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10.4. O casid

THE

HISTORY

ENGLISH LITERATURE;

WITH

AN OUTLINE OF THE ORIGIN AND GROWTH

OF

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE:

ILLUSTRATED BY EXTRACTS.

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS AND OF PRIVATE STUDENTS

BY
WILLIAM SPALDING, A. M.,
PROFESSOR OF LOGIC, RHETORIC, AND METAPHYSICS, IN THE UNIVERSITY OF SAINT

ANDREWS.

NEW-YORK:
.D. APPLETON & COMPANY,

443 & 445 BROADWAY.

1867.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF
GEORGE TIL'S PUIYPTON

V75 1324

ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by

D. APPLETON & COMPANY, in the Clerk's Olice of the District Court for the Southern District of

New-York,

PREFACE.

This volume is offered, as an Elementary Text-Book, to those who are interested in the instruction of young persons.

The tenor of my own pursuits, and my hearty concurrence in the wish to see the systematic study of English Literature occupying a wider place in the course of a liberal education, seemed to justify me in attempting, at the request of the publishers, to frame an unambitious Manual, which should relate and explain some of the leading facts in the Intellectual History of our Nation. Those youthful students, for whose benefit the book is intended, will, I would fain hope, find it not ill calculated to serve, whether in the class-room or in the closet, as an incitement to the perusal, and a clue through the details, of works possessing higher pretensions, and imparting fuller information.

It is for others to decide whether, in ushering young readers into the field of Literary History, I have been able to make the study interesting or attractive to them. I am at least confident that the book does not contain any thing that is beyond their comprehension, either in its manner of describing facts, or in its criticisms of works, or in its incidental suggestion of critical and historical principles. But, on the other hand, having much faith in the vigour of youthful intelligence, and a strong desire to aid in the right guidance of youth ful feeling, I have not shrunk from availing myself freely of the opportunities, furnished profusely by a theme so noble, for endeavour. ing to prompt active thinking and to awaken refined and elevating sentiments. I have frequently invited the student to reflect, how closely the world of letters is related, in all its regions, to that world of reality and action in the midst of which it comes into being: how Literature is, in its origin, an effusion and perpetuation of human thoughts, and emotions, and wishes; how it is, in its processes, an art which obeys a consistent and philosophical theory; how it is, in its effects, one of the highest and most powerful of those influences,

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