, formerly entertained, that This bird, of which there are several the bird fed its young with its blood. kinds, all being about the size of the In disgorging the food, the full pouch is pressed against the chest, and the red with great rapidity, and store them in spot on the bill comes against the deli- their pouches. If this be true, it is cercate plumage of the breast, giving the tainly a very judicious plan, adopted bird an appearance of tearing away its probably by the oldest and most experifeathers and drawing its own blood. enced fishermen among them.
Some years ago, there were a male The pelican is capable of domesticaand female pelican in the menagerie at tion, and some degree of instruction. the Tower of London. The female The natives in some parts of South built herself a nest, in which she laid America are said to turn their fishing three eggs. She then commenced sit- powers to good account, as the Chinese ting with the utmost patience, never do those of the cormorant. They train leaving her eggs for a moment. When them to go out on the water and fill the male was fed, following the plan their pouches with fish; and, on their dictated by nature, even in confinement, return, they are made to disgorge their he crammed his pouch in the first place contents for the benefit of their maswith double the portion of the food ters, receiving a part only for their offered to him, and then emptied half share. the quantity into the female's pouch. There is one instance on record of a This process over, they disgorged and pelican which possessed a strong taste devoured their food at leisure.
for music, evincing great pleasure in In his natural state, the pelican is singing and in the sound of the trumpet. very inactive, sitting for hours in the When thus excited, it stretched out its same posture. When he feels the calls neck, and turned its ear to the musician, of hunger, he raises himself over the remaining perfectly attentive and mosurface of the sea, and holding one eye tionless as long as the music lasted. downwards, watches with keenness for We are told of one also which belonged the appearance of his finny prey. When to the ancient Ro an emperor, Maxia fish approaches near the surface, he milian, which actually attended the army darts downwards with great swiftness, when on its march, and lived to the age and never fails in securing his prize. of eighty years. In this way, he continues his labors, The voice of the pelican is harsh and ascending and descending, putting one discordant, and is said to resemble that fish after another into his pouch, until of a man in deep complaint. David he has laid up enough for a meal. speaks of it thus: “By reason of my Being a large and clumsy bird, he rises groanings my bones cleave to my skin; in the air with great difficulty; and we I am like a pelican in the wilderness.” may suppose that the long repose in Psa. cii. 6. which he indulges, and which has gained him a sad character for indolence and inactivity, is really rendered necessary by the toilsome nature of his fishing. Peach Seeds.-A gentleman having
Pelicans are said sometimes to assem- given a quantity of peaches to some ble in large numbers, and, rising in the foreign laborers on a railroad, in the air, hover about in a circle, gradually vicinity of one of our cities, one of them drawing nearer and nearer, thus driving was asked how he liked them. He said the fish in the water beneath into a nar- the fruit was very good, but the seeds row space. They then plunge into the scratched his throat a little when he water suddenly, pick up their victims swallowed em.
Peter. But I never told him so; I John Steady and Peter Sly.
only let him think so. A DIALOGUE.
John. Ah, Peter, do you think that is
right? Peter. Ho, John, don't stumble over Peter. To be sure it is. that log! I don't think it a good plan know he is at the head of the class, to study my lessons as I
go to school.
and I am next, and if I get him down John. Nor I; but I am in such a to-day, I am sure of the medal ? A scrape!
poor chance I should have had, if he Peter. What's the matter ?
had not made such a blunder. John. Why, I believe I have got the John. Lucky for you, but very unwrong lesson.
lucky for him; and I must say, I don't Peter. I guess not. Let me see; call it fair behavior in you, Peter Sly! where did you begin?
Peter. I don't care what you call it, John. Here, at the top of the page; John. It is none of your affair, as I see; and I learned over three leaves, down let every fellow look out for himself, and to the end of the chapter.
the sharpest one will be the best off. Peter. Well, that's all right.
John. Not in the end, Peter. You John. Are you sure ?
are in at the great end of the horn, now; Peter. Certain, as can be.
for, by one trick or another, you are almost John. Well, now! I am half glad always above the rest of us. But if
you and half sorry. Only think; there is don't come out at the little end, and poor George Gracie has been getting the come out pretty small too, I am mistaken, wrong lesson. I came by his window, that is all. Here comes poor George, and there he was, fagging away; and, and I shall spoil your trick, Mr. Peter. when we came to talk about it, we found Peter. That you may, now, as soon we had been studying in different places. as you please. If he can get the right But he was so sure he was right that I lesson decently in half an hour, he is thought I must be wrong.
the eighth wonder of the world. I shall Peter. I know it; I know all about it. have him down, I am sure of that. John. Why did you tell him wrong?
(Enter George Gracie.) Peter. No, no; I never tell a lie,
John. Here, George, stop a minute ; know. But yesterday, when the master here's bad news for you. gave out the lesson, George was helping George. What's the matter?-no little Timothy Dummy to do a sum; so school to-day ? he only listened with one ear, and the
John. School enough for you, I fancy. consequence was, he misunderstood what you have been getting the wrong lesson, the master said; and then he began after all. groaning about such a hard lesson, as George. 0, John, John! don't tell me we were going home; I laughing to so! myself all the time!
John. It's true; and that sneaking John. What! did you find out his fellow that sits whittling a stick, so blunder and not set him right?
mighty easy, he knew it yesterday, and Peter. Set him right? Not I. I would not tell
you. scolded about the hard lesson, too. George. Oh, Peter! how could you
John. There, that's the reason he do so ? was so positive. He said you had got Peter. Easily enough. I don't see the same lesson he had.
that I was under any obligation to help
you to keep at the head of the class, whole school. There is not a fellow in when I am the next.
it that don't scorn you, Peter Sly. George. But you know you deceived Peter. And who cares, so long as the me, Peter. I think it would have been master but kind and fair to tell me my mistake, John. Don't be quite so sure about as soon as you found it out; but, instead the master, either; he never says much of that, you said things that made me till he is ready. But I have seen him quite sure I was right about the lesson. looking pretty sharply at you, over his Peter. But I did not tell you so; you spectacles, in the midst of some of your
I told you so. Nobody ever clever tricks. He will fetch you up one caught me in a lie.
of these days, when you little think of John. But you will lie ;-you will it. I wish you much joy of your medal, come to that yet, if you go on so. Mr. Peter Šly. You got to the head
Peter. Take care what you say, sir! of the class, last week, unfairly; and if
George. Come, come, John; don't your medal weighed as much as your quarrel with him. He will get the conscience, I guess it would break your medal now; and it is a cruel thing neck. (Peter sits whittling, and humtoo; for I sat up till eleven o'clock, last ming a tune.) night, studying; and he knew that my Peter. Let me see. I am quite sure father was coming home from Wash of the medal in this class; but there's ington to-night, and how anxious I was the writing! John Steady is the only to have the medal. But it can't be boy I am afraid of. If I could hire helped now.
Timothy Dummy to pester him, and Peter. Poor fellow.! don't cry! I joggle his desk till he gets mad, I should declare there are great tears in his eyes. be pretty sure of that, too. Now it is a pity, really.
(Enter master, taking out his watch.) John. For shame, Peter Sly, to laugh Master. It wants twenty minutes of at him! You are a selfish, mean fellow, nine. Peter Sly, come to me.
I want and every boy in school thinks so. to have some conversation with you,
George. Come, John; I must go and before we go into school. study my lesson as well as I can. I Peter. Yes, sir.—What now? he would rather be at the foot of the class, looks rather black.
(Aside.) than take such an advantage of any.
Master. For what purpose do you body.
(Exit George.) imagine I bestow medals, once a week, Peter. The more fool you! Now, on the best of my scholars ? he will be in such a fluster, that he will Peter. To make the boys study, I be sure to miss in the very first sentence. believe, sir.
John. There is the master, coming Master. And why do I wish them to over the hill; now if I should just step study? up to him, and tell him the whole story! Peter. Why,—to please their pa
Peter. You know better than to do rents, I suppose, sir. that. You know he never encourages Master. I wish them to study for the tale-bearers.
very same reason that their parents do; John. I know that, very well; and I —that they may get knowledge. I have would almost as soon be a cheat as a suspected, for some time, that labor tell-tale; but the master will find you under a considerable mistake about these out, yet, without anybody's help; and matters. You take great pleasure, I that will be a day of rejoicing to the presume, in wearing home that piece of
lar in my
silver, hanging round your neck; and Master. The artful are very apt to your mother takes pleasure in seeing it. believe themselves more successful than Peter. Yes, sir; she does.
they really are. So you concluded you Master. And why? What does the had deceived me, as well as wronged medal say to her? Of what is it a sign? your companions! Your tears are unPeter. Why, that I am the best scho- availing, if
, by them, you think I shall class.
be persuaded to drop the subject here. Master. Is that what it says? I think You must be publicly disgraced. it only shows, that you have been at the Peter. What, sir! when I have not head of the class oftener, during the told a lie! week, than any other boy.
Master. You have not spent a day Peter. Well, sir; then, of course, she in perfect truth for weeks. I have must think me the best scholar.
in silence and closely for Master. She would naturally think the last month, and I am satisfied, that so, for so it ought to be. But you know, you have not merely yielded occasionPeter Sly, and I know, that a boy who ally to a sudden temptation, but that has no sense of honor, no generous feel- deception is an habitual thing with you; ings, no strictness of principle, may get that, through life, you will endeavor to to the head of his class, and get medals make your way by low knavery, if I do for a time, without being the best scho- not root the mean vice out of you, and lar. You know how such a thing can so save you from the contempt of men, be accomplished, do you not ? and how and the anger of God. Rest assured, the medal
may be made to tell a false- your Maker looks on your heart as that hood at home? (Peter hangs his head of a liar. Go into school; and as I am in silence.) Shall I tell you how I have convinced, from reflecting on several seen it done? By base tricks; by pure circumstances which took place, that you posely leading others into mistakes; by had no just claim to the very medal you taking advantage of every slip of the now wear, take your place at the foot of tongue; by trying to confuse a boy, who your class. The reasons of your degraknows his lesson sufficiently well, but dation shall be explained in presence of is timid; by equivocations that are little all the scholars. I use the principle of short of lies, and are the forerunners of emulation in my school, to rouse up talunblushing lies. Now, sir, a boy who ent and encourage industry; but I watch does these things, is so weak-minded against its abuse. I endeavor to unite that he cannot see the proper use of with this principle a noble and unwavermedals, and thinks he is sent here to ing love of truth, and generous,
honoraget medals, instead of being sent to gain ble feelings; and am happy to say, that, knowledge to prepare him for active life; except yourself, I have no cause of doubt and, under this mistake, he goes to work of having succeeded. I know not one for the empty sign, instead of the thing of your companions, who would not itself. That shows folly. Then he spurn from his heart the base maneubecomes so intent on his object, as to vres which you adopt; and, before this care not by what unjustifiable means he day is over, they shall have fresh moobtains it. That shows wickedness, tives to value fair dealing.
You must want of principle. Have I any boy, in be made an example of; I will no lonmy school, of this description ?
ger permit you to treat your
schoolmates Peter. Yes, sir; but, forgive me. with injustice, or so as to injure your I did not think you ever observed it. own soul. Go in!