« 前へ次へ »
FIRST PART OF
KING HENRY THE SIXTH.
compass of above thirty years. In the three parts But I was made a king at nine months old." of King Henry VI. there is no very precise attention to
King Henry VI. Part II. Activ. Sc. the date and disposition of facts; they are shuffled back- • When I was crowii'd I was but nine months old." wards and forwards out of time. For instance, the
King Henry VI. Parı III. Act i. Sc I Lord Talbot is killed at the end of the fourth act of this The first of these pasrages is among the additions play, who ili reality did not fall till the 13th of July. made by Shak-peare w the old play, according to Mr. 1433 : and the Second Part of King Henry VI. opens Malupe's hypothesis. The other passage does occur in with the marriage of the king, which was solemnized the True Tragedie of Richard Duke of York; and eight years before Talbul's death, in the year 1445. therefore it is natural do conclude that neither Shak. Again, in the second part, dame Eleanor Cobham is in-speare por the author of that piece could have written troduced to insult Queen Margaret : though her penance the First Part of King Henry VI. and banishment for sorcery happened three years be- 2. In Actii. Sc. 5. of this play, it is said that the earl fore that princess came over to England. There are of Cambridge raised an army against his sovereign. other transgressions against history, as far as the order But Shak-peare, in his play of King Henry V. has re. of time is concerned.
presented the matter truly as it was : the earl being in Mr. Malone has written a dissertation to prove that ihal piece, Act ii., condemned at Southampton for con. the First Part of King Henry VI. was not written by spiring to assassinate Henry. Shakspeare : and that the Second and Third Parts were 3. The author of this play knew the true pronunci. only altered by him from the old play, entitled • The ation of the word Hecale, as it is used by the Roman Contention of the Two famous Houses of Yorke and writerg: Lancaster,' printed in two parts, in quarto, in 1594 and I speak not to that railing Hecate.' 1595. The substance of his argument, as far as regards But Shakspeare, in Macbeth, always uses Hecate un this play, is as follows :
dissyllable: 1. The diction, versification, and allusions in it, are The second speech in this play ascertains the author all different from the diction, versification, and allusions to have been very familiar with Hall's Chronicle : of Shakspeare, and corresponding with those of Greene, 'What should I say. his deeds exceed all speech." Peele, Lodge, Marlowe, and others who preceded him: This phrase is introduced upon almost every occasion there are more allusions to mythology, to classical an. by Hall when he means to be eloquent. Holinshed, not thors, and to ancient and modern history, than are Hall, was Shakspeare's historian. Here then is an found in any one piece of Shakspeare's written on an additional minule proof that this play was not Shak. English story: they are such as do not naturally rise speare's. out of the subject, but seem to be in:erted merely to This is the sum of Malone's argument, which Steo. show the writer's learning. These allusions, and many vens hay but feebly combated in notes appended to it; particular expressions, seem more likely to have been and I am disposed io think more out of a spirit of oppo: used by the authors already named than by Shak. stion than from any other cause. Malone conjectured speare.-He points out many of the allusions, and in that this piece which we now call the First Part of sances the words proditor and immanity, which are King Heory VI. was, when firet performed, called The not to be found in any of the poet's undisputed works. Play or king Henry VI.; and he afterwards found his --The versification he thinks clearly of a diferent co.
conjecture confirmed by an entry in the accounts of lour from that of Shakspeare's genuine dramas ; while Henslewe, the proprietor of the Rose Theatre on the at the same time it resembles that of many of the plays Bank Side. li must have been very popular, having produced before his time. The sense concludes or been played no less than thirteen times in one season: pauses almost uniformly at the end of esery line; and the first enuy of ils performance by the Lord Strange's the verse has scarcely ever a redundant syilable. He company, at the Rose, is dated March 3, 1591. It is produces numerous instances from the works of Lodge, worthy of remark that Shak-peare does not appear at Peele, Greene, and others, of similar versification. any time to have had the smallest connexion with that
A passage in a pamphlet written by Thomas Nashe, theatre, or the companies playing there ; which affords an intimate friend of Grecve, Peele, Marlowe, &c. additional argumeiit in favour of Malone's position, shows that the First Part of King Henry VI. had been that the play could not be his.. ' By whom it was writ. on the stage before 1592 ; and his favourable mention of len (says Malone,) it is now, I fear, ditlicult to ascer. the piece may induce a belief that it was written by a It was not entered on the Stationers' books, nor friend of his. * How would it have joyed brave Talbot, printed with the year 1623 ; when it was reiterated with the terror of the French, to thinke that, after he bad Shakspeare's undisputed plays by the editors of the lyen two hundred yeare in his tombe, he should triumph first tolio, and improperly entitled the Third* Part of again on the stage; and have his boues new embainied King Henry VI. 'In one sense it might be called so; with the teares of ien thousand spectators at least (at for iwo plays on the subject of thai reign had been several times,) who in the tragedian that represents his printed before. But considering the history of that king, person behold him fresh bleeding.'--Pierce Penniless, and the period of uime which the piece comprehendo it his Supplication to the Deril, 1592.
ought to have been called, what in fact it is, The First That this passage related to the old play of King Part of King Ken Vl. At this distance of time it is Henry VI. or, as it is now called, the First Part of impossible to ascertain on what principle it was that King Henry VI. can hardly be doubled. Tallio appears Heminge and Condell admitted it into their volume; but in the First Pari, and noi in the Second or Third Pari, suspect that they gave it a place as a necessary intro. and is expressly spoken of in the play, as well as in duction to the iwo other parts; and because Shakspeare Hall's Chronicle, as the terror of the French. Holin had made some slight' alterations, and written i lew thed, who was Shakspeare's guide, omits the passage lines in ilt in Hall, in which Talbot is thus described ; and this is Mr. Malone's arguments have made many cousers an additional proof that this play was not the producuon to his opinion; and perhaps Mr. Morgann, in l.is ele: of our great poel.
gant Essay on the Dramatic Character of Falstafl, i led There are other internal proofs of this :
the way, when he pronounced it “That-drum-and. 1. The author does not seem to have known precisely trumrei ihing,-written doubtless, or rather exbiui. now old Henry VI. was at the time of his father's long before Shak-peare was born, though afterwards death. He supposed him in have passed the state of repaired and furbished up by taim with here and there infancy before he lost his father, and even to have re.
sentiment and diction. miembered some of his sayings. In the Fourth Aci, Sc. 1, speaking of the famoli Talbot, he says :When I was young (as yet I am noi old,)
• This applies only to the title in the Register of the I do remember how mi, falhet suid,
Stationers' Company: in the first folio it was called the A stouter chainpion never handled sword.' First Part of King Henry VI. Dul Shakspeare knew that Henry VI.could not possi. Malone's Life of Shakapoare, p. 310, er! 1821, bly remember any thing of his father :
First published in 1777
FIRST PART OF
KING HENRY THE SIXTH.
KING HENRY THE SIXTA.
Mayor of London. WOODVILLE, Lieutenant of Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King, and Pro
the Tower. tector.
VERNON, of the White Rose, or York Faction. DUKE of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Regent BASSET, of the Red Rose, ør Lancaster Faction.
of France. Thomas BEAUFORT, Duke of Exoter, grend Uncle REIGNIER, Duke of Anjou, and titular King of
CHARLES, Dauphin, and afterwards King of France. to the King. HENRY BEAUFORT, great Uncle to the King, Bi- Duke of BURGUNDY. DUKE of Alencok.
Master-Gunner of Orleans, and his Son.
A French Sergeant. A Porter.
MARGARET, Daughter to Reignier: afterwarde EARL OF WARWICK. EARL of SALISBURY, EARL
married to King Henry. of SUFFOLK.
COUNTESS of AUVERGNE. LORD TALBOT, afterwards Earl of Shrewsbury. JOAN LA PÚCELLE, commonly called Joan of Arc. JOHN Talbot, his Son.
Fiends appearing to La Pucelle, Lords, Warders EDMOND MORTIMER, Earl of March.
of the Tower, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, MesMortimer's Keeper, and a Lawyer. Sir John FASTOLFE. Sir William Lucy.
sengers, and several Attendants both on the Engo
lish and French. SIR WILLIAM GLANSDALE. SIR THOMAS GAR
SCENE-partly in England, and party in France,
Like captives bound to a triumphant car. SCENZ I. Wostminster Abbey. Dead March. That ploited thus our glory's overthrow ?
What? 'shall we curse the planets of mishap, Corpse of King Henry the Fifih discovered, lying Or shall we think the subile-witted French in slote; attended on by the Dukes of Bedford, Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him, GLOSTER, and EXETER; the EARL OF WAR By magick verses have contriv'd his end ? wick,' the BISHOP of WINCHESTER, Heralds, Win. He was a king bless'd of the King of kings. Soc.
Unto the French the dreadful judgment day
So dreadful will not be, as was his sight. llung be the heavens with black,' yield day to The battles of the Lord of Ilosts he fought : night!
The church's prayers made him so prosperous. Comets, importing change of times and states,
Glo. The church! where is it? Had not church Brandish your crystals trosses in the sky,
men pray'd, And with ihom scourge the bad revolting stars,
His thread of life had not so soon decay'il:* That have consented* unto Henry's deaih! Nono do you like but an effeminate prince, Henry the Fifth, too famous to live long!
Whom, like a schoolboy, you may overawe. England ne'er lost a king of so much worth.
Win. Gloster, whate'er we like, thou art prom Glo. England no'er had a king, until his time.
tector; Virtue he had, deserving to command:
And lookest to command the prince, and realm. This brandish'd sword did blind men with his beams; Thy wife is proud ; she holdeth thee in awe, Flis aris spread wider than a dragon's wings;
More than God, or religious churchmen, may, His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire,
Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov'st the flesh; Moro dazzled and drove back his enemies,
And ne'er throughout the year to church thou go'st, Than midday sun fierce bent against their faces.
Except it be to pray against thy foes. What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech :
Bed. Ccase, cease these jars, and rest your minda He ne'er lift up his hand, but conquer'd.
in peace! Ere. We mourn in black; Why mourn wo not Let's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us :in blood ?
Instead of gold, we'll offer up our arms; Henry is dead, and nevor shall revive ;
Since arms avail not, now that Henry's dead.Upon a wooden coffin we attend;
Posterity, await for wretched years, And death's dishonourable victory.
When at their mothers' moist eyes babes shall suck; Wo with our stately presence glorify,
Our isle be made a nourish of salt tears,
And none but women left to wail the dead. I Richard Beauchump, oarl of Warwick, who is a character in King Henry V. The earl of Warwick, 3 Crystal is an epithet repeatedly bestowed on comets who appears in a subsequent part of this drama, is by our ancient writers. Richaru Nevill, son to the earl of Salisbury, who came 4 Consented here means conspired ingether to pro to the title in right of his wife, Anne, sister of Henry mote the death of Henry by their malignant influence Beauchamp, duke of Warwick. Richard, the father on human events. Our ancestors had but one word to of this Henry, was appointed governor to the king on express conseni, and concent, which meant accord and the demise of Thomas Beaufort, duke of Exoter, and agreement, whether or persons or things. died in 1439. There is no reason to think the author 5 There was a notion long prevalent that life might be meant to confound the two characters,
taken away by metrical charms. 2 Alluding to the ancient practice of hanging the stage 6 Nurse, was anciently spelt nouryce and noryshe with black when a tragedy was to be acted.
and, by Lydgre, even nourishi
Henry the Fifth! thy ghost I invocate ;
Retiring from the siege of Orleans,
No leisure had he io enrank his men;
He wanted pikes to set before his archers;
Instead whereof, sharp stakes, pluck'd out of hedges,
To keep the horsemen off from breaking in. or loss, of slaughter, and discomfiture :
More than three hours the fight continued ;
Where valiant Talbot, above human thought,
Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he slew:
Glo. Is Paris lost ? is Rouen yielded up? His soldiers, spying his undaunted spirit, If Henry were recall'd to life again,
A Talbot ! a Talbot! cried out amaín, These news would cause him once more yield the And rush'd into the bowels of the baule. ghost.
Here had the conquest fully been seald up, Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was if Sir John Fastolfes had not play'd the coward; us'd ?
He being in the vaward (plac'd behind, Mess. No treachery; but want of men and money. With purpose to relieve and follow them,) Among the soldiers this is matter'd,
Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke.
Hence grew the general wreck and massacre;
A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace,
Bed. Is Talbot slain? then I will slay mysell,
Unto his dastard foeman is betray'd.
Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France :- Most of the rest slaughter'd, or took, likewise.
Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours.
Farewell, my masters; to my task will I;
Bonfires in France forthwith I am to make,
Ten thousand soldiers with me I will take,
3 Mess. So you had need; for Orleans is boThe Dauphin Charles is crowned king in Rheins;
And hardly keeps his men from muliny,
Ece. Remember, lords, your oaths to Henry 0, whither shall we fly from this reproach?
sworn; Glo. We will not fly, but to our enemies' throats; Either to quell the Dauphin utterly, Bedford, if thou be slack, I'll fight it out.
Or bring him in obedience to your yoke. Bed. Gloster, why doubt'st thou of my forward- Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave, ness?
To go about my preparation. An army have I muster'd in my thoughts,
Glo. I'll to the Tower, with all the haste I can,
To view the artillery and munition;
And then I will proclaim young Henry king. [Exit.
Exe. To Eltham will 1, where the young king is,
Win. Each hath his place and function to attend:
I am left out: for me nothing remains.
And sit at chiefest stern of public weal.
(Exit. Scene closes.
5 For an account of this Sir John Fastolfe, vide Bio. i Pope conjectured that this blank had been supplied graphia Britannica, by Kippis, vol. v.; in which is his by the name of Francis Drake, which, though a gla-life, written by Mr. Gough. ring anachronism, might have been a popular, though 6' The old copy reads send, the present reading was not judicious, mode of attracting plaudits in the theatre. proposed by Mason, who observes that the king was not Part of the arms of Drake was two blazing stars. 2 Capel proposeil to complete this defective verse by care of the dike of Exeter. The second article of accu.
at this time in the power of the cardinal, but under tho the insertion of Ronen among the places lost, as Gloster sation brought against the bishop by the duke of Glouces. infers that it had been mentioned with the rest. 3 i.e. England's flowing lides.
ter is that he purposed and disposed him to set hand on
the king's person, and 10 have removed him from El 4 i.e. their miseries which have only a short inter. ihom to Windsor, to the intent to put him in governance mission.
as him list.' Holinabod vol ll. p. 591.
SCENE II. Franco. Before Orleans. Enter Speak, shall I call her in ? Believe my words,
CHARLES, with his Forces ; Alencox, REIGNIER, For they are certain and infallible. and others.
Char. Go, call her in: (Exit Bastard.) But, first Char. Mars his true moving,' even as in the
to try her skill, heavens,
Reignier, stand thou as Dauphin in my place : So in the earth, to this day is not known:
Question her proudly, let thy looks be stern:Late did he shine upon the English side;
By this mean'shall we sound what skill she hath, Now we are victors, upon us he smiles.
[Retires, What towns of any moment, but we have ? Enter LA PUCELLE, Bastard of Orleans, and others. At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans;
Reig. Fair maid, is't thou wilt do these wondrous Otherwhiles, the famish'd English, like pale ghosts,
feats? Faintly besiege us one hour in a month.
Puc. Reignier, is't thou that thinkest to beguile Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat hullbeeves :
Where is the Dauphin ?--come, come from behind; Either they must be dieted like mules, And have their provender tied to their mouths,
I know thee well, though never seen before.
Be not amaz'd, there's nothing hid from me: Or piteous they will look, like drowned mice, Reig. Let's raise the siege ; Why live we idly Stand back, you lords, and give us leave a while.
In private will I talk with thee apart: here? Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear:
Reig. She takes upon her bravely at first dash. Remaineth none but mad-brain'd Salisbury ;
Puc. Dauphin, I am by birth a shepherd's daughter.
My wit untrain'd in any kind of art. And he may well in fretting, spend his gall,
Heaven, and our Lady gracious, hath it pleas'd Nor men, nor money, 'hath he to make war. Char. Sound, sound alarum; we will rush on them. Lo, whilst I waited on my tender lambs,
To shine on my contemptible estate: Now for the honour of the forlorn French :-
And to sun's parching heat display'd my cheeks,
God's mother deigned to appear to me;
Her aid she promis'd, and assurd success :
With those clear rays which she infus'd on me,
That beauty am I bless'd with, which you see.
Ask me what question thou canst possible,
And I will answer unpremeditated : Do rush upon us as their hungry prey.?
My courage try by combat, if thou dar'sı, Alen. Froissard, a countryman of ours, records, Resolve on this :* Thou shalt be fortunate,
And thou shalt find that I exceed my sex.
If thou receive me for thy warlike mate.
Char. Thou hast astonish'd me with thy high For none but Samsons, and Goliasses
terms; It sendeth forth to skirmish. One to ten !
Only this proof I'll of thy valour make, Lean raw-bon'd rascals; who would e'er suppose
In single combat thou shalt buckle with me:
And, if thou vanquishest, thy words are true;
Puc. I am prepar'd : bere is my keen-edged sword,
Deck'd with five flower-de-luces on each side: And hunger will enforce them to be more eager : of old I know them ; rather with their teeth
The which at Touraine, in Saint Katharine's churchThe walls they'll tear down, than forsake the siege.
yard, Reig. I think, by some odd gimmals or device,
Out of a great deal of old iron I chose forth. Their arms are set, like clocks, still to strike on;
Char. Then come o'God's name, I fearno woman. Else ne' r could they hold out so as they do.
Puc. And, while I live, I'll ne'er fly from a man. By my consent, we'll e'en let them alone.
[They fighe Alen. Be it so.
Char. Slay, stay thy hands ; thou art an Amazon,
And fightest with the sword of Deborah.
Puc. Christ's mother helps me, else I were too Bast. Where's the prince Dauphin, I have news
weak. for him.
Char. Whoe'er helps thee, 'tis thou that must Char. Bastards of Orleans, thrice welcome to us.
help me : Bast. Methinks, your looks are sad, your cheer Impatiently I burn with thy desire; appallid:
My heart and hands thou hast at once subdu'd. Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence ?
Excellent Pucelle, if thy name be so, Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand :
Let me thy servant, and not sovereign, be; A holy maid hither with me I bring,
"Tis the French Dauphin sueth thus to thee. Which, by a vision sent to her from heaven,
Pue. I must not yield to any rites of love, Ordained is to raise this tedious siege,
For my profession's sacred from above:
Then will I think upon a recompense.
4 By gimmals, gimbols, gimmers, or gimorces, any
kind of device or machinery producing motion was . 1 You are as ignorant in the true movings of my, meant. Baret has the gimeio or hinge of a door.' muse as the astronomers are in the true morings of 5 Buslard was not in former times a Urle of reproach, Mars, which to thisday they could never attain to. Ga. 6 Cheer in this instance meang heart or courage, 88 briel Harrey's Hunt is up, by Nash, 1596, Pre face. in the expression be of good cheer.' : i. e. the prey for which they are hungry.
7 Warburton says that, there were no nine sybils of 3 These were two of the most famous in the list of Rome, it is a inistake for the nine Sibylline Oracles Charlemagne's twelve peers; and their exploits are the brought to one of the Tarquins. But the poet followed theme of the old romances. From the equally doughty the popular books of his day, which say ihat 'the ten and unheard of exploits of these champions, arose the sybils were women that had ihe spirit of prophecy (eno saying of Giving a Rowland for an Olirer, for giving a merating them) and that they prophesied or Christ. erson as good as he brings.
8 i.e. be convinced of it.
Chos. Mean tino, look gracious on thy prostrate | Servants rush at the Tower Gates. Enter, to the thrall.
Gates, WOODVILLE, the Lieutenant. Reig. My lord, methinks, is very long in talk.
Wood. (Within.) What noise is this? what traiAlen. Doubtless he shrives this woman to her
tors have we here? smock;
Glo. Lieutenant, is it you, whose voice I hear ? Else ne'er could he so long protract his speech. Open the gates; here's Gloster, that would enter. Reig. Shall we disturb him, since he keeps no Wood. (Within.] Have patience, noble duke: I mean!
may not open ; Alen. He may mean more than we poor men do the cardinal of Winchester forbids : know:
From him I have express.commandment, These women are shiewe tempters with their tongues. That thou, nor none of thine, shall be let in. Rag. My lord, where are you? what deviso you Glo. Faint-hearted Woodville, prizest him 'fore
on? Shall we give over Or.eans, or no?
Arrogant Winchester ? that haughty prelate, Puc. Why, no, I sav, distrustful recreants !
Whom Henry, our late sovereign, ne'er could brook? Fıght till the last gesp, I will be your guard. Thou art no friend to God, or to the king : Char. What sne says, I'll confirm; we'll fight it Open the gates, or I'll shut thee out shortly. out.
1 Serv. Open the gates unto the lord protector ; Puc. Assign'd am I to be the English scourgo. Or we'll burst them open, if that you come not This night the siege assuredly I'll raise :
quickly. Expect Saint Martin's summer,' halcyon days, Since I have entered into these wars.
Enter WINCHESTER, attended by a Train of Ser. Glory is like a circle in the water,
vants in tawny Coats." Which never ceaseth to enlarge itself,
Win. How now, ambitious Humphry? what Till, by broad spreading, it disperse to nought.
means this? With Henry's death, the English circle ends; Glo. Piel'd priest, dost thou command me to be Dispersed are the glories it included.
shut out? Now am I like that pro:ad insulting ship,
Win, I do, thou most usurping proditor, Which Cresar and his fortune bare at once. And not protector of the king or realm.
Char. Was Mahomet inspired with a dove ? Glo. Stand back, thou manifest conspirator; Thou with an eagle art inspired then.
Thou, that coutriv'dst to murder our dead lord Helen, the mother of great Constantino,
Thou, that giv'st whores indulgences to sing
Alen, Leave off delays, and let us raise the siege.
To slay thy brother Abel, if thou wilt.
I'll use, to carry thee out of this place. No prophet will I'trust, if she prove false. (Ereunt. Win. Do what thou dar'st: I beard thee to thy SCENE III. London.
face. Hill before the Tower. Enter, at the Gates, the Duke of GLOSTER, with
Glo. What ? am I dar'd, and bearded to my his Serving-men in blue Coals.
Draw, men, for all this privileged place; Glo. I am come to survey the Tower this day;
Blue-coats to tawny-coats. Priest, beware your Since Henry's death, I fear there is conveyance.
beard ; Where be these warders, that they wait not here?
(GLOSTER and his men attack the BishopOpen the gates; Gloster it is that calls.
[Servants knock. Under my feet i stamp thy cardinal's hat;
I mean to tug it, and to cuff you soundly: 1 Ward. (Within.] Who is there that knocks 50 In spite of pope or dignities of church,
imperiously? I Sery. It is the noble duke of Gloster.
Here by the cheeks I'll drag thee up and down.
Win. Gloster, thou'lt answer this before the 2:Ward. (Within.) Whoe'er he be, you may not
pope. be let in.
Glo. Winchester goose,'? I cry-a rope ! a rope ! I Serv. Answer you so the lord protector, Thee I'll chase hence, thou wolf in sheep's array..
Now beat them hence: Why do you let them stay? villains ? 1 Ward. (Within.) The Lord protect him! so
Out, tawny coats !-out scarlet's hypocrite! we answer him:
Here a great Tumull. In the midst of it, Enter the We do no otherwise than we are will'd.
Mayor of London, 14 and Oficers. Gl. Who willed you? or whose wiil stands, but May. Fye, lords! that you, being supreme magis mine?
trates, There's none protector of the realm, but I.
Thus contumeliously should break the peace!
Glo. Peace, mayor; thou know'st liule of my
wrongs : 1 i. e. expeet prosperity after misfortune, like fair 9 Traitor. weather at Marlemas, after winter has begun.
10 The public steurs in Southwark were under the 2 This is a favourite image with poets.
jurisdiction of the bishop of Winchester. Upton had 8 Mahomet had a dove, which he used to feed with seen the office book of the court leel, in which was en wheat out of his ear; which dove when it was hungry, tered the fees paid by, and the customs and regulation highted un Mahomet's shoulder, and thrust its bill in to of these brothels. find its breakfast, Mahumet persuading the rude and 11 To cantas was 'to toss in a sievo; a punishment simple Arabians that it was the Holy Ghost.' Raleigh's (says Cotgrave) inflicted on such as commit gross ab Hist, of the World, part i. c. vi.
surditjes.' 4 Meaning the fois daughtors of Philip mentioned in 12 A Winchester goose was a particular stage of the Acts, xxi. 9.
disease contracted in the stews, hence Gloucester bea, 5 Conveyance anciantly signified any kind of furtive blows the epithet on the bishop in derision and scorn. knavery, or privy stealing.
13 In King Henry VIII. the earl of Surrey, with a 6. To break up was the same as to break open. similar allusion to Cardinal Wolsey's habit, calls him
7 It appears that the attendants upon ecclesiastical scarlet sin.' courts, and a bishop's servants, were then, as now, dis- 14 It appears from Pennant'. London that this mayor? inguished by clothing of a sombre colour.
was John Coventry, an opulent mercer, from whom the 1 o. bald, alluding to his sharon crown.
prosent earl of Coventry is descended.",