noon-day. Where the devil is resident, that he may prevail, up with all superstition and idolatry; censing, painting of images, candles, palms, ashes, holy water, and new service of men's inventing ; as though man could invent a better way to honour God with, than God himself hath appointed. Down with Christ's cross, up with purgatory pickpurse, up with popish purgatory, I mean. Away with clothing the naked, the poor and impotent, up with decking of images, and gay garnishing of stocks and stones; up with man's traditions and his laws, down with God's will and his most holy word. Down with the old honour due unto God, and up with the new god's honour. Let all things be done in Latin : there must be nothing but Latin, not so

“ Remember man that thou art ashes, and into ashes shalt thou return."

mucli as,


We need not to cry out against Bethlehem, but let us cry out on ourselves, for we are as ill in all points as they were. I warrant you, there was many a jolly damsel at that time in Bethlehem, yet amongst them all there was not one found that would humble herself so much as once to go see poor Mary in the stable, and to comfort her. No, no; they were too fine to take so much pains. I warrant you they had their bracelets, and fardin

* Serm. iy. vol. 1, p. 32, ed. 1753.

gales, and were trimmed with all manner of fine and costly raiment, like as there be many now-adays amongst us, which study nothing else but how they may devise fine raiment; and in the mean season, they suffer poor Mary to lie in the stable ; that is to say, the poor people of God they suffer to perish for lack of necessaries.* But what was her swaddling clothes wherein she laid the king of heaven and earth? no doubt it was poor gear, peradventure it was her kerchief which she took from her head.t

By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples if ye shall love one another.” So that he maketh love his cognizance, his badge, his livery.

every lord most commonly giveth a certain livery to his servants, whereby they may be known that they pertain unto him; and so we say yonder is this Lord's servants, because they wear his livery. So our Saviour, who is the lord above all lords,would

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* Serm. xxxii. vol. 2, p. 715, ed. 1758.

+ Burnet, in his History of his Own Times, when speaking of Sir H. Grimstone, says, –

His second wife, whom I knew, was niece to the great Sir Francis Bacon, and was the last of that family. She had all the high notions for the church and the crown, in which she had been bred ; but was the humblest, and devoutest, and the best tempered person I ever knew of that sort. It was really a pleasure to hear her talk of religion. She did it with so much elevation and force. She was always very plain in her clothes. And went oft to jails to consider the wants of the prisoners, and relieve, or discharge them; and by the meanness of her dress she passed but for a servant trusted with the charities of others. When she was travelling in the country, as she drew near a village, she often ordered her

have his servants to be known by their liveries and badge, which badge is love alone. Whosoever now is indued with love and charity, is his servant; him we may call Christ's servant: for love is the token whereby you know that such a servant pertaineth to Christ; so that charity may be called the very livery of Christ. He that hath charity is Christ's servant: he that hath not charity is the servant of the devil. For like as Christ's livery is love and charity, so the devil's livery is hatred, malice, and discord.


Sr. Luke hath OBSERVANTS, observants; that is, watchers, tooters, spies, much like the observant friars, the barefoot friars that were here; which

coach to stay behind till she had walked about it, giving orders for the instruction of children, and leaving liberally for that end. With two such persons I spent several of my years very happily.”

.”“ Virtue," says Lord Bacon, “ is like a rich stone, best plain set. Cleanliness, and the civil beauty of the body was ever esteemed to proceed from a modesty of behaviour, and a due reverence in the first place towards God, whose creatures we are: then towards society, wherein we live: then towards ourselves, whom we ought no less, nay much more to revere. But adulterate decoration by painting and ceruse, is well worthy the imperfections which attend it; being neither fine enough to deceive, nor handsome enough to please, nor wholesome to use. We read of Jesabel that she painted her face : but there is no such report of Esther or Judith."

indeed were the bishop of Rome's spies, watching, in every country, what was said or done against him. He had it quickly by one or other of his spies, they were his men altogether; his posts, to work against the regalita. In the court, in the noblemen's houses, in every merchant's house, those observants were spying, tooting, and looking, watching and praying, what they might hear and see, against the see of Rome. Take heed of these observants.

I was once in examination before five or six bishops, where I had much turmoiling: every week thrice I came to examination, and many snares and traps were laid to get something. Now God knoweth I was ignorant of the law; but that God gave me answer and wisdom what I should speak. It was God, indeed, for else I had never escaped them. At the last I was brought forth to be examined, in a chamber hanged with arras, where I was wont to be examined, but now at this time the chamber was somewhat altered. For whereas before there was wont ever to be a fire in the chimney, now the fire was taken away, and an arras hanging hanged over the chimney, and the table stood near the chimney's end ; so that I stood between the table and the chimney's end. There was among these bishops that examined me, one with whom I have been very familiar, and took him for my great friend, an aged man, and he sat next the table's end. Then among all other

§ Serm. xii. vol. 2, p. 236, ed. 1758.

questions, he put forth one, a very subtle and crafty one, and such a one indeed as I could not think so great danger in. And when I should make answer, I pray you, Master Latimer, saith he, speak out; I am very thick of hearing, and here be many that sit far off. I marvelled at this, that I was bidden to speak out, and began to misdeem,


gave an ear to the chimney. And, sir, there I heard a pen walking in the chimney behind the cloth. They had appointed one there to write all my answers, for they made sure work that I should not start from them, there was no starting from them. God was my good Lord, and gave me answer, I could never else have escaped it. I

At the trial of Bishop Latimer in the 76th year of his age, the charge was read by the Bishop of Lincoln. " We object to thee, Hugh Latimer, first, that thou in this University of Oxford, in the year 1554, in April, May, June, July, or in some one or more of them, hast affirmed, and openly defended and maintained, and in many other times and places besides, That the true and natural body of Christ, after the consecration of the priest, is not really present in the sacrament of the altar.” Whereupon Lincoln, with the other Bishops, exhorted Master Latimer again to recant and revoke his errors. But on his refusal the Bishop of Lincoln called aloud to Master Latimer, and bid him hearken to him; and then he pronounced on him the sentence, and delivered him over to the secular


Serm. xii. vol. 1, p. 247, ed. 1758.

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