on the country between the Meuse 1796, in the name and on the and the Rhine, which would en

beball of his majesty. tirely ruin the country, can take place with any regard to appearance of justice.

Treaty of Peuce between the Duke of It has already in effect given our Wurtemberg and the French Reenvoy at Paris the most positive as public. surance, that the measures taken TIE French republic and his with respect to the clergy should serene highness the duke of Wurz be put an end to, and that the temberg and Teck, equally ani, ecclesiastics should remain in quiet mated with desire of terminating enjoyment of their goods and the war in which they have been revenues : we therefore constant engaged, and for renewing that ly expect the revocation of the intercourse of commerce and cig" d order for the sale of woods, and, neighbourhood which must be rein general, a renunciation of all ciprocally advantageous 10 them those destructive innovations rela. both, have appointed the underfive to our du minions,

named plenipe ten jares; the di. We shall not by any means re rectory, in the name of the French cognize as valid the sale of woods, republic, citizen Charles Delawhich has already taken place, to croix, minister of exte:nal rela. our great astonishment; and tions ; and his serene highness the are positively determined to have duke of Wurtemberg and Teck, recourse to the purchasers for res baron Charles Woepwait, minister titution in kind, or for the value of state and president of the at which the property sold shall be chainber of finances, and Abel, estimated by our agents, and for counsellor of legislation, who, afo the damages which shall result from ter having respectively interchang. the waste committed on these woods. ed their full powers, agreed on

In those cases where the pur the following articles : chasers cannot be found, we shall Art. 1. There shall be peace, exercise our severity on all those amity, and good understanding, who are employed by these last for between the French republic and cutting and carrying wood. We, his serene bighness the reigning in consequence, exhort our faith. duke of Wurtemberg and Teck : ful subjects in the said provinces consequently all hostilities shall to remain assured of

between the contracting ing and efficacious protection, and powers from the date of the preto wail with confidence, for the sent treaty. feturn of that ancient order of 2. The duke of Wurtemberg re. ibings so highly to be desired. vokes ail adherence, consent, and At Wesel in our chamber of war accession, open or secret, given by

and territory, 29ıb December, him to the armed coalition against 1796, in the name and on the the French republic, or any treaty behali of his majesty.

of alliance, offensive or delensive, BARON DE STEIN,

which he may have contracted First President. with it. In future he shall with. Given at Emmerick, in our re- hold from the powers at war with gency, the 29th December, the republic any contingent or

our last


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aid in men, horses, provisions, sheries of France, shall enjoy in money, warlıke stores or other wise, the states of his royal highness, under whatever tile they may be liberty of transit, exempted from demanded-even though he should all duties except the tolls on care be called up in as member of the riages and horses. French drivers Germanic empire.

shall, with respect to the payment 3. Toe troops of the French re of the said tolls, be treated as the pubiic shall have free passage into most favoured nation. the stales of his riyal highness, 7. The French republic, and his and permission to reside and to oc serene highness the duke of Wur, cupy all the military posts neces temburg, respectively engage to sary for iheir operations.

remove the sequestration of all ef4. His serene hi_huess the duke fects, revenues, or goods, seized, of Wurtemberg and Teck re- confiscatei, detained, or sold, be

in favour of the French longing to French cilizens on the repu' lic for himself, his succes one hand, and to the inhabitants so', and all who have any claim, of the dutchies of Wurtemberg and all his rights to the principality Teck on the other; and to admit of Mu thenard, the lordships of them to a legal exercise of their Hericou:t, Passavant, and other respective engagements and rights. dependencies, in the c unty of 8. All the pris iners respectively Hubourg, also the lord lips of made shall be delivered up within Riquewir and Os bein, and gene a minth reckoning, from the exrally celes ivj. all the properly, change of the ratifications of the righis and landed revenue, which present treaty, on paying the debts he possesses on the left bank of they may have contracted during the Rhine, and the arrears due to

their captivity.

The sick and him. He renounces all right a wounded shall still be taken care gainst the republic for all claims of in their respective hospitals, he might pretend to have against and shall be delivered up immedithe French republic, for the priva. a'ely on their cure. tion bitherto of the said righis and 9. Conformably to the sixth revenues; and any other claim of article of the treaty concluded at whatever denmination anterior to the Hague, on the 2716 Floreal of the present treaty:

the third year, the present treaty 5. His serene highness engages of peace and amity is declared to not lo permit the emigrants and be common with the Batarian rem priests, banished from the French public. Jepublic, to re idein bisstales.

10. It shall be ratified, and the 6. There shall immediately be ra incation exchanged within concluded between the two pow- month, reckoning from the signaers, a treaty of commerce ture, and sooner if possible. grounds reciprocally advantageous. Paris, 20th Thermidor,fourth year In the mean tine all commercial of the French republic, one relations shall be renewed on the and indivisible. same fooung as before the present (Signed) Ca. DELACROIX. All articles and commo

CHARLES, baron de dities belonging to the soil, the

Woepart. manufactures, the colonies or fie






The directory agrees upon and 2. The margrave of Baden ren signs the present treaty of peace vokes all adherence, consent and with the duke of Wurtemburg, ne

access, public or

secret, by bir gociated in the name of the French given to the coalition aimed agarna republic by the minister of exies the French repubiic, every Cente nal relations, named by the exe gent or succour, in men,bores, prin cutive directory, by an arret of the visions, money, ammuniti "n, 6: 11th Thermidor, (present month) other stores, under any preienst and charged with instructions for whaiever, even if he should be iro that purpose, at Paris, 21st Thermj- quired as member of the Germde dor, 4th year of the French repub- nic empire. lic, one and indivisible.

3. The troops of the republic (As an authentic copy) shall pass freely through he di(Signed) REVELLIERE LEPEAUX, minions of his serene bigbness, it president.

side there, and occupy all military LAGARDE, secretary

posts necessary for their opera. general.

tions. This treaty was ratified by the 4. His serene highness ihe marlegislative body.

grave of Biden, for himself and Treaty of Peace between the French

his successors, cedes to the French Republic and the Margrave of republic all ihe rights that may Baden.

belong to him upon the lordships THE French republic, and his of Rodemachern and Hesperinger, serene highness the Margrave of in the ci-devant duchy of Luxem. Baden, desirous of re-establishing burgh ; the portion belonging 10 between both countries the relations him in the county of Sponbeim, of friendship and good neighbour- and his rights upon the other porhood which existed between them tion; the lordsbip of Grevenstein, before the present war, have ap- the bailiwicks of Beinbeim and pointed as their plenipotentiaries, Rhod, and generally all the terrinamely, the executive directory, in tories, rights, and revenues, which the name of the French republic, he possessed, or pretends to have a citizen Charles Delacroix, minister right to posse:s on the left bank of foreign affairs, and his serene of the Rhine. He renounces all highness the margrave of Baden, demands upon the republic respectthe baron de Reitzenstein, his ing the. arrears of ihe said rights chamberlain, and great balitf of and revenues, and for every other Lorrach, who, after having ex cause anterior io the present trea. changed their respective powers, ty. have resolved on the following ar

5. His serene highness, the ucles : Art. 1. There shall be peace well in his own name, as in tlrat of

reigning margrave of Baden, and good understanding between his two sons, the princes Frederick the French republic and bis serene and Louis of Baden, for whom be lvivhness the margrave of Baden. interests hi nself strongly, cedes In consequence, all hostilities shall and abandons, with entire guidcease between ihe contracting par- rantee to the French republic, the 1119, to reckon from the ratifica- two-thirds of the manor of Kurtion of this present treaty.

Zenbauser, situate in the ci-deram




province of Alsace, with all its of every thing that may injure its rights and dependencies, together usage. It is, however, agreed, that with the arrears of the said rights the houses which stand on tbe and revenues, which might remain ground wbich it is to take up, or due, renouncing all demands upon which would be necessary for conthe republic thereto relating, and tinuing it, shall not be demolished for every other cause anterior to witbout paying a just and previous the present irealy.

indemnity to the owner. 6. His serene highness the mar 9. The punishment of offences grave of Baden also cedes for him. relative to navigation, which may self and his successors, all the be commitled on the said towingislands of the Rhine which may road, shall belong to the French belong to him, all the rights to republic. which he may pretend upon the 10. The portions of that road, said islands, ás likewise upou the likewise the islands on that course and the different branches river, which belonged by special of that river ; especially the rights right to his serene bighness, or of tolls, high jurisdiction, direct which were possessed by ecclesiaslordship, civil or criminal justice, tical bodies or commonalıies, are or police.

ceded, without reserve, to the reThere shall not be included, un. public. The lay or private comder the denonination of the different munities shall continue to enjoy, arms of the Rhine, the small under the sovereignty of the repubbranches, and the dead or stagnant lic, the portions which were in waters left in consequence of the their possession. It is bowever inundations of the ancient course agreed, ihat the said sovereignty of the river, and known to the staall not be exercised over houses watermen by the names of Alt- depending on the margraviate, wasser, Alt Rhine, or Old Rhine. which may be deemed necessary

7. Each of the contracting par. for continuing the towing-way, ties shall be at liberty to finish the but only on their sites, aster they work of the dykes, which may be shall bave been demolished in exe. thought necessary for the preser. cution of Art. 8. vation of his territory; but this 11. The navigation of the river is to be done so as not to injure the shall be free for the citizens and country on the opposite bank. All the subjects of both contracting disputes which may arise from this parties. object, as also from the establish 12. The tolls gathered on that ment and preservation of the tow- part of the river Rhine which ing path, shall be decided by juri- Bows between the dominions of the dical means, between the respective contracting parties are abolished governments.

for ever.

There shall be none 8. His serene bighness engages established hereafter on the natural to leave, or cause to be left, on the bed of the river. right bank of the Rhine, a space 13. The stipulations contained of thirty-six feet broad, to serve in the preceding treaties between as a towing-road in the navigable France on the one part, and his parts, or in those which may be- serene highness the margrave of come so. This road shall be cleared Baden, or the emperor and the VOL. XXXVIII.




empire, on the other, relative to from the exchange of the ratis the course of ihe Rhme, ils navi- cation of the present treaty, to gation, the works to be con paying the debis which they mai structed for the preservation of its have contracted during ibeir cafe bed and its banks, shall continue tivity. to be executed in as far as they are The sick and wounded shall cese not contrary to the present treary. tinue to be taken care of io de

14. His serene highness en- respective hospitals; they shalit gages not to permit the einigrants, given up immediately af:er ter and the priesis transposied from the recovery. French republic, to reside in his 18. Conformable to the trpate territories.

concluded ai ibe llague, the 27 15. There shall be concluded, Floreal vs the third year, the p without d-ay, between the two sent treaty of peace ani trets ponern, a t eaty of commerce on is declared common with che Daibe grunts of reciprocal advantage. viun republic. Meanwole all commercial rela. 19. It shall be ratified, and the tioni gall be re-eniablished, such ratifications exchanged

at Polis as they were before the present witbin one month, to reckon from

its signature, and sooner if pract All commodities and merchan. cable, dise, being the produce of the Paris, 5 Fructidor, of the curie French sil, manufactories, colo year of the French republice nien, and fisheries, shall enjoy in one and indivisible. the territories of his serene high (Signed) the liberty

of transit and CHARLES DELACROIX, staple, exempied from all

SIGISMUND (HARLES Jous ties, except those of the coils upon Baron de REITZENTEIX. waggons and horses.

The Executive Directory resolit The French waggoners shall be and rally the present ireely of treated, with regard to the pay- peace with the mai grave of bauen, ment of those dulies of toll, like negotiated in the name of the the most favoured nation.

French republic by the minister der 16. The French republic and foreign affairs, appointed by the his serene highness the margrave Executive Directory by the presilo? of Bulen, respectively engage to lugon of the 281h of last Thermidit, grant replevy on the sequestration and charged with their instrucnuns of all effects, revenues, or estates, for ihat purpose. confi:cated, derained, or suid irim Paris, 8th Fructidor, fourib year French civizens on one part, and of the French republic, one on the other, from the inhabrianis and indivisible. of the margiaviate of Bailen, and (Signed) to adinit them to ihe legal exercise


. of the actions and rights which

By ihe Executive Directory, may belong to ibem.

(Signei) LA GARDE, set.gen. 17. All the prisoners of war

The Conocil of Ancients apo respectively tahen shall be delivered proved of the above irealy on ike up within one month, to count 31st of August.



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