Japan's Name Culture: The Significance of Names in a Religious, Political and Social Context
Psychology Press, 1995 - 260 ページ
This is the first comprehensive study in English of Japanese names - their history and evolution, and ontological implications. Its main purpose is to understand the development of the nomenclature in its religious (animistic) and socio-political contexts.
We learn, for example, how belief in the animistic-symbolic property of names developed into extensive taboos and, in connection with these taboos, into the custom of revealing names in case of marriage or territorial surrender. Whereas private (religious) use of surnames was tolerated, commoners without public functions were prohibited from public use of surnames.
In the Meiji period (1868-1912), on the other hand, the government enforced the universal registry of surnames to conform with its policy of universal conscription, education, taxation and the postal service.
The book will be of particular interest to students of Japan and Japanese nomenclature. It will also appeal to the general reader drawn to learning more about Japan by looking at its history, religion and culture through the names of its people.
レビュー - レビューを書く
THE PUBLIC NATURE OF CLANNAMES
PRIVATIZATION AND MILITARIZATION
NAME PROLIFERATION AND THE PROBLEM
GENEALOGY AND ANCESTOR WORSHIP
THE SURNAMES OF COMMONERS
According ancestor worship ancestral deities Ashikaga assumed became branch called century changed chieftains clannames daimyo dates unknown daughter descendants district documents Emperor Kanmu emperors example family names father Fudoki Fujiwara gave genealogies given groups Gunsho Heian period Hideyori Hideyoshi Hqjo identified identity imperial inheritance Ise province Izumo Japan Japanese kabane title Kamakura period Kanpaku Keizu Kojiki Kumano Kyoto land later leaders leyasu listed main family manor Matsudaira Meiji middle names Minamoto Minamoto no Yoritomo Miura Mononobe Musashi Musashi province mydji name elements Nihon Shoki nomenclature Northern Fujiwara Ononomiya Otomo patrilineal peasants personal names place names political prefecture priests province registered ritsuryo ritual Ruiju sacred Sagami samurai Shintei Z6ho-)Kokushi Taikei shogun Shoku Nihongi Shoten shrine social Soga Sonpi Bunmyaku surnames Suzuki taboo name Tachibana Taika reform Taira temple territorial Tokugawa Tokyo toponymical Toyotomi traditional vassals village warrior women Yamato Yoritomo