Treaty between France and Prussia. along the left bank of the Roer to

HIS majesty the king of Prussia its source ; after which, leaving and the Freuch republic having the city of Nedebach to the left, deemed it proper to modify, in a it will take its direction towards manner agreeable to existing cir- the Eder, the course of which it cumstances, the stipulations rela. will follow until that river meets tive to the neutrality of the north- the Fuld, and then it will go up ern part of Germany agreed upon that river as far as its source. by the treaty of Basle, the 5th of The French republic will consi. April, 1795, and by the convention der as neutral states all those in the of the 17th of May ; they named, line, on condition that they observe to concert on that subject, viz. his on their side a strict neutrality; the Prussian majesty', Sieur Chretien first point of which will be to fur. Henry Count de Haug wiltz, his nish, for the future, for the con. minister of state for the war depart. tinuation of the war, no pecuniary ment; and the French republic, contributions of any kind what. citizen Antoine Bernard Caillard, ever ; to order back immediately, its minister plenipotentiary at Ber- if they had not already done so, lin, who, having mutually exchange their respective contingent troops, ed their powers, have agreed on the and that in the space of two following articles :

months, from the signing of the The French republic will abstain present treaty; and not to contract from extending the operations of any new engagement, which may the war, and from sending troops, authorize them to furnish troops to either by land or sea, into the states the powers at war with France. included in the following line of The states which do not act agree. deinarcation :

ably to these conditions, shall be 3. This line to begin from the part excluded from the benefit of the

of the Duchy of Holstein, situated neutrality. ou the North Sea, extending down As for that part of the country the coast of that sea, on the side of of La Marck, which, being on the Germany, and including the terri. left bank of the Roer, is not intory in which the Elbe disembogues cluded in the above line, it will itself, together with the Weser and nevertheless enjoy the benefits of the Ems, as well as the islands situ. this treaty in the fullest extent : ated in those districts, as far as For- but his Prussian majesty consents to cum, from thence to the frontiers of allow the troops of the belligereat Holland, as far as Anholt, passing powers to pass through it, on conHereuberg, and including the dition that they do not there estaPrussian possessions near Sevenaer, blish the theatre of war nor possess as far as Bair on the Ysel ; it will themselves of entrenched positions, then continue down that river to &c. &c. the place where it mixes its waters Giren at Berlin, August 5th, with the Rhine ; the line will then 1796, old style, and the 18th go up the latter river as far as Thermidor, 4th year of the l'esel, and farther on, to the place

French republic. where the Roer throws itself into (Signed) CHRETIEN HAUGWILTZ, The Rhine ; it will then extend



treaty of Peuce between the French re- of the other any succours in troops, public and the Infant Duke of Par. arms, warlike ammunition, provi. ma, Placentia, eind Guastalla. sions, or money, under whatever

THE French republic and his title and denomination it may be. oyal highpess the infant duke of 3. The infant duke of Parma Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, engages not to permit the emilesiring to re-establish the ties of grants, or banished persons of the imity which formerly subsisted be. French republic, to stop or sojourn ween the two states, and to put in his state. in end, as much as in their power, 4. The French republic and his o the calamites of war, have ac- royal highness the infant duke of cepted, with eagerness, the niedi. Parma engage to remove the seition of his Catholic majesty, and .questration from all the effects, reaave named for the plenipotenti. venges, or goods, which may have iries, that is to say, the executive been seized, confiscated, detained, lirectory, in the name of the French or sold, from the citizens or subrepublie, the citizen Charles Dela. jects of the other power, relative croix, minister of foreign affairs, to the present war, and to admit and his royal highness the infant them to the legal exercise of the duke of Parma, Messieurs the count actions or rights belonging to them. Pierre Politi and Don Louis Boll

1; 5. The contributions stipulated who, after having exchanged their in the convention of armistice, respective powers, have determined signed at Placentia on the 20th of upon and concluded definitively the last Floreal, between general Buofollowing articles, under the medi- naparte in the name of the French ation of his Catholic majesty, exer- republic, and the marquises Pellecised by the marquis del Campo, viene and Phillippo delic Rosa in his ambassador to the French re the name of the infant duke of Parpublic, who has also presented his ma, shall be fully discharged.

There shall neither be levied nor Art. 1. There shall be peace exacted any other ; if there have and amity between the French re. been levied any contributions in public and his royal highness the money, or required any supplies in infant duke of Parma ; the two provisions, beyond what is settled powers shall carefully abstain from by the said convention, the contrievery thing that may alter the good butions in money shall be reimbursharmony and union established be- ed, and the provisions paid for at tween them by the present treaty. the current price at the time of de

2. Every act, engagement, or livery. There shall be named on anterior convention, on the part of each part, if necessary, commissa. one or other of the two contracting ries to execute the present article. powers, which might be contrary 6. From the signature of the preto the present treaty, shall be con sent treaty the states of his royal sidered as null and void. In consee highness the infant duke of Parma quence, during the course of the shall be treated as those of friendly present war, neither of the two and neutral powers; if there shall powers shall furnish to the enemies be- supplied any necessaries to the


full powers.


tronps of the republic, by his royal nufactures, to impose certain re: highness or his subjects, they shall strictions or prohibitions; but these be paid for at a price agreed upon. restrictions shall in no case operate

7. The troops of the republic against French manufactures exclushall enjoy a free passage through sively, 10 urch his royal highness the states of the infant duke of even underiakes to give ail the preParma.

ference he can consistenily with the 8. One of the contracting powers prosperity of the manufactures of shall not grant a tree passage to the bis own states. troops of the enemy of the other. The above articles shall be exc.

9. The French republic and his cuted with the most scrupulous reroyal highness the infant duke of ciprocity for the introduction of Parma desiring to establish and aug- the manufactures of his royal high

ment by stipulations, reciprocally ness's states into France. - advantageous, the commercial re 13. The mutual duties on

lations that existed between their ports and imports shall be regulated citizens and respective subjects, de. by a separate convention : in case termined as follows:

that such convention should not 10. Silks, grain, rice, olive oil, be ratified by the republic, it is cattle, cheese, wines, and other expressly agreed that the said duarticles, the produce of the estales ties shall be reciprocally ascertain. of his royal highness, shall be ex. ed and collected in the mode obo ported to the territories of the re- served with the countries the most public without any restrictions ben favoured by the republic, yond those which the exigencies of 14. The produce of the lands of the country may render necessary. the republic, her colonies aud fishThe said restrictions shall never eries, shall be conveyed freely attach solely and especially upon through the states of his royal highthe French citizen. There shall ness, or lodged in warehouses on even be granted every degree of their way to the other states of Italy, preference for the purchase of the without the payment of customs, objects (mentioned or alluded to in and liable only io a certain toll on ibe present article) of which cir- their passage, for the support of the cumstances may suspend or restrain highways; which shall be regulated the exportation.

with all possible dispatch, and 11. Allarticles being the produce founded on a moderate footing be. of the republic, its colonies tween the contracting parties, at fisheries, shall be imported, free of so much per quintal per league. duty, into the states of his royal The toll shall be payable at the highness, and exported from France, first oflice for entering ihe goods. subject only to such restrictions as The above article shall also be in local circumstances may render ne- force in all parts of the republic; cessary:

and all goods and merchandize the 12.' All articles of French manu- produce of the states of his royal facture shall likewise be imported highness the infant duke of Parma to the states of his royal bighness, shall be subject to the same regulaunless he may deem it expedient, tions as above. And, for the prosperity of his own As the right of toll above men.


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tioned has been retained only with II. On all goods and merchan. a view to contribute to the support dise, the produce of the republic of the bridges and bighways, it is on being exported for the states of expressly stipulated that the goods his royal highness. and merchandize conveyed by the Done at Paris, the day and year rivers and navigable canals shall be

as above. reciprocally exempt from duties of (Signed)

CH. DELACROIX. every decription.

COONT Politi. The contracting parties respec

Louis BOLLA. tively shall adopt the necessary mea. A Proclamation by F. Santhonux,J. sures for the due execution of the Raymond, M. Giraud, G. Lebpresent and preceding articles. lanch, and P. Romme, Commis.

15. In conformity to the sixth sioners delegated by the French article of the treaty concluded at

Government to the IVindward the Hague, the 224 Floreal, 31 year,

Islands of St. Domingo. the peace concluded by the present To all the Citizens of the colony, treaty is declared common with the and to all those who compose the Batavian Republic.

Land and Sea Forces destined for 16. The present treaiy shall be its defence. ratified, and the ratifications ex CITIZENS, changed in one month at most from AFTER so many storms and the present day, exclusively. critical emergencies, inseparable Done at Paris, in the 5th year of concomitants of revolution, the French republic, one and France enjoys at least a constitution indivisible.

woriby of a people who know how (Signed)

Cu. Delacroix. to value liberty.
COUNT Politi. Already under a truly republican
Louis Bolla. government, the French people

begin to rest from their long and SEPARATE ARTICLE.

arduous toil, and to enjoy the His royal highness stipulates to happy effects of the liberty which grant a remission of one-fourth of they bave attained. the rights of importation on the Firmly resolved 10 cause the con. goods and merchandize, being the stitution to be executed, the exe. produce of the republic, her colo- cutive directory is constantly emnies, fisheries, and manufactures, ployed in searching out means to destined for the home consumption have it established in all parts of of the states, and also the right of the Republic. expstation on the goods and mer. The sixth article of the consti. chandise, the produce of the states, tion states, That the French coloand destined for the foreign poseso nies are inseparable parts of the sions of the republic; provided the Republic, and subjected to the French republic agree io a recipro. same constitutional law. cal diminution of duties,

It is particularly for the execution 1., On the goods and merchan- of that article, that we have redise arising from the states of his ceived from the government the toyal highness, at their entry on

honourable mission intrusted to us ; the territory of the republic. and at the same time, to let you


know all the means you ought to thren, whom they keep fettered in employ to preserve liberty and the 'surrounding islands ? Yes, cia equality, which are the fundamen- tizens, every thing ought to ima tal laws of the constitution.

press you with an implacable hatred Citizens rally at the voice of the for those tyrants, whose most ludelegates of the republic, since it crative trade is, reducing you 10 is in her name, and for her dearest slavery, misery, and death. What interests, that they are going to can withhold your vengeance? Rush address you.

on this impious race ;

make it disThe ancient government of the appear from that sacred spot, which colonies had distinguished three dif- too long has been the theatre of its ferent classes the whites, the co- crimes and depredations. loured people, and the slaves. To Labour and instruction, citizens, those different classes, now united are necessary to the preservation of and honoured with the name of the people, and the constitution French citizens, we are going to imposes them as a duty upon all speak alternately. We shall first citizens. The 15th ariicle of the address that portion of the people of second title contains these words. the colony, which has most suf- Young men cannot be inscribed in fered under the tyrannic order the civic register, if they do not which has been abolished, and we prove that they can read, write, shall say to them: By the republican and follow a mechanical branch of constitution, which the French na business. That clause, citizens, tion has just adopted, you have re can and ought to take place only covered your primitive rights; but agreeably to the constitution, after you inust know the proper means the first day of the 12th year of the io preserve them without trouble, republic. and to transmit them without in. The manual operations of agriterruption, to your remotest pos- culture belong to the mechanic terity. Those ships, the warriors aris. whom they bring to you; all those Yes, labour and agriculture parformidable preparations are design. ticularly, is absolutely necessary to ed against the English, who are ihe him who wishes to ipost cruel enemies of your liberty! rights, and enjoy bis liberiy. They dare to indulge the hope of Through labour we procure the framing new chains for you. See necessary things to our existence these blood-thirsty tigers bending and enjoyment; through labour still your brethren under their ho- only we can preserve our liberty: micidal whips. We cannot suffer Had your ancestors, the inhaany longer so dismal an object; bitants of Africa, devoted themjoin the forces which France sends selves to the culture of their fruit. to you, expel from the territory of ful lands, they

ful lands, they most assuredly the French republic those tyranis of would not have debased themselves markind, pursue them even

even to by reciprocal bloody wars, of their haunts, and destroy the last which greedy Europeans have of them ! What! is it noț incum availed themselves to reduce them bent on you to revenge your bre. to the most intolerable and degrad


preserve his

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