Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine: Ancient Sources, Translations, and Modern Medical Analyses
To date, the pathbreaking medical contributions of the early Mesopotamians have been only vaguely understood. Due to the combined problems of an extinct language, gaps in the archeological record, the complexities of pharmacy and medicine, and the dispersion of ancient tablets throughout the museums of the world, it has been nearly impossible to get a clear and comprehensive view of what medicine was really like in ancient Mesopotamia.
The collaboration of medical expert Burton R. Andersen and cuneiformist JoAnn Scurlock makes it finally possible to survey this collected corpus and discern magic from experimental medicine in Ashur, Babylon, and Nineveh. Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine is the first systematic study of all the available texts, which together reveal a level of medical knowledge not matched again until the nineteenth century A.D. Over the course of a millennium, these nations were able to develop tests, prepare drugs, and encourage public sanitation. Their careful observation and recording of data resulted in a description of symptoms so precise as to enable modern identification of numerous diseases and afflictions.
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General Health and Public Health Practices
Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs
Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases
Eyes Ears and Nose
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abdomen abnormalities Adad Adamson Akkadian ana.TI-šū ancient Mesopotamian physician ANTASUB.BA anus AOAT arthritis asipu Augenleiden bleeding bloated blood vessels body breast bubu’tu burning cause cold color continually hurt cure dark described diagnosis diarrhea DIB-su DINGIR disease DISNA DPSXIII DPSXIVA DPSXLA ears enteric fever epigastrium epilepsy eyes face fever Fincke focal seizures following reference GAM DPS ghost GIDIM GIG-su Gula hair head headache Heeſel IGI"-šū illness infant infection insides Ištar kidney Kinnier Wilson Labat Leichty leptospirosis liver Marduk meningitis mouth MUNUS muscles NABI neck neurologic Ninurta nose ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE pain patient person is sick problem prognosis recovery şā Šamaš seizures setu signs and symptoms sore StBoT Stol stomach suggests Sumerogram Summa Izbu swollen syndrome Tablet temples term texts trauma twin gods upper abdomen epigastrium urine vomits woman gives birth wound wound yellow