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of fine fruit for several succeeding years. another wheel (fig. C), attached to the Compte Lelieur was of opinion that it would principal body of the machine, resting on be useful to select a certain number of plants the ground. The wheel C is put in motion of each of the best varieties after forcing, by one or several men, who turn the and to plant them in the open border, to as
i handle (fig. D) by which the chain oper
i certain which kinds will produce a second
The workmen attach crop: and then a good plan, before turning ates its rotation. them out of the pot. is to withhold water their hods, full of materials, as at fig. B. for a short time, in order that they might and others detach them (fig. F), to carry afterwards be excited into a new growth by re- them to the bricklayers. The empty hods peated waterings. The writer also observed are attached to the chain as at fig. G, and that the temperature of pine stoves was too they are detached as at fig. H. The chain warm for strawberries, when first placed in may be lengthened and shortened as ne. heat to bring them forward; that the flowers cessary. When a story is added to the of these plants, particularly of those kinds scaffolding, the trestle is placed upon the which throw out abundance of foliage before blooming, should be brought on gradually.
Te new story, and the chain lengthened as reThus, for instance, the Elton is barren, while
Yo quired. The figures I, K, L, are accessaKeen's seedling succeeds in a rather high ries used for hoisting the materials, viz.. I temperature, provided the house is kept cool for the broken bricks; K for the water : until the fruit is set.--Mr Pepys exhibited and L for the pieces of stone for windows, two lupines, one planted on the 26th of April, chimneys, &c. when weighing 2:6 grains, in soil composed From what has been stated it will be (in 100 parts) of silica, 75; alumina, 15; and seen the effect of this invention is to recarbonate of lime, 10; it was then watered lieve the workman from the most toilsome with 3oz. 5drs. of distilled water, and after part of his labour by doing away with the wards with foz. of the same, every day; on practice of ascending the ladder, and to the 30th of July it was in a dying state, and weighed 42.5 grains. The other, planted on
prevent the accidents arising from this
P the 8th of May, in peat and loam, and weigh- practice. By means of it building operaing 2-6 grains, was watered in the usual way, tions will be carried on with much greater and weighed, on the 30th of July, 192-5 grains. expedition than heretofore, and it will conBoth plants were grown in glass pots. The siderably diminish the cost of such works. experiment was made to ascertain how far The hods are fastened to the chain at it is possible to make plants grow without the rate of three in a minute ; each hod those elementary substances usually con- contains 16 bricks (or the same weight in sidered as forming their food.--From the other materials), equal to 48 bricks a migarden of the society were four plants of the
e nute, 2,880 an hour, or 28,800 in ten hours, common hydrangea, each of which had been
* the average of a day's work. treated in a different manner, to find out, if possible. what ingredient it was in the soil If the hods are placed more closely to that changed the flowers from pink to blue. each other on the chain, four can be affixed No. 1, treated in the usual way, was by far in a minute, 3,840 in the hour, 38,400 in the most healthy plant, and bore pink the day. flowers; 2, to which oz. of phosphate of If, instead of hods with their handles, iron had been administered, was evidently in baskets be used, the amount raised will an unhealthy condition, the flowers being double the above, as the handles necessarily pink, small, and having with the leaves
occupy much space.
over à yellowish tint; 3, treated with loz. of
Whatever the height of the building, the caustic potash, bore small and pale pink flowers; while 4, to which doz, of alum had
results will be the same, and without inbeen given, produced blue flowers-the dose creasing the number of workmen necessary had, however, been too strong, as was shown to fasten the hods, &c., and unfasten them by the weak condition of the plant and the at the top of the scaffolding. Where the small size of the flowers; neverthless it height, however, is greater, the number of proved that alum will produce the desired men working the machine must be ineffect.
When the hods are once fixed the same DOCTOR SPURGIN'S PATENT.
quantity of materials can be raised, and in The machine invented for hoisting bricks, the same time, to 100 as to 10 feet. mortar, water, or other materials employed Of late years building in England has in building, and adapted to the unloading been carried on to an extent formerly unships and warehousing of goods, which has known; and houses are now, for the most now been successfully brought into use, is part, raised to four or five stories, where of the form represented in the accompany. two or three used to be the height. The ing engraving.
consequence is, the labour of the men emThe main part of the machine rests upon ployed in conveying the materials for the the ground (fig. A). The second part of it building has become much more severe is a trestle, which may be placed upon the than it was, and their strength often bescaffolding of the bricklayers (fig. B); in comes unequal to the task imposed. In the upper part of which is a wheel such cases the value of the machine will be which corresponds perpendicularly with duly appreciated.
To explain the advantages which it gate from it. N. calycina is also scarce, offers in expediting the work of building, but it is not so difficult to manage as the and diminishing the expense, it is sufficient preceding. Bouvárdia tryphilla and anto refer to the following:
gustifolia or splendens,- for I believe they
are both the same,-are plants which make Height.
beautiful beds in ordinary seasons, though A Minute. An Hour. Ten Hours.
in the present one they have by no means Bricks. Bricks. Bricks. done well. B. angustifolia is the best both 5,400
in constitution and colour of flower, but 2,700 27,000 1,800 18,000
both will now strike freely in sand in a 1,350
13,500 little heat, and, if gradually dried off 1,080
10,800 before the winter, will make nice plants 900 9,000
for turning out next season. Another
favourite plant is Lantana Sellowi, which Mr Cubitt and Messrs Grissell and Peto
also requires to be propagated early, so as have adopted the machine, and have it in
to get the plants well established in small use at this time, the former at Prince
pots before winter. Lotus Jacobæus, Albert's gate, Hyde park; the latter at the
with its yellow variety, and the lovely new Houses of Parliament. Other eminent
little L. microphyllus, with its pale orange contractors have also certified in favour of
flowers, are plants which make excellent the invention.
beds, but require very kind treatment in Applications to be made to Mr Journet,
the winter; and, as an old plant which is the licensee of Dr Spurgin, the patentee,
admirably adapted for drooping over the No. 2 Chester terrace, Eaton square, Pim
sides of a basket or vase, or even for maklico.
ing an excellent bed late in the season, The ladder was first adopted by Dr
may be mentioned Myoporum débile; it Spurgin for saving the lives of miners.
blooms freely in the autumn, and is not
readily injured by cold weather. These AMATEUR'S GARDEN FOR are all good plants, which hitherto have AUGUST.
not been so cultivated as their merits enONE of the first things to be attended to title them to. now is sowing mignonette for blooming Of pelargoniums a large quantity of the in pots through the winter and spring. It scarlets should be got out as quickly as is a plant rather difficult to manage in low possible. The best of these for beds are and damp situations. To insure success Smith's emperor, the shrubland, Frogthe pots must be clean, and well drained ; more, Brighton hero, globe scarlet, and the compost used should consist of three a prostrate-growing scarlet, which in some parts good mellow sandy loam, to which places is called the huntsman, but which one part of decomposed leaf mould may is scarcely known in the neighbourhood of be added. Fill the pots quite full of soil London. Ingram's and Cooper's scarlets 80 as not to allow much room for subsiding. are two dwarf kinds of good habit, the The plants must not be allowed to become latter with a slight tinge of black in the crowded in the pots; six plants is suffi- upper petals. These are the cream of the cient in a 48-sized pot. Through the scarlets at the present time, but there are winter the proper treatment is to secure several seedlings which will probably disthem against frost-to keep the soil mode- place some of them next year. There rately moist, but not wet-and to give are, moreover, many pencilled varieties them all the air possible at favourable which make good beds, and to which I times. A few small plants, potted now shall next week allude.-Gardeners' Chrofrom the open borders, will bloom in No. nicle. vember; those sown now will succeed them
JOHN YOUNG'S CASE. in January, and a few more pots sown towards the end of the month will give a
REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO THE EXECUTIONER. succession as long as bloom is wanted in Most of the unfortunate beings whom law pots in the spring.
dooms to die, however they may confess The plants to which attention is first the justice of their sentence, would gladly required in the way of propagation for an- escape the execution of it. Those who other season are those of a delicate habit, scrupled not to take another's life, have and which are consequently difficult to often a great dread of laying down their keep through the winter. Among these own. But, notwithstanding this, very few, may be noticed the different kinds of Nie- being convinced of the hopelessness of their rembérgia, as N. intermédia, calycina, grá case, think of attempting a struggle with cilis, and filicaulis. The first is the most the constituted authorities when the fatal delicate, and rarely to be met with in day arrives. Such an effort they feel must greenhouses, much less in flower-gardens; be vain, and the pain of an additional debut it makes an excellent bed, and those feat would only add to the bitterness of who possess a plant will do well to propa- death.
There have, however, been some in- pose in forcing the door, that attempt was stances in which the sufferer has resisted given over, and the only possible method till the last. A sad and extraordinary of getting in was found to be by breaking scene was presented in Edinburgh, Decem- up the floor of the room over the prisoner, ber 19, 1750. A sergeant in Lord Ancram's which was in about two hours effected. A regiment of foot had been doomed to die passage being opened a gun was presented for vending false notes of the Royal Bank in order to terrify him, and compel him to of Scotland. He bitterly repined at his open the door: this had not the desired fate, considering the crime not deserving effect ; for he said, as he lived, so he desired of death, and that others implicated in it to die, like a soldier. The man who had the were more guilty than he, whose lives gun, being a little remiss, Young, making nevertheless were spared.
a leap up, laid hold of the muzzle, and He firmly resolved not to surrender him- pulled it down, threatening to shoot the self to the hangman. Though he had no first man that dared to enter ; but the gun longer a hope of pardon, as he had been was unloaded, which prevented such a sentenced to die between two and four catastrophe. Rewards were offered to o'clock in the afternoon, it will be seen he such of the city guards as would seize him; conceived an idea that if he could baffle the and, after several refusing, one had the officers of justice till the latter hour had courage to go down, whom Young welcomed struck, his object would be gained, and with a violent blow on the breast from the they would not dare then to conduct him butt end of his gun, that laid him on the to the scaffold. How to get through those ground. Had Young been armed with a two important hours became the unhappy sword or a bayonet, it is likely the fate man's care. The accounts of the time thus of the first adventurer would have stopped detail what occurred on the day fixed for the attempts of the second ; but he having his punishment :
only an empty musket, and the passage “ The magistrates appointed to wit- being wide, three or four more jumped in at ness the ceremony assembled about two once, and, after a violent struggle, overo'clock at the prison door, accompanied by powered and bound the unhappy victim ; the proper officers, the guard, and a multi- who still refusing to walk, the door was tude of spectators. They, attended by two opened, and he was dragged headlong down clergymen, went to the prisoner, and hav- stairs, in a most deplorable condition. ing read over to him the sentence, asked When brought out he asked if it was yet his objections to the same. Young an- four o'clock (as indeed it then was); but swered, that he had none; but observing being answered, that he should be hanged that the sentence appointed the execution were it past eight, he immediately comto be performed betwixt two and four in posed himself to suffer that so much the afternoon, that suggested a thought to dreaded death. Still he refused being him, that if he preserved his life till past accessary to his own murder (as he was four, the magistrates could not execute pleased to term it) by walking, as usual, him. He desired leave to retire a short to the place of execution; he was therefore time with the two reverend ministers, for forced into a cart, where, the hangman ghostly consolation, which being granted, sitting by him holding the end of the rope, he went with them to the iron room, where which was immediately put about his he had been confined since sentence; and neck, he was in this manner dragged to after talking with them he begged they the Grass-market, amidst thousands of would allow him to spend a few minutes in amazed spectators ; where again refusing private devotion; which seeming reason to ascend the scaffold, he was carried up able, they withdrew, and he ushered the by the guard, and after about fifteen clergymen to the outer door of his apart. minutes, being near half an hour past four, ment, which shutting behind them, he re- and just almost dark, he was hanged by tired to the inner room, the iron door of the neck till he was dead. which he immediately bolted.
“ The poor man had served in the army “ The officers of justice, after waiting many years with reputation ; was beloved some time, surprised at his delay, endea- by his officers, being never before convoured to open his door, which, to their victed of the least offence.” great surprise, they found bolted: they Not the least singular part of this reknocked and desired him to come out. markable narrative is the incident of the • No,' said he, ' in this place I am resolved city clock being stopped, as if that would to defend my life to the utmost of my save the point of law and arrest the march power.' The door was attempted to be of time. forced, but it being of iron, in vain were the most violent endeavours used for that Tight Lacing.– A learned Doctor, referpurpose. The lord provost was sent for. ring to tight lacing, avers that it is a public The city clock was stopped, and surprise benefit, inasmuch as it kills all the foolish and expectation appeared in every face. girls and leaves the wise ones to grow up A considerable time being spent to no pur- to be women.
at present.) And Lord Rusborough to be made a Viscount.12 (Not agreed to.) * *
“ The following persons to have pensions Correspondence of John, fourth Duke of during pleasure, for the sums set against Bedford. Vol. II.
their respective names :In the letters contained in this volume we
Countess of Drogheda . . . 200 find but moderate entertainment. They
Mrs Gore and her daughters . . 200 offer a good deal that every one knows, Guy More, Esq. . i . .. and not a little of what few would care to John Blennerhassett, Esq. , . know. Meanness and corruption in con James Hussey, Esq.. : . nexion with state affairs are unfortunately The Hon. Mrs. Walsingham. . 200 neither novel nor obsolete. The manner
Hon. William Molesworth and Anne in which Irish business was transacted in
his wife, in addition to their penthe last century will perhaps be read with
sion . . . . . . 100 some interest, it being borne in mind that The following anecdote reflects great at the time referred to, eighty or ninety honour upon Lord Temple. It shows that years ago, Ireland had that blessing of all he made a determined effort to save an unblessings, a parliament of her own:
questionably brave man from being un“May 24.-As things are circumstanced justly sacrificed: business may be easily carried on next ses “I cannot forbear telling you Lord Temple sions; but the leading people must have pressed him some days ago very strongly for douceurs, a great many of which I must at a à pardon for Mr Byng; his Majesty perseproper time lay before his Majesty, by these vered, and told his lordship flatly he thought means he may do what he pleases with that him guilty of cowardice in the action, and country. The Princess of Hesse may have therefore could not break his word they had her pension of 5,0001.; but other things of forced him to give to his people-to pardon the like nature must be given in Ireland no delinquents. His lordsħip walked up to Pensions to the amount of above 5,0001. per his nose, and, sans autre cérémonie, said, What annum have been extinguished since my shall you think if he dies courageously? His going to Ireland.
Majesty stifled his anger, and made him no “ To propose the following persons to be reply. I think I never heard of such insomade peers :- The Chancellor, if his Majesty lence.” shall please to make an augmentation of 5007..
• The robbery of Mrs Hodges is so extraper annum to his salary, to be created a Baron. I.Sir Arthur Gore, a Viscount. 2. Sir ordinary that we know not how to believe Maurice Crosbie, a Baron.3_John Lysaght it. Townsend, the Bow-street officer, used Sen, a Baron.4_William Annesley, Esq., a to suppose that many of the alleged daring Baron.5- James Stopford, Esq., a Baron.6 robberies were committed in a very quiet (Agreed to.)— Lord Viscount Castlecomer, way by the loose companions of those who to be made an Earl.7—Lord Tullamore to be complained of having been despoiled. We made an Earl.8 (Not the present family.)- know nothing against the character of the Lady Athenry to be made a Countess.9
lady just mentioned, but if she had been (Agreed to.) — Likewise Mr Colelo and Mr Mason's ll request to be made Barons. (Not
open to suspicion we know what many
would have surmised from a story like the (1) Created Baron Bowes of Clonlyon.
following: (2) Member of parliament for the borough Done “Though it is eleven o'clock, I must tell gal, created Baron Saunders and Viscount Sudley vou of the most curious of all robberies that of Castle Gore, in the county of Mayo, and in 1762,
i was committed last night. A Mrs Hodges, Earl of Arran, in the county of Galway, on the recommendation of the Earl of Kildare.
of Hanover square, got into her coach at the (3) Member for the county of Kerry, created playhouse, and from under the seat of the Baron of Branden, county of Kerry; on the re- coach, as it was going along, up jumps a thief, commendation of the Eail of Shannon.
and with a pistol in his hand demands her (4) Member for the borough of Charleville, created money and jewels, and orders her, upon pain Baron Lisle of Mountnorth.
of instant death, to stop her coach at a cer(5) Member for the borough of Middleton, created Baron Annesley of Castle Wellan.
tain place and let him out, and wish him good (6) Member for the borough of Lethard, created night, all which she complied with, and he Baron of Courtown, county of Wexford.
carried off a thousand pounds' worth of her (7) John Wandesford, Viscount Castlecomer, cre- jewels.” ated Earl of Wandesford. (8) Charles Moore, second Lord Tullamore, a
Miscellaneous. (9) Dowager Baroness, created Countess of Brandon, county of Kilkenny.
Mr CARSON'S PATENT SALTING MA(10) John Cole, Esq., member for Inniskillen. In the Duke's private Diary this note: “Mr Cole, mem- CHINE.—This is one of the simplest and, ber for I., was with me to lay in his pretensions for perhaps, the most useful little invention the title of Ranelagh, which he said was promised that has for years come within our obserto be recommended to the King by the Duke of
vation. The instrument is only 104 inches Devonshire." “I gave no promise but to lay his pretensions before the King,”- created in 1760, in length, and 3 in breadth, and is capable Baron Mount Florence of Fermanagh.
(11) Most probably Aland Mason, Esq., member (12) Joseph Leeson, First Earl of Miltown; adfor the county of Waterford,
vanced to the Viscounty of Rusborough, 1760.