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prevent any relic of royal antiquity from falling into decay. A year or two ago, an old baru, forming part of King John's Palace at Eltham, (concerning which, so loug as it was perunitted to stand, few people expressed or exhibited the least curiosity,) was seutenced to demolition. Upon this arose an outcry from the antiquaries. Destroy a monument of seven hundred years' duration ! Monstrous ! A subscription was instantly set on foot; and Wyatt employed to repair the royal barn. In the same taste, the dilettanti of London have recently come forward in defence of Crosby Hall, once the residence of Crook back Richard, and now a packer's warehouse. It seems that the palaces of kings, like the shell of the nautilus, do not become objects of interest in the eyes of the multitude, till they afford shelter to some new inhabitant. Perhaps even the old Dutch guard house at St. James's (a flagrant disgrace to the taste of the first capital in Europe) will, at some future epoch, find favour in the sight of His Majesty's subjects, and be saved from conversion into useful warehouses by a voluntary subscription.

FREQUENTERS OF COURTS NO COURTIERS.—The witty old Countess of Aldbo. rough, having applied to Lord Lyndhurst, as a friend, for legal advice, was somewhat ungraciously repulsed. “ Ah !" said Lady A., “ I see how it is; I have applied to the wrong court. It is plain your lordship has nothing to do with Civil Law.”

Infant LABOUR.-A certain eccentric Tory member, who, till he obtained a seat in the present Parliament, had never made his appearance in society, dined last year, in company with Sadler, and several other political personages, at the mansion of Sir Robert Peel. After dinner, as the gentlemen were drinking coffee in the fine picture gallery of the ex-minister, a conversation took place between Sadler and Sir Robert on the subject of the Bill for the Regulation of Infant Labour. Mr.

who was standing near, occasionally joining in the discussion, while he contemplated Lawrence's exquisite picture of the infant daughter of his host, (considering, perhaps, that the baronet was lukewarm towards the interests of the manufacturing classes,) suddenly slapped him on the back, and exclaimed, while he pointed to the portrait of little Miss Peel, “ Ah ! Sir Robert ! that little darling might have been slaving in the factory you know ; 'twas a narrow escape." The amazement of his disconcerted auditors may be easily conjectured.

LINE OF SUCCESSION.-It was observed by a noble earl, an eminent upholder of the Tory interest in one of the northern counties of England, that whenever he came out of his gateway, he was greeted by the earnest salutation of a withered crone, who had taken her station on the steps_“ Long life to your lordship!-- May your lord. ship live for ever.” Astonished to find that, month after month, his gratuities produced no change in the wording of her apostrophe, Lord L. one day accosted her“ My good woman, you appear very earnest for the continuance of my days: have you any particular interest in my preservation ?"_“ To be sure I have," cried the old woman : “ I recollect your uncle Sir James, when he owned the estate and ruled over us; and a bitterer enemy to the poor never broke bread. Then came your father, who was a still blacker curse to us; and every body said we could never be worse off. When you came to the estate, my lord, we found out our mistake; and what may come after you is a dreadful thing to think of !-Long life to your lordship!-May your lordship live for ever!”

Whic UNDERLINGS.Unuler the old system the effective force of jobbers on the establishment of this country increased to a prodigious amount. It was utterly impossible to give employment to the whole of them. Idlers belonging to this class were to be met in every corner, lounging about like “ unattached officers," or the ancient Edinburgh functionary, “Wha wants me?” Even in the worst of days some of these superfluous rascals, just for the sake of keeping their hands in, joined the liberal party. The number of them who have taken service under it, since the accession of Earl Grey to office, is prodigious ! and if honcst people be not on their guard they will soon succeed in making the Whigs as bad as the Tories. Their caterwauling is heard in every corner. Do the electors of any buryh dare to be dissatisfied with the candidate palmed upon them by Ministers ? Does an independent candidate come forward at their call ? He is instantly bespattered with abuse. In compliance with the urgent and reiterated request of a large body of the Bath electors, Mr. Hume recommended Mr. Roebuck to their notice; they being distrustful of a recent and dubious convert to liberal principles, notwithstanding he was delivered to them, free of expense, under a Treasury frank. The Times began to growl immediately; accusing, in no measured terms, Mr. Hume of seeking to divide the reform interest, in the face of a strong Tory force, for the purpose of getting a party in the House of Commons ready to support his “ crotchets." Mr. Roebuck's com. mittee addressed a letter to the Briarean journal, stating the real facts of the case, which was refused insertion, except as an advertisement. A communication from Mr. Hobhouse's friends, similar in every respect, except that of veracity, was ostentatiously stuffed into a “ leading article.” The Times has since eaten in its praise of Mr. Hobhouse ; but has left unrepented, at least unconfessed, its rude and vulgar attack upon Messrs. Hume and Roebuck.* Again, two government protegés have started for Harwich, opposed by Mr. Herries. With one of the soi-disant liberal candidates, the inhabitants of that burgh were much and justly dissatisfied : and, at their request, Mr. Leader, son of the Irish patriot, offered his services. The Times was instantly at its dirty work again, and broadly accused Mr. Leader of having made a coalition with Mr. Herries. Upon a remonstrance being made, however, it softened down the charge to that of “ a virtual coalition.” Thus far The Times ; next comes The Globe, “ to the self-same tune and words.” « While we are disposed to express little in the way either of surprise or objection to a few indivi. duals of ultra-radical pretensions being produced as candidates for some of the new manufacturing constituencies, it is with considerable regret that we ever witness that sort of intrusion into the struggle which tends so to vulgarize it, that any person, with a due share of self-respect, feels himself indisposed to the encounter. .**.* On the whole, so far as present indications exist, we apprehend that much fewer Radi. cals, of the class which may be regarded as entirely without the pale, will get into Parliament than people imagine. There may possibly be four or five Dromios of the Preston class instead of one or two, but that will be all; of the Hume school, possibly fifteen or twenty more; but our present conviction is, that the next Parliament will practically, and for the most part, assume the tone of liberal Whiggism, mean. ing thereby," &c. &c. &c. The which dismal ditty, when rightly interpreted, we take to be, among other things, an obscure and somewhat mystical prophecy of the ousting of Colonel Torrens from Bolton, by the exertions of Mr. Cobbett and his friends. Its main object is to follow up the personal onslaughts of The Times by a general charge; a plan of attack which does honour to the military talents of the editor of The Globe. To these “vituperative personalities” are added quant. suff: of " laudatory personalities.”+ These “ most sweet voices,” whether they be the “ forward voice, to speak well of his friend,” or the “ backward voice, to utter foul speeches, and to detract,” have but one aim ; to establish the present Ministry upon the basis of a well-organized body of agents, who, diffused through the country, may, by their restless activity, give to the operations of a few the appearance of the will and deed of the many. They hope to flatter the people by the persuasion, that what is merely passing before its eyes is its achievement, until the present excitement has subsided, and all things are quietly left to their management. They hope and trust, that our new constitution will soon become like everything the world has yet witnessed—a machine worked by the few, and mainly for the interest of the few. If there be wisdom among the electors they will laugh into nothingness these shallow pretences. They will choose a man of sense and principle, in preference to a brawling fool, of course, whatever be the professions of the latter: this point settled, they will choose even a party Whig in preference to a Tory; but a Liberal, free from all party connexions, in preference to either. In short, they will choose a man to represent themselves. A House of Commons thus elected will be a sufficient guard to Ministers against the machinations of an expiring faction, while by the check it lays on them by their knowledge of its character, it will form a guarantee for their honesty. Be it observed, that we attribute this plan, now concocting for our future subjugation, to the jobbers alone. Instinct has taught them, that success will place both governors and governed at their mercy. We have not the shadow of a ground for attributing to Lord Grey a knowledge of what is going forward. Indeed our fear is, that the people will not return a Parliament suficiently decided to support the bolder and better spirits of the Ministry in that line of policy which is necessary for our national salvation. There is a noble generous spirit abroad, but a great want of precise and definite political knowledge.

The Times has been accused by The Eraminer of denying all knowledge of Mr. Roebuck, while, at least, one person identified with that paper knew him well. The Times persists in its denial. This is one of the advantages of baving three gentlemen in a firm, each of whom is entitled to use the pronoun " we," when, in reality, he only means “ I."

+ Vide“ The Book of Fallacies," p. 123 to p. 142, inclusive.

MONTHLY REGISTER.

POLITICAL HISTORY.

We call upon

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GREAT BRITAIN.

us in a compromising support of the estaTHE CHURCH IS IN DANGER. The dig- blished hierarchy. Let us vindicate the cause nitaries of the overgrown establishment of of true religion and justice, which are injured England, like the boy who cried wolves, in and violated by its existence. We believe the fable, have raised this clamour so often, the church establishment to be founded in that nobody will believe them, now that their error, to be unjustly supported, and inefficient words are sooth. We beg to add our unsus- for the great purpose for which it exists. pected testimony to theirs. “ The Church Let us act as men labouring under such is in danger;" and a brief recapitulation of impressions. Let us conduct ourselves as the signs of the times will shew it. Imprimis, the correctors of error, as the opposers of inAt the Hornby Reform Festival, celebrated on justice, and the determined foes of every Tuesday, the 9th of October, the Hon. C. inefficient monopoly, whether temporal or A. Pelham, M.P., thus expressed himself: spiritual. Our separation from the esta

-“ I have had the satisfaction of informing blished church, is a standing memorial of our you, upon excellent authority, what are the dissent, an ever-abiding witness of our oppresmeasures which it is the intention of his sion; but we neutralize our dissent by a Majesty's ministers to introduce in the next quiet and compromising payment of all ecclesession of Parliament. The Bill for Reform siastical demands. We cast an imputation of the Church, I know is already prepared. upon our sincerity, by continuing to support (Tremendous cheers.) It is, therefore, not that practically, which we are ever theoretifor me, if I am again returned as your repre- tically condemning. sentative, to say, before I go into the House, you not to violate any law, not to embarrass whether I shall support that bill or not : all the operations of our ministry, (our strength that I can state at present, is, that I will give is in the prompt obeyance of the law,) but it my best attention; and I will anxiously we do call upon you to obey it; in such a and deliberately form my judgment upon it. manner, as shall shew your sense of its (Loud cheers.) At the same time, I believe, injustice, and your determination to cast off --at least, I have great hopes,--I shall be its yoke, while, so long as it continues, you able to support it; because I do not conceive are willing to comply in one sense with its that the same ministers who would give you demand. The example of the Quakers is so full, and efficient, and beneficial a measure that which we call upon you to imitate. of reform for the representation of the people, They have been for the last fifty years at will so change their principles in so short á least, bearing a silent, but increasing testitime, as to give you a mean and scanty mea- mody to the injustice of the claims of the sure of reform in the church. (Loud cheers.) clergy. If the whole body of the Dissenters I trust that this measure, like the one recently had imitated their example from the first, given, will be temperate and moderate, but we do not hesitate to say, that long ere this, amply efficient. (Continued cheering.") the question would have been settled for ever.' One great point, therefore, is established, We call the county of Bucks first in the that ministers have a plan of church reform field; because from it has proceeded the first in petto. The next point is, to inquire “ for proposal for a general strike on the part of what extent of church reform is the country the Dissenters. Isolated individuals and ripe?” In so far as Ireland is concerned, communities had already, before the appearthis question has already been pretty loudly ance of the appeal from which we have and intelligibly answered. Let us next look quoted, begun to act upon the principle in to England. First in the field, as in duty different parts of England. In the spring of bound, is the native county of Hampden. the present year, a gentleman in the north of On Saturday, the 7th of October, a stirring England allowed his furniture to bedtstrained appeal to the Dissenters appeared in the and sold by auction, for his tithes, and emBucks' Gazette, which has since run the braced the occasion of the sale, address to circle of almost every newspaper in the king- a numerous assembly, an exposition of the dom. It throws down the gauntlet. " Let principles upon which he acted, and his resous awake to a sense of that duty which de fution to adhere to them. An adjourned volves upon us as men and Christians. Let meeting of rate payers, held at Birminghain, us wipe away that reproach which rests upon on Tuesday, the 2d of October, has fatly refused to pay any rate. Mr Churchwarden favour of church reform exacted from the Salt moved, that a rate of threepence be candidates through the whole of England.. granted for the present year. Mr Allan, Equally pregnant is the fact, that all the proseconded by Mr Bourne, moved, as an vincial newspapers, with a very few exceptions, amendment,-“ That, under all the circum- advocate this cause. Even the cautious Scotsstances of the case, the churchwardens having man, and the Times, which was never yet known at present funds in hand, the vestry will not to support any person or principle which it at present grant any rate; but that, if re- had not previously ascertained to be popular quested, a subscription be entered into, for with an immense majority of the nation, are the purpose of defraying all legal and proper clamorous in the cause of church reform. expenses connected with the church." Mr But more important, as an index of the Joseph Parkes proposed another amendment, strength of popular feeling on this subject,

—“That the rate be postponed ; and that than all besides, is the bustle and stirring the churchwardens of the parish of Birming- among the clergy to spruce up their nests ham be requested to raise a public subscrip- against the day of examination. The call tion, to defray their current expenses; and for church reform has been raised within the in the meantime, the rate payers be recom- walls of the church itself. Sorely to the mended to petition the legislature in the first annoyance of the Bishop of Durham, some of reformed Parliament, for a repeal of the laws his clergy have been addressing him upon which tax Dissenters for the maintenance of this topic. Nor is this determination to the established church.” The rector, who amend clerical abuses confined to England. was in the chair, refused to put this second Even in Scotland, where church oppression is amendment, and any more of the first than much less heavy, the same spirit is beginning went simply to negative the original motion. to awake. For upwards of a year have the The first amendment, thus curtailed, was put inhabitants of Edinburgh been striving to and carried: a rate is, therefore, ultimately reduce the established clergy to the incomes refused. On Saturday, the 6th of October, of their churches. At Mr Cobbett's late the Bow Street magistrates, on the applica- lectures, no passage was more rapturously tion of the officers of St Martins-in-the-Fields, applauded, than his sortie against the church decided,—That the 10th of Geo. III. declar- of England. In Glasgow, a “ Voluntary iug that all rates must be made by “ the Church Association" has just been formed, churchwardens, overseers, vestrymen, con- including almost all the talent and respectastables, and other ancient inhabitants of the bility of the Dissenting interest in the West. parish," did not mean that every inhabitant A paper devoted to the church asserts, that of the parish should have a vote ; that the in Scotland there are 350 petitions against power of making rates was confined to those a church establishment prepared, and ready to persons only who were the ancient inhabi- be showered upon the reformed Parliament, "ants of the purish ; that the term “ ancient,” as soon as it meets. The truth is, that if the meant those persons who had either served Dissenters of Great Britain do not strike in some of the parochial offices named in the at this crisis, they deserve to be trampled statute, or had suffered fine for not having so

upon for ever.

The nucleus of their body, served. The parishioners have, in consequence the three great classes of Independents, Bapof this decision, declared their resolution not tists, and Congregationalists, have long been to pay the rate. In a manly address, pre- accustomed to act together. Let the Quakers, sented to Earl Grey by the Northern Pólitical the Dissenting Methodists, the various Scottish Union, this striking passage occurs :-“ In Secession churches, and all the others, rally this country, (which, availing itself of the around them. Let them demand their rights great privilege of Protestantism, is proud of as men and as Christians, to be put in every the right of private judgment, and regrets the respect on a footing of equality with the dogmas of creeds and churches, and is crowded members of the Churches of England and with Dissenters and Catholics,) the whole Scotland. Let them make a stand for Chrisbody of the people are doomed to the support tian liberty. The spirit of Hampden, Vare, of a church, whose adherents, compared with and Milton, is again abroad in the land. The the whole mass of the population, are but consummation which they yearned after, is few in number, if we count as adherents those now attainable. THE CHURCH IS IN DANGER. only who believe in its doctrine, and approve Not that spiritual church, " the salt of the of its discipline. No tax can be more mon- earth,” without which it had lost its savour, strous, more unjust, more impolitic, than that that mystic union of all true believers, which which obliges any portion of the people to is founded on a rock," and the gates of hell support in splendour and luxury the priests shall not prevail against it,” but that flimsy of a religion which they conscientiously reject. structure of man's device, which those who The whole country expects from the wisdom shew their disbelief in the divine origin of of a reformed Parliament the utter abolition Christianity, in their attempts to prop it

up of the tithe tax, which is not only a tax upon by human inventions, seek to substitute in agricultural improvement, but an infringe- its place. Up, men, brethren! for our cause ment of liberty of conscience.” Turning is holy. Up! follow the banner on which from the audvice of the Bucks Gazette, the is inscribed,

_“ The lion of the tribe of example of Northumberland, Birminghain, Judah hath overcome. St Martins-in-the-Fields, and the representa

Tue ELECTIONS.- There is every probation for Newcastle, we fin. declarations in bility that the elections to the new Parlia

1

ment will prove bungled jobs, in not a few politics, have enabled the party to organize instances. People are not accustomed to itself, and to spread its ramifications over the elect a legislative body, for the sole purpose whole country. The Tory party is, if possible, of representing the opinions, wishes, and still better drilled; and had they not sinned intelligence of the nation. They are still themselves out of all respect, might have haunted with the old folly of ranging them- given their old adversaries a shrewd shake. selves into parties, and inquiring, not who is With a few exceptions, the population of the the best man? but, will he strengthen our country are inclined blindly to follow the side? The Tories, of course, are banding leading of those who have fought their themselves, for the purpose of expending their battles. There is a fine spirit among them, last venom. The Whigs have an ugly trick but a sad lack of precise political knowledge. offenspecting or pretending the superst, the There seems aliate be

, a sad lack of men fait believe in the infallibility of their leaders, the characters of most of the popular candiThe Radicals-—-under which convenient and dates. They will be returned partly because comprehensive term, the ministerialists in- of the zeal and activity of their partisans, clude all who do not belong to one or other partly because there are no better men to be of the old parties, thus classifying together had. Some exceptions there are. Edinburgh men of the inost widely diverging principles returns the Lord Advocate, out of gratitude and character---sometimes seem inclined to for past services,-Mr Abercromby, because yield too tamely to dictation, and at others it likes him. In the Linlithgow district of shew a tendency to bristle up into oppo- burghs, Mr Gillop has met with such ansition without good cause. The great object principled and mean opposition, as was to be with all true patriots ought to be, the selec- looked for, by a man of his independent tion of men of sound and thoroughgoing principles, at the hands of an aristocratic principles, business habits, and cool, but family, and in the Wigton district, particu. daring character. The times imperatively larly in Stranraer, the efforts of the Galloway demand such men; but we fear, even the family to keep up a close-burgh system, are reformed Parliament will not be over- of the most unblushing complexion. Lord stocked with them. In ENGLAND, the Ormelie, we rejoice to say, will be carried Whigs will, in all probability, carry the in for Perthshire on the shoulders of feuars day. The men most in request, seem mem- and dissenters, in spite of the most oppressive bers of aristocratic families, who profess and dishonest tricks resorted to in the hopes liberal opinions. A frank manner, a fluent of foiling him. His adversaries' machinations tongue, and fair general promises, seem to go have recoiled upon themselves, serving only far with John Bull. He rarely inquires to irritate the insulted electors. Dumfries regarding the stock of knowledge, or the shire was threatened with Lord Stormont; fitness for transacting business, possessed by but the younker found a storm was brewing, those who ask his vote. The jobbers are and wisely withdrew. The Dumfries burghs taking advantage of this, and working man. will fall to the inost radical bidder. Mr fully, for the purpose of packing å Whig Hannay speaks scholarly and wisely; but Parliament. Wherever a man of indepen- General Sharpe more precisely, and to the dent principles offers himself, he is sure to be point. Poor Sir John Malcolm bas invoked assailed by the abuse of these creatures. By the spirits of his ancestors; but they cannot dint of good organization, unscrupulous aid him. Glusgow has no paramount chicane, and reckless conçu sion, the Tories leaders, and will return the man whom have every prospect of mustering a tolerable the real majority wish. The result of the minority.' Mr Hume and Mr Roebuck are, election is quite uncertain; but if Mr Crawwe trust, secure of Middlesex and Bath, furd be not returned, our good friends notwithstanding the unprincipled opposition of the West will have sadly stultified thenmaking to them. Lancashire will return a selves. In Paisley, the contest lies bestrong body of Radicals-Cobbett among the tween Sir John Maxwell and Mr Mackellar;

Birmingham is the portion of the but both are regarded as a pis-aller. The Union. Leeds and Manchester have thrown eminent editor of the Examiner was sounded themselves into the arms of the liberal portion as to whether he would stand for tbis burgh; of the ministry. The Whigs are yielding to but declined, on account of his weak state of the universal demand for the ballot, “ with health. The electors of Paisley might do coy, reluctant, amorous delay;” and attach- worse than lie by, till they learn with some ment to the cause of church reform, is pro- certainty what Mr Hume's prospects in fessed by candidates of every colour. The Middlesex are. It would be a feather in Globe, in one of its wheedling articles, their cap to have him for a member. Mr prai-es the Dissenters for selecting their Oswald is secure of Ayrshire, and deserves to representatives from among the adherents of be so, on account of the manly way in which the established church. If the Dixsenters he went to work. A strange crutchet has deserve this praise, they are greater block- seized some of the Kilmarnock electors. heads than we take them to be. In Scot. Their choice lies between a steady and conLANC, the Whig interest will preponderate sistent Whig and a young Lieutenant in the more decidedly than even in England. The Guards, whose only public appearances, concentration of all legal business in Edin- previous to the commencement of his canvass, burgh, and the prominent part which the were at the last Ayrshire election, where he Jawyers of that city have all along taken in voted for the Tory candidate, and at a meeting

rest.

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