From Adam Smith to Michael Porter: Evolution of Competitiveness Theory

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World Scientific, 2000 - 223 ページ
Latest Edition: From Adam Smith to Michael Porter: Evolution of Competitiveness Theory (Extended Edition)Traditionally, a nation's international competitiveness has been explained by international trade theories originating from Adam Smith. However, today's global economy is too complicated to be explained by the traditional trade theories. Recently, Michael Porter of the Harvard Business School introduced a new competitiveness theory, the so-called diamond model. He differentiated his theory from the traditional trade theories by arguing that national prosperity is not inherited, but created by choices; in other words, national wealth is not set by factor endowments, but created by strategic choices. He showed different choices of creating wealth, which had been quite limited in the world of traditional trade theories. His diamond model has lately been extended by several scholars. This book highlights Porter's achievement by comparing it with those of traditional trade theorists and presents new developments of competitiveness theory. By discussing the "before" and "after" of Porter's theory, the authors provide the reader with a holistic picture of competitiveness theory.
 

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目次

Foreword vii
7
Evolution from Trade Theory to Competitiveness Theory xvii
9
Table 11 Ricardos Comparative Advantage
11
Debate
21
Table 21 Value Added Per Worker
32
Theory
55
Figure 31 Determinants of National Competitiveness
61
Figure 32 The Italian Footwear Cluster
67
Extended Model 1
111
Figure 51 The HomeBased Single Diamond
115
Table
121
Extended Model 2
135
Stage Model 1
161
Stage Model 2
175
How to Measure Competitiveness
195
Bibliography
219

Table 31 Estimated Number of Japanese Rivals in Selected Industries
94
Debate
95

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