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LETTERS AND JOURNAL.
April 25, 1821.-Entered the ship called Friendship, lying off the tower. The son of my friend Mr. B. accompanied me to the ship. I prayed the Lord now to begin to purify my heart from all uncleanness, pride, and vanity, that I may not become a castaway myself, while going to preach to others. I had the following conversation with one of the ship-officers, about the importance of carrying the everlasting Gospel to the benighted Jews and Mahomedans.
Officer. Will you preach the doctrine of the English Church?
1. The doctrine of the Bible, that Christ came into the world, died for sioners and rose again.
I read to the officer about the infanticide of the Hindoos described by Buchanan, and asked him at this occasion whether he had any objection to my reading the Bible with him every evening, and the sailors were full of joy, and so was the captain when I told them that I have tracts for them ; my heart is this evening in a state of peace and rest, I feel confidence in God's help; I read and expounded this evening twice, and prayed twice, first with the officer, and then with the sailors of the ship.
April 27.-We finally started at ten o'clock in the morning. I expounded to the officers and to a Welsh clergyman of the Methodist persuasion, the ninth chapter of Daniel, and tried to prove by this chapter that the desire of all the saints has been that Israel should be saved, and that the walls of Jerusalem should be built
up again, and that the Lord Jesus will not despise the prayer for the elder brother, that he, the Day-spring from on high, will visit them, and I pressed it upon their mind, that we all must, like Daniel, ix. 2. try to understand by books, by the book of books, the Bible, the will of the Lord: by verses 4—7, I shewed that we must come before the Lord as poor and wretched sinners, not pleading our own righteousness, but the righteousness of Christ. I pointed out to them the Lamb which taketh away the sin of the world. A little while after that exposition and prayer, I read loud to the captain and officer, “The Love of Christ beareth us away,” a sermon preached by my dear Mr. Ward of Serampore, which he has made me a present of. It was the first time in
life that I ever kneeled down among sailors to pray to the Lord God Almighty! It made sweet impression in my soul to see above us the sky, and beneath the great river--and the ship hasting to the wide ocean-and nine persons kneeling before the ruler of the ocean, imploring Înis protection, and committing our safety to him. asked the captain, the pilot, and the sailors, whether I should not likewise read to them a portion of the Scripture while they were taking their dinner, breakfast, and supper? they with one consent, replied, Oh yes, yes, yes !—I read therefore, while they were taking their supper, the vijith and ixth chapters of Matthew, and made on this occasion some few remarks.
I retired then to my cabin, and prayed that I may not become a castaway myself, while I am preaching to others. I prayed in ejaculatory sighs for absent friends.
April 29.-(Sunday morning) the pilot left us, and sea-sickness came on, which lasted till
May 1.—(Tuesday) when I expounded again for the first time to the captain and the sailors, the xivth chapter of Matthew, from verse 22 to 36. I shewed on this occasion how thankful we should be to the Lord, that our ship, now in the midst of the sea, was not tossed svith waves, and the wind not contrary.
May 5.-A storm of wind arose so violently that the ship was tossed to and fro, and water entered into all
the parts of the deck. I remained in my cabin and prayed to the Lord that he may speak to the winds, Peace, be still. The storm did last the whole day and the whole night till the half part of the sixth day of the month May, in all thirty hours. After the storm was over, the captain and I kneeled down and offered up thanksgivings unto the Lord for his goodness, and his wonderful works unto the children of men.
May 6.—The captain told me that I should read the cviith psalm, which is a psalm for sailors. I read this psalm in the presence of the crew.
May 7.-Read again with the crew and the captain a part of St. Mark's Gospel, and did thank the Lord for our preservation.
I was weak, and the ship was too much tossed for reading any thing in a solid inanner. I took all my letters of introductions and letters of credit, out of my portmanteau, and did put them into my coat pocket, in order that I may shew them in the case of a shipwreck to the benevolent inbabitants of any shore, where the providence of God might cast me with preserved life in its mercy, that I may receive assistance; but I trust in thy mercy, O Lord, that thou wilt preserve us from shipwreck.
May 9.—The storm is over, and we had for the whole night, and have still fair weather. Read again, after some days' interruptions, Hebrew Bible, New Testament, and Henry Martyn's Life, and prayed as usual for my dear friends in England. Read the Bible and offered up thanksgiving to the Lord, with the whole company of the ship. Have read a little Welsh.
May 10.-Very good wind the whole day. Expounded the Gospel of St. Mark, finished this whole Gospel, read beside this Henry Martyn's Memoir, and some chapters of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, Am not quite well-thought much of my mother, brothers, and sisters in Germany. Have agreed with the captain that he should sing next Sunday, if the Lord spares our life, a Welsh hymn with his crew, to the glory
of God. Our ship is a little church upon the great waters.
May 12.-Read Exodus in Hebrew to the xxxyith chapter, and in the Gospel of St. Luke. Began Crooll's Objections to Christianity with Scoti's Answer.
The sea seemed to have been angry with me for reading the blasphemies of Crooll ; for sitting with the book on deck, the waves came with the greatest violence over the ship, and covered me almost from head to foot with water.
May 13.–Fair wind continued, expounded xiiith chapter of the Gospel according to St. Mark; finished Exodus in Hebrew. Read again part of the Revelations.
May 14.-Arrived at the viith chapter of Leviticus in the Hebrew tongue, and read four chapters of St. John's Gospel.
Arrived off Cape St. Vincent. Finished Crooll's Objections to Christianity, with sighs for the blindness of that man.
It is very singular, that here again the swelling waves of the sea came again and wetted the book through for the second time, so that the captain made the observation that I should not read this book again whilst on the sea. Crooll's objections filled my heart with sorrow, for I had a new proof in what an awful blindness the Jews are, and much did I sorrow.
May 16.-At four o'clock in the afternoon, we arrived by the grace of the Lord safely at Gibraltar Two merchants, who were Roman Catholics, came on board to receive letters from my captain. As the captain had no desire to go immediately on shore, and I, on the contrary, wished to go, he desired those merchants to take me in their boat, which they willingly did, and went then afterwards with me to shew me the house of Doctor Parker, who was unfortunately with his lady in the country. One of those merchants did therefore accompany me to the house of the Rev. Mr. Croscombe and Rev. Mr. Rees, both of the Wesleyan denoinination, to whom I had letters of introduction. They received me as their brother in the Lord, and we enjoyed from the first moment true brotherly communion. They pro
cured me a lodging in the house of a pious citizen named Cross. I met beside this, the first evening, a pious gentleman, John Pyne, Esq., who invited me to dine with him next Friday. I breakfast and dine at present with Mr. Rees and Mr. Croscombe. The clever and respectable Jew called Gabay, who had heard of me from Mr. Rees before my arrival at Gibraltar, has invited me to call on him next Saturday at his own house.
May 17.-Made the acquaintance of Dr. Coldstream, surgeon in the 26th regiment.-Being obliged to wait the arrival of Dr. Parker, to whom I am particularly recommended, that he might introduce me to the governor, I thought Christian wisdom required that I should not introduce myself immediately to the Jews, nor be introduced to them, till I had spoken with the governor, and I made therefore the following observations incognito. I observed many poor Jews from the Barbary coast dressed similar to the Moors, called at Gibraltar the Moorish Jews, who left Barbary on account of the degradation in which they are held there : they are a very fine race of people, but extremely poor. Then I saw many others dressed like the Turkish and the English Jews. Their open and decided countenance struck me extremely; although not one of them knows me at present, they looked me in the face with such a firmness and boldness, that I fancied they said to me, We will answer you on the subject on which you intend to challenge us.
Rev. Mr. Rees, the Wesleyan preacher, told me, that the Jew Gabay, who desires to see me to-morrow morning at his house, is a man of business, a very clever man, who has travelled in Germany, France, and in England, where he received his English education. He speaks Hebrew, Italian, Spanish, and English, and learned Arabie from a Moorish gentleman; he is described by Mr. Rees as a candid and gentlemanlike person : he has read the Gospel. Lieutenant Pollack told me, that they are very obstinate; he mentioned to me the Jew Hassan, who is very rich, and professeth Chris