slavery. What remains for The same resources are likewise

to do, in order to avoid all offered the children of the t. misfortunes which are inse- whites, and of the coloured peo

ble concomitants of idleness ? ple; for the primary schools, which hing, but to devote your- will be established, will be open as to the culture of the rich to all individuals, born in the coluctions of the colony you in- lonies,of whatever colour they may 1.4! Many of you have been 10 be. ALL

nce; they will tell you, that RIGHTS. E'? people are there constantly To you, Citizens, whom a bar

2- Gpied at useful labours, and barous custom had made formerly piculture in particular Imitate proprietors of slaves, we shall ob. 2. acuve people, who adopts you serve, that in consequence only of

prethren, and you will esiablish, the most strange subversion of what

that means, a trade of exchange is know under the name of justice Ech them, which will cement and humanity, the most sacred : strengthen your brotherly re- rights of man had been forsaken jons.

in the former order of things, Insiruction is as usefui to you as

which allowed them to be reduced Bur; by it you will transmit to the most insufferable and abject ,

ur righis 10 your children; by slavery ; we shall tell you that a 2. you will learn how to fulfil the state so contrary to naiure, though

ily of good citizens : finally, by apparently favourable to your in-
: struction you will attain that dle. terests, was of too violent a nature

ee of morality, which disun to last long. How could the mas-
ashes the civilized from the sa ier shake off the thouget of the
ige man, the honest from the per- dangers with which he wa sinces.
erse cilizen.

santly threatened? Does not the The government will omit no- experience of ages and nations, bing to attain an object so inte. transmitied by history, inform us, testing, and so worthy of its soli- that tyranny has always fallen a citude.

Public schools will be victim to its own crimes ? Un established throughout all the co. doubtedly, six hundred thousand lones; your children shall there slaves, unjustly and cruelly tortured receive instruction; imbibe a taste in almost every instance of their for labour and morals, which are lives, could not afford a great de. 10 accomplish their full generation. gree of security to the small numThe republic will extend farther ber of their masters. They were ber cares for your children, for she most assuredly disturbed by the wishes that a certain number of most cruel enormities. those who shall have produced a

Justead of the violent state in greater disposition and zeal for in- which lingered the late proprietors structon be sent to France, with of slaves, liberty and equality, the consent of their parents, there which flow from the constitution, to study in a more perfect degree offer to them nothing but true enthose sciences or arts, to whicb joyments and perfect security to they may have shewn a more de- their lives and fortunes. cided inclination.

In addressing those formerly dis


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tinguished as whites, and people of business to expel the enemies of colour, without possessions, the republic from the territory they would say to them, that in a free have invaded, and soon to repair state, all hands ought to be employ- the evils and devastations wbich ed ; that every one ought to make have been occasioned by haired, a choice of a kind of labour which, passion, and cwil war. in concurring to the general wel. Done at the Cape, the 25th Flofare, would procure to the labourer real (May 15) the fourth year not only existence, but the conve of the French Republic ; one niencies of life ; that the colonial and indivisible. 39 stem being altered, they must no The president of the commission, more establish their hopes of for

SANTHONAX. tune on SLAVERY, for it is FOR The general secretary, A BOLISHED on the whole

PASCHAL territory of France. Let every one, therefore, make the best of his in- Proclamation of the Executive Di. dustry, devote bimself to agricul. rectory to the Armies of the Sam. ture. Let not any ill founded bre and Meuse. shane keep bim in inactivity, New cries of war

are heard on which is as dangerous to himseil, the banks of the Rhine. What as it is ruinous to the commenrage is it thus goads on our cruel weal. Let him be convinced, thal enemy, who, amidst bis disasters no occupation debases man ; let and our triumphs, has the remerity him know, that with the wisest of breaking an armistice which he pecple of antiquity, agriculture himself demanded, and you granted was considered as the first of all him, in hopes of a speedy peace ? occupains. Let them, therefore, -Guided by the ferocious English, Jenounce that state of vagrancy he receives their gold and conwhich the laws of the republic wiil tempt as the price of his submission, punish.

and of the blood of his bravest In fine, we would repeat to warriors. Let then the republican them, that as all the inhabitants of bayonet reach the tottering thrones the colony from this instant will of the monsters coalesced against form but one class, every citizen the human race, and strike terror will have the same righis, and into their bosoms ! let your irresisenjoy the same advaniages; und tible valour within a few days put that the republic establishes no a period to that struggle of the lin other distinction among them, berry at the people against tyranny, than those of virtue and vice, of which has lasted bui too long; and talents and ignorance.

let the haughty despois, who still In the name of the republic, in dare to fight againse that liberty, the name of humanity, in the name at last bow submissive at the aspect of the sacred love of our country', of the republican banners! we invite all citizens to

May 29. with us in the restoration of order and auriculture; we invite them to Proclamation by General Buonaparte forget their respective wrongs and and commissury Selicetti, dated quarrels, to make it now their sole the 30th of Floreal (19th May).



THE French republic, while it from which they are separated ; las sworn hatred to tyranıs, has they ought to find then these in worn fraternity to nations.

Lombardy, where they are making This principle, sanctioned by the their conquests. The rights of war constitution of the republic, is as give them security for obtaining nuch a principle of the army. them, and friendship ought to be Che despoism which for so long a

eager to offer them. ime has held Lombardy under his Twenty millions of French money oke, has been the cause of great are imposed as a contribution for alami les to France ; but the ihis purpose ; the division will be french know that the cause of made among the different proings is not the cause of the people. vinces of Austrian Lombardy. The The victorious army of a mo

terms of payment, which admit of larc' are insolent, and spread ter. the least possible delay, will be or among the nations where they fixed by particular instructions. It carry their victories; but a repub, is certainly a moderate contribuican army, though forced to carry tion for so fertile a country, partion a deadly war against the kings cularly when we reflect upon the with whom it contends, promises advantages which must result from friendship to the people whom its it. The division might have been rict ries deliver froin

Tyranny, settled by agents of the French goRespect for the persons and pro. vernment, and this mode would perty, and respect for the religion certainly have been reasonable ; of the people, are the sentiments but the French republic, but wishwhich actuale the government of ing to reserve to itself inis right, the French republic, and their vic. has left it to the local authorities, torious army in Italy. Of this the and to the assembly of the state. good order which they have ob- It only points out to you, as the served from the first moment of basis upon which you ought to levy their entry into Lombardy, is no this contribution, that it ought to unequivocal proof.

be proportionably divided among li the victorious French consi. those provinces which formerly der the inhabitants of Lombardy paid imposts to the tyrant «f Ausas brethren, ine latter ougit to tria, and that it ought to fall upon entertain a reciprocity of attection. the rich and the ecclesiastical boThe

army must pursue its victories; dies, who too long thought themand drive entirely out of Italy that selves privileged, and withstood all despotism which has held Lom. taxation ; do not oppress the poorer bardy in chains. The indepen, class.

requisitions be dence of this country, and its good made in kind, the general in chief, fortune, depend upon the success and the commissary of the governof the Frerich enterprizes. Lom- ment, declare, that there shall be bardy hen ought to second them no surcharge upon the contribuby all the means in iis power. To tion. They will afterwards settle assure the march of the troops the price of the articles required,

necessary, which which they will pay to the venders they cannot receive from Fraace, with the produce of the contri

If some

provisions are

bution fixed as above, or with the composed of thirteen members, te receipts which they will give, instead wbom the government of all Looof ready money.

bardy is committed, is provisionally at

retained in the functions allo. Proclamation of Commissary Salicetti. ted to it by its institution. It stal

exercise these functions in the Art. 1. THE council establish- name of the republic of France, ed on the 9th May last by the under the inspection and contro archduke, at the moment of bis of the military agents to whom it flight, on which he devolved, by shall be accountable. an edict, the exercise of the su 6. The municipal administra preme power, is suppressed. The ons are also retained in all the con president of the supreme tribunal, munes of Lombardy. the two presidents of appeal and of 7. The municipal assembly ex: the first instance, and the president ing at Milan, composed of thirteci of the magistracy, who were ap- members and a syndic, is also p?cpointed by the archduke to com- visionally retained under the name pose this council, are probibited of the municipality of the town from continuing their functions. Milan.

2. The general council of de 8. The commandant of the fort curions, concentrated into privi- of Milan shall be president of toe leged classes, whose functions were municipal council, and shall eser: reserved for extraordinary occa- cise in it a military police, and sions, having become useless by also all the functions delegated by present circumstances, is also sup- the French laws to the commanpressed : and the same prohibition dants of forts in a state of siege. is extended to the nobles and pairi 9. The members composing the cians who compose it.

municipality of Milan are Francois 3. The magistracy, known by Viscanti, Antoine Caccianini, Ga. the name of magistrat politique de la leas Serbelloni, Felix Laticada ckumbre, whose complicated func- Charles Bignami, Antoine Core tions having also become useless, betta, Fidela Sopransi, Gatean tend only to throw obstacles in the Porro, Pierre Verri, Joseph Vioway of the simple course of go- tini, Jean Baptiste Sommarina, vernment, is likewise suppressed; Paul Sangiorgio, Antoine Crespi

, and those who exercised the office Cæsar Pelagata, Charles are forbidden to assemble, except Charles Parea. it be to replace, aster receiving 10. The acts and deliberations other instructions, the members of of all the authorities created or prethis body, when their functions served by the present decree, shall shall be rendered subservient to be in the name of the French rethe happiness of the people.

4. The authorities thus suppressed shall be provisionally replaced by Proclamation by Buonaparte, Com. a military agency, composed of mander in Chief of the Army u citizens Maurin, Reboul, and Pa Italy, to his Brothers in 1986,

dated Ilead Quarters at Milan, 5. The assembly of the state, Prairial 1, (May 20.)





SOLDIERS, you have precipi. who have basely assassinated our tated yourselves like a torrent from ministers, and burnt our ships at the heights of the Appenines; you Toulon : the hour of vengeance have rooted and dispersed all who and retribution is near at hand. have opposed your progress : Pied. But let the people remain tran. mont, delivered from Austrian ty. quil; we are friends to all the peo. ranny, displays its natural senti. ple, and more particularly the de. ments of peace and friendship for scendants of Brutus, of Scipio, and France. Milan is our's, and the the great men we have taken for republican flag flies over all Lom. Our models. Re-establish the cabardy. The dakes of Parma and pitol, and place there, with hoModena owe their political exist., nour, the statues of the heroes ence to your generosity. The that rendered it celebrated ; awa. army ibat with so much pride ken the Roman people ; debased by threatened you, has no barrier of many centuries of slavery: such protection against your courage : will be the fruit of your victo. the Po, the Tessin, the Adda, have ries; they will form an epoch been unable to stop you a single for posterity; you will have the day; those boasted bulwarks of immortal glory of changing the Italy have been insufficient to de. face of the finest country in Eu. lay your progress; you have sur. rope. The free French people, re. mounted them as rapidly as you spected by the whole world, will passed the Appenines. 'So much give to Europe a glorious peace, success has carried joy to the bo. which will indemnity them for the som of our country; your repre. sacrifices they have made during six sentatives have ordered a fête, years; you will then return to your dedicated to your victories, which homes, and your fellow.citizens will be celebrated in all the com will say, shewing you, this man was munes of the republic. Your fa. of the army of Italy. thers, your mothers, your wives, (Signed) BUONAPARTE. your sisters, your lovers, will joy your success, and boast with The Deputies of the People of Albe, to pride that they belong to you. Yes,

Citizen Buonaparte, General in soldiers, you have done much; but

Chief of the French Army, to prodoes there remain nothing more to

cure Liberty to Italy. be done? Though we have known Citizen General, how to vanquis', we have not

LIKE Frenchmen we wish to be known how to profit of our victo. free. To live under no king or ries. Posterity will reproach us tyrant of any titie. We wish for with having icrminated our course civil equality, and that the feudal in Lombardy; but already I see you monster should be thrown to the run to arms; a slodkful repose fa- ground, tigues you. Let os depart! We For this purpose we have taken have

yet forced marches to make, up arms at the approach of your enemies to subdue, laurels to ga. victorious troops, and we come to ther, injuries to revenge. Let implore your assistance, to break those tremble who have whected the chains wh

have for a long the poniards of civil warin France, time retained us in bondage. VOL. XXXVIII.




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