Scotland, which was used before the Scottish kings assumed a close crown;" and, on occasion of the same-solemnity, dined at the king's table, wearing the crown. It is probable; that the coronation of his predecessor was not less solemn. So sacred was the herald's office, that, in 1515, Lord Drummond was by parliament declared guilty of treason, and his lands forfeited, because he had struck, with his fist, the Lion King-at-arms, when he reproved him for his follies.* Nor was he restored, but at the Lion's earnest solicitation,

Note v.

Chrichton Castle.-P. 196. A large ruinous castle on the banks of the Tyne, about seven miles from Edinburgh. As indicated in the text, it was built at different times, and with a very differing regard to splendour and accommodation. The oldest part of the building is a narrow keep, or tower, such as formed the mansion of a lesser Scottish baron; but so many additions have been made to it, that there is now a large court-yard, surrounded by buildings of different ages. The eastern front of the court is raised above a portico, and decorated with entablatures, bearing anchors. All the stones of this front are cut into diamond facets, the angular projections of which have an uncommonly rich ap:

.* The record expresses, or rather is said to have expressed: the cause of forfeiture to be," Eo quod Leonem, armorum, Regem pugno violasset, dum eum de ineptiis suis admonet."— See Nisbet's Heraldry, Part IV, chap. 16.; and LESLÆT Historią ad. Annum 1515.

pearance. The inside of this part of the building appears to have contained a gallery of great length, and uncommon elegance. Access was given to it by a magnificent stair-case, now quite destroyed. The soffits are ornamented with twining cordage and rosettes; and the whole seems to bave been far more splendid than was usual in Scottish castles. The castle belonged originally to the Chancellor Sir William Crichton, and probably owed to him its first enlargement, as well as its being taken by the Earl of Douglas, who imputed to Crichton's counsels the death of his predecessor Earl William, beheaded in Edinburgh Castle, with his brother, in 1440. It is said to have been totally demolished on that occasion : but the present state of the ruins shews the contrary. In 1483, it was garrisoned by Lord Crichton, then its proprietor, against King James III., whose displeasure he had incurred by seducing his sister Margaret, in revenge, it is said, for the monarch having dishonoured his bed. From the Crichton family the castle passed to that of the Hepburns, Earls of Bothwell; and when the forfeitures of Stewart, the last Earl of Bothwell, were divided, the barony and castle of Crichton fell to the share of the Earl of Buccleuch. They were afterwards the property of the Pringles of Clifton, and are now that of Sir John Callander, Baronet. It were to be wished the proprietor would take a little pains to preserve these splendid remains of antiquity, which are at present used as a fold for sheep, and wintering cattle; although, perhaps, there are very few ruins in Scotland which display so well the stile and beanty of ancient castlearchitecture. The castle of Crichton has a dungeop vault, callcd the Massy More. The epithet, which is not uncommonly applied to the prisons of other old castles in Scotland, is of Sa. racenic origin. It occurs twice in the “ Epistolæ Itinerariæ of Tollius : “ Carcer subterraneus, sive, ut Mauri appellant, MAZMORRA,” p. 147.; and again, “ Coguntur omnes Captivi sub noctem in ergastula subterraneu, quæ Turcæ Algezerani cocant MAZMORRAS,” p. 243. The same word applies to the dungeons of the ancient Moorish castles in Spain, and serves to shew from what nation the Gothic stile of castle-building was originally derived.

Note VI.

Earl Adam Hepburn.-P. 199.
He was the second Earl of Bothwell, and fell in the field of
Flodden, where, according to an ancient English poet, he dis-
tinguished himself by a furious attempt to retrieve the day :-

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Then on the Scottish part, right proud,

The Earl of Bothwell then out brast,
And stepping forth, with stomach good,

Into the enemies throng he thrast:
And Bothwell! Bothwell! cried bold,

To cause his souldiers to ensue,
But there he caught a wellcome cold,
The Englishmen straight down him threw.

Flodden Field.

Adam was grandfather to James, Earl of Bothwell, too well known in the history of Queen Mary.

Note VII.
For that a messenger from heuven,
In vain to James had counsel given

Against the English war.-P. 200. This story is told by Pitscottie with characteristic simplicity: “ The king, seeing that France could get no support of him for that time, made a proclamation, full hastily, through all the realm of Scotland, both east and west, south and north, as well in the Isles as in the firm land, to all manner of man betwixt sixty and sixteen years, that they should be ready, within twenty days, to pass with him, with forty days victual, and to meet at the Burrow-muir of Edinburgh, and there to pass forward where he pleased. His proclamations were hastily obeyed, contrary to the Council of Scotland's will; but every man loved his prince so well, that they would, on no ways, disobey him; but every man caused make his proclamation so hastily, conform to the charge of the king's proclamation.

“ The king came to Lithgow, where he happened to be for the time at the Council, very sad and dolorous, making his devotion to God, to send him good chance and fortune in his voyage. In this mean time, there came a man clad in a blue gown in at the kirk-door, and belted about him a roll of linen-cloth; a pair of brotikings' on his feet, to the great of his legs ; with all other hose and clothes conform there."


to; but he had nothing on his head, but syde' red yellow hair behind, and on his haffets, 2 which wan down to his shoulders; but his forehead was bald and bare. He seemed to be a man of two and-fifty years, with a great pike-staff in his hand, and came first forward among the lords, crying and speiring 3 for the king, saying, he desired to speak with him. While, at the last, he came where the king was sitting in the desk at his prayers : but when he saw the king, he made him little reverence or salutation, but leaned down grofling on the desk before him, and said to him in this manner, as after follows: • Sir king, my mother hath sent me to you, desiring you not to pass, at this time, where thou art purposed; for if thou does, thou wilt not fare well in thy journey, nor none that passeth with thee. Further, she bade thee mell4 with no womau, nor use their counsel, nor let them touch thy body, vor thou theirs ; for, if thou do it, thou wilt be confounded and brought to shame.

“ By this man had spoken thir words unto the king's grace, the evening song was near done, and the king paused on thir words, studying to give him an answer; but, in the mean time, before the king's eyes, and in the presence of all the lords that were about him for the time, this man vanished away, and could no ways be seen or comprehended, but vanished away as he had been a blink of the sun, or a whip of the whirlwind, and could no more be seen. I heard say, Sir David Lindesay, lyon

3 Asking.

" Long.

2 Cheeks.

4 Meddle.

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