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according Adam Smith agriculture appears Aristotle Austrian School balance of trade Bastiat Cannan's capital capitalist Carey century Chap chapter chief classical economics commerce commodities concerning consumption cost criticism deduction demand distinction distribution division of labor doctrine economic ideas economic thought economists emphasized England English equal Essay ethical exchange value exist fact factors foreign German Ibid important income increase individual industry influence interest Kameralism Kameralistic land limited Louis Blanc Malthus manufactures Marx material matter ment Mercantilism Mercantilists method Mill natural nomic philosophy Physiocrats Political Economy population Principles production profits Quesnay regarded regulation rent revenue Ricardo Roman says School Sismondi ſº social Socialists society subsistence supply surplus taxation taxes tendency theory of value things thinkers Thünen tion trade Turgot usury utility value theory wages Wealth of Nations writers
100 ページ - I think it will be but a very modest computation to say, that of the products of the earth useful to the life of man...
179 ページ - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command.
172 ページ - It is but equity, besides, that they who feed, cloath, and lodge the whole body of the people, should have such a share of the produce of their own labour as to be themselves tolerably well fed, cloathed, and lodged.
200 ページ - Man is necessarily confined in room. When acre has been added to acre till all the fertile land is occupied, the yearly increase of food must depend upon the melioration of the land already in possession. This is a fund, which, from the nature of all soils, instead of increasing, must be gradually diminishing.
27 ページ - Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their olive-yards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
220 ページ - Rent is that portion of the produce of the earth, which is paid to the landlord for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil.
249 ページ - England of his day, whatever its limitations, was seething with important movements as interesting, in slightly different applications, on this side of the Atlantic as well as on the other...
194 ページ - Were the face of the earth, he says, vacant of other plants, it might be gradually sowed and overspread with one kind only, as for instance with fennel; and were it empty of other inhabitants, it might in a few ages be replenished from one nation only, as for instance with Englishmen.
518 ページ - ... 3. We hold that the conflict of labor and capital has brought into prominence a vast number of social problems, whose solution requires the united efforts, each in its own sphere, of the church, of the state, and of science. "4. In the study of the industrial and commercial policy of governments we take no partisan attitude. We believe in a progressive development of economic conditions, which must be met by a corresponding development of legislative policy.