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Life and campaigns of Gen.Moreau 314 Scott's lay of the last minstrel 546
496 Snowden's history of North and
arts and sciences, vol. I. 28, 83, 197 tion and laws of England 438
the Alleghany mountains 378 Supplement to Johnson's dictionary 105
Trial of the journeymen boot and
103 War in disguise, or frauds of neu-
supreme court of Massachusetts 138
215 Wortman's political inquiry 541
FOR THE ANTHOLOGY.
The original letters, which we have frequently had the plensure of communicating to the publick,
have been in general written in different situations, and on desultory subjects. The following is the beginning of a regular serics of letters by a gentleman, who has all the qualities which taste, talents, fortune, and literality can give, to make him å pleasant traveller.
LETTERS FROM EUROPE.
Departure from America...storms in the ocean...lunar rainbow...streights of
Gibraltar...island of Sicily...Ustica...Lipari islands...coast of St. Eufernia arrival at Naples...quarantine.
Port of Naples, Feb. 1802: subsiding a rainbow, which contin
ued in the most perfect state for half You will, my dear friend, partici- an hour. The arc was entire, but pate the satisfaction I feel in dating the colours fainter than those promy letter from this place. The duced by the sun. The agitation of dangers and hardships to which ships the waves gradually dying away, the are exposed in a winter passage a- splendour of the moon, the dense cross the ocean have been this sea clouds on which this bow appeared son uncommonly numerous. From with majestick elegance, altogether the period of our departure till our formed a scene, the sublimity of arrival here, we have been devoted which afforded me consolation for to the fury of successive tempests, the storm which was past. with only short intervals of good The thirtieth day of our passage weather. We were told upon our we saw the streights of Gibraltar, arrival that we were not alone in the pillars of Hercules, and the formisfortune, that the winter had been midable rock, which, since its favery tempestuous, and that the mous siege, must be deemed imshores of Europe were covered with pregnable. A favourable wind gave wrecks.
the vessel a rapid passage through When in the latitude of the Wes. the streights. On one side of us tern Islands, a most violent storm were the shores of Europe, on the assailed us, which continued during other those of Africa. Civilization two days with unabated violence. and barbarity are Tiere within sight It cleared away in the evening, and of each other : Even the appeare I was witness to an appearance I ance of the shores was expressive had never before seen. The full of the different characters of the moon was considerably elevated a two regions ; the Spanish coast bove the horizon, and her rays oc presented to view green fields, white casioned in the heavy cloud that was buildings, and smiling cultivation ;
Vol. III. No. 1. A
that of Barbary looked dark and the singular fantastick forms of its gloomy.
capes and promontories. We tried After getting thro' the streights in vain to get into Palermo ; the we saw two Swedish frigates with a wind was fuir to go to Naples, and convoy of forty or fifty sail of their the captain bore away. Soon after country men.
The wind was a we passed the island of Ustica, gainst them, and from what we af- which is in the route from Palermo terwards experienced must have to Naples, a vessel appeared behind continued adverse to them for seve us of suspicious aspect. Liko eral days, during which they could frightened children in the dark, to not advance. The current, through whom every object is a sprite, evthe striiglits, runs constantly two'ery vessel we saw was a Tripolitan or three miles an hour ; merchant pirate, and the sight of breakers vessels and heavy ships of war nev. was less terrifick than that of a sail: er attempt to pass out of the streights The ship in question sailed better with a contrary wind, though some than ourselves, and was gaining fast times they have been known to ex upon us. Every one of the crew was perience a delay of tiro months. anticipating the horrours of slavery
The evening of the day we pas- when a violent squall came upon us sed the streights the sky was cover su suddenly,that for several minutes ed with flying clouds, the night was every one expected to see the masts abscure, and we were sailing with carried away, even after the vessel a gentle breeze, while the sea was put before the wind. After an was remarkably brilliant ; every hour, during which we had changed little wave that broke looked like a our course and were going with bank of snow reflecting the rays of great rapidity, the squall cleared the Sun, while the passage of the away, and we saw no more of the vessel through the sea made the vessel which had alarmed us. This water all around her so luminous, propitious squall, though it threatthat I could see to read as clearly efied us with destruction, was welas by day. This sparkling appear-comed with great cordiality. How ance of the waves is said to denote barbarous is the state of human naan approaching storm, though af- ture! The sight of a vessel, on the terwards we experienced five or six dreary expanse of the sea, ought to days of the only fine weather we be an object of the most pleasing had during the voyage. During sensations, and in moments of danthe night the vessel had gone fifty ger, alleviating the solitude of hormiles, and in the morning, when I rour, should inspire us with hope came upon deck, the coasts of Spain by knowing that others are particiwere four or five leagues distant, pating the same danger ; yet such and those of Africa still more. The a sight is deprecated more than the mountains of Grenada seenied to be wildest fury of the elements, and on the edge of the coast, and the we greet the howling tempest that shining appearance of their distant separates us from each other. zummits recalled to mind the splen The rrext day we were in the did aerial palaces of romance. mouth of the bay of Naples, but
After three days we passed by the weather was cloudy and the land Cape Tarolaro on the island of Sar- could only be seen partially. The dinia, and twenty-four hours after- captain thought himself to the wards saw the island of Sicily and northward of the island of Ischia,
though he was to the southward of The vessel was at one time waterCapra ; and instead of running as logged, the sails were torn to pieces, he thought into the bay of Naples, the foremast sprung, and with only a hę was running down the gulf of close-reefed fore top sail, we tried to Salerno, A storm came on towarls keep off the shore ; no one had any night of the most furious kind, hope that we should be able to do this such as the sailors call white squalls. long, and every preparation was The fashes of lightning were es, made to be ready to save ourselves tremely vivid, and the utmost exer: when the vessel struck, which thro' tions were șsed to clear the land. the whole night was constantly exThe next day the Lipari islands pected. When day light came the Were in sight, and the vessel was shore was still a league distant. tossed about on mountainous waves, The gale had moderated, and the I have obseryed, that the seas are swell began to lessen ; we were now much shorter, according to the sai, near the bay of St.Eufernia. After ļors' expression, in the Mediterra, five or six days beating about, we nean than in the ocean ; and the again found ourselves opposite the only advantage of a storm in the bay of Naples, in the same place former is, that the swell subsides where we had been more than a sooner after the storm is past, But fortnight before. The weather was it is a treacherous sea to navigate, pleasant, but the wind determined and fraught with more perils to to vex us to the last inoment; and navigation than the ocean. Violent though we were only two hours sail squalls often arise very suddenly, from the port, we did not arrive till and I was convinced that the mode the next day. My pleasure on arriof rigging vessels in the fashion of ving was much increased by conpoleacres is well calculated for this templating the beauties of this bay, sea. They are enabled to drop their of which description has so often sails all at once, when a vessel with a attempted in vain to give an idea, mast in three pieces might be dis The second day of this month masted before she could take in sail. the vessel was anchored within the
At night, when the vessel was mole. Though we had made 2 not more than four leagues from winter passage of sixty days, from Stromboli, I observed it burning. a country perfectly healthy, the inIt threw out flames to the height genuity of the health-office thought apparently of twenty feet"; this proper to impose a quarantine of would last a few minutes, and thus twenty days upon the vessel. Beit continued the whole night at in, ing now in a place of safety, after tervals. During the day it appear, having escaped so many dangers, I ed smoking, but owing to the dis- consider this as the last vexation of tance and the light I could see no the voyage, and endeavour to supflames. Whilst beating off this isl, port it patiently, as it will soon terand, and trying to regain the bay of minate ; though I have so long Naples, another storm drove us up- enjoyed the society of the captain on the coast of Calabria. I do not and mate that I begin to grow tired know any Juno that I have offend- of it. The latter asked me the othed, but Æolus did not torment the er day, with a silly hesitating grin, Trojan hero more than myself, and to guess how much money he hal very often I thought of Virgil's an. spent since our arrival. I confesse cient description of the storm. ed my inability to fix any sum. Una Eurusque Noiusqu rrunt creberque procellis, • Why we have been here only ten
days, and I have spent almost a under the stern, till something was dollar."
obtained ; the serenade finished, The first day after our arrival we a woman with three or four miserawere besieged with beggars of eve- ble children would be screaming for ry sort. They come off in boats something. These scenes are so and surround the vessel. One mo new to an American, that we always ment a capuchin would extend his gave them; and in consequence cowl, and in a 'submissive attitude so surrounded with suppliask our charity ; hardly rid of him, cants, that we were obliged at last before a band of musick would be 'to refuse our charity altogether.
WHETHER THE WORLD WILL EVER RELAPSE INTO BARBARISM.
[From Dr. Artbur Browne's Miscellaneous Sketches.) MY own opinion always has been, do newspapers contain ?...false news, that the present state of illụmination false principles, false morals, enand refinement will be succeeded deavoured to be impressed on the by second darkness and Cimmerian publick by contending parties, withnight, equally gloomy with the out the least regard to truth, to vircloud raised by the crụsh of the tue, or publick utility ; and who Roman empire. The reply of are the compilers of these vehicles those to whom the įdea was sug- of instruction (the only lessons gested uniformly has been, impossi- learnt by the vulgar) ? often the lowble ; the art of printing renders .est, and vilęst, and most ignorant of such fears groundless. I answer : mankind. Socrates, Plato, and Aria the art of printing itself may be- stotle taught the Athenian people. come exclusively the engine of wick- The people of London are taught edness, of vice, of folly, of irreli- by the compilers of newspapers, gion. If the fashion or madness of the engines of the mob or of the the times should produce a relish court. for corrupted food, we may be filled That the common people ought with writings to satiety, yet swallow not to be taught to read, as is said nothing but poison ; what infinite by some, is justly thought a mon. mischief has the press produced in strous position, yet it might be ren our own days! In France, the ve- dered true, if all they read tend to hicle of every crime, it has been the mislead and to darken them. easy propagator of blasphemy, of Does the press improve their massacre, of anarchy. Whether it civilization ? that press which pours shall finally be a blessing or a curse, forth every day, for the improvemust depend on the taste of man ment of our young men, the scenes kind; and if that taste be vitiated, of a brothel, illustrated with drawand feeds upon venom, the more ings; and for its maidens, the deit consumes the sooner will we per lusions of a novel, or the evidence ish, The press without morals of a trial for adultery? Query, will not preserve civilization ; and whether the publications of morali wamorality will make it the vehicle ty and religion, numerous as they of barbarism.
are, countervail the advantage What do the common people which Satan derives from the art now read?...newspapers ; and what of printing?