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correct their style.' Petrarch seemed at first to listen to unfortunately for those who have to deplore the loss of the flattery and to the entreaties of his friend, but he did a very amiable person, is beyond all criticism; but the not return to Florence, and preferred a pilgrimage to mortality which did not protect Boccaccio from Mr. the tomb of Laura and the shades of Vaucluse. Eustace, must not defend Mr. Eustace from the imparNote 33. Stanza lviii.

tial judgment of his successors. Death may canonize Boccaccio to his parent earth bequeath'd

his virtues, not his errors; and it may be modestly pro

nounced that he transgressed, not only as an author, Boccaccio was buried in the church of St. Michael and but as a man, when he evoked the shade of Boccaccio St. James, at Certaldo, a small town in the Valdelsa, in company with that of Aretino, amidst the sepulchres which was by some supposed the place of his birth of Santa Croce, merely to dismiss it with indignity. As There he passed the latter part of his life in a course of

far as respects laborious study, which shortened his existence; and

"Il flagello de' Principi. there might his ashes have been secure, if not of honour,

Il divin Pietro Aretino," at least of repose. But the "hyæna bigots” of Certaldo it is of little import what censure is passed upon a coxiore up the tombstone of Boccaccio, and ejected it from comb who owes his present existence to the above burthe holy precints of St. Michael and St. James. The lesque character given to him by the poet whose amber occasion, and, it may be hoped, the excuse of this eject- has preserved many other grubs and worms: but to ment, was the making of a new floor for the church: classify Boccaccio with such a person, and to excombut the fact is, that the tombstone was taken up and municate his very ashes, must of itself make us doubt thrown aside at the bottom of the building. Ignorance of the qualification of the classical tourist for writing may share the sin with bigotry. It would be painful to upon Italian, or, indeed, upon any other literature; for relate such an exception to the devotion of the lialians ignorance on one point may incapacitate an author for their great names, could it not be accompanied by a merely for that particular topic, but subjection to a protrait more honourably conformable to the general char-fessional prejudice must render him an unsafe director acter of the nation. The principal person of the district, on all occasions. Any perversion and injustice may be the last branch of the house of Medicis, afforded that made what is vulgarly called “a case of conscience,” protection to the memory of the insulted dead which and this poor excuse is all that can be offered for the her best ancestors had dispensed upon all cotemporary priest of Certaldo, or the author of the Classical Tour. merit. The Marchioness Lenzoni rescued the tombstone It would have answered the purpose to confine the cend' Boccaccio from the neglect in which it had some time sure to the novels of Boccaccio, and gratitude to that lain, and found for i: an honourable elevation in her own source which supplied the muse of Dryden with her last masin. She has done more: the house in which the and most harmonious numbers, might perhaps have repox lived has been as little respected as his tomb, and stricted that censure to the objectionable qualities of is failing to ruin over the head of one indifferent to the the hundred tales. At any rate, the repentance of BocEarne of its foriner tenant. It consists of two or three caccio might have arrested his exhumation, and it should

Te chambers, and a low tower, on which Cosino II. have been recollected and told, that in his old age he zirend an inscription. This house she has taken meas- wrote a letter entreating his friend to discourage the res to purchase, and proposes to devote to it that care reading of the Decameron, for the sake of modesty, and and consideration which are attached to the cradle and for the sake of the author, who would not have an apolobere roof of genius.

gist always at hand to state in his excuse that he wrote it This is not the place to undertake the desence of Boc- when young, and at the command of his superiors. It taccio; but the man who exhausted his little patrimony is neither the licentiousness of the writer, nor the evil In the ecruirement of learning, who was amongst the propensities of the reader, which have given to the DeBrut

, if not the first, to allure the science and the poetry cameron alone, of all the works of Boccaccio, a perpetof Greece to the bosom of Italy:-who not only invented wal popularity. The establishment of a new and delighti new style, out founded, or certainly fixed, a new lan- ful dialect conferred an immortality on the works in Fage; who, besides the esteem of every polite court of which it was first fixed. The sonnets of Petrarch were, Eirore, was thought worthy of employment by the pre- for the same reason, fated to survive his self-admired drainant republic of his own country, and, what is Africa, the “favourite of kinge.” The invariable traits

of the friendship of Petrarch, who lived the life of nature and feeling, with which the novels, as well as da philosopher and a freeinan, and who died in the the verses, abound, have, doubtless, been the chief source pursuit of knowledge, such a man might have found of the foreign celebrity of both authors; but Boccaccio, more consideration than he has met with from the as a man, is no more to be estimated hy that work, than priest of Certaldo, and from a late English traveller, who Petrarch is to be regarded in no other light than as the Frikes off his portrait as an odious, contemptible, liCeniks writer, whose impure remains should be suffroth sie uspicion of another blunder respecting the huria

This dubiong phrase is hardly enough to save the tourist fesz i to rot without a record. 2 That English traveller, place of Aretino, whose tomb was in the church of St. Luko

at Venice, and gave rise to the famous controversy of which 1* 4eringit innoltre sacie treito ancor l'esortarti, a com- some notice is taken in Bavle. Now he words of Mr. Eus. * Immortal (ua Africa.... Se ti avriene d'incontrare nel lace would lead us to think the tomb was at Florence, or at Kit 51* cosa che si dispiaccia, ciò debb' essere un aliro least was to be somewhere recognised. Whether the inscrip rad sredire i desideri della tua patrin."

Storia deilation so much disputed was ever written on the tomb cannot iet l'a' tom. v. par. i. lib. i. par. 76.

now be decided, for all memorial of this author has dient sien! 'Tour, cap. ix. vol. ii. p. 355. edit. 3d. “O peared from the church of St. Luke, which is now changed Becai tra, the modern Petronius, we say nothing: the abuce into a lamp warehouse. of DLO* more odions aod more contemptible than its abFre, and it imports little where the impure remains of a li-surgeus dicat, juvenis scripsit. et majoris coactus imperio."

1 “Non enim ubique est, qui in excusationem meanı çon, Os author are consigned to their kindred dust. For the The letter was addressed to Maghinard of Cavalcanti, mar e trama the traveller may pass unnoticed the tomb of the shal of the kingdom of Sicily. See Tiruborclii, Storia, ela. malibank Aretino."

tom. v. par. ii. lib. iii. pag. 525. ed. Ven. 1795.

lover of Laura. Even, however, had the father of the Bevius, canon of Padua, at the beginning of the 16th Tuscan prose been known only as the author of the century, erected at Arquà, opposite to the tomb of the Decameron, a considerate writer would have been cau- laureat, a tablet, in which he associated Boccacciu 10 rious to pronounce a sentence irreconcileabie with the the equal honours of Dante and Petrarch. unerring voice of many ages and nations. An irrevoca

Note 31. Stanza lx. ble value has never been stamped upon any work solely What is her pyramid of precious stones ? recommended by impurity.

Our veneration for the Medici begins with Cosmo, and The true source of the outcry against Boccaccio, which expires with his grandson; that stream is pure only at began at a very carly period, was the choice of his scan- the source; and it is in search of some memorial of the dalous personages in the cloisters as well as the courts; virtuous republicans of the family, that we visit the out the princes only laughed at the gallant adventures church of Si. Lorenzo at Florence. The tawdry, glaring, so unjustly charged upon Queen Theodelinda, whilst the unfinished chapel in that church, designed for the maupriesthood cried shame upon the debauches drawn from soleum of the Dukes of Tuscany, set round with crowns the convent and the hermitage; and, most probably, for and coffins, gives birth to no emotions but those of conthe opposite reason, namely, that the picture was faithful tempt for the lavish vanity of a race of despots, whilst to the life. Two of the novels are allowed to be facts the pavement slah, simply inscribed to the Father of his usefully turned into tales, to deride the canonization of Country, reconciles us to the name of Medici.' It was rogues and laymen. Ser Ciapdelletto and Marcellinus

very natural for Corinna 2 to suppose that the statue are cited with applause even by the decent Muratori." raised to the Duke of Urbino in the capella de depositi, The great Arnaud, as he is quoted in Bayle, states, that was intended for his great namesake; but the magnifa new edition of the novels was proposed, of which the cent Lorenzo is only the sharer of a coffin half hidden expurgation consisted in omitting the words “monk” in a niche of the sacristy. The decay of Tuscany dates and “nun,” and tacking the immoralities to other from the sovereignty of the Medici. Of the sepulchral names. The literary history of Italy particularizes no peace which succeeded to the establishment of the reignsuch edition; but it was not long before the whole of ing families in Italy, our own Sidney has given us a Europe had but one opinion of the Decameron; and ine glowing, but a faithful picture. “Notwithstanding all absolution of the author seems to have been a point set- the seditions of Florence, and other cities of Tuscany, "led at least a hundred years ago: “On se ferait siffler the horrid factions of Guelphs and Ghibelins, Neri and si l'on prétendait convaincre Boccace de n'avoir pas été Bianchi, nobles and commons, they continued populous, sonnête homme, puisqu'il a fait le Décameron.” So said strong, and exceeding rich; but in the space of less than one of the best men, and perhaps the best critic, that a hundred and fifty years, the peaceable reign of the ever lived the very martyr to impartiality.? But as this Medices is thought to have destroyed nine parts in teh information, that in the beginning of the last century of the people of that province. Amongst other things one would have been hooted at for pretending that Buc- it is remarkable, that when Philip the Second of Spain caccio was not a good man, may seem to come from gave Sienna to the Duke of Florence, his ambassador one of those enemies who are to be suspected, even then at Rome sent him word, that he had given away when they make us a present of truth, a more accept- more than 650,000 subjects; and it is not believed there able contrast with the proscription of the body, soul, are now 20,000 souls inhabiting that city and terriand muse of Boccaccio may be found in a few words tory. Pisa, Pistoia, Arezzo, Cortona, and other towns, from the righteous, the patriotic contemporary, wno that were then good and populous, are in the like prothought one of the tales of this impure writer worthy a portion diminished, and Florence more than any. Latin version from his own pen. I have remurked When that city had been long troubled with seditions, elsewhere,” says Petrarch, writing to Boccaccio, " that tumults, and wars, for the most part unprosperous, they the book itself has been worried by certain dogs, but still retained such strength, that when Charles VII. stoutly defended by your staff and voice. Nor was 1 of France, being admitted as a friend with his whole astonished, for I have had proof of the vigour of your army, which soon after conquered the kingdom of mind, and I know you have fallen on that unaccom- Naples, thought to master them, the people taking arms modating incapable race of mortals who, whatever they struck such a terror into him, that he was glad to depart either like not, or know not, or cannot do, are sure to upon such conditions as they thought fit to impose. reprehend in others, and on those occasions only put on a Machiavel reports, that, in that time, Florence alone, show of learning and cloquence, but otherwise are entirely with the Val d'Aro, a small territory belonging to that dumb.:

city, could, in a few hours, by the sound of a bell, bring It is satisfactory to find that all the priesthood do not together 135,000 well-armed 'men; whereas now that resemble those of Certaldo, and that one of them who city, with all the others in that province, are brought to did not possess the bones of Boccaccio would not lose such despicable weakness, emptiness, poverty, and basethe opportunity of raising a cenotaph to his memory. ness, that they can neither resist the oppressions of their

own prince, nor defend him or themselves if they were 1 Dissertazioni sopra le antichità Italiane. Diss. Iviii. p. 253. assaulted by a foreign enemy. The people are dispersed tom. in. edit. Milan, 1751.

2 Eclaircissement, etc. etc. p. 638. edit. Basle, 1741, in the or destroyed, and the best families sent to seek habitaSupplement to Bayle's Dictionary.

tions in Venice, Genoa, Rome, Naples, and Lucca. This 3 "Animadverti alicubi librum ipsum canum dentibus la- is not the effect of war or pestilence; they enjoy a perfect cessitum tuo tamen baculo egregie tuaque voce defensum. Nec miratus sum: nam et vires ingenii tui novi, et scio exper: peace, and suffer no other plague than the government tus esses hominum genus insolens et ignavum, qui, quicquid ipgi vel nolunt, vel nesciunt, vel non possunt, in aliis repre

i Cosmus Medices, Decreto Publico, Pater Patriæ. hendunt; ad hoc unum docti et arguti, sed clinguee ad reliqua." Epist Joan Boccatio. opp. tom. i. v. 510. edit. Basil. 2 Corinne, Liv. xviii. cap. iii. vol. iii. page 248.

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hey are under.' From the usurper Cosmo down to the a semicircle, and running down at each end to the lake, becile Gaston, we look in vain for any of those uninixed which obliques to the right, and forms the chord of this qualities which should raise a patriot to the command of mountain arc. The position cannot be guessed at from his fellow-citizens. The Grand Dukes, and particularly the plains of Cortona, nor appears to be so completely the third Cosmo, had operated so entire a change in the inclosed unless to one who is fairly within the hills. It Tuscan character, that the candid Florentines, in excuse then, indeed, appears "a place made as it were on purfor some imperfections in the philanthropic system of pose for a snare,

" " locus insidiis natus." Borghetto is Leopold, are obliged to confess that the sovereign was the then found to stand in a narrow marshy pass close to only liberal man in his dominions. Yet that excellent the hill and to the lake, whilst there is no other outlet at prince himself had no other notion of a national as the opposite turn of the mountains than through the little sembly, than of a body to represent the wants and town of Pasignano, wbich is pushed into the water by the wishes, not the will of the people.

foot of a high rocky acclivity.' There is a woody emiNote 35. Stanza lxiii.

nence branching down from the mountains into the upAn earthquake reel'd unheededly away!

per end of the plain nearer to the side of Passignano, and "And such was their mutual animosity, so intent on this stands a white village called Torre. Polybius seems were they upon the battle, that the earthquake, which to allude to this eminence as the one on which Hannibal oter threw in great part many of the cities of Italy, encamped and drew out his heavy-armed Africans and which turned the course of rapid streams, poured back Spaniards in a conspicuous position. From this spot he the sea upon the rivers, and tore down the very moun- despatched his Balearic and light-armed troops round tuins, was not felt by one of the combatants."2 Such through the Gualandra heights to the right, so as to arrive is the description of Livy. It may be doubted whether unseen, and form an ambush amongst the broken acclimodern tactics would admit of such an abstraction.

vities which the road now passes, and to be ready to act The site of the battle of Thrasimene is not to be mis- upon the left Hank and above the enemy, whilst the horse taken. The traveller from the village under Cortona to shut up the pass behind. Flaminius came to the lake Casa di Piano, the next stage on the way to Rome, bas, near Borghetto at sunset; and, without sending any spies for the first two or three miles, around him, but more

before him, marched through the pass

the next morning particularly to the righ, that fat land which Hannibal laid before the day had quite broken, so that he perceived Faste in order to induce the Consul Flaminius to move nothing of the horse and light troops above and about from Arezzo. On his left, and in front of him, is a ridge him, and saw only the heavy-armed Carthaginians in of hills, bending down towards the lake of Thrasimene, front on the hill of Torre. The consul began to draw called by Livy * montes Cortonenses,” and now named out his army in the flat, and in the mean time the horse the Gualandra. These hills he approaches at Ossaja, a in ambush occupied the pass behind him at Borghetto. village which the itineraries pretend to have been so de- Thus the Romans were completely inclosed, having the nominated from the bones found there : but there have lake on the right, the main army on the hill of Torre in been no bones found there, and the battle was fought on front, the Gualandra hills filled with the light-armed on the other side of the hill. From Ossaja the road begins their left flank, and being prevented from receding by to rise a little, but does not pass into the roots of the the cavalry, who, the farther they advanced, stopped up mountains until the sixty-seventh mile-stone from Flo- all the outlets in the rear. A fog rising from the lake rence. The ascent thence is not steep but perpetual, and now spread itself over the army of the consul, but the continues for twenty minutes. The lake is soon seen high lands were in the sunshine, and all the different below on the right, with Borghetto, a round tower close corps in ambush looked towards the hill of Torre for the upon the water; and the undulating hills partially covered order of attack. Hannibal gave the signal, and moved with wood amongst which the road winds, sink by degrees down from his post on the height. At the same moment into the marshes near to this tower. Lower than the all his troops on the eminences behind and in the flank road, down to the right amidst these woody hillocks, of Flaminius, rushed forward as it were with one accord Hannibal placed his horse," in the jaws of or rather above into the plain. The Romans, who were forming their the pass, which was between the lake and the present array in the mist, suddenly heard the shouts of the read, and most probably close to Borghetto, just under enemy amongst them, on every side, and, before they the bwest of the “ tumuli.”« On a summit to the left, could fall into their ranks, or draw their swords, or see above the road, is an old circular ruin which the peasants by whom they were attacked, felt at once that they were call “ the Tower of Hannibal the Carthaginian.” Arrived surrounded and lost. at the highest point of the road, the traveller has a partial There are two little rivulets which run from the Guaview of the fatal plain, which opens fully upon him as he landra into the lake. The traveller crosses the first of descends the Gualandra. He soon finds himself in a vale these at about a mile after he comes into the plain, and inclosed to the left and in front and behind him by the this divides the Tuscan from the Papal territories. The Gualandra hills, bending round in a segment larger than second, about a quarter of a mile further on, is called

“the bloody rivulet," and the peasants point out an 1 On Government, chap. ii. sect. xxvi, page 208. edit. 1751. open spot to the left between the “Sanguinetto" and Sidney is, together with Locke and Hoadley, one of Mr. Hure's "despicable" writers.

1 " Inde colles assurgunt." Tit. Liv. lib. xxii. cap. iv. ? "Tautuzque fuit ardor animorum, adeo intentus pugnæ 2 Τον μεν κατά πρόσωπον της πορείας λόφον αυτός animua, utrun terræ motum qui multarum urbium lulia Katelábero, kaì rows Albvus kai tous ißnpas čxov čr' mon. partes prostiavit, avertitque cursu rapido amnes, maru ficuimbes inverit, montes lapsu ingenti proruit, nemo pug-ajtoŨ KOTCOT paronédcvoe. Hist. lib. iii. cap. 83. The acBantium inserit..." Tit. Liv. lib. xxii. cap. xii.

count in Polybius is not so easily reconcileable with presen, 3. Emites ad ipsas fauces saltug, tamulis apte tegentibus, appearances as that in Livy; he talks of hills to the right locat." Tit. Liv. lib. xxi. cap. iv.

and left of tho pass and valley; but when Flaminius entered. "Ubi maxime montes Cortonenses Thrasimenus subit.” he had the lake at the right of both.

3 "A tergo et super caput decepere insidiæ." Ti Liv sin

the hills, which, they say, was the principal scene or in comparative appearance. Of the fall of Schaffslaughter. The other part of the plain is covered with hausen I cannot speak, not yet having seen it. thick-set olive trees in corn-grounds, and is nowhere

Note 38. Stanza lxxii. quite level except near the edge of the lake. It is,

An Iris sita, amidst the infernal surge. Indeed, most probable that the battle was fought near this end of the valley, for the six thousand Romans

of the time, place, and qualities of this kind of Iris, who, at the beginning of the action, broke through the the reader may have seen a short account in a note to enemy, escaped to the summit of an eminence which Manfred. The fall looks so much like the hell of must have been in this quarter, otherwise they would waters” that Addison thought the descent alluded 10 have had to traverse the whole plain, and 10 pierce fernal regions. It is singular enough that two of the

to be the gulf in which Alecto plunged into the inthrough the main army of Hannibal.

The Romans fought desperately for three hours, but finest cascades in Europe should be artificial—this of the death of Flaminius was the signal for a general

the Velino, and the one at Tivoli. The traveller is dispersion. The Carthaginian horse then burst in upon

strongly recommended to trace the Velino, at least as the fugitives, and the lake, the marsh about Borghetto, high as the little lake called Pie' di Lup. The Reatine but chiefly the plain of the Sanguinetto and the

territory was the Italian Tempe,' and the ancient na

pisses of the Gualandra, were strewed with dead. Near some

turalist, amongst other beautiful varieties, remarked old walls on a bleak ridge to the lefi above the rivulet, the daily rainbows of the lake Velinus.? ' A scholar many human bones have been repeatedly found, and of great name has devoted a treatise to this district

alone. this has confirmed the pretensions and the name of the stream of blood."

Note 39. Stanza lxxiii. Every district of Italy has its hero. In the north some

The thundering lauwine. painter is the usual genius of the place, and the foreign In the greater part of Switzerland the avalanches are Julio Romano more than divides Mantua with her native known by the name of lauwine. Virgil.' To the south we hear of Roman names. Near

Note 40. Stanza lxxv. Thrasimene tradition is suid faithful to the fame of an

-1 abhorr'd enemy, and Hannibal the Carthaginian is the only ancient Too much, to conquer for the poet's sake,

The drild dull lesson, forced down word by word. name remembered on the banks of the Perugian lake. Flaminius is unknown;

hit the postilions on that road These stanzas may probably remind the reader of have been taught to show the very spot where il Console Ensign Northerton's remarks: “D-n Homo,” etc., but Romano was slain Of all who fonight and 6:!l in the the reasons for our dislike are not exactly the same. battle of Thasimeuc, the historian himself has, besides I wish to express that we become tired of the task the generals and Maharbal, preserved indeed only a before we can comprehend the beauty; that we learn single name. You overtake the Carthaginian again on by rote before we can get by heart; that the freshness the same road to Rome. The antiquary, that is, the is worn away, and the future pleasure and advantage hustler of the post-house at Spolein, teils you that his deadened and destroyed, by the didactic anticipation, town repulsed the victorious enemy, and shows you the at an age when we can neither feel nor understand gate still called Porta di Annibale. It is hardly worth the power of compositions which it requires an acwhile to remark that a French travel-writer, we known quaintance with life, as well as Latin and Greek, to by the name of the President Dupaty, saw Thrasimene relish or to reason upon. For the same reason we in the lake of Bolsena, which lay conveniently on his never can be aware of the fulness of some of the finest way from Sienaa to Rome.

passages of Shakspeare (“To be or not to be," for

instance), from the habit of having them hammered Note 36. Stanza Ixvi.

into us at eight years old, as an exercise, not of mind But thou, Clitumus!

but of memory: so that when we are old enough to No book of travels has omitted to expatiate on the enjoy them, the taste is gone, and the appetite palled. temple of the Chitumnus, between Foligno and Spoleto; In some parts of the continent, young persons are and no sitc, or scenery, even in Italy, is more worthy a taught from more common authors, and do not read description. For an account of the dilapidation of the best classics till their maturity. I certainly do not this temple, the reader is referred to Historical Illustra- speak on this point from any pique or aversion totions of the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold.

wards the place of my education. I was not a slow, Note 37. Stanza lxxi.

though an idle boy; and I believe no one could, or Charming the eye with dread,-a matchleen cataract.

can be more attached to Harrow than I have always I saw the “Cascata del marmore” of Terni twice, at been, and with reason ;-—a part of the time passed different periods; once from the summit of the preci- (the Rev. Dr. Joseph Drury) was the best and worthiest

there was the happiest of my life; and my preceptor pice, and again from the valley below. The lower view is far to be preferred, if the traveller has time bered but too well, though too late—when I have

friend I ever possessed, whose warnings I have rememfor one only: but in any point of view, either from above or beow, it is worth all the cascades and tor- lerred, and whose counsels I have but followed when

I have done well or wisely. If ever this imperfect rents of Switzerland put together; the Staubach, Reichenbach, Pisse Vache, fall of Arpenaz, etc., are rills

1 " Rentini me ad sua Tempe duxerunt." Cicer. Epist. ad About the middle of the Xilth century, the coins of

2 " In eodem lacu nullo non dio apparere arcus." Plin. Mantu' bore on one side the imare and figure of Virgil. Hist. Nat. lib. ii. cap. Ixii. Zacca il lexia, pl. . i. 6... Vogue dans lo Milanais, 3 Ald. Munut. de calina urbe agroque, ap. Sallengre etc., par A Z. Mullio, tom 1. p. 296 Paris, 1817.

Thesaur. tom. i. D. 773.

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Artic. xv. lit. iv.

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record of my feelings towards him should reach his love of finding every coincidence has discovered the eyes, let it remind him of one who never thinks of true Cæsarean ichor in a stain near the right knee; him but with gratitude and veneration--of one who but colder criticism has rejected not only the blood would more gladly boast of having been his pupil, if, but the portrait, and assigned the globe of power rather by more closely following his injunctions, he could to the first of the emperors than to the last of the reflect any honour upon his instructor.

republican masters of Rome. Winkelmann' is loth Note 41. Stanza lxxix.

to allow a heroic statue of a Roman citizen, but the The Scipios' tomb contains no ashes now. Grunani Agrippa, a contemporary almost, is heroic; and For a comment on this and the two following stanzas, naked Roman figures were only very rare, not absothe reader may consult Historical Ilustrations of the lutely forbidden. The face accords much better with Fourth Canto of Childe Harold.

the “ hominem integrum et castum et gravem, Note 42. Stanza lxxxii.

with any of the busts of Augustus, and is too stern for The trebly hundred triumphs !

bim who was beautiful, says Suetonius, at all periods Orosius gives three hundred and twenty for the of his life. The pretended likeness to Alexander the Bumber of triumphs. He is followed by Panvinius : Great cannot be discerned, but the traits resemble the and Panvinius by Mr. Gibbon and the mindern writers. medal of Pompey." The objectionable globe may not Note 43. Stanza lxxxiji.

have been an ill-applied flattery to him who found Oh thou, whose chariot rollid on fortune's wheel, etc. Asia Minor the boundary, and left it the centre of the Certainly were it not for these two traits in the life Roman cmpire. It seems that Winkelmann has made of Sylla, alluded to in this stanza, we should regard a mistake in thinking that no proof of the identity of him as a monster unredeenied by any admirable quality. this statue, with that which received the bloody sacriThe atonement of his voluntary resignation of empire fice, can be derived from the spot where it was discovmay perhaps be accepted by us, as it seems to have ered. Flaminius Vacca says sotto una cantina, and satisfied the Romans, who if they had not respected this cantina is known to have been in the Vicolo de must have destroyed him. There could be no mean, no Leutari near the Cancellaria, a position corresponding division of opinion; they must have all thought, like exactly to that of the Janus before the basilica of Eucrates, that what had appeared ambition was a love Pompey's theatre, to which Augustus transferred the of glory, and what had been mistaken for pride was a statue after the curia was either burnt or taken down." real grandeur of soul.

Part of the Pompeian shade, the portico, existed in Note 44. Stanza lxxxvi.

the beginning of the XV th century, and the atrium And laid him with the earth's preceding clay.

was still called Satrum. So says Blondus.' At all On the third of September, Cromwell gained the vic-events, so imposing is the stern majesty of the statue, bory of Dunbar; a year afterwards he obtained “his and so memorable is the story, that the play of the trowning mercy." of Worcester; and a few years after, imagination leaves no room for the exercise of the on the same day, which he had ever esteemed the most judgment, and the fiction, if a fiction it is, operates fortunate for him, died.

on the spectator with an effect not less powerful than Note 45. Stanza lxxxvii.

truth.
And thou, dread statue ! still existent in

Note 16. Stanza lxxxvii.
The ansterest form of naked majesty.

And thou, the thunder-stricken nurse of Rome! The projected division of the Spada Pompey has Ancient Rome, like modern Sienna, abounded mos already been recorded by the historian of the Decline probably with images of the foster-mother of he ul Fal of the Roman Empire. Mr. Gibbon found it founder; but there were two she-wolves of whom, in the memorials of Flaminius Vacca, and it may be history makes particular mention. One of these, of added to his mention of it that Pope Julius III. gave brass in ancient work, was seen by Dionysius : at the the contending owners five hundred crowns for the temple of Romulus under the Palatine, and is unistatue; and presented it to Cardinal Capo di Ferro, versally believed to be that mentioned by the Latin #bo had prevented the judgment of Solomon from historian, as having been made from the money colo being executed upon the image. In a more civilized lected by a fine on usurers, and as standing under the age this statne was exposed to an actual operation : for Rurrinal fig-tree.' The other was that which Cicero 10 the French, who acted the Brutus of Voltaire in the has celebrated both in prose and verse, and which the Coliseum, resolved that their Cesar should fall at the base of that Pompey, wbich was supposed to have been 1 Storia delle arti, etc., lib. ix. cap. i. p. 321, 322. tom. ii

. Cicer. Epist. ad Atticum, xi. 0. sprinkled with the blood of the original diciator. The

3 Published by Couscus in his Museum Romanum. nine foot bero was therefore removed to the arena of

4 Storia delle arti, etc.. ibid. the amphitheatre, and to facilitate its transport, suf- 5 Sueton, in vit. August. cap. 31. and in vit. C. J. Casar. fered the temporary amputation of its right arm.

The cap. 82. Appian says it was burnt down. Seu a potu of Pu

iscus to Suetonius, pag. K.4. repobliean tragedians had to plead that the arın was a

6 "Tu modo Pompeia lenta spatiore sub umbra." restoration : but their accusers do not believe that the

Ovid Mr. Sman.

7 Roma instaurata, lib. ii. fol. 31. integrity of the statue would have protected it. The

8 Χάλκεα ποιήματα παλαιάς εργασίας. Αntig. Rom. fb. 1 " Seign-a?, vous changez, toutes mes idéce de la facon 9" Ad ficum Ruminalem simulacra infantium conditorum dont je vous vois agir. Je croyais que vous aviez de l'ambi- urbis sub uberibus lupa posuerunt." Liv. Uist. lib. x cap. taon, mais aurun amour pour la gloire: je voyais bien que lxix. This was in the year U. C. 455, or 457. votre à ne était haute; mais je ne Roupconnais pas qu'ello 10 “T'um stalua Natta, tum simulacra Deorum, Romulus El grande"-Dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate.

que et Remus cuin altrica bellua vi fulminis icti conciderunt." 9 Memorie, nom. Ivii. pag. 9. ap. Montfaucon, Diarium De Divinal. ii. 20. “Taclus est ille etiam qui hunc urbein Iancun.

condidit Ruinulus, quem inauratum in Capitolio parv2rp

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