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cient to appease the manes of the murdered accustomed) directly to Whetstone, for which mermaid, and to this day the appearance new waie all cartes, carriers, packmen, and of any of the posterity of Shea on the face such like trauellers yeelde a certaine tole of the deep near that bay, is said to rouse vnto the Bishop of London, which is fermed her ire, and in company with a Shea few

(as is said at this daie) at 401. per annum, and fishermen like to sail. Several persons

for that purpose was the gate erected on the

ons hill, that through the same all traueillers who have treated this as an idle fancy,

Tancy, should passe, and be the more aptlie staide and held themselves superior to the fear for the same tole.'” inspired, are said to have paid dearly for “The name of Highgate was given to their temerity, being bodily swallowed by this healthy village," says Morden, “from the insatiable "avenging wave.”

the establishment of a gate at the top of

the hill to collect the toll for the Bishop.” ON MR MOON, THE QUEEN'S PRINTSELLER,

Speaking of the healthfulness of Highgate, BECOMING SHERIFF OF LONDON.

the same authority adds—“Upon this hill Sheriff Moon of the City folk has the best

is most pleasant dwelling, yet not so pleawishes; Wherever he moves a warm welcome awaits,

sant as healthful, for the expert inhabitants Because they look forward to exquisite dishes there report that divers who have been From one who has shown such good taste in long visited by sickness not curable by his plates.

physicke, have in a short time repayred

their health by that sweet salutarie aire." Revietas.

Whittington's stone, at the foot of High-,

gate hill, which has the romantic legend Antiquities of Highgate.

attached to it of that celebrated mayor, In the review of Mr Prickett's book, the when a boy, travelling up and listening to * History and Antiquities of Highgate,' the bells of Bow, which he fancied said in the Mirror' of July the 8th, we pro. “ Turn again Whittington, thrice Lord mised a further notice, which want of room Mayor of London,” and which made him has hitherto prevented. Where he speaks retrace his steps, and led to his fortune. of the ancient roads it seems preposterous A stone, says tradition, was placed on the to imagine, seeing what we now see, that spot, by desire of Whittington, to assist a difficulty in finding a good road to travel the traveller to mount his horse at the foot so short a distance as from London to of the hill. The stone which at present Highgate should ever have been expe- occupies the site has upon it the following rienced. We formerly showed, from an inscription:enactment of the time of Henry VIII, that

WHITTINGTON'S STONE. his favourite hunting and shooting manor Sir Richard Whittington, thrice Lord lay in this direction. Mr Prickett gives

Mayor of London. the following curious particulars. The 1397 . . . Richard II. writers quoted are Dr Stukeley and Nor 1409

· Henry IV. den.

1419

• Henry V. «• The ancient road by Copenhagen want.

Sheriff in 1393. ing repair, induced passengers to make this . The following anecdote is worth repeatgravelsy valley become much larger than in ing:Cæsar's time. The old division runs along « Some idea of the wealth of Sir R. Whitthe road between Finsbury and Holborn di- tington, and the little value he set on money, vision, going in a straight line from Gray's may be inferred from the following circumInn's Lane to Highgate ; its antiquity is stance:-At an entertainment given to King shown in its name-Madan Lane. This is Henry V at Guildhall, after his conquest of the oldest account extant. The following, France, the king was much pleased with a however, is nearly as interesting :

fire which Sir Richard had caused to be made “The auncient Highwaie to High Bernet of choice woods, mixed with cinnamon, cloves, from Portepoole, now Gray's Inn, as also and other spices and aromatics. The knight from Clerkenwell, was through a lane on the said he would endeavour to make it still more east of Pancras church, called Longwitch agreeable to his Majesty, and immediately Lane, from thence leaving Highgate on the tore and burnt in that fire the king's bond of west, it passed through Tallingdone Lane, and 10,000 marks, due to the Mercers' Company, so to Crouche ende, and thence through a and divers others to the amount of 60,0001. Parke called Hornsey great Parke to Muswell sterling, an immense sum in those days.*” Hill, Coanie Hatch, Fryarne Barnet, and so to Whetstone, which is now the common

“Sir Richard Whittington was interred in the highwaie to High Barnet.

church of St Michael, and had a splendid monu66 This auncient highwaje was refused of ment erected to his memory by his executors. Tho

mas Mountain held the rectory, with the mastership, wayfaring men and carriers, by reason of the

when the college was dissolved (the site is now Paterdeepness and dirtie passage in the winter noster Church), and possessed by an ungovernable season : in regard whereof it was agreed spirit of avarice and folly, imagined that immense betweene the Bishop of London and the treasures were deposited with the body, which he countrie that a new waie should bee layde

determined to convert to his own use. With this forth through the said Bishops Parkes, be

sacrilegious intent he opened the tomb, where he

found nothing but the body wrapped in lead. Vexed ginning at Highgate Hill, to lead (as now is at his disappointment, he stripped the lead from the

There were and are several remarkable and cheat your poor old ancient father. You buildings in Highgate, viz., - Arundel must not eat brown bread while you can get House, now extant, the place of imprison- white, except you like the brown the best: ment of Lady Arabella Stuart in 1611. and you must not drink small beer while you can the scene of the last moments of that get strong, except you like the small the best :

you must not kiss the maid while you can great luminary, Lord Bacon, in 1626 ;

162. ; kiss the mistress, except you like the maid Cromwell House, built by the Protector in the best, but sooner than lose a good chance 1630, as a residence for General Ireton, you may kiss them both. And now, my good who married the Lord Protector's daugh son, for a' word or two of advice :-keep ter ; Lauderdale House, built 1600, many from all houses of ill repute, and every years the residence of the Earls Lauder place of public resort for bad company; dale. The celebrated mistress of Charles II beware of false friends, for they will turn seems to have resided there :

to be your foes, and inveigle you into “ Lauderdale House was formerly the re

houses where you may lose your money sidence of Nell Gwynne, mistress of Charles

and get no redress; keep from thieves of II.'and mother of the first Duke of St Alban's. every denomination. And now, my good It appears, Nell Gwynne was desirous of ob- son, I wish you a safe journey through Hightaining a title for her son, which for a long

gate and this life. I charge you, my good time she had been unsuccessful in gaining. son, that if you know any in this company The father, Charles II, being there, she held who have not taken this oath, you must cause the child out of the window, saving. If you them to take it, or make each of them forfeit do not do something for him, I will drop it.' a bottle of wine, for if you fail to do so, you He immediately replied, “Save the Earl of

the End of will forfeit a bottle of wine yourself. So now, Burford !'»

my son, God bless you! kiss the horns, or a The mansion-house, built by Inigo Jones best, and so be free of Highgate. If a female

pretty girl if you see one here, which you like for Sir W. Ashurst, Lord Mayor of Lon be in the room, she is usually saluted; if not, don, 1694, with its chesnut staircase, noble the horns must be kissed-the option was not doorway, and tapestried chambers, was allowed formerly. As soon as the salutation formerly the subject of admiration; it was is over, the swearer in commands ‘Silence!' taken down in 1830, and the new church and then addressing himself to his new-made erected on the site.

son, he says “I have now to acquaint you The old custom of swearing in at High with your privilege as a freeman of this place. gate continues to this day, and each of the

If at any time you are going through High

gate, and want to rest yourself, and you see older public houses keep the horns ready. å pig lying in a ditch, you have liberty to We all have heard the old jocular inquiry, kick her out and take her place; but if you “ Have you been sworn at Highgate?” see three lying together, you must only kick The manner of honouring this old custom out the middle one and lie between the other is as follows :-The horns are fixed on a two. God save the King!' This important pole about five feet in height, near the per- privilege of the freemen of Highgate was son about to be sworn, who is required to first discovered by one Joyce, a blacksmith, take off his hat, all present doing the same. who a few years ago kept the Coach and The landlord, or person appointed, pro

Horses, and subjoined the agreeable informclaims aloud

ation to those • he swore in." « • Upstanding and uncovered! silence!'. We now take our leave of this interestThen he addresses himself to the person he ing book. swears in, thus:- Take notice what I now say unto you, for that is the first word of your

Miscellaneous oath,-mind that! You must acknowledge me to be your adopted father; I must acknowledge you to be my adopted son (or

High CHARGES ON THE SOUTHAMPTON daughter). If you do not call me father, you

RAILROAD.-- Before the age of railways, forfeit a bottle of wine ; if I do not call you the ordinary price for an outside seat on son, I forfeit the same; and now, my good the coach from London to Portsmouth or son, if you are travelling through this village Southampton used to be 10s. It was the of Highgate, and you have no money in your usual fare by the Red Rover Southampton pocket, go call for a bottle of wine at any coach, one of the quickest and best coaches house you think proper to go into, and book out of London. The fares by this railway it to your father's score. If you have any to Southampton have risen to 20s.. 14s.. friends with you, you may treat them as and 8s. respectively for the three classes well : but if you have money of your

our own, you must pay for it yourself. For you must

# of carriages. To Winchester the fares not say you have no money when you have. are 17s. 6d., 125., and 6s. 6d., though the neither must you convey the money out of distance is but sixty-four miles. The your own pocket into your friends' pockets, cheapest mode, that is, by the third class for I shall search you as well as them; and if carriages, is only available once in the day, it is found that you or they have money, you at seven in the morning at each terminus forfeit a bottle of wine for trying to cozen of the railway. The rates by the second

class carriages average rather more than bones; and the worthy mayor was then raised and buried a second time by those who valued his five miles for a shilling in long distances, memory."

and are therefore more than double the general omnibus fares in London. Through- made by Dr Adam Clark unfavourable to out the metropolis you are carried by the the assumption of the ministerial office omnibuses from five to eight miles for six by the fair sex, he was asked, “If an ass pence. There seems to be no principle in reproved Balaam, and a barn-door fowl assessing the fares—the more you use this reproved Peter, why shouldn't a woman railway, the higher the rate. Not only in reprove sin ?” the charges, but in the state of the car- Funereal Rebuses.-The chapels in Winriages, is the management short-sighted. chester cathedral abound in rebuses, of Unlike the second-class carriages on other which an amusing collection might be railways, which are separated by three or made. To commemorate Bishop Langton, more partitions, those used on this are there is the long musical note inserted in open from end to end. Thus the seats at a tun; and a vine growing out of a tün, the end receive the most pitiless currents represents his see of Winton. Prior Henof wind and rain-air at all times-sea- tun is represented by a hen on a tun, and soned with the cinders from the engine. Prior Silkstede by a skein of silk and a These seats expose the occupants much steed. more to the chances of cold even than the The Prince of Wales in Egypt.-An wholly open third class carriages. These Egyptian juggler establishes a pool of latter are open at the foot, and are as little ink in a boy's hand, who, looking into it comfortable as it is possible for them to be. while the conjuror burns incense, is sup-Atheneum.

posed to see and to correctly describe any individual named. On one occasion lately

the Prince of Wales was summoned to The Gatherer.

appear, and was described as a middleEpilogue Writing.-In former days the

aged man with mustaches, but no beard, tone of an epilogue differed materially from

white trowsers, black coat, straw hat, in that which is now commonly used. Ben

short, the usual dress of the Franks of Jonson, in his epilogue to • Cynthia's Re

Cairo! vels,'thus rudely deals with his audience:

Ottar of Roses.—This perfume is said “ To crave your favour, with a begging knee,

to have been discovered by accident. NurWere to distrust the writer's faculty.

Iaham, the favourite wife of the Mogul, To promise better, when the next we bring, among her other luxuries had a small canal Prorogues disgrace, commends not anything.

of rose water; as she was walking with the Stiffly to stand on this, and proudly approve The play, might tax the maker of self-love. Mogul upon its banks they perceived a thin I'll only speak what I have heard him say, film upon the water, it was an essential oil * By God'tis good, and if you like 't, you may!!. made by the heat of the sun. They were

Swedish Discoveries. It is mentioned in delighted with its exquisite odour, and a letter from Stockholm that a Swedish means were immediately taken for prebrig, freighted by an English firm at paring by art a substance like that which Port Philip to visit the small islands of the had been thus fortuitously produced. Pacific, touched at some islands not to be Southey's Omniana. found in the maps, which the captain took Nes's of Coffins.--In a recent descrippossession of in the name of the King of tion of New York we are told warehouses Sweden. The inhabitants were a mild of ready-made coffins stand beside warerace, ignorant of the use of iron, and ready houses of ready-made clothing, and the to give a turtle for a rusty nail.

shroud is sold with spangled opera dresses. A Portable Light-house.--An invention Nay, you may chance to see exposed at has recently been made, for showing the sheriff's sales, in public squares, piles of position of a ship in danger, and directing coffins, like nests of boxes, one within anothe movements of persons attempting to ther. give assistance from the shore. It con- Possessed of the Devil.-Two cases of insists of a composition, which gives a very dividuals considered to be possessed, Bishop distinct and brilliant light, and has been Parkhurst gives as having occurred in his tried with success at the Goldstone, where time, and of which there could be no manthe ‘Pegasus' was wrecked.

ner of doubt. A certain young Dutch Day's Windguard.—Mr Day has sub- woman, about seventeen or eighteen years mitted to us an invention for preventing of age, a servant of the preacher of the that greatest of nuisances--a smoky chim- church at Norwich, was, during a whole ney. It consists of a cap, to be placed on year, miserably vexed by Satan. In all the top of the chimney, in which the open- her temptations, however, and dilaceraings whereby the smoke passes are guarded tions, she continued steadfast in the faith, by plates of metal, in such a way that the and withstood the adversary with more smoke, instead of being driven by the than manly fortitude. At last, by God's wind down into the chimney, is blown out help, the devil being overcome, left her, at the sides of these projecting plates. and almost at the same instant attacked

An Argument in Favour of Female the son of a certain senator, whom he also Preaching - Some remarks having been tormented in a most incredible manner for some weeks together. Public prayers belonged to the English colony, sowed it were offered in the city by my direction, for grain, expecting to receive a plentiful and a fast proclaimed until evening. The crop of combustion by the next harvest to Lord had mercy also on the boy, and over- blow away the whole colony. came the enemy. The boy was thirteen, or at most fourteen years old, and, for his

TO CORRESPONDENTS. age, well versed in the Scriptures, which, steadfast in faith, he boldly launched forth 'J.A., Peterborough," will find the following receipt

for etching on brass what he could wish: against the enemy.

Clean a

plate that has been well polished, so as to free it Man, know Thyself.—It is now many

from all oxidation; lay upon it a ground, as it is years since that my thoughts have had no called by engravers, which is made by melting toother aim and object than myself, that I

gether

Asphaltum - . - 1 ounce. have only pried into and studied myself; or

White wax - - . 04 if I do now and then study any other thing, and tie this up in a piece of lutestring silk; then it is to lay it up for, and to apply it to

heat the plate, so that when the bag containing the

ground is rubbed over the surface, the ground will myself. And I do not think it a fault if,

pass through the interstices of the silk. Next take as others do by much less profitable sci

a piece of fine silk or satin, and tie up in it some ences, I communicate what I have learned cotton wool, to make a ball about the size of a large in this matter; though I am not very well

walnut, leaving the tied ends to hold it by. Dab

all over the plate, while hot, with this ball, till pleased with what progress I have made

it lays the ground even over the whole surface, in it. There is no description so difficult, taking care that it is not thicker than a coat of nor doubtless of so great utility, as that

varnish. When this is completed, take a war-taper,

several folds together, so as to make a good fame. of a man's self.—Montaigne.

Hold the plate, still hot, with its face downwards, Hard Reading.I was reading a French

and pass the flame of the taper backwards and forbook, where, after I had a long time been wards evenly on the ground of the plate. This dragging over a great many words, so dull,

will black it to any extent you please, so that you

may see clearly what you are etching, taking care so insipid, so void of all wit, or common

not to over-black it, as the face must always shine sense, that indeed they were only words, with the ground. The plate being cool, etch upon after a long and tedious travel I came, at

it with any pointed instrument the design required.

When that is finished, put round the plate a wax last, to meet with a piece that was lofty,

border, so as to contain an acid, which is required rich, and elevated to the very clouds. to be poured on it; the acid will eat away the metal Now, had I found either the declivity easy, where the etching has taken place, and it will not or the ascent more sloping, there had been

touch the part where the ground has not been re

moved. The acid to be used for copper is nitrous, some excuse; but it was so perpendicular

mixed with three parts water; for iron, a mixture a precipice, so wholly cut off from the rest of sulphuric acid and nitric, diluted in the same of the work, that by the first words I proportion. When the plate has been sufficiently

eaten, or bitten in (as it is called by engravers), found myself flying into the other world,

remove the wax borders, and clean the plate with and thence discovered the vale whence I spirits of turpentine. It is impossible to direct our came, so deep and low that I had never correspondent fully on all points, for it would fill since the heart to descend into it any

a volume; but experience will soon show him how

to manipulate, if he begins as above. Etching more.-Ibid.

points, gravers, ground, &c. are to be purchased at The Emperor Paul.Fits of rage frequently rendered Paul insane. One day,

TO THE EDITOR OF THE MIRROR.'

SIR,- In the Mirror' of Saturday the 20th May being incensed against England, he ordered

last, there is an article headed “A Capitalist," in a favourite general to march immediately

which it is stated that the late Mr Arkwright far to Calcutta. The commander begged to excelled the Rothschilds in wealth know which line of march would in his

A dispute having arisen between two young

persons on this point, I would be obliged for your majesty's judgment be the best? Calling

opinion, in next week's Mirror,' as to the truth for a map of the world, the Emperor soon of the article. It seems that Mr Rothschild of answered this by drawing a straight line fered our government (as the newspapers say) from St Petersburg to Calcutta. The

£24,000 yearly to be exempt from the payment

of income tax. Now upon calculation it appears marked map is still in existence. He him

that his annual income must be £822,857, for the self used to liken his paroxysms of fury to bare allowance of 7d. in the pound, and I think explosions of gunpowder. On one occasion

he would not offer government more income tax

than his income would really amount to, and his he said, “I was in monstrous good hu

capital, to produce this income, at the rate of mour to-day; my powder magazine (mean 4 per cent. per annum, must be £20,571,425. ing his fits of passion) never blew up.”

D. S. Prices at Covent Garden Theatre. --The

Lancaster, Sept. 23, 1843.

We cannot answer the above question. If any corpublic may now go to the boxes for 3s. 6d.,

respondent can do it, his communication will be atjust half the price charged in 1809, which tended to. . gave the signal for the 0. P. war.

The Few Words on Death" present nothing new on

the subject, and are therefore inadmissible. Strange Notions. — It is said that the frozen Norwegians, on the first sight of rose trees, dared not touch what they con- LONDON: Published by CUNNINGHAM and

MORTIMER, Adelaide Street, Trafalgar Square; ceived were trees budding with fire; and M

and Sold by all Booksellers and Newsmen. the natives of Virginia, the first time they Printed by C. REYNELL, 16 Little Pulteney street, seized on a quantity of gunpowder which and at the Royal Polytechnic Institution.

all tool showers, ground, mens as above.

OF

LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION.

(PRICE TWOPENCE.)

No. 16.]

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1843.

[Vol. II. 1843.

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Original Communications. Few of those which remain present a

nobler aspect than Kelso Abbey, as it is KELSO ABBEY.

now seen frowning in decay. SCOTLAND presents many noble ruins to This structure was once the abode of the recal “the olden time,” which have been Tyronesian monks, brought over from viewed with veneration and awe for cen- France during the reign of Alexander the turies after the hands that reared them Fierce by his brother, who afterwards had become powerless,

ascended the throne, but who, at the time “ And Time into dust had resolved them again.” of this importation, was David Earl of No. 11857

(VOL. XLIN.

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