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advantages advertising agencies agricultural basis bought brand brokers Bureau buyers cash cent centers central market chain store Chap Cherington Chicago cities commodities competing competition competitors concentration consumer consumption contracts coöperative cost cotton crop customers dealers demand creation department stores direct marketing directly discussion dispersion distribution duction exchange expense fact factories facturer farm products farmers Federal Trade Commission final financing flour frequently fruits functions grade grain grocery growers handling Heinrich Ries important increased industry involved jobber jobbing houses jobbing market large scale less-than-carload live stock mail order house manu manufac market risks merchandise merchants methods middlemen mills operate organization particular problems prod profit purchase quantities raw materials result retail stores risk salesmen season seller selling shipment shipped shippers sold sometimes standardized staple storage sumer supply tion transportation turers ucts United usually volume warehouse wheat wholesale markets wool
475 ページ - All systems either of preference or of restraint, therefore, being thus completely taken away, the obvious and simple system of natural liberty establishes itself of its own accord. Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men.
450 ページ - As to this, the complainant can fare no better with its plan of identical contracts than could the dealers themselves if they formed a combination and endeavored to establish the same restrictions, and thus to achieve the same result, by agreement with each other.
527 ページ - Commission applied to the Supreme Court of the United States for a writ of certiorari to review the decree of the Circuit Court of Appeals, which writ was granted on June 6.
477 ページ - That unfair methods of competition in commerce are hereby declared unlawful. The commission is hereby empowered and directed to prevent persons, partnerships, or corporations, except banks, and common carriers subject to the acts to regulate commerce, from using unfair methods of competition in commerce.
477 ページ - Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is declared to be illegal. . . . Every person who shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any person or persons to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations...
85 ページ - Sherman, Methods of Wholesale Distribution of Fruits and Vegetables on Large Markets, US Department of Agriculture, Bul.
484 ページ - For enabling the Secretary of Agriculture to investigate and certify to shippers and other interested parties the quality and condition of fruits, vegetables, poultry, butter, hay and other perishable farm products when received in interstate commerce...
271 ページ - ... the risk. 2. Transporting the goods. 3. Financing the operations. 4. Selling (communication of ideas about the goods). 5. Assembling, assorting, and re-shipping. These functions were at first taken over by areas; that is, each successive middleman in the series took over a part of each function. Each took the risk of destruction of the goods while he held title. Each took the risk of credit losses. Each took a share in the transportation of the goods along the route from the producer's stock...