may be

Their history, after a desperate struggle, has been Sebastian Ziani, the Dege. Several embassies passed satisfactorily explored. The decisions and doub's of between Chioza and the capital, until, at last, the emperor Erizzo and Zenetti, and lastly, of the Count Leopold relaxing somewhat of his pretensions, “aid aside his Cicognara, would have given them a Roman extraction, leonine ferocity, and put on the mildness of the lamb.” and a pedigree not more ancient than the reign of Nero. On Saturday the 23d of July, in the year 1177, six But M. de Schlegel stepped in to teach the Venetians Venetian galleys transferred Frederic, in great pomp, the value of their own treasures, and a Greek vindicated, from Chioza to the island of Lido, a mile from Venice. at last and for ever, the pretension of his countrymen Early the next morning, the Pope, accompanied by the to this noble production.' Mr. Mustoxidi has not been Sicilian ambassadors, and by the envoys of Lombardy, left without a reply; but, as yet, he has received no whom he had recalled from the main land, together answer. It should seem that the horses are irrevocably with a great concourse of people, repaired from the Chian, and were transferred to Constantinople by The- patriarchal palace to Saint Mark's church, and solemnly orłosius. Lapidary writing is a favourite play of the absolvent the emperor and his partisans from the exItalians, and has conferred reputation on more than communication pronounced against him. The chanone of their literary characters. One of the best speci- cellor of the empire, on the part of his master, remens of Boloni's typography is a respectable volume nounced the anti-popes and their schismatic adherents. of inscriptions, all written by his friend Pacciaudi. Immediately the doge, with a great suite both of the Several were prepared for the recovered horses. It is clergy and laity, got on board the galleys, and waiting to be hoped that the best was not selected, when the on Frederic, rowed him in mighty stale from the Lido following words were ranged in gold letiers above the to the capital. The emperor descended from the galley cathedral porch:

at the quay of the Piazelta. The doge, the patriarch, QUATTOR . EQUORUM. SIGNA... VENETIS. By- his bishops and clergy, and the people of Venice, with . CAPTA . AD. TEMP.

their crosses and their standards, marched in solemn MCCTV . POSITA . QUÆ . HOSTILIS. CUPIDITAS.A. procession before him to the church of Saint Mark. JIDCCCIII . ABSTULERAT . FRANC .I.IMP. PACIS . Alexander was seated before the vestibule of the baORBI . DATÆ. TROPHÆUM.A. MDCCCXV. VICTOR .

silica, attended by his bishops and cardinals, by the

patriarch of Aquileja, by the archbishops and bishopg Nothing shall be said of the Latin, but it

of Lombardy, all of them in state, and clothed in their

permitted to observe, that the injustice of the Vencuars in church robes. Frederic approached—“ moved by the transporting the horses from Constantinople was at Holy Spirit, venerating the Almighty in the person of least equal to that of the French in carrying them to Alexander, laying aside his imperial dignity, and throwParis, and that it would have been more prudent to have ing off his mantle, he prostrated himself at full length avoided all allusions to either robbery. An apostolic at the feet of the Pope. Alexander, with tears in his prince should, perhaps, have objected to atfixing, over eyes, raised bim benignantly from the ground, kissed the principal entrance of a metropolitan church, an in- him, blessed him; and immediately the Germans of the scription having a reference to any other triumphs than train sang, with a loud voice, “We praise thee, O Lord. those of religion. Nothing less than the pacification The emperor then taking the Pope by the right hand, of the world can excuse such a solecisın.

led him to the church, and, having received his bene

diction, returned to the ducal palace." 2 The ceremony Note 6. Stanza xii. The Sunbian muod, and now the Austrian reigns

of humiliation was repeated the next day. The Pope An emperor tramples where an emperor knelt. himself, at the request of Frederic, said mass at Saint After many vain efforts on the part of the Italians, Mark's. The emperor again laid asido his imperial enurely to throw off the yoke of Frederic Barbarossa, mantle, and, taking a wand in his hand, officiated as and as fruitless attempts of the emperor to make him- verger, driving the laity from the choir, and proceding selt absolute master throughout the whole of bis Cisal- the pontiff to the altar. Alexander, after reciting the pine dominions, the bloody struggles of four-and-twenty gospel, preached to the people. The emperor put himyears were happily brought to a close in the city of Ven- self close to the pulpit in the attitude of listening; and ice. The articles of a treaty had been previously the pontiff, touched by this inark of his attention, for acreed upon between Pope Alexander III. and Barba- he knew that Frederic did not understand a word he rossa, and the former, having received a safe-conduct, said, commanded the patriarch of Aquileja to translate had already arrived at Venice from Ferrara, in com- the Latin discourse into the German tongue. The creed patry with the ambassadors of the king of Sicily and the was then chaunted. Frederic made his oblation, and consuls of the Lombard league. There still remained, kissed the Pope's feet, and, mass being over, led him hy however, many points to adjust, and for several days the hand to his white horse. He held the stirrup, and the peace was believed to be impracticable. At this would have held the horse's rein to the water side, had juncture it was suddenly reported that the emperor not the Pope accepted of the inclination for the perhad arrived at Chioza, a town fifteen miles from the formance, and affectionately dismissed him with his capital. The Venetians rose tumultuously, and insisted benediction. Such is the substance of the account left upon immediately conducting him to the city. The by the archbishop of Salerno, who was present at the Lombarda took the alarm, and departed towards Tre- ceremony, and whose story is confirmed by every subviso. The Pope himself was apprehensive of some dis- sequent narration.

It would not be worth bu minuta aster if Frederic should suddenly advance upon him, a record, were it not the triumph of liberty as well as but was re-assured by the prudence and address of 1 "Quibus auditis, imperator, operante eo, qui corda prins

cipuun Nicut vult et quando vilt humiliter inclinat, leoning 1 Su quatro cavalli della Basilica di S. Marco in Venezia. forinto deposita, ovinam mansuetudinem induit." Romuildi Lanera di Andrea Mustosici Corcirese. Pudova per Bettoni Salernitani. Chronicon. apud Script. Rer. Ital. io4. VII. p. 229 e compagoi, l-16.

2 Ibid. p. 231.



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of superstition. The states of Lombardy owed to it the Signor of Padua, the Venetians were reduced to the tasconfirmation of their privileges; and Alexander had most despair. An embassy was sent to the conqueross reason to thank the Almighty, who had enabled an in- with a blank sheet of paper, praying them to prescribe firm, unarmed old man to subdue a terrible and potent what terms they pleased, and leave to Venice only her sovereign.'

independence. The Prince of Padua was inclined 10 Note 7. Stanza xii.

listen to these proposals, but the Genoese, who, after Oh, for one hour of blind old Dandolo !

the victory at Pola, had shouted, “to Venice, to Ven'Th' octogenarian chief, Byzantium's conquering foe.

ice, and long live St. George," determined to annihilate The reader will recollect the exclamation of the high- their rival, and Peter Doria, their commander-in-chief, lander, Oh, for one hour of Dundee! Henry Dandolo, returned this answer to the suppliants: “On God's when elected doge, in 1192, was eighty-five years of age: faith, gentlemen of Venice, ye shall have no peace froin When he commanded the Venetians at the taking of the Signor of Padua, nor from our commune of Genoa, Constantinople, he was consequently ninety-seven years until we have first put a rein upon those unbridled horses old. At this age he annexed the fourth and a half of of yours, that are upon the porch of your evangelist Si. the whole empire of Romania, ? for so the Roman em- Mark. When we have bridled them, we shall keep you pire was then called, to the title and to the territories of

quiet. And this is the pleasure of us and of our comthe Venetian Doge. The three-eighths of this empire mune. As for these my brothers of Genoa, that you were preserved in the diplomas until the dukedom of have brought with you to give up to us, I will not have Giovanni Dolfino, who made use of the above designa- them : take them back; for, in a few days hence, 1 tion in the year 1357.3

shall come and let them out of prison myself, both these Dandolo led the attack on Constantinople in person and all the others." In fact, the Genoese did advance two ships, the Paradise and the Pilgrim, were tied to- as far as Malamocco, within five miles of the capital; gether, and a drawbridge or ladder let down from their but their own danger, and the pride of their enemies, higher yards to the walls. The doge was one of the first

gave courage to the Venetians, who made prodigious w rush into the city. Then was completed, said the efforts, and many individual sacrifices, all of them careVenetians, the prophecy of the Erythræan sybil. “A fully recorded by their historians. Vettor Pisani was gathering together of the powerful shall be made amidst put at the head of thirty-four galleys. The Genoese the waves of the Adriatic, under a blind leader: they broke up from Malamocco, and retired to Chioza in shall beset the goat--they shall profane Byzantium- October; but they again threatened Venice, which was they shall blacken her buildings—her spoils shall be dis- reduced to extremities. At this time, the 1st of Janupersed; a new goat shall bleat until they have measured

ary, 1380, arrived Carlo Zeno, who had been cruising out and run over fifty-four feet, nine inches, and a half."

on the Genoese coast with fourtech galleys. The Dandolo died on the first day of June, 1205, having Venetians were now strong enough to besiege the Gereigned thirteen years, six months, and five days, and

Doria was killed on the 22d of January by a was buried in the church of St. Sophia, at Constanti- stone bullet a hundred and ninety-five pounds weight, nople. Strangely enough it must sound, that the name discharged from a bombard called the Trevisan. Chioza of the rebel apothecary who received the doge's sword, was then closely invested ; five thousand auxiliaries, and annihilated the ancient government in 1796–7, was amongst whom were some English Condottieri, comDandolo.

manded by one Captain Ceccho, joined the Venetians. Note 8. Stanza xii.

The Genoese, in their turn, praved for conditions, but
But is not Doria's menace come to pass ?
Are they not bridled ?

none were granted, until, at last, they surrendered at After the loss of the battle of Pola, and the taking of discretion; and, on the 24th of June, 1380, the Doge Chioza on the 16th of August, 1379, by the united Contarini made his triumphal entry into Chioza. Four armament of the Genoese and Francesco da Carrara, thousand prisoners, nineteen galleys, many smaller

vessels and barks, with all the ammunition and arms, 1 See the above-cited Romuald of Salerno. In a second and outfit of the expedition, fell into the hands of the sermon which Alexander preached, on the first day of August, before them.peror, he compared Frederic to the prodigal conquerors, who, had it not been for the inexoralla son, and himself to the forgiving father.

answer of Doria, would have gladly reduced their do2 Mr. Gibbon has omitted the important w, and has written minion to the city of Venice. An account of these Romani instead of Romaniz:- Decline an: Fall, chap. Ixi. transactions is found in a work called the War of note 9. Bat the title acquired by Dandolo runs thus in the Chioza, written by Daniel Chinazzo, who was in Ven chronicle of his namesake, the Doge Andrew Dandolo :-Ducali titula aldidit. Quartæ pariis et dimidiæ totius im- ice at the time. perii Romania." And. Dand. Chronicon. cap. iii. pars xxxvii.

Note 9. Stanza xiv. ap. Script. Rer. Ital. tom. xii. page 331. And the Romania

The Planter of the Lion.' is observed in the subsequent acts of the doces. Indeed the continental possessions of the Greek empire in Europe, were

Plant the Lion—that is, the Lion of St. Mark, the then generally known by the name of Romania, and that appellation is still seen in the maps of Turkey as applied to

1 “Alla fé di Dio. Signori Veneziani, non hnverete mai pace Thrace.

del Signore di Padoua, né dal nostro comune di Genova, so 3 See the continuation of Dandolo's Chronicle, ibid. p. 498. primieramente non mettemo le brighe a quelli vostri cavalli Mr. Gibbon appears not to include Doltino, following Sanudo, sfrenati. che sono su la Reza del Vostro Evangelista S. Marco.

il qual litnla si uso fin al Doge Giovanni Dol. Intrenati che gli havremo, vi faremo stare in buona pace. E fino." See Vite de' Duchi de Venezia, ap. Script. Rer. Ital. questa é in intenzione nostra, e del nostro comune. Questi tom. xxii, 530. 611.

miei fratelli Genovesi, che bavete menati con voi per donarci 4 "Fiet potentium in aquis Adriaticis congregntio, crco non li voglio ; rimanotegli in dietro perche io intendo da qui præduca, Hircum ambigent, Byzantium prophanubuni, mdi- a pochi giorni venirgli a riscuoter dalle vostre prigioni, e lors ficia denigrabunt; spolia dispergentur, Hircus novus balabit e gli altri." usque durn LIV. perles et IX. pollices et sernis, præmensurati 2 "Chronica della guerra di Chioza," etc. Script. Rer. Itab currar!." Chronicon. ibid. pars xxxiv.

tom, xv. p. 699 to 804.


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standard of the republic, which is the origin of the word of their subjection. They retired from the space which pantaloon— Pianta-ieone, Pantaleone, Pantaloon. they had occupied in the eyes of their fellow-citizens ; Note 10. Stanza xv.

their continuance in which would have been a symptoin Tbin streets, and foreign aspects, such as must of acquiescence, and an insult to those who suffered by Too oft rempind her who and whal enthrals,

the common misfortune. Those who remained in the The population of Venice at the end of the seventeenth degraded capital might be said rather to haunt the century amounted to nearly two hundred thousand scenes of their departed power, than to live in them. souls. At the last census, taken two years ago, it was The reflection, “ who and what enthrals,” will hardly no more than about one hundred and three thousand, bear a comment from one who is, nationally, the friend and it diminishes daily. The commerce and the official and the ally of the conqueror. It may, however, be employments, which were to be the unexhausted source allowed to say thus much, that, to those who wish to of Venetian grandeur, have both expired.' Most of the recover their independence, any masters must be an patrician mansions are deserted, and would gradually object of detestation ; and it may be safely foretold that disappear, had not the government, alarmed by the de- this unprofitable aversion will not have been corrected molition of seventy-two, during the last two years, ex- before Venice shall have sunk into the slime of her pressly forbidden this sad resource of poverty. Many choked canals. remnants of the Venetian nobility are now scattered

Note 11. Stanza xvi.
and confounded with the wealthier Jews

the banks

Redemption rose up in the Attic Muso.
of the Brenta, whose palladian palaces have sunk, or

The story is told in Plutarch's Life of Nicias.
are sinking, in the general decay. Of the “gentil uomo

Note 12. Stanza xviii.
Veneto," the name is still known, and that is all. He
is but the shadow of his former sell, but he is polite and

And Otway, Radcliffe, Schiller, Shakspeare's art.
kind. It surely may be pardoned to him if he is que-

Venice Preserved; Mysteries of Udolpho; the Ghostrulous. Whatever may have been the vices of the re- seer, or Armenian; the Merchant of Venice; Othello. public, and although the natural term of its existence

Note 13. Stanza xx. may be thought by foreigners to have arrived in the due

But from their nature will the tannen grow

Lolliest ou lofties and leasi shelter'd rocks.
course of mortality, only one sentiment can be expected
from the Venetians themselves. At no time were the

Tunnen is the plural of tanne, a species of fir pecusubjects of the republic so unanimous in their resolution liar to the Alps, which only thrives in very rocky parts, to rally round the standard of St. Mark, as when it was

where scarcely soil sufficient for its nourishment can be for the last time unfurled; and the cowardice and the found. On these spots it grows to a greater height than treachery of the few patricians who recommended the any other mountain tree. falal neutrality, were confined to the persons of the

No:e 14. Stanza Xxviii

. traitors themselves.

single star is at her side, and rrigns

With ber o'er half the lovely heaven. The present race cannot be thought to regret the loss of their aristocratical forms, and too despotic gov-serated to those who have never seen an oriental or an

The above description inay seem fantastical or exagernment;

they think only on thcir vanished indepen- Irabian sky; yet it is but a literal and hardly sufficient dence. They pine away at the remembrance, and on delineation of an August evening (the eighteenth), as thus subject suspend for a moment their gay good-huVenice may be said, in the words of the scrip

contemplated in one of many rides along the banks of

the Brenta near La Mira.
ture, “ to die daily;" and so general and so apparent
is the decline, as to become painful to a stranger, not

Note 15. Stanza xxx.
reconciled to the sight of' a whole nation expiring, as it

Watering the tree which heure his lady's name

With huis inelodious tears, he gave himself to fame. were, before his eyes. So artificial a creation, having Thanks to the critical acumen of a Scotchman, we lost that principle which called it into life and sup- now know as little of Laura as ever.' The discoveries porui ils existence, must fall to pieces at once, and of the Abbé de Sade, his triumphs, his sneers, can no sunk more rapidly than it rose. The abhorrence of longer instruct or amuse.? We must not, however, slavery, which drove the Venetians to the sea, has, think that these memoirs are as much a romance as since their disaster, forced them to the land, where Belisarius or the Incas, although we are told so by Dr. day may be at least overlooked amongst the crowel Beattie, a great name, but a little authority." His “laof dependants, and not present the bunuliating specta- bour” has not been in vain, notwithstanding his "love" cle of a whole nation loaded with recent chains. Their hus, like most other passions, made him ridiculous.* liveliness, their aliability, and that happy indifference The hypothesis which overpowered the struggling Itawhich consumtion alone can give, for philosophy aspires to it in vain, have nul sunk under circumstances; but I See A historical and critical Essay on the Life and Charmany peculiarities of costume and manner have by arter of Petrarch: and a Dissertation on a Historical Hydi crees been lost, and the nobles, with a pride com- year 1944: the other is inserted in the fourth voluine of the

powrain of the Abbé de Sude: the first appeared about the mn to al Italians who have been masters, have not Tannections of the Ryal Society of Eddioburgh; and both ben persuaded to parade their insignificance. That have been incorporated into a work, published under the first lendour which was a proof and a portion of their

title, by Baiantyne in 1810.

2 Mémoirs pour la Vie de Pétrarque. power, they would not degrade into the trappings

3 Life of Beattie, by Sir. W. Forbes, t. ii. p. 106. 1 * Nonnollorum e nobate immediate sunt opes, adeo ut 4 Mr. Gibbon called his Memoirs" a labour of lore," (so Six a&timari possini: id quod tribus erebus oritur.parsimonia, Derline and Fail, cup. Ixx, note l.) and followed him with Cua mercio, atque iis emolumeniis, que o Répuh. percipiunt, contidence and deligni. The compiler of a very vo.umiNOGA anane ob causam dmturna tore creditur."-See De Prin- work must take much criticism upon trust: Mr. Gibbon has Civaubus Italia Tractatus, edit. 1631.

done so, though not so readily as some other authors.



lians, and carried along less interested critics in its that it was guilty and perverse, that f. absorbed him current, is run out. We have another proof that we quite, and mastered his heart.' can never be sure that the paradox, the most singular, In this case, however, he was perhaps alarmed for and therefore having the most agrecable and authentic the culpability of his wishes; for the Abbé de Sade air, will not give place to the re-established ancient himself, who certainly would not have been scrupuprejudice.

lously delicate, if he could have proved his descent from It seems then, first, that Laura was born, lived, died, Petrarch as well as Laura, is forced into a stout defence and was buried, not in Avignon, but in the country. of his virtuous grandmother. As far as relates to the The fountains of the Sorga, the thickets of Cabrières, poet, we have no security for the innocence, except may resume their pretensions, and the exploded de la perhaps in the constancy of his pursuit. He assures us, Bastie again be heard with complacency. The hypo- in his epistle to posterity, that, when arrived at his thesis of the Abbé had no stronger props than the fortieth year, he not only had in horror, but had last parchment sonnet and medal found on the skeleton of all recollection and image of any “ irregularity." But the wife of Hugo de Sade, and the manuscript note to the birth of his natural daughter cannot be assigned the Virgil of Petrarch, now in the Ambrosian library. earlier than his thirty-ninth year; and either the memIf these proofs were both incontestable, the poetry was ory or the morality of the poet must have failed him, written, the medal composed, cast, and deposited, with when he forgot or was guilty of this slip. The weakest in the space of twelve hours; and these deliberate du- argument for the purity of this love has been drawn from ties were performed round the carcass of one who died the permanence of effects, which survived the object of of the plague, and was hurried to the grave on the day his passion. The reflection of M. de la Bastie, that of her death. These documents, therefore, are too de- virtue alone is capable of making impressions which cisive: they prove, not the fact, but the forgery. Either death cannot efface, is one of those which every body the sonnet or the Virgilian note must be a falsification. applauds, and every body finds not to be true, the moThe Abbé cites both as incontestably true; the conse- ment he examines his own breast or the records of quent deduction is inevitable—they are both evidently human feeling. Such apophthegms can do nothing for false.

Petrarch or for the cause of morality, except with the Secondly, Laura was never married, and was a haughty very weak and the very young. He that has made even virgin rather than that tender and prudent wife who a little progress beyond ignorance and pupilage, cannot honoured Avignon by making that town the theatre of be edified with any thing but truth. What is called an honest French passion, and played off for one-and- vindicating the honour of an individual or a nation, is (wenty years her little machinery of alternate favours the most futile, tedious, and uninstructive of all writing; and refusalsa upon the first poet of the age. It was, although it will always meet with more applause than indeed, rather too unfair that a female should be made that sober criticism, which is auributed to the malicious responsible for eleven children upon the faith of a mis- desire of reducing a great man to the common standard interpreted abbreviation, and the decision of a librarian.' of humanity. It is, after all, not unlikely, that our It is, however, satisfactory to think that the love of historian was right in retaining his favourite hypothetic Petrarch was not platonic. The happiness which he salvo, which secures the author, although it scarcely saves prayed to possess but once and for a moment was surely the honour of the still unknown mistress of Petrarch.s not of the mind, and something so very real as a mar

Note 16. Stanza xxxi. riage project, with one who has been idly called a shadowy nymph, may be, perhaps, detected in at least

They keep his dust in Arquà, where he died. six places of his own sonnets. The love of Petrarch

Petrarch retired to Arquà immediately on his return was neither platonic nor poetical; and, if in one passage

from the unsuccessful attempt to visit Urban V. at Rome, of his works he calls it “amore veementeissimo ma

in the year 1370, and, with the exception of bis celeunico ed onesto,” he confesses, in a letter to a friend,

brated visit to Venice in company with Francesco No

vello de Carrara, he appears to have passed the four last 1 The sonnet had before awakened the suspicions of Mr. years of his life between that charming solitude and Horace Walpole. See his letter to Wharton in 1763. 2 "Par ce petit manege, cette alternative de faveurs et de in a state of continual languor, and in the morning of

Padua. For four months previous to his death he was rigueurs bien ménagee. une femme tendre et sase amuse, pendant vingt-un ans, le plus grand poete de son siecle, sans July the 19th, in the year 1374, was found dead in his faire la moindre brèche à son honneur. Mém, pour la Vie de Petrargue, Préface aux Français. The lulian editor library chair with his head resting upon a book. The

London edition of , who Woodhouselen, teniers the femme rostre et suges. "...of chair is still shown amongst the precious relics of Arquà, finata civetta. Riflessioni intorno a Madonna Laura, p. 231. which, from the uninterrupted veneration that has been vol. iii. ed. 1811.

3 In a dialogue with St. Augustin, Petrarch has described attached to every thing relative to this great man, from Laura as having a body exhausted with repeated tuhs. The old editors read and printed perturbationibux; but M. Capperonier, librarian to the French king, in 1769, who saw the MS.

1 “Quella rra e perversa passione che solo tutto mi occo. in the Paris library, made an attestation that on lit et qu'on pava e mi regnava nel cuore.' L'oit lire, pertubus exhaustum." De Sade joined the names 2 Azion disonesta, are his words. of Messrs. Boudot and Bejot with M. Capperuinier, and in the 3“ A questa confessione cosi sincera diede forse occasione whole discussion on this tubx, shower hinseif a downrighe una nuova caduta chi ti fece." Tiraboschi, Storia, etc., tom. literary rogue. See Riflessioni, etc., p. 217. Thomas Aquinas v. lib. iv. par. ii. pag. 492. is called in to settle whether Petrarch's mistress vas a chaste

4" Il n'y a que li pertu seule qui soit rapable de faire des maid or a continent wife.

impressions que la mort #flore par.", M.de Bimard, Baron 4 "Pigmalion, quanto lodartı dei

del Partie, in the Memoires de l'Academie des Inscriptions Dull'immagine tuin, mille volte

e R-les-Lettres fur 1740 and 1751. See also Riflessioni, etc. N'avesti quel ch' i Nol 11on vorrei."

Sunrito 5. Quando giunse a Simon ! 5 "* And if the virtue or prudence of Lanra was inexorable

alto concetio. le Rimp, etc., par. i. The nared, and night boart of enjoying the nymph of poet. pag. 189. odit. Ven. 1756.

Decline and Fall, rap. Ixx. p. 327. vol. xii. oct. Per 3 Ser Riflessioni, etc., p. 291.

draps the if is here meant for although.




the moment of his death to the present hour, have, it capacity, extensive erudition, and refined taste, joined may be hoped, a better chance of authenticity than the to that engaging simplicity of manners which has been Shakspearian memorials of Stratford-upon-Avon. so frequently recognised as the surest, though it is rer.

Arquà (for the last syllable is accented in pronun- tainly not an indispensable, trait of superior gemius. ciation, although the analogy of the English language Every footstep of Laura's lover has been anxiously has been observed in the verse), is twelve miles from traced and recorded. The house in which he lodged is Padua, and about three miles on the right of the high shown in Venice. The inhabitants of Arezzo, in order road to Rovigo, in the hosom of the Euganean hills. to decide the ancient controversy between their city and Afier a walk of twenty minutes, across a flat well-wooded the neighbouring Ancisa, where Petrarch was carried meados, you come to a little blue lake, clear but fathom- when seven months old, and remained until his seventh less, and to the foot of a succession of acclivities and year, bave designated, by a long inscription, the spot hits, clothed with vineyards and orchards, rich with fir where their great fellow-citizen was born. A tablet has and pomegranate trees, and every sunny fruit-shrub. been raised to him at Parma, in the chapel of St. Agatha, From the banks of the lake, the road winds into the hills, at the cathedral, ' because he was archdeacon of that and the church of Arquà is soon seen between a cleft society, and was only snatched from his intended sepulwhere two ridges slope towards each other, and nearly ture in their church by a foreign death. Another tablet inclose the village. The houses are scattered at intervals with a bust has been erected to him at Pavia, on acon the steep sides of these summits; and that of the count of his having passed the autunın of 1368 in that poet is on the edge of a little knoll overlooking two de- city, with his son-in-law Brossano. The political concents, and commanding a view not only of the glowing dition which has for ages precluded the Italians from garders in the dales immediately beneath, but of the the criticism of the living, has concentrated their wile plains, above whose low woods of mulberry and attention to the illustration of the dead. wilow thickened into a dark mass by festoons of vines,

Note 17. Stanza xxxiv. lall singie cypresses, and the spires of towns are scen

Or, it may be, with demons. in the distance, which stretches to the mouths of the Po and the shores of the Adriatic. The climate of these

The struggle is to the full as likely to be with demons voranic hils is warmer, and the vintage begins a week as with our better thoughts. Satan chose the wilderKomer than in the plains of Padua. Petrarch is laid,

ness for the temptation of our Saviour.

And our unfore he cannot be said to be buried, in a sarcophagnis of

sullied John Locke preferred the presence of a child to rei marble, raised on four pilasters on an elevated base, coinplete solitude. and preserved from an association with meaner tombs.

Note 18. Stanza xxxvi. I stanis conspicuously alone, but will be soon over

In face of all his foes, the Cruscan quire;

And Boileau, whose rash envy, etc. shadoned by four lately-planted laurels. Petrarch's fruaja, or here every thing is Petrarch's, springs and

Perhaps the couplet in which Boileau depreciates esan is uself beneath an artificial arch, a little below Tasso, may serve as well as any other specimen to justhe rhurch, and abounds plentifully, in the driest season,

lily the opinion given of the harmony of French verse. tiat soft water which was the ancient wealth of

A Malherbe, à Raran, préférer Ti:eophile,

Et le clinquant du Tatse à tout l'or de Virgile. t- Euganean hills. It would be more attractive, wer

Sat. ix. verse 176. ani, in some seasons, beset with hornets and wasps. The biographer Serassi,2 out of tenderness to the repuNo other coincidence could assimilate the tombs of station either of the Italian or the French poet, is eager Petrarch ani Archilochus. The revolutions of centu- to observe that the satirist recanted or explained away 133 have spared these seqnestered valleys, and the this censure, and subsequently allowed the author of the y no once which has been offered to the ashes of Jerusalem to be a "genius sublime, vast, and happily Petrarch, was prompted, not by hate, but veneration. born for the higher flights of poetry.” To this we will An aftempe was made to rob the sarcophagus of its add, that the recantation is far from satisfactory, when Tasure, and one of the arms was stolen by a Floren**", through a rent which is still visible. The injury is

1 D. O. M. not forgotien, but has served to identify the poet with

Francisco Petrarchæ

Parmensi Archidiacono. lite country where he was born, but where he would

Parentibus præclaris genere perantiquo
A peasant boy of Arquá being asked who

Ethices Chiintinna scriptori exi10
Perarch was, replied, “that the people of the par-

Rumande lingue restituteri $45 knce all about him, but that he only knew that

Etruscæ principi das was a Florentine."

Africte ob carmen hoc in urbe pe-acuum regibus accito

S. P. Q. R. laurea donato. Mr. Forsyth' was not quite correct in saying, that

Tunti Viri Pitarch never returned to Tuscany after he had once

Juvenilium juvenis senilium senex

Studiosissimus qretted it when a boy. It appears he did pass through

Comes Nicolaus Canonicus Cicognurus Firence on his way from Parma to Rone, and on his

Marinerea proxima ara excitatis, put urn in the year 1330, and remained there long enough

Inique condito

Dive Januariæ cruento corpore term some acquaintance with its r.ost distinguished

B. M. P. inatatants. Florentine gentleman, ashamed of the

Suffectum ayrrsion of the poet for his native country, was eager to

Sed infra meritum Francisci sepulchro pourt out this trivial error in our accomplished traveller,

Si Parmæ occumberet stroan he knew and respecied for an extraordinary

Extera morte heu nobis erepti.

2 La vita del Tasso, lb. iii. p. 234. tom. 11. edit Bergamo I Remarks, etc. on Italy. p, 95, note, 2d edit. 1790.

Sudiniu hac in rde efferri mandantis

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