your arrival.

Worn down by the yoke of iron try in Europe from the iron yoke which presses on

our heads, we of the proud house of Austria, that never should have been able to the French army has braved obsucceed in relieving ourselves. Al. stacles the most difficult to surways courageous, and yet always mount. Victory, in union wiib debased, we have lived in expec. justice, has crowned its efforts. tation of the happy moment of The wreck of the enemy's army

has retired beyond the Mincio, Oh! inost delightful moinent! The French army, in order to fol. The time is at length arrived. low thein, passes over the territory Here are Frenchmen, our brothers of the republic of Venice ; but it and our friends : in our arms, in will never forget, that ancient our houses, they are willing cor. friendship unites the two republics. dially to partake of our joy, to ra Rcligion, - government, customs, tify our vows, and to fly with us

änd property, shall be respected. to the destruction of the i:ifamous That the peoplc may be without throne of our tyrant.

apprehension, the most severe dis. The proclamation to the people cipline shali be maintained. All and clergy of Piedmont and Lom- that may be provided for the army bardy, and to the Neapolitan and shall be faithfully paid for in morey. Piedmontese troops, prove to you The general in chief engages the our republican spirit, and the right officers of the republic of Venice, which we have to a well-founded the magistrates, and the priests, to reliance on your generous protec. make known these sentiments to tion. .

the people, in order that confi. Citizen general, behold all Italy dence may cement that friendship extending forth its arms to your which has so long united the two. embrace, and calling you its deli. nations faithful in the path of ho. verer. In giving it the blessings nour, as in that of victory. The of liberty, you grant to this beau. French soldier is terrible' only to tiful part of Europe its greatest lus- the enemics of his liberty and his tre; your name will be rendered government. glorious and immortal in its history. (Signed)

BUONAPARTE, Our sons, and our latest poste

The general of division, rity, will have it engraven in their

chiet of the etat-majos hearts; and they will not have in

of the army of Italy. their mouths a

more dear

(Signed) ALEX. BERHTIER. than that of general Puona parte.

Respect, heal:h, and fraternity, Preclamation by General Buoraparis, (Sigred) Ignace Bonafoux, Commander in Chief of iker Albe,

of Italy, to the People of the Mir JEAN ANTOINE, lanche.

Rarea of Verseil,
Deputed commissaries. THE non!es, the priests, and

the agents of Austria have misledo Buonaparte to the Republic of }'emie. the people of these inecount ties ; Brescia, 10 Frairial ( May 29, the French army, as generous as IT is to deliver the finest coun- it is powerful, will treat with tra



ART. 1.

ternity the peaceable and tranquil whether by dismissing their domesinhabitants; but they will prove tics, or by designs against the as terrible as the fire of heaven to French, shall be arrested as hos. the rebels, and the villages which sages, sent into France, and the protect them.

half of their estates confiscated. In consequence, the

(Signed BUONAPARTE. commander in chief declares as 19 Prairial, (29th May.) rebels, all the villages which have not conformed to his order of th 6th Proclamation issued by the Municipality Prairial. The generals shali march of Milan, for abolishing the No. against such villages the forces ne bility. cessary for subduing them; setting them on fire, and shooting all Art. 1. The order of nobility those taken with arms in their is abolished for ever. hands. All the priests and nobles 2. No one shall bear any title who remain in the rebel com. of nobility, but shall be designed munes, shall be arrested as hos. by the appellation of citizen, add. tages, and sent into France. ing theicio ihe name of his em.

2. Every village where the toc. ployment ou profession. sin shall be sounded, shall be in. 3. All the nobles shall, within stantly destroyed. The generals the space of eight days, bring their are responsible for the execution of patents of nobility to the coma this order.

mune, where they shall be burnt. 3. Every village on the territory 4. Every feudal authority, and of which any Frenchman shall be all game laws are henceforth abo. assassinated, shall we fined in a sum lished. amounting to a third part of the 5. Ali armorialbearings, liveries, contribution they pay annually to

and every distinction of nobility, the archduke, unless they make shall likewise be suppressed within known the assassin, arrest him, eight days. and send him to the French army. 6. Every corporation which ex

4. Every man found with a mus. acts a proof of nobility as a quali. ket, and ammunition of


fxcation is abolished. shall be immediately shot by the 7. Those who shall contravene order of the general com nandant the present proclamation, will be on duty.

regaried as convictei of arisiocra. 5. Every field wherein shall be cy, and as enemies to the people. sound concealed arms, shall be June 12. condemned to pay o.'e-third more than its actual reve..!e, by way of Buonaparte, Communder in Chief of annends. Every house in which the Army of Italy, 10 ihe Inhabi. shall be found a market, shall be tants of Tyrul. burnt, unless the proprietor de. clares to whom such musket be. Head Quarters c: Tortora, 26 Prai. longs.

riit (June 14), 4th year. All the nobles, or rich people, BRAVE Tyrolians, I am about who shall be convicted of having to pass through your territory, to stirred up the people to revolt, fore the court of Vienna to a peace,

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as necessary to Europe, as it is to of Leghorn. The property of the the subjects of the emperor. The French merchants is violated there ; cause I am about to defend is your every day is marked by some ai. own. You have been long vexed tempt agair.se France, as contrary and fatigued by the horrors of a to the interests of the republic as to war, undertaken not for the in. the law of the nations. The exe. terest of the people of Germany, cutive directory have repeatedly but for that of a single family. preferred their complaints to the

The French army respects and minister of your royal highness 2: 'loves all nations, more especially Paris, who has been obliged to avox the simple and virtuous inhabitanis that it is impossible for your royal of the mountains. Your religion, highness to repress the English, and your customs will be every where to maintain a neutrality in the port respected. Our troops will main. of Leghorn. tain a severe discipline; ant no. This confession immediately con thing will be taken in the country vinced the executive directory, that without being paid for in mency: it was their duty to repel force by

You will receive us with hospi- force, to make their commerce re. tality, and we will treat you with spected, and they ordered me to fraternity and friendship.

send a division of the army under But should there be any so little my command to take possession of acquainted with their true interests Leghorn. as to take up arms, and treat us as I have the honor to inform enemies, we will be as terrible as your royal highness, that on the 7th the fire from heaven: we will burn inst. (25th June)

(25th June) a division of the the houses, and lay waste the terri. army entered Leghorn: thcir cor. tories of the villages which shall duct there will be conformable to take a part in a war which is fo. those principles of neutrality which reign to them.

they have been sent to maintain. Do not suffer yourselves to be The flag, the garrison, the pro. led into an error by the agents of perty, and your royal highness and Austria. Secure your country, your people, shall be scrupulously already harassed by five years of respected. war, from new miseries. In a lit

I am, moreover, instructed to as. sle time the court of Vienna, forced sure your roval highness of the de. to a peace, will restore to the na. sire of the French government, to rives their privileges which ic has witness a continuation of the friend. usurped, and to Europe the tran- ship which unites the two states, quillity it has disturbed.

ard of their coirietion that your The commander in chicf, royal higliness, conscious of the (Signed) BUONAPARIT.

excesses daily cominitted by the

English ships, which you cannot Buonaparte, Commander in Chef of prevent, will applaud the just,

the Army of Itoly, 19 ihe Grand useful, and Duke of Tuscanr.

adopted by this exccutive directory. : Hend/ -rters ni Fitter, 7101820.

With esteem and consideration, THE Hag of the French repub. Your Royal Highness's, &c. lic is constantly insulted in the port


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Ansu er to the above Letter., al highness against this governor, HIS royal highness is conscious who, in his whole conduct, disof having nothing to reproach him. plays a decided hatred against the self with relative to his frank, can.

French. did, and friendly conduct towards He yesterday endeavoured, at the the French republic and its sub.

moment of our arrival, to make jects. A sovereign in friendship the people rise up against us : there. with the republic cannot but regard, is no kind of ill treatment that he with the most extraordinary sur.

did not make our advanced guard prise, the orders given 10 your ex. experience. I should, doubtless, cellency from the directory. His have been justified in bringing him royal highness will not resist the to trial before a military commis. execution of them by force, but sion; but from respect for your will preserve the good understand. royal highness, intimately convinc. ing with the republic, still Harter. ed of the spirit of justice which di. ing himself with the hope that your

rects all your actions, I preferred excellency will, on better infor- sending him to Florence, where I marion, revoke your present re

ani persuaded, you will give or. solves.

der to have him punished severely.

I Should it not be in your excellen

must, at the same time, return cy's power to delay the entrance of my thanks to his royal highness, your troops into Leghorn till further for his goodness in appointing ge. orders, the governor of that place neral Straraldo to supply the army has full powers to agree with you. He has acquitted himself with

with every thing that was necessary. upon terms.

This I am ordered, by my sovereign's express com. equal zeal and success. aiand, to communicate to you,

BUONAPARTE with that respect in which I have the honour to remain, &c.

Arowerofthe Grand Duke af Tuscany (Signed) VITTORIO Fossom.


GENERAL Spannochi arrested Florence, June 26, 1796.

by your order has been brought hi.

ther. It is a point of delicacy to Head-quarters at Leghorn, June 9. keep him in arrest, until the mo.

tives of this siep, which I presume General Buonaparte, the Grand Dicke

to be just, are known to ine, in or. Tuscuny.

der to give you, as well as the Roya: HIGHNESS,

French republic and all Europe, AN hour bu!o:e we entered Leg- the greatest proof ofequity, conforhorn, an English frigate carried off inably to the laws of my country, two French ships, worth sco,coo 10 which I have always made it my livres. The goiernor suffered them duty to submit myself. to be taken under the fire of his i send this lecter by the inarquis batteries, which was contrary to Manfredini, iny major domo, whom the intention of your royal high. I request you to inform in what ness, and the neutrality of the port Spannochi has been culpable. You of Leghorn.

may besides repose full confidence I prefer a complaint to your roy, in him relative to all the objects




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interesting to the


Some a vowed royalists, flatly cir. jects.

culate a falschood; o: hers, calling I ardently desire to receive a themselves ;'lime patriots, but pl. letter written by yourself, which suing the same end, comnieni upon in the present circumstances may it, and ek it out in theiro on way, render me coniplerely trai quil, and under tlie pretence of combating at the same time assure the repose their pretended antagonist. Both of all Tuscany.

parties are thus at work to stop the (Signed) FERDINAND. progress of order, which is establish

ing; both second the enemies of Paris, 13 Thermiler uly 31,4h the revolution; both wish to sow

Year of the french republii. discor l, and to disorganise the ar. The Executive Directory to Citizen mies;, both wish thus to spore

with the good faith of their readers, Buona parte, Cimander in Chief

of those who afford them subsista of the Army of Italy.

ence, ard indecently present to THE executive directory, wlio thein, as facts, accounts which are cannot but praise, citizen general, nothing but the fruit of a disorder. the indefatigable activity with cd imagination. which you combat the enemies of No, citizen general, never have liberty ; the executive directory, the friends of Austria been able to who participate with all the good prepossess the directory against you, citizens, with all the true friends because the friends of Austria have of their country, with all the sin. neither access to, nor influence over cere 'republicans in the admiration the directory; b-cause the direcio. which the great military talents you ry known your principles, and your display inspire, and which give inviolable attachment to the repub. you a just cların to national grati. lic. No, never has your real bean tudė, see wiih izdig ation che ef. the question ; never have any of forts which libellers, oder diffe. the members wished to give a sucrent masks, are daily making to cessor to hiin who so gioriously mislead the public, and to second leads on our republicans to victory. the enemies of our country, by ru The libeller, who would feign to mours which can have no other end, be your defender, dares assert that than to disseminate dissention a. he kuows the intrigues hatched mong the friends of order and peace. against you, and of which some

The directory te with indignation money affair was only the pretence: the

ре rfidy with which those con. who assuming a virrue noi his own, federate libellers have dared to at. dares add, that delicacy made him tack the loyaliy, the constant fide. pass in silence events which would lity of your services; and they owe only have made our enemies laugh; to themselves the formal denial such a man iinposes opon, such a which they give to the absurd ca. man deceives the public; and is . lumnies which the necessity of fos. evidently unworthy their çonfi. tering malignity has made them dence. If this well-informed man, hazard, by accounts which tended who, like his fellow calumniators,

prove a stimulus to the directory wishes to give himself an air of to read their productions,

importance, pretending to know



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