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and Terebave i they went to Calais, where they so- A.D. 1421. journed some days, and afterwards crossed to Dover without any hindrance.
When King Henry of England arrived in his kingdom he was joyfully received by all, as was his right, and he immediately employed himself in getting his wife Lady Catherine of France crowned, and obeyed by all his subjects, which coronation took place in the royal City of London, the chief and principal of the whole kingdom of England; arid there there appeared such pomp, luxury and merriment, that since the time of the noble warrior King Arthur of Britain, no Englishmen had ever seen such a fete in the said City of London or any where else.
This being over and finished, the king went through the cities and good towns of his kingdom in his own person, where he exhibited himself to the inhabitants as a discreet prince, and spoke eloquently of the good success which had happened to him in France through his great labours and difficulties, and of the work which still remained for him to do in the said kingdom of France, that is to say, to subjugate his adversary the Dauphin of Viennois, only son of King Charles and brother of the queen, who was opposing him, calling himself, to his prejudice, regent and heir of France, and was holding, occupying, and possessing deceitfully the greater part of the kingdom; King Henry adding that to make this conquest he required two things, that is to say, money and armed men, so he affectionately begged them to put him in fimds. These requests made by him were liberally granted by all throughout the country, the cities, and large towns without meeting a single refusal; and certainly he collected in a short space of time such a treasure of gold, silver, and jewels that one could hardly count it up. And having done this he chose throughout his
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- kingdom a large body of the youth of the country, the strongest, the most skilful, and experienced in shooting and fighting, whom he formed into one army with his princes, knights, and esquires, so that in all he collected full 30,000 warriors to be led anew into France, to subdue his said adversary aud enemy the dauphin. Then, in order to be more secure during his expedition, he made truces with the Welsh and Scotch, and consented to the liberation of the King of Scotland, whom he had held prisoner for a long time, as has been said above, on condition that he should take to wife his cousin-gennan, sister of the Earl of Somerset, and niece of the Cardinal of Winchester, who was the principal man in negotiating this marriage and liberation.
During the same time Lady Jacqueline of Hainault, Duchess of Brabant, who had been married against her will to the Duke of Brabant, by the countess her mother, who had made the treaty of marriage against her will as has been said, came to Valenciennes to the said countess her mother, and asked her leave to go to divert and amuse herself at the town of Bouchain; but when she got there she set out very early next morning and found in the fields the Lord of Estaillon a native of Hainault, and of old an Englishman in heart. With him she had before held consultation in the town of Valenciennes, and he had promised to go with her to England to King Henry, to obtain his assistance to effect a separation between her and her said husband the Duke of Brabant. For this reason when she had found the said Lord of Estaillon, who had about sixty1 armed companions, she set out in his company, to go straight to Calais; and they rode this day to Houdaiu, and so persevered that she got to the King of England, who without fail received her, and treated her respectfully, promising to aid and support her generally in all her affairs.
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How the Dauphin was banished from France, and how the Lord of Lisle-A dam was imprisoned in the Bastille of St. Anthony at Paris. Chapter IX.
In the year above named, before the King of England A.D. 1420. left Paris to cross the sea, the Duke of Touraine, the dauphin, was called and summoned to the marble table, and there were performed in this case all the becoming and accustomed solemnities against this dauphin and his accomplices for the villanous crime committed on the person of the late John, Duke of Burgundy. And because during the days he neither appeared nor sent, he was by the royal council and the parliament banished from the whole kingdom, and adjudged unworthy ever to succeed to any lordships present or future, and even of the succession and claim to the crown which he had and could demand, [and this] notwithstanding that he appeared the true heir thereof after the death of King Charles, his father, according to the ancient custom of the said noble kingdom; at which rejection and banishment many Parisians were very glad, for they greatly distrusted him.
At this time, for certain reasons which influenced him to do it, the Duke of Exeter, captain of Paris, made his Englishmen arrest the Lord of Lisle-Adam in this town. On account of which capture there assembled full a thousand men of the commonalty of Paris with the view of rescuing him from the hands of those who were taking him to the Bastille of St. Anthony; but promptly the Duke of Exeter with about six score fighting men, most of them archers, struck into them, and made the archers shoot; whereupon the common people, as much through fear of the arrows as of the
A.D. 1420. orders which the said duke gave them on behalf of the king, all retired into their houses, and the said Lord of Lisle-Adam was taken prisoner to the Bastille, where he remained during the life of King Henry of England, who would have put him to death had it not been for the request of the Duke of Burgundy.
Of the Battle of Beauje in Anjou, where the English were routed and the Duke of Clarence slain; and how the Earl of Salisbury came up, and repulsed the Dauphinists. Chapter X.
A.D. 1421. At the end of this year, just on Easter-day, the Duke of Clarence, who had been captain general of all Normandy after the departure of the king his brother, led his army into the country of Anjou, where the dauphinists had gathered in large numbers, that is to say, the Count of Bosqueaux, Constable of the Dauphin, the Lord of La Fayette, and many other captains, to fight with their enemies and conquer them if they could. Now it came to pass that on this very Easter-day the said Duke of Clarence heard certain tidings that the dauphinists were very near, in a town called Bauje', in the country of Anjou; wherefore immediately the said duke, who was greatly renowned and brave in arms, took part of his men without delay, and especially nearly all his captains, and with these he began briskly to attack his enemies, and to open a sharp and severe conflict, in which many were killed and wounded in a short space of time. Meanwhile the great mass of his army followed far off, with much difficulty and danger from the bad passage of a river which they had to cross. And on the other hand the aforesaid dauphinists, who were prepared and warned A.D. 1421. of the approach of the said English, began to receive and fight them very sharply; and the English, who were not nearly so numerous as they, kept their ground vigorously, hoping to be supported by the troops who were coming after them in great force. But the said crossing, which was very difficult for them, retarded them so much that they could not come up soon enough; for the dauphinists, knowing that these English were coming in great force to assist the said Duke of Clarence, pushed forward to fight, and advanced marvellously to encounter the first arrived. So there began between them a sharp and severe engagement, in which many passes of arms took place; but, as the proverb says, that "might conquers," so it was then, for the French were two to one, wherefore it behoved the evil fortune of the hour to turn against the English, and the dauphinists gained this victory. The Duke of Clarence was killed on the spot, and with him the Earl of Kent, the Lord of Ros, and generally the flower of the said Duke of Clarence's esquires and knights, besides from two to three thousand common people. Also there were taken prisoners the Earls of Somerset, Huntingdon, and Le Perche, besides two hundred or thereabouts of their men. Of the dauphinists there were killed from a thousand to twelve hundred men, among whom was a very valiant knight called Charles Boutillier, and with him Sir John d'Yvorin, Garny de Fontaines, Sir John de Passeavant, Sir John de Bresle, Sir John Tostavant, and several other notable and valiant warriors, to the number aforesaid. And from that day forth this battle was called the battle of Bauj^, for the splendid victory which the French obtained there.