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reliance prevail more--where a great class The Irish—but Old Nick himselt might of those who are constantly on poor. be puzzled to find a proper appellative for tith's brink,” tread their perilous path the Irish ascendancy faction. It owes its with a surer foot, an exertion has been existence to freedom of thought and necessary, but has been more uniformly utterance, and would deny it to all others. made with success. The entire novelty It rests its title to the possession of power of the situation of the electors may not to a violent revolution of no distant date, have been without its influence. With a and would claim for it the superstitious few exceptions, the conduct of the liberal reverence paid to existences whose comcandidates, as far as it has come within mencement dates beyond memory. It is the sphere of our knowledge, has been the strong arm claiming the attributes of fair, and what it ought to be. Were we

It is an attempt to give perpeto complain of anything, it would be a tuity to one moment of a state of transiwant of definitiveness and precision on tion. It is the most complete practical the part of the declarations of many of bull Ireland ever made, and has been them. Doubts are held by some as to attended with the worst consequences. specific pledges. They rank under the But be the ascendancy boys what they category of vows or promissory oaths, ra- may, even their most sweet voices have specting the character of which the reader been comparatively stilled by the prosmay consult Bentham's Book of Fallacies, pect of the coming elections. Mealypage 82, et seq. Still it is possible for a mouthed, however, though our old eneman, without tying up his hands, to show mies are, their conduct is as bad as ever. by his words that he has distinct views They deceive one voter, they bully of what general measures are necessary, another (quietly, as one of Robert Chamand is prepared to act up to them. What bers' heroes would say,) and they endea. we complain of on the part of many vour to lame their adversaries by all sorts liberal candidates, on the part of all who of legal quibbling. It will not do. The are identified with the Whig party, is an next Parliament will finish their beloved affectation of mystery. “Political science system, and every succeeding one will add is a thing so abstruse as to be beyond the to the number of clear-sighted, firm, recomprehension of the multitude, and flective, and bold legislators. “Wait till might be attended with dangerous conse- we see how the Reform Bill works, and quences if discussed openly. The people then we will know whether the ballot be are so apt to run away with general con- called for." It is in the state of transiclusions. An abstract principle is so apt tion that the ballot is most necessary. Veto be misapplied.” We tell these gentle- terans may be brought to stand fire on a men that plaiu speaking is called for. bare field. It is the recruits that need Mystification always smells of legerde- to be trained to the business, by bushinain. The man who will not speak his fighting and barricade work. mind freely, “though the blank verse BANK CHARTER. This is a subject should halt for it," if he have not made about which the public mind is at preup his mind to act dishonestly, has not at sent much busied, without entertaining all events made up his mind to act any very clear notions of the extent or honestly. This is the impression natu- bearing of the question. Every periodical rally, necessarily, and justly made on the discusses it, but none with precision or minds of all plain unlettered men by mastery of the topic; and readers pay to humming and having, and looking more their disquisitions the toll of a languid than you say.

The defeated faction, the attention. People know that it is time they anti-reformers are, from the very necessity were making up their minds, but know not of their case, forced into double-dealing. to whom they ought to apply for council. Great allowances must be made for men The Parliamentary Committee of Ina who deal with people newly come to their quiry is now allowed, on all hands, to have estate, in the hopes of ousting them out been a bubble. It came to no conclusion, of it. We have seen only one addresss to and indeed, by the nature of its inquiries the electors of any district which speaks could not. Among the popular leaders decidedly the Tory language; and even .Mr. ATTWOOD of Birmingham, and Mr. that is much after the fashion that we COBBETT, if not the soundest teachers on have heard some refugees speak French. this point, are at least the loudest. The They had been long enough in this Birmingham Journal, reporting the procountry to lose their own language, but ceedings at a meeting of the Council of not to acquire English. The English the Union, said “ Mr. Charles Jones Tories have discovered that the Church spoke in refutation of Mr. Cobbett's docneeds repairs--we inean reform. The trines on the currency.” Roused by this Scottish Tories, that the extension of the remark, Cobbett dispatched on the 19th franchise will be a benefit to Scotland. of August, a challenge to the Political Council of Birmingham to hold a public part in anti-tithe meetings some months disputation on the subject, which was ac- ago—some in the parish of Bandon, others cepted by Mr. ATTWOOD and Mr. Jones, at Buttevant-bound over to appear at the in a letter dated the 22d. The meeting Cork assizes. Nothing dismayed, how. took place in BEARD's Repository in Bir. ever, a large anti-tithe meeting was held mingham, on the 29th of August, and was in the neighbourhood of Waterford, on resumed on the 30th. The question put Sunday, the 24 September, Mr. Wyse, was :—" Whether it is best, for the safety M.P. in the chair. The Mayor of the and welfare of the nation, to attempt to city announced, that Mr. Stanley having relieve the existing distress by an action been informed of the intended meeting, on the currency, or by an equitable ad- had favoured him with a special injuncjustment of the taxes, rents, debts, con- tion to watch over its proceedings. His tracts, and obligations, which row strangle honour thought his mere presence would the industry of the country?” The re- be enough; and, although very strong rea sult of the meeting was just what might solutions were passed, the orderly conduct have been expected : both sides claim the of the meeting throughout justified his victory. Disinterested parties, however, confidence. Reports have been spread are agreed that each has confuted the doc- through the country, that the peasautry trines of the other. “ An action on the are poisoning the tithe hay. This is done currency" is a gentle term for an act as a joke, but it is one of those savage enabling debtors to pay in a depreci- jokes which come only from embittered ated currency An “ equitable adjuste spirits. On Wednesday, the 5th of Sepment" is an impossiblity. What are tember, the grand explosion took place. to be assumed as the limits of the before A party of the 14th Infantry are station. and after? What array of inquisitors ed at Buttevant, and a party of the 92d at will be able to arrange all the pending Castletown-roche. Both stations are siobligations of so large a mercantile coun. tuated on a feeder of the Blackwater, the try as ours? Have we not law-suits and latter at the junction of the streamlet with references to arbiters enough already ? that river. Doneraile lies on the same Mr. COBBETT, we see, demands that a rivulet, nearly half-way betwixt the places fine of £1000, imposed upon him in 1809, we have named. On Wednesday, the 5th, for publishing an article on military the clergyman of the parish of Wallstown, flogging in his Register, be refunded, but in the neighbourhood of Doneraile, prowhispers not one word of his willing- ceeded with his proctors to value the tithes, ness to receive a less sum on account of attended by some of the neighbouring maPeel's bill having since raised the value gistrates, a party of armed police, and a of money. As little does he advert, in party of the 14th from Buttevant. The bringing this claim, to a favourite argu- parishioners collected, armed with wat. ment of his own, when speaking of the tles, stones, pitch-forks and reaping-hooks; liability of the nation to pay the debt, and formed behind the hedges. One or that it was incurred by the borough- two fields were valued with great difficul. mongers ; that recourse lies against them ty. The Riot Act was read several times. alone. A discussion on the subject of The soldiers were ordered to load with the Bank Charter and the currency, has ball; the word being given ostentatiously been announced in the National Union, loud, in the hopes of intimidating the but has not yet taken place. The mix- people. After upwards of two hours had ture of boldness and caution displayed by been thus spent, a reinforcement of sixthis body on all occasions, and the tact teen men of the 92d arrived from Castlewhich it has ever shown in discerning town-roche. Admiral Evans (one of the the limits within which a Union ought to magistrates) said to the people, “ I'll go act, are above all praise.

on my knees to entreat you to go home, IRELAND: TITHES: REPEAL OF THE and allow the persons to proceed in valuUNION.—The tithe war proceeds in Ire- ing the parish.” For a moment they were land. Mr. Stanley's bill for compulsory rendered undecided, and gave back, but adjustment has had, at least, the effect of soon re-assumed the attitude of opposition. stirring up the people to overstep the li- Several of them addressed the soldiers-mits of passive resistance. The parish of “ We'll not harm you, but we will these Brinny, near Bandon, has been valued un- d_d Peelers," (the police.) For half an der that act, and the auspices of a large hour longer this bloodless opposition conparty of lancers. Some Roman Catholic tinued ; the party supporting the valua. gentlemen, in the neighbourhood, succeed- tors attempting to advance, the peasantry ed in persuading the people to submit. impeding their progress. The passions of The next step of the authorities was to both parties were now effectually roused. procure several persons who had taken The clergyman remained on the ground the whole time. At last, a boy from not, and will not, pay them any more." among the crowd neared their armed op- “ Very true,” say a great majority of their ponents; whether from childish froward. opponents; “ but legal etiquette requires ness, or at the instigation of some person that you should pay them until we agree in the crowd, does not appear. A police- to their removal, and when that will be man desired him to keep off; on which we do not know.” The sufferings of the three or four of the most determined of the peasantry are nothing, but the dignified peasantry brought their pitch-forks to a starched consistency of the parsons' decharging level, and said, “ Strike him if fenders is a holy thing. A law as to the you dare; if you do, by G-d we'll run injustice of which, almost all are agreed, you through.” About the same time the must be maintained, to minister occasion son of the clergyman, while officiating as to heart-burnings and blood-shed, until one of the valuators, was struck at with Master Justice Overdo's warrant be oba stick, and Mr. Low, a magistrate, was tained for dispensing with it. These wisehit with a stone. The police now closed acres would have been burning witches to with the people, and attempted to take this day, if the statute had not been lucksome men prisoners, who were liberated ily and lawfully abrogated.-No won. as fast as they were secured. The crowd der, that, under such circumstances, the pressed forward, and the magistrates question of repeal is mooted. We differ, sought refuge behind the soldiers. Gene. however, from some of its supporters thus: ral Annesley (a magistrate) directed the The Irish and English are much more the officer commanding the detachment of the same people than the English and Scotch 14th to make face, and the officer in com- were at the time of our Union. Their in. mand of that from the 92d to move round terests are identical, and a parliament choand charge the mob in the rear. In a few sen by the free voice of the people will minutes the 92d were seen charging the soon show this. It is not the transference people up hill. The struggle between the of the seat of legislature from Dublin to police and the people continued, and some London that has created absenteeism : onestones were thrown in the direction of the half of these runagates are attracted by magistrates; whereupon these dignitaries the court, and the other waste their time gave the word, hurriedly, “ Fire! fire ! and substance in foreign countries. Mak. fire!" The commanding officer did not ing Dublin the seat of legislature instead repeat the order, but two-thirds of the sol. of London might increase the wealth and diers discharged their muskets at the cla- population of that city, but would have mour of the magistrates. Ten or twelve no perceptible effect upon the rest of the of the peasantry were wounded, and four island. The communication between Lon. killed. The crowd, which might amount don and Ireland is now as direct and unto about 800 persons, then dispersed, on interrupted as between London and Scotall sides. Warrants were subsequently land, and rather more so. The mainteissued for the apprehension of individuals nance of an incorporating union has a who had taken part in the affray. The tendency to prevent paltry jealousies, to small farmers and labourers of the dis- promote mercantile and social intercourse, trict have been driven, by this event, to and to strengthen against external aggresdesperation, and do not hesitate to express sion. Viewed abstractly, every thing is the inveteracy of their longings for ven- in favour of the incorporating union begeance. It is not the empty clamour of a tween the two kingdoms. Here then we momentary excitement, but the half-sup- take our stand. If it shall be found that pressed language of frenzied resolution. a Reformed Parliament denies justice to Few remarks are necessary upon an oc- Ireland, we have no right to hold that currence so hackneyed in Ireland. The island to an unjust bargain. There is no personal hatred between the supporters help for it; we must separate. The Irish and the opponents of tithes is daily grow- would be base slaves did they not insist ing in intensity. The peasantry, even in upon this. But when we hear some of the moment of slaughter and red-handed Ireland's most respected patriots proopposition, remember to distinguish be- pounding first one demand and then antween the police, whose hearts are with other, all just and indispensable in them. their oppressors, and the military, who are selves, and then (supposing all granted,) mere instruments. The question at issue bawling for a repeal of the Union as a between the parties is, Are tithes to conti. crowner--that measure only defensible nue ? No, say the peasantry; “ they are as a means of obtaining the rest, when horribly unjust and oppressive. We can. all other plans fail-it fairly takes away

our breath. We are anxious to preserve There is no church in the parish of Walls.

the Union, because we believe it to be for town; and, exclusive of the clergyman's family, the benefit of all parties. A constitutional only one Protestant.

King is a respectable broomstick; a naine ander which his Ministers reign and de- ed oppressors once disperse the maraude, cree justice. Such a moppet cannot hold and they will find an apology for attack. two broad islands together. We must be ing the main body without a declaration one people, one and indivisible, or we of war. They are not faltering in their must part company. To us Ireland is purpose, but biding their time. The libedear as Scotland, -the county Kildare as ral party must be equally alert. There Mid-Lothian,—the Shannon as the Clyde. are symptoms of a spirit in Germany Our hearts are one, and if fair means which keep hope alive; flames hovering can keep us together, we shan't separate over the surface, indicative of the glow this bout.

beneath. But there must be union and THE CONTINENT.

mutual understanding. The foundations FRANCE.— The death of young Na. of a federal union of the people of Ger. poleon will simplify French politics a many, not of her princes merely, must be little. His adherents never could have laid. The patriots in the different states influenced the destinies of the nation, but must be prepared to rise at once when. they were numerous enough to kick up ever the tyrants loose their ban-dogs upon an occasional row, and it is as well to any one of them. The foundation of have their mouths stopped. They will every stately and stable building must be now merge “ as wit and fortune will," or laid deep in the earth. What is it, that as the destinies decrec," into the Republic the citizens of Wurtemburg enter into a cans, Carlists, or Philippians. Some solemn league and covenant; that the brave geese have been cackling portentously burghers of Hanau refuse to forego their about the departure of the ex-family from municipal rights, at the bidding of an Great Britain. The truth is, that so armed force; that the commons of Hanlong as a scion of Napoleon formed part over stand firm to their faith? They of the Austrian Court, that power had must be prepared to act in concert. Their no need of the Bourbons. Now that they princes are ready to sink down into an have lost him, they wish to hold another aristocracy as soon as Austria and Prussia court card in their game with France. have settled which power is to wear the It is scarcely fair slipping in extra ho crown of Germany. They have sold themnours from a rejected pack in this man. selves to the oppressors. The people of ner : but Austrian consciences are not very Germany have no trust but in themselves particular. A family compact between and in their union. Humanity, policy, or Louis PHILIPPE and his cousins re- timidity on either side, or on both, may specting the throne of France has been postpone the day of decision, but the con. hinted at. If this be true, the sooner he test has begun. The bold step of issuing is sent packing, the better. There is no- the protocol has rendered retreat imposthing recent, of importance, in the inter- sible. Germany must sooner or later be nal arrangements of France. No stable a republic or a despotism. The issue does ministry has yet struck root. The not seem to hurry vn; there is time for Duchess of BERRI is supposed to be still preparation left. If the Germans fail, they hovering like an evil spirit within the will be undeserving of pity. march of La Vendée.

Pedro and Miguel continue to grin at GERMANY.-All is yet silent. Austria each other like two weak curs. Switzerand Prussia seem to be taking a thought. land is arming. Holland and Belgium There is, however, no chance of their re- are maneuvring. The rest of Europe tracing their steps. The danger was too sleeps the sleep of despotism-which is urgent. It was not the loud journalists that of death. in the south of Germany alone that teri. fied them. It was the universality of constitutional principles. There is now

PRESIDENT Jackson is in the matter before us a German literary journal, con- of literary polish inferior to his predeces. taining among other matter, a review of sors. He is not perhaps more violent than the political pamphlets and larger works they were, for a dourer devil than Jefferwhich appeared during the month of son could not well be, and even the gen. April 1832. The list is a long one, teel bustling Adams I. had a temper of and the legitimates are in a portentous his own ; but he is a soldier and a back. minority. Few of these works are de- woodsman, and not always master of the clamatory: they are pieces of tough, suaviter in re. He has shewn, however, hard-headed reasoning. And to this li- since his accession to office, how successterary congress scarcely a district of fully strong natural powers can compenGermany but what has sent its repre- sate the want of diplomatic experience, sentative. This quiet, unostentatious, in- and how well an intelligent and honest numerable array it is at which the pro- man may redeem the bad consequences of tocol is in reality aimed. Let the crown- occasional brusqucries.

His intrepidity

UNITED STATES.

in putting his veto on the bank bill, is charged the duties of his high office, a put in the fairest light by his message to constitutional question should be decided, Congress, of the 10th of July. This docu- which has been ripening rapidly of late ment is worthy the attention of England; years, and must soon fall to be determined it contains much that bears directly on the the question of the limits of the sovequestion of the Old Lady in Threadneedle reignty of Congress. This is the question Street's modest request for a renewal of her which forms the real ground of difference lease. The excellent temper, and sound between the only two great parties in reasoning of that document, shew how use. America, and unfortunately it has asfulf the somewhat invidious power of the sumed somewhat of a local character, veto may become, when placed in the hands threatening dissension between the sou. of men who are responsible for their ac- thern and eastern states. We watch the tions, and selected by the voice of a nation, issue without any serious alarm, yet not because of their approved fitness for office. altogether at our ease. The eyes of the The presidential election is hastening on, world are on the United States. The and highly though we csteem more than dissolution of their Union would do yeo. one of Mr. Jackson's competitors, we are man's service to all the friends of old most anxious that, under the direction of abuses in Europe. one who has so well, so improvingly dis

STATE OF COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES.

SEPTEMBER, 1832. The improvement which we have long were magnified exactly in proportion to anticipated in the state of commerce and its distance. The shopkeepers in most of manufactures is now beginning to be the large towns, who have suffered conrealized. That it has been so long de- siderably during the last six months, can layed is to be ascribed, in a very great distinctly trace the falling off of their measure, to the continued prevalence of business to the chilling, repulsive, and cholera in the principal seaports and terrifying effects of this disease. Within manufacturing towns. This disease has that period it has spread throughout one much more to paralyze the opera- most of the populous districts of Engtions of trade, than could easily be be- land, Scotland, and Ireland; it is now lieved by those who have not made exten- dying away in several of the principal sive inquiries on the subject. We do not

towns, though we fear that the extent of allude merely to the ffect produced on its prevalence in the country is rather our export trade by the quarantine regu. widening than narrowing. lations of foreign countries, some of In spite, however, of this serious and which are so rigorous as to be almost protracted cause of depression in trade, a prohibitory, nor by the lessened demand very decided improvement has becoine for British goods in those countries which, apparent within the last month. The like ourselves, have been afficted with stocks of traders of every description had the disease; but more particularly to the fallen so low that it had become necessary great diminution of internal intercourse to replenish them. The fall of the year and traffic, caused by the existence of set the manufacturers in activity to make the cholera in our large towns. We goods for the winter season. A boun. know many instances, where even the teous harvest has raised the spirits, and eager spirit of trade has been overcome enlarged the means of the farmer. And by the dread of pestilence; where the wool the profound tranquillity, which reigns grower and farmer have been deterred throughout Great Britain, forming so from attending the wool fairs and corn mar- striking a contrast with the universal kets with their produce; where the mer- agitation and apprehension which prechant has been kept away from the manu- vailed whilst the Reform Bill was in jeofacturer, and the manufacturer from the pardy, has restored confidence, and remerchant; where shopkeepers have been moved one of the principal obstacles to prevented from going to their usual the activity and extension of commerce. markets for goods, and commercial tra- The harvest is the most plentiful which vellers from visiting their customers. The has been known for many years, and the dread of cholera has always been much great bulk of the wheat crops have been greater where the disease did not prevail well secured. In the north of England, than where it did, and generally its terrors and in Scotland, a considerable quantity

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