that all commercial transactions had republic; that she hoped there sub. also been suspended ; her majesty sisted no other cause of disagrec. has therefore resolved, under the ment between both states, and present circumstances, to suspend that the Dutch government would in a like manner, on her rart, all observe reciprocity with regard to commerce with the states general the commercial connections; and of the Netherlands, to prohibit her that the temporary embargo had subjects all transactions, of mercan- been occasioned by the measures tile connections, with the subjects manifested in Holland against Por. of the republic, and to forbid them tugal, and her majesty thought it all navigation to the harbours of the very strange that Portugal should said states.

not have been considered like other Her majesty has been farther friends of France who were at pleased to ordain, that all trans- peace with the Batavian republic.” action in the interior of her domi. nions with the subjects of the Copy of the Letter sent by the King of United Provinces be suspended ; Naples to the Marquis del Vasto, and that their capitals shall, under who, after the receipt of it, set out no pretence, be carried out of the

for Rome us Ambassador Ertraor. kingdom.

dinary, and continued there the The departure of all Dutch offensire and defensive Treaty beships, which are in ,the harbours tween Naples and the Pope. under the dominion of her majesty, is also entirely stopped, because HIS holiness acquaints me by there they must remain under em letter of his determination to rebargo till further orders.

ject the unjust and execrable conThat this resolution may reach ditions of the French, on which the knowledge of every one, and account he demands of me, though be put in force, it has been pub- rather late, speedy succour. Not. licly posted up.

withstanding this is against my ori. The secretary of the tribunal ginal plan, 1 hesitate not a moment of commerce.

to grant it to him, as it concerns (Signed) RicoBono Gomes. our holy religion, to which I have

DE CARVALHO. constantly been devoted. As his Lisbon. July 19, 1796.

holiness demands of me, at the The above manifesto was revok- same time, to send some person ed two days after it was issued ; with whom he may consult on our and the Portuguese minister, M. common affairs, I have appointed Pinto, transmitted a letter on the you, the marquis del Vasto, for this 23d of July upon the subject to the purpose. Depart immediately, and Dutch ambassador at Lisbon, citi- have at heart the honour of God zen Geldemeester. In this letter and the holy church, the good of M. Pinto declares, “ that the em. the state, and the tranquillity of my bargo laid on the Dutch ships in subjects, who daily give fresh proofs the Portuguese harbour had been of their attachment and fidelity to taken off that her majesty the queen of Portugal, wished for no.

Done in the camp of thing more than to preserve peace St. Germano. aud friendship with the Batavian



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Proclamation of the King of Naples. life in the defence of the country

where he reposes in safety, and THE long war which still deso. finds a livelihood for himself and lates Europe, which afflicts so ma his family, especially when that ny nations, and costs so much blood, country is invaded by an enemy, and so many tears, is not a mere po. who spares neither law nor properlitical contest, but a religious war, ty, neither life nor religion ; who, Our enemies are the foes of chris. wherever he makes his appearance, tianity; not content with destroy- insults, profanes, and destroys the ing it in the breasts of their own na churches, breaks down the altars, tion, they would also banish it from persecutes the priests, and tram. every quarter of the globe, and re ples under foot the most sacred em. place it by atheism or enthusiastic blems of the church of Christ It idolatry. Religion openly repro- is impossible that a citizen, devot. bates their projects. They aim at ed to the cause of religion, should the overthrow of all princely go- remain unconcerned at the dan. vernment, and to attain this, they gers which threaten his country ; disturb the peace of nations, stimu“ prompted by the impulse of his conlate them to revolt against their science and a proper sense of his lawful sovereigns, plunge them in- own welfare, he will hasten to its to the most dreadful anarchy, and defence, join the military force, sink them in an abyss of confusion and co-operate in a vigorous resist. and misery. Belgium, Holland, ance ; he will place his confidence and so many German and Italian in the God of Hosts, who often provinces have become the wretch. strikes an unexpected blow, and ed victims of their seduction, and disperses his enemies like chaff bethirst for plunder. Those unfortu- fore the wind. date countries groan and lament, I myself will set you the exam. but in vain, under the vain despo. ple of zeal and courage ; I will put tism of their oppressors, while the myself at the head of my dearly becalls of justice and humanity are loved subjects, assembled for the unattended to.

It was necessary defence of their country, fully rethat religion, the most powerful lying on the protection of the King obstacle of their horrid projects, of Kings, and the Lord of Lords, should be removed and destroyed, who guides the counsels of princes, in order that this fence being once and enlightens their minds, if with broken down, all laws, both divine sincerity they implore his holy and human, might be violated

Yet at the same time I without shame or reserve.

shall neglect no proper means for Religion, whilst it informs us of procuring peace and tranquillity to our duties, ought also to inspire us the people whom Divine Provi . with courage. The religious citi- dence has entrusted to my care. zen well knows that he was born But in order to obtain this end, we for himself and for others; that at ought not to neglect the necessary the moment of his birth he con. precautions, that we may be pretracts the obligation to love his pared for every event. Negocianative land, to protect it in times tions for peace shall occasionally of distress, and even to hazard bis be set on foot, but they must be




carried on with arms in our hands, the means in our power, and even that we may not be obliged to subinit to sacrifice our royal person. These to destructive and disgraceful con- effective preparations, added to ditions, which this enemy, so apt to lawful and becoming steps to obavail himself of the weakness of tain peace, give us hopes that our his adversaries, might choose to dominions will forth with enjoy tran. dictate. For this purpose lend me quillity. At the same time we your assistance, ye prelates of the ought not to conceal, that in order realm, ye who are the depositaries to gain the proposed end of our deand first defenders of our holy re- signs, it is absolutely necessary to ligion, and support my exertions double the said preparations for with a zeal worthy of your aposto. the defence of the state, and the lic mission. Summon the inhabi. acceleration of a lasting and honour. tants of your dioceses to join me able peace, and to station a still and my troops, to repell the ene. grcater force than the present on my, if he should dare to approach the frontiers of our kingdom. We our frontiers. Explain to them address ourselves to all the classes the justice and importance of our of our beloved subjects, and herecause, and convince them that it is by do require them to contribute their bounden duty to concur in its with all their power to the speedy defence. Let the voice of the augmentation of the army stationed church be heard through her mini. in cantonments. We expect, ac sters, and invite her children to mongst others, that the brave young support the cave of God, and to men who have enrolled themselves offer up prayers to him, that, in for the defence of religion thu his mercy, he may grant us either throne, and the country, will now a just peace, or a glorious triumph. repair without delay to the fron(Signed)

FERDINAND. tiers, in order to put themselves Naples, May 18, 1796.

under our immediate and personal

command, with their brave comEdict of his Mujesty the King of Na- rades ; and we hope that, in con.

ples and the two Siciles, addressed sequence of this, other volunteers to his Subjects.

will, in greater number, repair to

the cantonments, that we may We, FERDINAND IV. by the bring together a formidable army,

Grace of God, &c. &c. and be enabled to secure the safety SINCE the time when peace was and tranquillity of the state, either interrupted in Europe, we redou- by a permament peace, or by brillibled our care to preserve the public ant victorious. tranquillity, and to put the state Done at Naples, Scpt. 12, 1796. in a safe condition of defence. We were, therefore, disposed to aug- Proclamation issued at Petersburgh, ment our land and sca forces, and relating to Dutch, Ships. to raise a considerable host of brave warriors on the frontiers of this WE, count Alexander Nikolakingdom. We afterwards put our. zenwitsch, do hereby give directions selves at the head of our courageous for the immediate release and detroops, firmly resolved to use all parture of all the Dutch vessels,


same as


together with their respect ve crews, peace with those disturbers of the on which an embargo was laid last tranquillity and safety of all Eus year; but we also prohibi', by rope. No one knows belter than this proclamation, the entry of aliy her Imperial majesty to value and ves:el from that country into our appreciate all the difficulties and pirts, and such as do arrive shal obstacles, which bis Catholic mabe treated tbe

French jesty must bave had lo surmount, ships. In osher respects they shall before he could prevail upon hima not be molested.

self so adopt a measure, which to The original was signed by her all appearance has been brought majesty.

about through ihe most urgent ne

CATHERINE. Ceșsily, and the inost threatening Zarskosclo, slay 20, 1796.

Her limperial majesty being at a Copy of a Dispatch from Count Oster. loss to account for the motives man, Chancellor to the Empress of which can have determined his CaRussia, M. Bulzow, Russian tholic majesty thus to insulate bis Charge d'Affaires at Madrid, duto interest from that of the coalition, ed Petersburgh, December 25, cannot but persevere in the opini1795.

on, that notwithstanding this sudSIR,

den change, his Catholic majesty THE empress was already in- will contiue sincerely to interest formed, through the public prin's, himself in the success of the opeof the treaty of peace concluded rations of the evangelic powers ; between Spain and the French, and and so far from throwing any obthe unpleasant sensations which stacle in the way of the new mea. this unexpected and disagreeable sures which those powers may find transaction bad produced in Ler it necessary to pursue,

rather supe Imperial majesty's mind, were port them by every means, which greatly increased when this intelli- the system of neutrality he may, gence was confirmed by the minis. perhaps, think proper to adopt, ier of his Catholic inajesty. The dies not preclude. empress, however, has during the His Catholic majesty cannot yet new connection which s bappily have forgitten the high importance subsists ber wien her and his Carbon of the cause for which the coa esced met with too many op- powers are

contending to portunties of learning the true sel store order and tranquilliin, to lead liments of that prince, not to be the nations back to a sense of their thoroughly convinced that the con- dury, and to shield all Europe from currence of the most iinperious cir- the most dangerous infection. cumstances can all be have deter. These are le important motives mined himn w act in direct opposi- which have induced the coale ced tion to his principles

No doubt it powers to unite their counsels, and has been for him a tünk infinitely eseri their junt efforts to render

lo enter into neg calls then triuinphant. with those, who wih their own It is for this purpose, that the hands murdered the chief of his ilo three courts have just ow, by lustrious family, and to conclude a means of a solemn treaty of alliance,


lic majesty,




sirengthened the ties by which they of a conference you are to request
were united. Their reciprocal in. of the Prince of Peace.
terest is therefore suintunately con (Signed) COUNT OSTERMAX.
nected and interwoven, and their
determinalion so fim, that it The answer of his Excellency the
would be impossible tv obstruct the Prince of Peace to M. de Bulzou,
operations or one of them, without dated Santa Cruz, March 17, 1796,
for ing the others most warmly to I HAVE received your letter
em'rice his calise. of this de- of the 22d of February, with a
script on is especially ihe situation copy of the dispatch, which you,
of her Imperial majesty wiih respect Sir, have rece ved from your court
to the king of Great Britain; so by the last courier from London,
that in case of need, her linperial and must return you in answer,
majesty would be obliged to assist that the King, my master, bas
and suppor: him to the utm st ex with much pleasure learned the
tent of her power, but fortunaiely friendly term:, in which, on the
ruch connections sub:ist between part of her Imperial Majesty, her
bis Catholic majesty and the king bas been acquainted with the clos
of Great Britain, in con-equence of alliance concluded will the court
several treaties renewed in the year of Vienna and London, which.cer.
1793, as can never cease to be dear tainly cannot have been the resulta
to his Catholic majesty, and neither the circumstances which existed.
the conveniency nor use'ulness of Poland, at the time when the forc :5
which can bave been lessened by a of her Imperial Majesty might ha e
change of affairs produced by the been employed at a point, where : Il
most imperious circumstances. Those monarchs who united for te

This important consideration, in preservation of their existence, and addition to That which proceeris che nutcal support of ibeir righ s, from the favourable disprisition of rallied. Al that period, the King, bis Catholic, majesty towards the my master, gave the strongest common cause, can't bur render prouts of his grief at the misfortuye her linperial majesly perfectly easy of a beloved cousin, and forest with respect to the croduct which That his dominions were drawing his Catholic maj 's!y is likely to near that universal corruptio , pursue. Her Imperial majesiy is which resulis from madness witiof opinion, that it will be both out bounds. He waged war against candid and sincere, and it w uld tyrant, but was unable to lea na be painful for her to supp se, that who they were, for be did nit in any case whatever his Cacholic

know, following the capricious majesty could favour measures tend- dictales of their levity, who were ing to obstruct and oppose ibe the good Frenchmen ihat defended avowed purposes of the three allied The cause of their king. He was courts.

only able to discern, that but a You, sir, will adopt the most few, victims of their sense of buproper means officially to cominu nour, his true adherents, nicate to the ministry of his Catho- who followed bim to the grave. lic majesty tbe tenor of ibis dis The desire of the King, my master, patch, and to make it the subject was, however, so earnest, that

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