The Social and Military Position of the Ruling Caste in Ancient India, as Represented by the Sanscrit Epic

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Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor, 1889 - 376 ページ
 

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63 ページ - Has not this last influence been under-estimated in treating of the ' working-over ' of the poem '( Let us reflect upon the fact, evident to anyone that has traced the lines of growth in Hindu civilization, that, as religion descended, morality ascended ; that the later religious feeling was less simple and less pure than the earlier, but the later morality was higher and stricter than that of a former age ; or that, at least, the didactic morality as last inculcated was superior to that recognized...
324 ページ - This is not meant as a denial that real Epic. poetry, that is to say, a mass of popular songs, celebrating the power and exploits of gods and heroes, existed at a very early period in India...
123 ページ - Exercitatio artem paravit, ars decorem : non in quaestum tamen, aut mercedem. Quamvis audacis lasciviae pretium est, voluptas spectantium. Aleam (quod mirere) sobrii inter seria exercent, tanta lucrandi perdendive temeritate, ut, cum omnia defecerunt, extremo ac novissimo iactu de libertate et de corpore contendant. Victus voluntariam servitutem adit. Quamvis iuvenior, quamvis robustior, adligare se ac venire patitur. Ea est in re prava pervicacia : ipsi fidem vocant.
145 ページ - The assent of the people is obtained to the succession in the first place. After the king's death, the priests and council meet, decide which prince shall be called king, baptize him, and he becomes king. In the event of a king's recovering his lost kingdom, we have, as in Yudhishthira's case, more formality. The ceremony itself, as here described, is, however, essentially the same.:}: The king and Krishna sit together on two smooth jewelled-crowned thrones. Krishna rises, takes the consecrated horn,...
174 ページ - ... iii. 15. 6). It seems, therefore, as if without prejudice we might affirm that walled cities are known in early times ; strong stone walls and battlemented towers belong, however, to thelate-Mahabharata-Ramayana period, and are there predicated of cities in such a way as to lead us to suppose that the poet even then did not describe what often existed, but what had been set as a poetically correct method of description, and preserved as a model. Thus also Ag. P. 238. 28 describes a town as uccaprdkdratoranam...
160 ページ - Scarcely an encouraging legend for those that are told to be ' priestly dependents,' as were the kings of this later age.* By an extension of their own importance, the priestly caste gradually represented themselves not only as worthy subjects for moneyed favors, but as the subjects...
311 ページ - Nitisastra or system of royal polity, and on the other the practical instruction in the use of arms or the science of weapons. Thus in a late book we read : ' he will comprehend the science of weapons, and the different weapons, and the system of polity.' 1 A system of war is implied when we read, for example, of the system of Usanas, the system of Angiras
148 ページ - It may be a judicial one, a court of law ; it may be a royal one, the king's court ; it may be a social gathering for pleasure ; and finally it may, in its older meaning, be a political assembly.
134 ページ - ... sign of grief with loosening the hair and doffing ornaments : xvi. 7. 17). To swear by all the gods is also common. Compare the oath in the battle-scenes below, and add R. ii. 9. 25. power. For we read in all codes that, when a thief is caught (and trial for theft seems the earliest kind of judicial inquiry in India), he shall bear a club upon his shoulder to the king, and when his guilt is acknowledged the king shall take the club and slay him, or he shall let him go free by not slaying him....
73 ページ - ... as just quoted, it is without effect, and the king even smites him with his whip. The king is cursed by the priest and becomes a demon, but this ' law ' and anecdote of Vasishtha may serve as an example to illustrate the gradual increase in priestly power, and the means by which it was obtained.

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