Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine: Ancient Sources, Translations, and Modern Medical Analyses
To date, the pathbreaking medical contributions of the early Mesopotamians have been only vaguely understood. Due to the combined problems of an extinct language, gaps in the archeological record, the complexities of pharmacy and medicine, and the dispersion of ancient tablets throughout the museums of the world, it has been nearly impossible to get a clear and comprehensive view of what medicine was really like in ancient Mesopotamia.
The collaboration of medical expert Burton R. Andersen and cuneiformist JoAnn Scurlock makes it finally possible to survey this collected corpus and discern magic from experimental medicine in Ashur, Babylon, and Nineveh. Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian Medicine is the first systematic study of all the available texts, which together reveal a level of medical knowledge not matched again until the nineteenth century A.D. Over the course of a millennium, these nations were able to develop tests, prepare drugs, and encourage public sanitation. Their careful observation and recording of data resulted in a description of symptoms so precise as to enable modern identification of numerous diseases and afflictions.
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The Ancient Mesopotamian Context
General Health and Public Health Practices
Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs
Genitourinary Tract Diseases
Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases
Heart Circulatory System and Lungs
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Trauma and Shock
Dental and Oral Diseases
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abdomen abnormalities Adad Akkadian AN.TA.SUB.BA ancient Mesopotamian physician anus AOAT arthritis asipu bleeding bloated blood vessels body breast burning cause Chapter cold color continually afflicts continually hurt cure dark death described diagnosis diarrhea DINGIR disease DPS XIV DPS XL DUR.GIG ears enteric fever epigastrium epilepsy eyes face Fincke flesh focal seizures following reference GAM DPS ghost GIDIM GIN7 Gula hair head headache HeeBel illness infant infection insides Istar KI.MIN kidney Kinnier Wilson Labat Lamastu Leichty leptospirosis liver LU.TUR Marduk MASKIM meningitis mouth MUNUS muscles neck neurologic Ninurta nose ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE pain patient problem prognosis rabisu recovery SA-su samanu Samas seizures setu signs and symptoms StBoT Stol stomach suggests Summa Izbu swollen syndrome Tablet temples term texts trauma twin gods upper abdomen epigastrium urine vomits woman gives birth wound wound yellow